Posted at 05.10.2018
A profession can be defined as a unified occupational group, with a standardized training, high interpersonal standing, acquisition of approved qualification, legal protection and political reputation. (Morrell, 2001) The professional expectations mean that knowledge and skills acquired can be employed for the delivery of an excellent service. Pros, who work in the allied medical professions, play an important role in healthcare services. Most of allied medical occupations involve a higher level of complex skill and are well trained through specialized programs. They need to be qualified by a specialist licensing panel and continue their education to keep up with latest advances in technology and techniques. (Turnbull, et al. , 2009, p27)
Definition of allied health occupations include health occupations that require sign up by law to practice or licensure, or entrance to a relevant professional body, and usually all allied health professions require a degree or higher certification. They work in healthcare teams to help make the health care system function by providing a range of diagnostic, specialized, therapeutic and immediate patient care and attention and support services that are critical to the other medical researchers they use and the patients they provide. (Agency Health Professional Research Group, 2003)
Allied health professionals are any doctors other than doctors and nurses, who are involved with the delivery of health services relating to the identification, analysis, avoidance and treatment of diseases and disorders; eating and nutrition services; rehabilitation and health systems management, carrying on patient-care and quality-of-life services to patients in cooperation with clinical departments. The precise titles and functions in the allied health professions may not the same as country to country.
In Australia, Allied Health Professions Australia (AHPA) is the countrywide top body for allied medical researchers. AHPA identifies that allied medical researchers must complete recognized Bachelor of Science or Applied Science degrees. It permit them to acquire State/Territory registration, certificate or accreditation to apply, or permitted sign up for the relevant professional connection, before being officially entitled to work. The people mainly include audiologists, chiropractors, dietitians, exercise physiologists, occupational therapists, orthoptists, orthotists and prosthetists, osteopaths, pharmacists, podiatrists, psychologists, radiographers, rays therapists and sonographers, social workers and conversation pathologists. They need to often show their skills through diplomas, authorized credentials, and carrying on education. Overall, allied health disciplines include professional medical healthcare professions distinctive from medicine, dentistry, nursing and medical scientists (Allied health professions Australia, 2008).
In 2006, Services for Australian Rural and Remote control Allied Health (S. A. R. R. A. H) proposed some conditions for allied doctor workforce to be able to satisfy health insurance policy development. Medical specialists must be graduated from an accredited degree course of recognized university. They are able to apply their skills and knowledge to assist patients to revive and maintain ideal physical, sensory, mental, cognitive and public function. They should be recognized by Point out or Territory registration, licensure or accreditation to apply, or subscription in the relevant professional association. Allied medical researchers collaborate with other doctor workforce, community or are part of your multidisciplinary team to attain the best function of health system. (Lowe, Adams & O'Kane, 2007).
The Australian Institute of MEDICAL RESEARCHERS (Seeks) is another professional connection representing medical researchers. Professional regular membership of the association is identified by employers as indicating professional status. AIMS conducts clinical meetings, meetings and seminars at national, express and local levels, many of these can keep the continued professional development of members of the profession. (Australian Institute of Medical Scientists, 2010)
However, in rural and distant areas, the cost of such carrying on education is specially high. The medical researchers in rural communities are faced with particular problems in attempting to up grade their skills to keep speed with rapidly growing of new systems. Alternatively, after graduation from a recognized university, the medical researchers need on-the-job training that can lead to differing requirements of training with respect to the competence laboratories or small laboratories in rural area. Under the limited source in small laboratories, especially in rural area, only in your free time medical scientists or technicians are employed. They are really difficult to maintain and apply their skills to build up new technologies. By the way, allied health professions in Australia are not uniformly required to be registered to apply. Poor wages and poor career path reveal low profession's value and low professional status. (Australian Institute of MEDICAL RESEARCHERS, n. d. )
In USA, the allied health occupations are used to recognize a cluster of health occupations. You will discover over 6 million allied healthcare providers in the U. S. and over 200 allied health opportunities, who work in more than 80 different professions and represent roughly 60% of most healthcare providers. You can find two types of allied health professionals: Technicians and Therapists. Technicians acquire two years training and frequently need to report to Therapists or Technologists. Therapists/Technologists receive four to six 6 years training and their minimum educational necessity is a bachelor's degree or higher. According to the American Medical Connection (AMA), medical scientists are within the number of allied health professions. (American medical association, 2010) Listed below are allied health categories defined by the U. S. Office of Education: (Douglas, 2004)
Diagnostic and Treatment Services
Medical Lab Technologies
Mental Health or Individuals Services
Miscellaneous Allied Health Services
Rehabilitation and Related Services
Allied Health, New Emerging Fields
In UK, Health Occupations Council (HPC) is the regulator of 15 health occupations: Arts therapists, biomedical experts, chiropodists/ podiatrists, clinical scientists, dietitians, hearing aid dispensers, occupational therapists, functioning department experts, orthoptists, paramedics, physiotherapists, practitioner psychologists, prosthetists/ orthotists, radiographers, talk and dialect therapists. (Health occupation council, 2010)
HPC assess the professional requirements of biomedical experts or clinical scientists. Registration with the HPC is necessary to be able to improve biomedical researchers or clinical researchers who've similar job character to medical scientists. (Health career council, 2010) A competence biomedical or clinical scientist applies methodical methods to maintain the effectiveness, quality and safeness in medical diagnosis and treatment. They perform research and develop new examination method or treatment for patients. They can converse good with patients or other health vocation by providing professional scientific and clinical advices. They may have clear brain for problem handling and management. (Badrick, 2007)
In Hong Kong
In Hong Kong, Hospital Expert (HA) has allied health division that includes several career opportunities: Assistant sociable worker officer, audiology technician, medical psychologist, dental hygienists, department director/ general manager (allied health), dietitian, dispenser, medical lab technologists, scientific officer(medical), mould lab technician, occupational therapist, optometrist, orthoptist, pharmacist, physicist, physiotherapist, podiatrist/ chiropodist, prosthetist-orthotist, radiographer, sonographer and speech therapist. (Medical center authority, 2010)
All allied health services departments under the department work as a team predicated on unity and common support to achieve its goals of doing the perfect quality patient care and attention, complementing that provided by specialized medical departments. The continuous quality improvement with all departments can illustrate determination to quality patient services relative to the hospital's objective of providing patient-centered quality service and encouraging patient's participation in the treatment and treatment process. All allied health services departments undertake reviews of work or treatment functions and make incremental improvements. To enhance allied health services staff's professional competence and academic certification, exchange and training romance with academic institutes has been set up. Specifically, Departments of Dietetics, Pharmacy, Physiotherapy, Biomedical Science and Podiatry are respectively the scientific education centres of Hong Kong College or university, Hong Kong China College or university, Hong Kong Polytechnic College or university and California College of Podiatric Drugs (USA) respectively.
Medical scientists in Hong Kong are also known as scientific officers who work in Allied Health Section of hospital laboratory, reference lab, private clinical laboratory or universities. They have at least 5 years working experience in hospital laboratories or specialized medical related field. Most of them are advertised from experienced medical laboratory technologist with Ph. D. - M. D. requirements. They must be authorized by Medical Lab Technologists Mother board under Supplementary Medical Professions Ordinance, which is accountable for promote adequate requirements of professional practice and professional carry out among listed medical laboratory technologists. (The Supplementary MEDICAL EXPERT Council, 2010)
Nature of work
In THE UK, USA, Canada and most countries, medical researchers are considered as being allied health professionals who mainly work in clinic laboratories, private pathology laboratories and colleges. They usually specialize in the professional disciplines such as scientific biochemistry, hematology, blood vessels transfusion, immunology, histopathology, cytology, microbiology and virology. Medical researchers assist doctors in the identification, treatment and elimination of disease. Medical researchers conduct research focused on advancing procedures and improving human being healthcare in order to learn the causes of and the treatments for disease. They assess data, write records or articles to provide their findings. Medical scientists may show medical principles and lab strategies to staff, supervise the duties of clerical, statistical, or lab staff and can provide instructions and advice to other health professionals. They aim to develop policies to boost public health and oversee open public health programs. (Australian visa bureau, 2010)
Training, certification, and advancement
Since medical researchers work in advanced methodical research and understanding of human health, they should have advanced education in bachelor's degree program in biological sciences and then sign up for a college or university Ph. D. program in the biological sciences or a joint Ph. D. -M. D. program at a medical school. Higher qualifications with on-job training can assist in improving employment prospects in the medical knowledge field. (Bureau of Labor Information, 2010-2011)
By just how, the participation in ongoing Continuing Professional Development (CPD) is a responsibility of a medical scientist for improvement of knowledge and skills. Medical scientists should be able to work individually and communicate clearly. So, they could promote into managerial positions. (Bureau of Labor Reports, 2010-2011)
Medical scientists need to work together clinically with patients. So, they must be qualified and must graduate from a certified medical college. (Bureau of Labor Reports, 2010-2011) The professional associations and licensing systems have, the burkha role in guaranteeing the quality of health care services. Licensure legislation means that laboratory personnel have got appropriate academics and clinical training, move competency-base examinations and take part in continuing education programs. (American modern culture of scientific pathology, 2005)
However, medical scientists in some says of Australia aren't considered as allied medical researchers. It is because variation in the addition or exclusion of professions under the umbrella term of allied health may fluctuate in relation to the goal of the collaborative exercise, political expediency, the professional medical setting and the foundation or purpose of the id level. (Struber, 2004)
Medical Researchers are prestige people who do the study on diseases, develop vaccines and assist doctors to make prognosis and treatments. Most of them are working in a healthcare facility lab or private clinical lab under Medical Official and Medical Advisor. A Ph. D. and M. D. in a natural technology is the minimum amount education requirement for medical scientists. In addition, Continuing Professional Development Scheme (CPD) is set up that recognizes carrying on education, formal training and a wide range of professional activities that can maintain the professional skills and professional development. (Bureau of Labor Figures, 2010-2011) Medical researchers must in conformity with the code of practice, good lab practice and good scientific practice. They need to register in licensed associations with license. (American Population for Clinical Laboratory Science, 2006)
According to the comparison of training, career structure and professional role, medical scientists are equal to or better still than other allied health occupations. The job dynamics always lies between your diagnostic/technical site in allied health and scientific site in knowledge. (Government of South Australia, 2008) From my point of views, medical scientists use scientific research, their knowledge and skills for the delivery health to the id, evaluation and elimination of diseases and disorders. So, I believe medical researchers should be included in the allied medical researchers. Therefore, in Australia, improvement for open public recognition and popularity can enhance the status of vocation for medical researchers. Nobody is aware who in charge of the research to find causes of and treatments for disease. (McGregor & Moriarty, 2003) Subscription and licensure are needed. By the way, medical scientists are required to follow the instructions from the doctor and this may loss of respect from general population. Medical researchers must increase autonomy although automation in lab has been developed. . They have to become a member of some unity to gain strong identity and promote reputation of the group. Increase remuneration is equal to increase the status of medical scientists, recognition and esteem because we have money to upgrade our skills with continuing education and high morale for a superior quality health system.