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Book Review: Understanding Dying, Loss of life, and Bereavement

  • Antonia Wadell

Abstract

The research was based on interdisciplinary subject matter of sociable thanatology to help expand explain the procedure of dying, fatality and bereavement. The main aims are to sensitize visitors to the main topic of dying, loss of life and bereavement, to aid those people who have experienced loss of a love one to help individuals study their own feelings and reactions to death and grieving, to make visitors aware of different cultural organizations' fatality and bereavement. The subject areas cover cross-cultural types of traditions, traditions and burial rites through end of life issues. The various theories are introduced from Piaget cognitive periods of development, Durkheim's four type of suicide, and Erickson's developmental levels through suggested readings from latent functions of an funeral. Current issues of death and dying are covered in the study and the legalities of death in the current contemporary society. The scholarly and academically is practical for students because it addresses personal issues relating to an individual capability to handle psychological and the cultural procedures of dying, death and bereavement.

Summary

The word was written to see students in different fields how to go through end of life issues. The creators, Drs. Leming &Dickinson, wished to prepare informative, functional, words of wisdom to be grasped by understanding the psychological and subconscious experience to the procedure of dying, loss of life and bereavement. The textbook starts with the existing interest in loss of life from different academics point of view to the through the grieving process through the life span cycle.

The American public has experienced great losses anticipated to mass killings of the innocence bystanders so it has turned into a mystery to understand the loss of life and the lingering fatalities of the chronic health issues of love ones who come to the finish of these lives. Thanatology has become a social curiosity about learning to offer with death psychologically and psychologically. Leming & Dickinson desire to prepare medical and theological students for work related fatality. Death rate is based on gender, race, serious disease and infant mortality that observe the amount of deaths for the year.

The authors clarifies the different academia methods to the topic of death by first understanding the natural approach, the mental approach, anthropological methodology and sociological way through analysis of these approaches the learner should acquire that is an integral part of the end routine of life. We must learn to handle death because it will not diminish over time but continuing to be always a part of life. In our society, we have a tendency to learn about death based on triggers and conditions but we haven't discovered to cope with it.

Society must learn to talk about death with our teenagers and make clear it to those who are children need to comprehend their thoughts and the idea of death. A lot more we time the less frighten we become to accept loss of life and we started to depend on intellectual, educational and communal skills because our physical prowess will diminish.

Our religious beliefs and routines are related to the planning that Christ provided to the church that people would be altered physical into a religious being. Various societies believe in a supernatural pressure scheduled to less difficulty of their culture however; societies which are more upfront tend to rely more on scientific and move forward technology to describe the causes of the situation. Religious beliefs will help people manage the increased loss of a love one.

The considered dying is difficult but we should learn to be familiar with dying and loss of life through the understanding the emotional and emotional especially working with children and siblings of children because this not the natural of life but it is clear that the effect of losing will impact the family. The periods of grief produced by Kubler-Ross would advantage a family experiencing grief.

The American way of life has advanced and accepted change to what sort of dying has chosen to get rid of life being surrounded by relatives and buddies. No longer is the environment to death reaches the house of the love one but now the configurations can be at hospice care, nursing home and medical center. Hospice allows younger child to be near the terminally sick and it allows the dying person to own all participants there. The dying person may have the option to die where they decided to go with which not an option of the past was. The changes of today's attention of the dying is to give them palliative good care which focuses on the whole attention of the person ranging from physical, social, psychological and religious attributes.

Technology has transformed the way death is set because scientific discovery can allow the body live without brain activity. A person might have life suffered for years with life support machines. Patients have the choice to contribute their organs to provide the trust of life to other people who suffering from serious illnesses and diseases.

The go up in suicide has been a road of debate does one hold the to take his/her life or alternatively pass away on his/her conditions instead coping with the persistent pain of a sickness. Dr. Kevorkian starts to assist the terminally sick with the suicide or rather euthanasia procedure to end the pattern of life. The sociological perspective is that suicide occurs based on the feelings, pondering and doing by the person.

The most important thing about the result of suicide would be that the love ones may be remaining with the feelings of shame and guilt. The people who are left to grieve may have an extended street to find closure due to the belief of 'no social support' among others who are grieving too. The average person who try out suicide is either adolescent, elderly male and not married. Men, more than females will probably commit suicide because the guys will use deadly weapons to complete the duty. The fatality experience is greater than a biological process because it connected to cultural structure and right habit related is shared, symboled and situated by those who are relative to the dying person.

In the United States, funerals are the expression of your respective grief and bereavement period for the mourner. The introduction of plans, cemeteries and funerals are part of the contemporary American way of life and regulation of funeral homes. The procedure of end of life issues giving move forward directives to dispose of personal property, living will and legal health care of power law firm. In the United States, the price of a funeral bills may run from $2500. 00 to $9000. 00 however; that is only one part of the expenses to loss of life because all the deceased personal and clinic bills have to be paid. The legal system manages a person life from starting to end.

The process of grieving, bereavement roles, normal acceptance to the loss, four jobs of mourning and dealing with a violent fatality will be the methods to begin the healing up process. The grief process is not automatic because those who find themselves grieving should do grief work to find closure. The levels of grief produced by Kavenaugh started out with the shock and denial, disorganization, volatile reactions, guilt, damage and loneliness, alleviation and reestablishment. The actions and Kubler- Ross five periods of the dying process are: denial, anger, bargaining, despair and approval. The five periods are described at length of the behaviors associated to the dying process. The transformative process within grief includes three components that may be understood by three questions:

1. What have I lost?

2. What do have gone?

3. What may be easy for me?

The procedure for transformation does take time and each question should get the work to comprehend and to recognize the loss. The mourner needs to have social support and assistance in the bereavement process. The main deed that may be given to the mourner is to provide of yourself time to pay attention and comfort them in their reduction. The life cycle will be experienced by all and it'll not be easy but those who are left out have to figure out how to make adjustments with their lives. The loss of a love one does indeed promote a growth experience with those who are left behind because it instructs those to meet up with the problems of life without their love one.

In conclusion, the textbook starts with the current interest in death from different academic perspective to the through the grieving process through the life cycle. The capability to understand the cycle of normal and abnormal grief by the symptoms discovered through the text. To use the text to understand the phases of grief and apply those to the lives those who are suffering from major depression and drawback from culture. The authors give important steps to presenting a healthy restoration from grief. This is in essence a map to begin the street of recovery from the need to understand the supernatural, the secular or the religious side of death.

Concrete Response

Upon reading this textbook of dealing with the subject of fatality and dying there were two topics that captured my attention. The first topic reviewed those individuals who are in elderly adulthood. The creators talk about how precisely the older individuals are cured within the death and dying process. The elderly seem to be positioned in nursing homes where they are anticipated to reside in until they die quietly. The aged adults seem to be overlooked and tossed apart as if these were old media.

This subject matter reminded me of my maternal grandmother and how she experienced her dying process. I used to be stationed in Fort Bragg, North Carolina when she perished. The immediate family, including siblings, and grandchildren, were called to the hospital to make an important family decision about her plans after leaving a healthcare facility. The decisions that needed to be made were where were we going to place her? Would she be institutionalized or would she expire at home? The other decision was if the family wished her to be sustained by life support systems until death. The factors that we were required to consider were her get older, would her body be strong enough to undergo any surgical treatments if necessary and what type of quality of life would she have the ability to maintain? To begin with, my grandmother was 102 years of age at the time of her death. Secondly, her body was so delicate that people were fearful for the doctors to do anything else to her. The doctors let us know that that they had done all they could do for her. Finally, the doctors made us alert to her condition and that her standard of living would not be considered a good one as her time to live was limited. The family made a decision to let her perish at home in peace, and there wouldn't normally be any life support equipment given to her. I noticed that my mother had not been in arrangement with your choice and made it known to me after leaving a healthcare facility. My mother wanted to do whatever was necessary to keep my grandmother alive. Obviously I felt as if I had betrayed my mother and my grandmother because of the decision that was made.

The other event that came to mind was the fatality of a premature baby that belonged to a pal of mine and her partner in the armed forces. I used to be disturbed by the picture of a family group on webpage 14 posing for a family group photo with the dead child in the mother's hands. I understand that is their way of keeping record of the living as well as the deceased but I noticed that the picture was so impersonal. Not only do the family appear sad but there seemed to be coldness in the picture with the deceased child.

My good friend and I were stationed in Germany but we were both from the point out of Georgia. My pal and her husband had not been married long but they were looking forward to becoming parents. She needed to be taken to a healthcare facility early due for some problems with the pregnancy. She had tried to truly have a baby before but regrettably she miscarried. My friend possessed asked me to come to the hospital for moral support sense her family was not present in those days and I decided to be there. Her spouse was luckily enough to obtain his younger sister stationed at the same platform. When the infant was delivered the doctor advised them that the baby was premature and alive but he had not been sure for just how long. After an hour the doctor came into her room an informed her and her partner that the baby had passed on scheduled to being early. The nurse arrived in and asked the few if they needed to start to see the baby plus they of course replied yes. The medical staff helped bring them their baby, put the infant in the mother's biceps and triceps, and then got a photograph with the couple holding the baby. The father broke down in tears and my friend touched the infant going back time. I asked the nurse was a common procedure and just why was it necessary. The nurse discussed that taking the picture was a common treatment as some parents want to remember their first child whether they are alive or not. In my own heart I did so not buy into the procedure due to agony I witnessed for the reason that room but I used to be in no position to protest.

Reflections

The textbook help me to seriously understand the grief process and I'd like to work further on the procedure for myself because of the loss I've had in my own life. I have experienced a great loss in the last nine years. I agree with the author about the experience with grief and sacrificing a child and a mother or father has given me the ability to complete working through my issues.

The scriptures of Lazarus allows me to look at death as an end of progress in natural rim but a fresh from the spiritual. The main element points of storyline are the time and the end of the story that we get over through death. Having the ability to give someone the closure of losing a love one is the foremost gift a person can provide. I had to understand that I had to be on after the greatest loss of my life but God offered me the courage to keep living. I was riding home by myself and I been told the tone of God speak to me with the deepest of conviction: Now, you realize my thoughts about my child whom I sacrificed for the globe from that instant on I found strength in those words to help those who had been suffering from a damage.

The content of the e book answered a whole lot of questions for me personally because I was presented with a strategy to actually go through the process and definitely face some the items I didn't want to handle with fatality. The textbook was a process of healing for me because I endured loss within my last class and now I know that we am healing from the course. The course and content showed me easily got done the grief work and I frankly say at factors I had not work through all the periods of grief.

Application

The information out of this book will effect how I will continue my very own personal and professional progress process by aiding me to provide informative knowledge facts about fatality and dying to family, friends and clients. For example, there is a riches of information regarding the "THE BUSINESS ENTERPRISE of Dying where I provides help with the duty of planning funerals. I'd aide my clients in exploring the best options forever insurance in order that they will prepare yourself if death does occur. I put a pastor express to me that certain of the most common problems in the BLACK community is having less life insurance needed to be able to supply the deceased family member an effective burial. He explained that at the previous funeral he organised in his chapel he previously to take up an offering in order to aid the family with funeral bills. I'd like to provide grief organizations for parents who've lost their children. The increasing unrest going on in the several cities of your society is being plagued with the fatalities of BLACK children. There appears to be more of a need for grief organizations. While grieving for my kid I was advised to a business called "The Bereaved Parents of the united states". The organization was instrumental in guiding me as well as other bereaved parents through the bereavement process.

The activities or changes which i plan to make in my job and personal life as a result of my learning are first to search out training programs that will train me to become an effective problems response person. This reserve has confirmed that death needs to be analyzed more comprehensive and that people should not be scared of the anonymous. I would like to volunteer in a chapel organization that provides trained people that are qualified to demonstrate the procedures that require to be used to in a crisis situation. I've a pastime in researching what certifications will be had a need to qualify to become problems response person.

This booklet has furthered my commitment to become a bereavement counselor because I've had the knowledge and understand the pain that will allow me to help those people who have begun this voyage and I could walk with those to recovery.

If given the chance, I would work with death and dying patients because I believe that they will start to see the love of God in me and I am going to offer a tuning in ear, a very open heart and the gift of laughter to prospects who have to be comforted in their time of sorrow.

Reference

Leming, M. R. & Dickinson, G. E. (2011). Understanding dying, death, and bereavement (7th ed. ). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.

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