Background Of Child And Family Children And TEENAGERS Essay

The childs name is Muhammad Syakir Bin Mas Sulaiman blessed on 10 January 2007. He's a Malay and six years old. He is really the only child of his family and I become familiar with him because he is my cousin. However, we almost never fulfilled as he lives a long way away from my place. Both his parents is an educator and reside in a stable home environment. Steady here means they are in an effective bungalow house permit the child to get distinct basic needs include shelter, food and protection. In the evening, he can readily play around the house element as it is a day secure by the closed-circuit television set (CCTV) and surrounded by a gate. Furthermore, their neighbor's child always come that can be played with Shakir. The family possesses a good lifestyle that coexists alongside one another on a daily basis and the practices that these folks have. The parents have a close relationship. On the other hand, his father is definitely committed to the family, accountable and patient. Through the weekend, when both parents clear of work, they'll take Shakir for a walk and offer him with a wholesome lifestyle. As his father wish to garden, he'll also become a member of his dad by performing a simple job like repeal weed using hand-glove for security. I had made an observation of the kid at his home for about four hours and get to know how his kindergarten accomplishment is by discussing the parents and discover his grade publication. AFTER I visit him in his house, he's using his cousins who just turn up from Kuala Lumpur two times earlier. He wears a simple dress with top and trouser. He looks so happy experimenting along with his friends and I possessed used this chance to observe how his connections with his peers.

range of physical skills. My first observation of his developmental information is the top motor skill progress. Santrock (2011) in his book proposes that, gross engine skills involve the top muscle group and whole body movement that allow activities such as walking, relaxing, lifting and throwing a ball. As of this age, he offers the capability to walk down steps by alternating ft. Observation executed in the house compound demonstrates he can run with control over swiftness and direction. In a single nook, I put a natural stone from one point to another about 5 meters, when he reaches the finish point I ask him to visit one foot. He manages to run over control of the length and discover that he is able to visit one foot without difficulty. He's so passionate once i ask him to play for observation purpose. As he always plays with his friends, he manages to put, catches and kicks balls well. Same would go to riding, he has a bicycle that allows him to trip and definitely able to do it. I realize that six years of age Shakir has a lot energy, he wanting to do everything as it pertains to play. Furthermore, he has the capacity to do creative movements. He can make peace, heart condition and an Alright sign by using his hand.

Shakir's fine motor unit skill are suffering from sufficiently enough to complete writing, sketching and other tasks properly and efficiently. Corresponding to Santrock (2011), fine engine skills involve finely tuned motions which take place in body part such as hands, and usually in coordination with the eye. To see his fine motor unit skill, further observation on her writing, reading, skill, music and dramatic play skills is made in his house's living room. He in a position to convert knobs, lids and egg beaters. I can see him start the door properly although he need to tote his feet because of the knob level. Besides that, he is able to fasten and unfastens his zippers and button by his own. With dexterity, they can also grab, insert subject and mold play dough. The very best part is after i see him drawing. He has the capacity to sketch, use writing tools and scissors with control. He is able to draw quite well and I am so impressed with his drawing. In addition, they can also stack a tower of block using his square real wood toy and in a position to understanding a crayon or pencil accurately.

His ability to grasp a pencil lead to an effective writing skill. From my observation, he is able to do most of the emergent writing and reading skills. He no more pretends to read using pictures to share with a tale. He already has learned the alphabet and always include letter-like forms in writing. To observe all these ability, stationary and books are required. Shakir loves pretending writing with pictures and scribbles. He's likely making a few patterns as so called individual with arms and legs. His fine art and music capability is also good. Regarding to his parent or guardian, Shakir want to draw almost all of his time. With this opportunity, I can perceive him pulling by creating basic scribble styles, combines circles or square with crossed lines and combines subject together in a picture. Apart from that, he is capable of doing all music skills including learning instruments. He has a small computer keyboard and with the key pad he plays me a tune but I really do not really really know what the song actually is. For remarkable play skills, I watch his video when he works in his kindergarten competition. I observe that he manages to fulfill all the requirements for the skills. Within the observation, I provide him with a toy hoe and become a farmer. He handles to pretend turn into a farmer and designated that role well.

From my observation of six years old Shakir, as of this age, he able to commit most of the skills. It was so different at the time he is five yrs. old. His coordination and engine skills become more refined, he has the ability to engage in games like kicking a ball, drawing and writing. But I expect you will see an array of physical abilities since kids' engine skill are still developing as of this age. Fine motor unit coordination will also continue to develop as of this age. Six-years-olds can be more adept pulling and writing words, and their pictures and stories will look a lot more recognizable and legible. They'll also are more skilled at using tools such as scissors, and will be better in a position to perform duties such as zippering or buttoning trousers.

Cognitive Development

Further observation about them is proceeded to see his cognitive development. From your observation, Shakir can form objects by designs and colors. He able to recognize different forms and color and can inform either an subject is white, dark-colored, blue or yellow. In addition, he is able to classify objects by size. Within the test, I ask him to classify wooden block with three different sizes that happen to be small, medium and big. He communities the wooden stop accordingly to the same size. With the knowledge he had learned in his kindergarten, he is able to rely by rote to 20 as I ask him to enumerate the number of sheep in his exercise booklet. After that, he has the ability to display 1 to 1 1 correspondence with quantities and can learn new words quickly. Rather than English and Malay language, he also discovers Arabic and he manages to capture new word easily. As he can write and read, he is able to recognize characters and numbers properly.

At what level of Piaget's developmental level does the kid appear to be working preoperational stage? Justify your bottom line by giving examples of what you witnessed.

Shakir's cognitive capabilities are at the preoperational level. Gordon and Bowne (2008) in their book remarked that, during this stage, young children have the ability to think about things symbolically. Their dialect use becomes more mature. They also develop memory space and imagination, that allows them to imitate the things they see. In the play, Shakir uses his creativeness to be in a pretend-play along with his friends. He has also used to assume himself as a hero character such as 'ultramen' who defeat the monsters. Besides that, regarding to Piaget, children as of this developmental stage display egocentrism. For instance, Shakir will never let other to change the television set program when his favorite series is in the channel. He tries to regulate the universal remote by on a regular basis without enabling others to take it. It is obviously display egocentrism whereby he encounters inability to visit a situation from another person's viewpoint. In his thinking, if he enjoys the program, then everyone should think its great too. Besides that, Shakir also exhibits animism. Piaget says that animism is when a person has idea that everything that exists has some type of awareness. As Shakir adores a cartoon character 'Ben-10' much. He is the owner of a doll that appears like it and he will never let other people going to the doll as in his mind's eye the doll will feel the pain if 'Ben-10' is beaten doing this. Another aspect of pre-operational level in a child is 'Moral realism'. This is the belief that a child has own a sense of moral realism, the child's thought process about different between right and incorrect. Shakir and I play a board game called "Snakes and ladders". I try to make up a new rule to the game at which I use small Rubic with volumes instead of dice. He insists to utilize dice as he knows dice is commonly regarded as the rules. It illuminates that children are worried with outcomes somewhat than intentions.

Explain aspects of Vygotsky's development theory that you were able to see - such as conversation with family members.

Vygotsky is rolling out a social-cultural procedure towards cognitive development. Matching to Santrock (2011), Vygotsky's theory is a sociocultural cognitive theory that emphasizes how culture and sociable discussion guide cognitive development. Cognitive development of a kid is cultivated by the discussion with people in his environment that can educate or boost in their thinking like peers, parents and teachers. Within my observation, I observe that Shakir's parents coach him literacy and numeracy. This can regulate his cognitive development as well as the conversation with his mother or father. Furthermore, his father or mother constantly helps him understand how to read that can foster his upfront reading skills and communicate to him that reading is an important activity in their culture. When he would go to his kindergarten, his tutor will later assist him in education and other skills that provide him with higher mental operations such as problem solving.

Social - Psychological Development


According to Bartlett and Burton (2012), Self-esteem is just how individuals think and experience themselves and exactly how well they do things that are essential to them. In children, self-esteem is molded with what they think and experience themselves. Shakir can isolate from main caregiver without difficulty. When I request him to accompany me to the shop, he willing to follow me. They can also complete an activity successfully. After that, he always stacks up for his own right and shows eagerness about doing things for personal. For example, when I ask him if he's good at jogging and he will immediately exclaim 'yes!' as well as demonstrated his talent if you ask me.

Emotional development

Bartlett and Burton (2012) declare that, Emotional development in children identifies the attainment of emotional capacities and their development as the child grows. It offers children the ability and skills that they need to function and survive in the contemporary society as well as the world. Shakir releases stressful feelings within an appropriate manner. When he rebels, he would go to one corner of the home and cried. He never commits a poor action such as throw the vase or his toy. His parent will take their role to persuade him and assure him to buy something he like. He also shows fondness, affections and love towards others. He loves cat so much. Whenever he perceives a skinny feline at the house compound, he insists to provide its food as he seems pity with it. During my observation, he seems happy most of the time using his peers.

Social play

Shakir loves to participate in group play but sometimes, he also takes on by himself with his own toys. Besides that, he can certainly make friendships with other children and relating to his father or mother, he gets friend with all his kindergarten peers. He benefits usage of ongoing play in a positive manner and resolves play conflicts in a positive manner too.

Prosocial action.

Lerner and Johns (2009) state that prosocial behavior arise when someone care about the welfare and privileges of others, work to help another person and acting in the way that benefit other. I also find out that he shows matter for someone in stress. When he views his mother rub her head, he'll curiously ask "mom, do you have a headaches"? He will be next to her and massage therapy her head. In that way, he also appears to care for others in need. Throughout a conflict, he manages to see how other feel. For example, when he pieces a television crisis, he has learned the acting professional is angry for the celebrity. Besides that, he also shares and present something to some other. He can take changes and complies with the get without fuss.

What do you observe when it comes to Eric Erikson's hierarchy of development?

A child of six yrs. old is at Erickson's fourth developmental stage which is industry versus inferiority. Children now learn to excel at intellectual and a lot more formal skills of life. For instance, Shakir wants to repair his toy car. Whenever he successfully commits the duty, he gets compliment from his mother or father. As a result, he strives to master a new skill and develop a feeling of competence and perception in his skill.

Briefly discusses the emotional state of the child (emotional development)

Six yrs. old Shakir express a wide range of emotions and are very situation-specific that can transform as rapidly as he switches in one activity to another. He shows fondenss, passion, love towards other and sometime mad. He shows his temper tantrums through verbal somewhat than negative actions. For example, he plays with his peer happily until one scene whereby his friend snatches his ball and he feels so mad. He shows his anger by declaring 'do not take my ball' while pointing his finger towards ball. After that, he also shows devotion when he views a skinny kitty at his house chemical substance and feel pity with it. Overall, I could rate his feelings as normal and he seems happy much of the time.

Attachment - Discuss what you observed in respect to the child's express of connection and nature.

Temperament can affect attachment in the negative and positive way, depending on the temperamental match between your child and adult. Connection is a detailed emotional connection between two different people. Meanwhile, temperament consists of individual variations in behavioral styles, thoughts and characteristic means of responding. Shakir has a close attachment to his parent. He cuddles his mom solidly when he feels sleepy and kiss her cheek showing his affection to his mother. He's so mounted on his mom from his tendencies reflected. The way he treats her mother to show us that he has a good character. From my observation, the parenting style show by Shakir's mother or father is authoritative. Whenever Shakir commits a blunder, his mother or father will advise him and speak to him in democratic way alternatively than consequence.

Discuss the connection level of the kid to the principal caregiver.

I can rate Shakir's attachment to his mother or father as excellent. He produces a particular secure with his parent. The quality of connection between Shakir and his most important caregiver is observed predicated on the intimacy he exhibits with his caregiver that mainly determined by the caregiver's respond to him when his attachment system is 'triggered'.

Did the child come easily for you? Did the child interact with you easily? Discuss

At first, once i ask him to commit some responsibilities for observation purpose, he reluctant to

do that as he desires to play soccer with his friends. After his mother or father persuade him and

promise to buy him some candies, he willing to do the duty. The kid interact easily

with me and answer almost all of my questions in appropriate manner.

Did you notice any difference between the way the child socializes and interacts with men and women and the way he/she socializes with peers?

During my research, he plays an active role when socializing with his friends. He takes on non-stop until he gets worn out. Meanwhile, when socializing with a grown-up, he changes his attitude. He becomes more polite and sometimes seems shy to speak to them.

What appears to be the child's frame of mind toward institution and learning?

Shakir is so fired up when it comes to study and always eager to learn new thing. ONCE I ask him to write and read, he focus on it enthusiastically. I see his kindergarten report book and he's successful academically. His father or mother has tried their best to provide her a lot of positive reinforcement, and stay positively involved in his studies and kindergarten community. Ideally, he handles to keep his good attitude about school in the years to come, and that he carries on to take pleasure from his learning.

Ask the kid to state something about his/her buddy? Why is a good friend?

He areas that he own a closest friend name Hakim. Hakim always accompanies him to consume at the kindergarten and show sweets. Both of them make a buddy as they have got the same interest which are soccer watching Ben-10, a heroic figure that struggle the alien.

Language Development

Spoken language

He can hear but will not speak. When someone offers him advice, he pays attention and understand this content of the converse. He is able to also give brief phrase responses. He loves to be a part of conversations. At this time I talk to his parent, he also wants to engage in the dialogue. He tries to say things that he is aware of and talks in expanded sentences. He asks questions when he curious about something. For example, he asks "why you utilize marker pen to color the kitten?" To express his needs, he uses language and talks both to children and parents. He answers the majority of my query well.

His language tells me that Shakir has a very good personality. ONCE I talk to him, he never uses severe words that appear rude and undesirable. He will speak politely and hardly see he speaks in high tone to adult. However, sometime whenever he will not trust his parent or guardian, he shows his temper tantrum by speaking back or defiance but he will never do this to a stranger. It maybe because of the egocentrism in the kid. While I was conducting the experiment, at first, he reluctant to do the checklist process, I try to persuade him a few times, but he persistently says " Shakir wishes to play ball with friends". He respects me as a grown-up and does not rampage on the persuasion. In addition, He wants to tell the actions he have in his kindergarten.

His primary vocabulary is Malay and the language that I take advantage of to interact with him is also Malay. Malay is my mom tongue. So does Shakir. As both of us use Malay as the vocabulary, it makes me simpler to connect to him. I really do not find it is difficult to talk to him as he manage to understand each expression I say. Humans are delivered with an innate capacity to learn terminology. We are preprogrammed to acquire any knowledge we live sufficiently exposed to before puberty. Thus, Personally i think comfortable to talk Malay to him alternatively than British. Besides that, Shakir is also subjected to other languages including English and Arabic. In his kindergarten, he gets a formal education of both dialects that enhance his potential to speak in these languages. He uses Malay the majority of the time. Nevertheless, sometimes he uses English word to spell it out a thing. For example, 'Shakir suka fish'. He will not "coo" and "babble" as he no more a child. However, he is able to speak solitary words, string a few words along and speak in complete phrases.


My overall impression concerning this child is very good. He seems to completely developed in many aspects although he is still six yrs. old child. He gots most X atlanta divorce attorneys section. He results all X in prosocial behavior, spoken words, arts and music skills and remarkable takes on skill. He able to commit almost all of the duty mainly in public play. He is so active at the time I monitor him as there are many kids become a member of him playing the soccer. He loves to engage in group activities and rarely to see him play only. Shakir develop as a wholesome youngster with impressing accomplishment.

The process of development mostly focuses on the change of biological, physical, cognitive and social-emotional that started from beginning till the finish of their life. In addition, developmental process is qualitative and cannot be measured, but it could be recognized through the introduction of the new characteristics. From my research, I find that these changes happen are stable and it requires place gradually and systematically. The subject I observe is at preoperational stage. His behavior, emotion as well as cognitive development is compliance to Piaget's theory of cognitive development. The procedure of changes in the topic will continuously arise through different level of maturation that identifies the natural changes credited to genetics which is influenced by the environment.


Santrock, J. W. (2011). Child development (Thirteenth model). University of Tx. McGrawHill.

Bartlett, S. & Burton, D. (2012). Advantages to education studies (third release). THE UK. Sage.

Lerner, J. W & Johns, B. H (2009). Learning disabilities and related light disabilities : Teaching strategies and new guidelines (12th release). USA. Wadsworth Cengage Learning.

Gordon, A. M & Browne, K. W (2008). Beginnings and beyond : Foundations in early childhood education (seventh edition). United States. Thomson Delmar Learning.

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