Posted at 08.10.2018
For the foundation of the metalwork in Southeast Asia, there have been many different viewpoints of the scholars. Some scholars support that the metalwork in Southeast Asia was origins locally plus some of them support that it was from India and China. But unluckily, there is not enough evidence to prove which ones would be the reality. Therefore, the foundation of the metalwork in Southeast Asia is not clear and uncertain.
Compare with the Ban Chiang culture, the Dong kid culture was made an appearance later in Southeast Asia. The Dong boy was also one of the flourishing civilizations during Bronze and Iron Time period in Southeast Asia.
In geography, the center of the Dong son culture was situated in the Red river valley at the North Vietnam. It had been called by the town where the archeologists possessed found. The Dong boy culture had not been form separately and it was probably developed from the neighborhood Neolithic cultures at Vietnam including the Dong dau.
Different to the Ban Chiang, there is the monarch kingdom (Vn Lang and Au Lac) came out in Vietnam. The Dong child people did trade in Southeast Asia and also China and India by sea, it made the Dong boy culture was inspired and transformed by the Indian and the Chinese. In 43 AD. , the Dong child was occupied and rude by the Han dynasty in China.
The characteristic of the Dong son culture was the bronze object with the high level craftsmanship. Till the Dong son period, the people perfected the technology and skill of the bronze making, they used the metals to make many different kind of steel tools. The metallurgy and the bronze making was in a very high level, plus they developed their own superior metallurgy techniques predicated on the special quality of the bamboo plus they were able to use the bamboo to fashion a fire-piston that produced heat necessary to liquefy material.
The Dong boy people used the metallic tools in their life, especially the bronze. They used the bronze to make the agricultural tools including the ploughshare, axe, spade, sickles and hoe etc, (handful of them were made by iron) it reflected that the agriculture was high developed in Dong boy and the ploughshare was the typical agricultural bronze tools in this culture, it confirmed and demonstrated that the Dong kid people had already domesticated and used this buffalos' durability in their agricultural activities.
Besides the agricultural tools, many weaponry were within the relics of the Dong child culture. It might reflect that there were wars happened in this region. There were various of weaponry were found and it included the arrows, axe, daggers, spears, swords and breastplates etc. , different kind of these weapons confirmed that the armed forces technology of the Dong kid people was quite completed. On the other hands, the weapons were rich of decorative patterns, those patterns were vividly and comprehensive. The weapons were made in many different condition and the patterns was usually pets or animals and human figures, it displayed that the metallurgic technology of the Dong child people was very superior and we can also see the particular Dong child people appeared as if from the patterns.
Not only metals, the Dong child people also used the potteries as the utensil because of their lifestyle. The jars, pots, basins, vases and jugs with the decorative patterns were found in the Dong kid relic. A few of these utensils found in the relic of burial were filled up with the rings and even the skull, ash, human bones and remains of the inactive people. This relic told us that the pottery jar was not only used for utensil, it was also used as the coffin in the funeral.
In the relic, the archeologists found abundant of the rings. This earrings was mainly made of bronze and there have been other materials like the gemstones, glass, flat iron and shells etc. Some of the ankles rings were embellished with the tiny bell and it would made sound when people move. It displayed that not limited to the lifeless people, the people alive were like to have the charms for making themselves more appealing.
Except for the pottery and rings, there have been musical instruments within the relic. It shown that the spiritual life of people and the most representative musical tools was the Dong child bronze drum. The usage of these drums was still uncertain (it could be used for religious, festivities or regalia) but many evidences verify that the drums were exchanged as the products in China and the Southeast Asia. The dispatch pattern on the drum might demonstrating the trading activity and the legend on the guts of the tympanum might symbolize the mandala polity. Many of the patterns on the drums were seems displaying the religious life of the individuals and the style of the drums were different in various regions. Some of the drums were huge and it created by the lost polish method, it made the routine could be in more detail and demonstrating the advanced of the metallurgic of the Dong child people.
In conclusion, there is difference of the material work and used between the Dong Boy and the Ban Chiang culture. The Ban Chiang came out sooner than the Dong boy and its material work was simple and largely for the useful use. The Ban Chiang also used the bimetallic (bronze and iron) in the various tools and flat iron in burial. Different to the Ban Chiang, the metallurgy of Dong kid was more complex plus they used the lost polish method in the steel works. The competent technology made the Dong boy bronze working became diversification and many of the Dong child relics is at more detail than the Ban Chiang. The Dong son drums demonstrating the trading activity and there was regalia of the Dong kid people, it is very different to the Ban Chiang. The various design of the drums shown that there have been contacts between your areas and the metallic working (lost polish method) skill was pass on in Southeast Asia. The jewelry and various kind of the funeral of the Dong child showing that the Dong kid society was more difficult than the Ban Chiang and there might have the interpersonal stratification in the Dong boy society.