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Case Analysis On Oresund Bridge Structure Essay

Oresund Bridge is designed over the Oresund strait; it is the longest rail and highway bridge in the whole of European countries. [1] It connects two metropolitan areas namely Danish capital Copenhagen and City of Malmo in Sweden. . The international Western route E20 operates over the bridge and through the tunnel. This Bridge acts as a link between Main land European countries and the rest of the Scandinavia.

The main purpose of this paper is to identify the factors which impact estimating, maintenance, safeness and structure techniques of the bridge also to recommend improvements that can help in the further expansion and reputation of the bridge. Identify factors that negatively influence the Oresund Bridge. Create a solution to help the users who travel through the longest highway and rail Bridge easily and level of comfort. Analyze the results and propose a model solution to increase the performance. The primary factors which have an effect on the structure of the bridge are discussed in detail plus some of the tips are also included. Developing a safety evaluation of the security performance factors will help to prevent mishaps by anticipating and mitigating risks that happen frequently. The historical factors will be reviewed about the past construction by the designers and architects and some statistics are given showing the evolution of the Bridge and how it damaged the building industry in past, On the inexpensive front the methods which were used to reduce the price tag on the job and current market estimation about the development techniques are also mentioned. The organizational factor, which is considered to become more significant discusses about the partnership of bridge and the places which it is connected to and the cityscape. Its tendencies and contribution to the people and place, representativeness, conditions and policies to work with the bridge will be completely analyzed. The procedural factors will be discussed such as provision of basic safety and equipment, and maintenance of the bridge.

The physical location of Oresund region is very advantageous for carrying goods between Scandinavia and Baltic countries, however early the main container neck in realizing this is the infrastructure. The Oresund Bridge provided a remedy because of this as the conclusion of the bridge in 2000 has improved the Infrastructure. Actually the modern infrastructure is one of the primary strengths of the Oresund Region. The present day motorway and railway around both cities set a higher standard which attaches Copenhagen and Malmo. Access to Copenhagen airport terminal and Malmo air-port has improved. The merger of Copenhagen dock and Malmo has led to formation of any company which is the greatest importing dock of vehicles in Nordic region [2]. All of the four travelling systems have been well prepared in the Oresund Region when compared to similar systems in Europe. When the fixed link across Fuhrman belt is completed around 2018 - 2020, it'll connect 10 million people in Southern Scandinavia and North Germany for the reason that this new traffic lanes will web page link the Oresund Region with Hamburg. This might create new opportunities in the foreseeable future for manipulating the synergies that happen from bringing together the two capitals. [2]

Considering the advantages of the Oresund Region that are network systems for marketing and research and production across borders and institutional downsides. For six different systems Oresund region is a parasol organization which demonstrates the region's strength: Medicon Valley Academy, Oresund IT, Oresund Food Network, Oresund Environment Academy, Oresund Design, and Oresund Logistics. The Oresund University is yet another network where 12 universities and establishments of advanced schooling in your community work together to bolster research and education in the Oresund Region. Between Scandinavia and Europe Network programs. The bridge in a worldwide context measured by scientific result, Copenhagen - Malmo - Lund ranks 5th in European countries. Assessed by overall life quality, the Oresund Region also results highly - 8th after towns in Southern Germany, Austria and Switzerland. Measured by population, the region ranks 23rd. Measured in economic conditions, the region rates 10th alongside locations like Milan, Hamburg, Berlin, Madrid, Rome and Stuttgart. [2]

Several factors influenced the development of the project such as, environmental, financial and political. For instance by the finish of the old warfare, and the beginning of globalization has required the two countries to consider ways of bettering the economy of the region, also the Sweden's method of be a part of europe has been the main traveling factors.

Railway songs and motorway from Fosie - Lernacken: 10 kilometres of new double tracked railway (Oresundsbanan). The railway works parallel with the motorway in a 90m huge corridor. The first stop on the path is Malmo Syd or Svagertorp. The motorway operates from Fosieby, where it attaches the outer wedding ring road to the toll station at Lernacken. This section includes two major interchanges and many smaller overpasses. At Lernacken the Traffic Centre and the toll place for vehicles and are situated. The Traffic Centre is accountable for working the toll train station, monitoring the motorway traffic and monitoring the technical systems. The toll place has got 11 lanes in each path with a capacity of 200 vehicles an hour/lane and 10 toll booths in each direction. [5]

The Oresund Bridge has a profound influence on the geographical, economic and culture of folks in this Scandinavian region. The conclusion of the job has allowed the economical development of the spot and also paved a course for Sweden to be always a part of the European Union. A fresh avenue for trade has been exposed and also empowered the business in Western european main land to touch the rich human resources in this area. The task has provided the local population with employment and also helped the neighborhood industry such as materials providers which include steel, concrete etc. In addition, it improved the tourism of the area which is the main sources of economy. Throughout this paper we talked about the advantages of cable remained process over suspension system kind of bridges in shallow type drinking water. We also talked about the effects on the surroundings and measures taken up to preserve it. We also gave details of the price incurred for the completion of the job and as a personal opinion a much better planning might well have reduced the costs further. That is supported by the data provided where the original estimates differed from real costs by huge amounts.

It is common knowledge that the traffic on the roads and bridges rises with time and seen from the graph there's a 17% upsurge in the traffic over Oresund Bridge in 1st 6months. This is quite normal, and the speed may not preserve, but even then there can be expected that you will see a considerable increase in the traffic in coming future, if not 17% at least 10%, in such case the Oresund bridge with its two lanes for the in either route will reach its capacity in a decade time. This demands to consider ways to increase the lanes.

The carriageway does not reach to the edge of the truss. It would be possible to cast a wider deck aspect with the probability of adding a supplementary lane in either direction. This might bring the carriageway nearer to the edge of the bridge and put in a significant amount of lifeless weight to the framework. Another option would be to suspend new truss elements off the side of the existing deck. This might seem to be a more complex treatment than the first one recommended, but could add several lane in either way. Many of these modifications would have results on the loading of the bridge and strengthening works is possibly required for both cables and the piers.

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