Posted at 10.11.2018
The USA political process is well developed and advanced, yet sometimes overlooked. However, we've the power to choose our own market leaders and to vote on our own laws, a ability some societies don't have. The founding fathers used ideas from the Greek and Roman Government authorities and contained them in to the USA Constitution. In this particular paper, after presenting a brief overview of the Athenian and Roman governments, I will compare them with each other and the United States Government.
In the 5th Hundred years BC, the Athenians attempted a kind of democracy where people acquired the chance to propose, vote on, and cross their own laws and regulations. This was called a primary Democracy. For their democracy to reach your goals, two conditions had a need to exist. First, the population needed to be small enough so that people could participate in politics. Second, people needed to have enough leisure time in order that they may take part in government. The first condition was fulfilled by allowing only white, men of Athenian descent that were over the age of 18 to vote. This group totaled about 50, 000 people or about 20% of the country's inhabitants. The Athenians solved the second condition by using slaves to do the task, while the townspeople participated in the political process (http://www. historyworld. net/wrldhis/PlainTextHistories. asp?historyid=ac42).
The Athenian political system of government was developed in the words of the first Athenian constitution, that was written by Aristotle in 350 BC. The constitution defined how the checks? and balances system functioned, and described the several positions in the federal government. Among the major differences between the Athenian Federal government and america Government was that the Athenians did not elect politicians, but rather proposed, debated, and approved or rejected laws and regulations (http://www. greektexts. com/library/Aristotle/The_Athenian_Constitution/eng/index. html).
The first politics pioneer of Athens was Solon, a dictator chosen by the folks when Athens is at chaos (http://languages. siuc. edu/classics/Johnson/HTML/L10. html). Solon immediately erased all personal obligations, freed prisoners, and cut back Athenians who was simply sold into slavery from abroad, because they had not repaid their bills. He also started Athenian Agriculture by teaching the individuals how to grow whole wheat and grapes, which later became their staple crops
(http://www. wsu. edu/~dee/GREECE/ATHENS. HTM).
Solon also reformed government by dividing Athenian population into four classes based on prosperity. The wealthiest classes could serve on the Aeropagus. The Aeropagus contains the city's nobles, and was named for the hill on which they found. The Aeropagus managed metropolis and dictated its laws and customs, similar to the dictators that could show up a few thousand years later (http://www. wsu. edu/~dee/GREECE/ATHENS. HTM).
The third course served over a council of 400 people. This council was made up of the four Athenian tribes; each tribe could choose 100 staff to participate in this category. This council offered as the Aeropagus's system of investigations and balances. The fourth category participated in an assembly, which voted on laws and regulations brought to it by the council of 400. This class also participated in a new court, which needed circumstances from the Aeropagus (http://www. wsu. edu/~dee/GREECE/ATHENS. HTM).
Solon seemed to be a good leader who held metropolis collectively because, during his life time, Athens prospered. After Solon passed on, Athens was plunged into chaos again. However, Peisistratus got over and attempted once again to revive order to the town. He rebuilt Athens up from the inside out, by bringing in poets and music artists to make it a far more exciting city. He also increased the assembly's electric power so that it could better serve the needs of the indegent. He also made sure elections were performed and that Solon's reforms were implemented. Furthermore, Peisistratus reformed the federal government by eliminating the Aeropagus and adding three new government bodies (http://www. wsu. edu/~dee/GREECE/ATHENS. HTM).
All of the bodies existed together in the Athenian polis or city-state. The to begin these was the set up, which was composed of the first 5000 people to access the hillside where they organised their conferences. They congregated about 40 times annually, and made the laws and regulations. The heart and soul of the Assembly was the Council or boule. The council was contains 50 white men who did the bulk of the work, a fresh set of 50 were chosen each year (http://campus. queens. edu/depts/core/Core110/athenian_social_and_political_st. htm).
The second group was the Council of 500, this group consisted of 500 individuals chosen at random for one-year terms. You can only be chosen for this council double in your daily life. This council helped make the agenda for the assembly meetings. Every month 50 different customers of this council were called upon to prepare the plan (http://campus. queens. edu/depts/core/Core110/athenian_social_and_political_st. htm).
The third group was the jury courts. The courts enforced the assembly's regulations. There were 6000 jurors, chosen randomly from volunteers, and a judge and jury were chosen from these volunteers when a case emerged up. Their decisions were final as the accused acquired no appeals. (http://campus. queens. edu/depts/core/Core110/athenian_social_and_political_st. htm).
In addition, Magistrates were chosen at random for a one-year term. They gathered port taxes, structured tragedy and comedy performances, and festivals. There were 1400 magistrates, half-serving Athens and half serving overseas. Furthermore, yearly 10 admirals were elected to oversee the security of the town (http://campus. queens. edu/depts/core/Core110/athenian_social_and_political_st. htm).
Every Athenian placed a position in the government because there were thousands of positions available. Most of these positions were not full time, and did not involve passing laws and regulations but by carrying it out this way, it allowed both wealthy and poor to participate in the government. Individuals were chosen randomly for these positions; this ensured that everyone experienced a chance for every job (http://languages. siuc. edu/classics/Johnson/HTML/L10. html).
Even the term democracy is Greek; it originates from the words demos (people) and kratos (electric power), developing demokratos (people who have electricity). Every Athenian was required to know the laws, and worldly happenings. Furthermore, anyone could enroll in the set up, and speak, or introduce a new legislation (http://campus. queens. edu/depts/core/Core110/athenian_social_and_political_st. htm).
We discovered a great deal politically from the Greeks. We discovered the concept of democracy, that individuals could vote on laws and who's elected to open public officeAssembly, that individuals could come together and words the viewpoints on laws that were being handed. The Assembly in Athens was the model for the town hall meetings here in america. Within the Athenian Assembly, the people "were" the law making body. In North american Assemblies, folks just discuss laws and candidates.
Tle the Greeks built the foundation for the present day democracy, the Romans built the bottom for the modern republic. A republic is a administration ruled with a body of people (the Roman Senate), rather than a ruler. The Roman Republic was also a Representative Democracy, which differs from a primary Democracy in that the people elect leaders who'll preferably work in their finest hobbies when voting (http://www. fsmitha. com/h1/ch15. htm).
It all started in 509 BC, when Roman nobles drove out the Etruscan ruler Tarquin, thus stopping the Etruscans control over the Romans. Once the King was compelled out his vitality was shifted to the Roman Senate (http://www. fsmitha. com/h1/ch15. htm).
The Roman Senate was area of the much bigger Roman political composition. This framework included the senate and the countless magistrates' positions. The first of these positions were the two consuls or main magistrates, who convened and presided in the Senate, and dished up as generals. When their term of office concluded, they usually governed a province as a proconsul (http://www. vroma. org/~bmcmanus/romangvt. html).
Next, there have been eight praetors, who offered as judges. When their term finished, they often governed provinces as propraetors. Next, there were three censors, who have been elected every 5 years for one. 5 years; they counted residents, senators, and property for taxes collection and granted agreements. Next, there were the four aediles who maintained public game titles, and the grain resource in Rome; two were plebeians, and others, who were called curule aediles, could be from any course (http://www. vroma. org/~bmcmanus/romangvt. html).
There were also 10 tribunes, whose job was to safeguard plebeians from judges, thus they could annul any judge's ruling. These were sacrosanct, meaning that anyone who attacked them could be killed. Next, were the 20 quaestors, who served other provincial careers (http://www. vroma. org/~bmcmanus/romangvt. html).
The Roman Senate or the council of Elders was the chief Roman political expert. The Senate all together was made up of 600 roman men from wealthy families, age range 25 years or aged. Senators were chosen by labor and birth and get ranking or elected by consuls. They often had dished up in politics before. Senators cannot own anything, except land. The Senate was the most effective force in Rome, and imposed laws and regulations until 300 AD
(http://www. unrv. com/empire/struggle-of-the-orders. php).
The Senate welcomed ambassadors to Rome, and directed ambassadors to other locations with respect to Rome. It also elected town governors, and certified going to war, peacefulness. The Senate also appointed legates and controlled religious practices in Rome. It might also impose martial legislation, which made both consuls dictators in times of problems. (http://www. unrv. com/empire/struggle-of-the-orders. php).
Two elected consuls who served as directors ran the Senate. Among the consuls was the Princeps Senatus. He was elected for a five-year term and manipulated everything about the Senate from the agendas of the conferences to the speaking order. The other Consul was the Princeps Senatus's assistant (http://www. unrv. com/empire/struggle-of-the-orders. php).
The Roman Senate put no limit on speaking conditions, but they performed offer an order for who could speak first. They also pioneered the filibuster, which is when one person speaks for a long time to be able to delay passing of a invoice. (http://www. unrv. com/empire/struggle-of-the-orders. php).
The previous branch of the Roman politics system was the Roman Assemblies places where people could discuss the laws that were brought up. There were four main assemblies. The first was the comitia curiata, which acted as the "people's assembly". It was consisting of representatives of the three tribes of the city of Rome. Its role was to 'confirm' magistrates, following the senate had proved them; it didn't have any political power. In addition, it dished up as an appeals court for death phrases, when a circumstance was given to them. The minimum amount time for the representative for a curia was fifty years and his term was until his loss of life (http://www. unrv. com/empire/struggle-of-the-orders. php).
The second was the comitia centuriata. The comitia centuriata elected the consuls, praetors, and censors. In addition, it officially declared warfare, and tranquility, as the United States Congress does indeed today. In addition, it was the court of appeals for executions. The 3rd was the comitia tributa or the tribal assembly. It elected curule aediles, quaestors and other representatives (http://www. unrv. com/empire/struggle-of-the-orders. php).
The last set up was the Plebeian Assembly or concilium plebis. The Tribune of individuals or tribuni plebis could call it to time. It was the same as the comitia tributa; however, the nobles cannot take part. Before 287 BC, the laws passed by the assemblage could only influence Plebians. However, after 287 BC, the laws and regulations afflicted everyone (http://www. unrv. com/empire/struggle-of-the-orders. php).
We adopted the theory for our US SENATE and many of the conditions and positions within it, such as senate Chief executive, and filibuster. We also adpoted the representative democracy or the electing of politicians that will vote according to the beliefs of the folks, which is the foundation for USA Politics today.
One major difference between your Roman and Greek political systems and america System is the role of women. In Greece and Rome, Women were never permitted to engage, or advise in any kind of politics. Women weren't permitted to vote in america until 1920 (http://www. womenintheancientworld. com/).
I believe that there were many similarities and differences between your Greek and Roman Systems of Authorities. One of the similarities was that everyone received a say in the federal government weather it was immediately through the Greek assembly, or indirectly through the associates of the Roman Senate. This gave people an opportunity to voice their opinions and offered them the idea that their thoughts mattered. Thus, these government authorities weren't dictatorships or monarchies.
Another similarity was that both these governments managed everything in their respected areas; no laws and regulations were given to separate states. The Athenian Set up and the Roman Senate controlled religious practices, what folks could and may not do, and how people should react. There were variances, however. One of the major distinctions was just how that individuals participated in the politics process. The Greeks actually "were" the government, by participating in the assembly as they proposed, voted on and accepted new regulations. The Roman method, that your USA later adopted, was to choose politicians to propose and vote on regulations. These politicians would carry the views and views of the townspeople when they voted, thus laws would be handed down that would hopefully mirror the sentiment of the people
Another difference between these two systems is how politicians are elected, in Greece they are simply chosen at random, in Rome, they are usually past politicians who are the best at their position, and are usually chosen buy their follow politicians with help from the folks on the committees. In america, politicians are elected arbitrarily, however their party nominates them, and the get together usually includes former politicians.
The Roman and Greek systems of Governments were the innovative of their time. They were giants of political power, and although that they had many similarities and variations, their ideas eventually helped form the machine of government we enjoy in america today.