The storyline of "The Cask of Amontillado" by Edgar Allan Poe is filled with conflict from beginning to end. The narrator of the story does not reveal why such a conflict exists apart from to state someone has impugned his honor. Poe makes use of irony, symbolism among other linguistics means to inform a revenge report under Montresor's, the murderer, view and ideas. Even knowing the narrator is not reliable and he probably is mad, the reader stands on his aspect right from the start to the finish of the issue. This article will attempt to analyze the tools utilized by Poe to create this short story.
The Design of Poe in "The cask of amontillado"
Strengthening viewers' comprehension of his writing is also an integral function of the imagery Poe uses. The variety of stylistic devices used by Poe to produce the atmosphere of horror and terror includes the setting, one of the items the writer uses to coloring a dark and gloomy picture in the reader's brain. For example: as detailed by him in the very beginning of the short history "It had been about dusk, one evening through the supreme madness of the carnival season" or like in this paragraph: "At the most remote control end of the crypt there came out another less spacious. Its surfaces had been lined with human remains, piled to the vault overhead, in the fashion of the great catacombs of Paris. Three attributes of the interior crypt were still ornamented this way. From the fourth part the bones had been tossed down, and lay down promiscuously upon the planet earth, creating at one point a mound of some size. In the wall thus shown by the displacing of the bones, we perceived a still interior crypt or recess, in depth about four feet, in width three, high six or seven. It seemed to have been produced for no especial use within itself, but produced merely the interval between two of the colossal works with of the roofing of the catacombs, and was guaranteed by one with their circumscribing wall surfaces of sound granite". Imagery in Poe's design of writing clearly will involve readers in the storyline, and his use of complex vocabulary ensures that readers understand his styles and implications.
The use of symbolism is what makes Poe's short account even more interesting. Symbolism, in line with the The Dictionary of Literary Terms, is an thing, person, idea, etc. found in a literary work, film, etc. , to are a symbol of or suggest another thing with which it is associated either explicitly or in a few more refined way. It might not exactly be clear for a few readers, however in "The Cask of Amontillado" the battle between two sociable class turmoil and the aristocratic cultural codes is very well pictured.
Montresor fulfills Fortunato "as though by chance" when it is clear that Montresor already of Fortunato's attendance through the Carnival celebration at a banquet. When Montresor leads the intoxicated Fortunato into the blind wall membrane in the subterranean passages of Montresor's family grave and calls for him prisoner, he already has mortar and trowel well prepared for walling up his victim. Since Fortunato got given Montresor a Masonic sign and asked him if he were a Mason, a question which response was that Fortunato was nothing more than a real natural stone mason and the murderer laughingly showed the real trowel he had with him, it can be a humorous imitation of the French Freemasonry, whose motto was "libert, galit, fraternit. "
Fortunato is of bourgeois origin and Montresor, who is filled with aristocratic pride mirrored in his thoughts of headings of nobility, genealogy, escutcheons, coats of hands, quarterings, the bones of ancestors, fiefs, and inheritable property, could not handle an criminal offense against one's honor called for justice and punishment. The motto on his coating of forearms is "Nemo me impune lacessit" ("Nobody insults me with impunity"). He cannot struggle the ignorant Fortunato; besides, with his purchased title he contains some established post in the government, is perhaps an intendant, and it is thus a personification of the evils that had been foisted on the provincial aristocracy by the crown. Since Fortunato has ability, Montresor turns to murder.
The symbolism can even be noticed in various other aspects and details of the short report. Ironically, the victim is named Fortunato, which in English means "lucky man" or fortunate. He's reported to be wearing motley: "a tight-fitting parti-striped dress, and his mind was surmounted by the conical cover and bells", as being a jester. The ironic so this means of Fortunato's name, for the storyplot proves that he is greatly unlucky, creates a symbolic image of a light-minded, frivolous man, who shows little knowledge of his own life.
On what it involves the narration style, Poe will what he have in other two of his short stories ("The African american Cat" and "The Tell-Tale Heart"): he conveys the story through the murderer's perspective. In a very wise way, Poe reveals the narrator in the first-person, Montresor, what makes him not reliable, since he explains to the story under his point of view. As we can see in this part of the account, Montresor never says the reader the true reason behind his revenge:
"THE thousand accidental injuries of Fortunato I had developed borne when i best could, but when he ventured after insult I vowed revenge. You, who so well know the nature of my heart, will not imagine, however, that gave utterance to a menace. At length I'd be avenged; this is a spot definitely, settled --but the very definitiveness with which it was resolved precluded the thought of risk. I must not only punish but punish with impunity. An incorrect is unredressed when retribution overtakes its redresser. It is evenly unredressed when the avenger fails to make himself sensed as such to him who did the wrong. "
Poe uses irony as a catharsis for his internal angst. Even under the grotesque visions of lifeless remains everywhere in the underground vault, the reader seems little sympathy for Fortunato, perhaps because of his elitist frame of mind when he mocks Montresor, expressing "You are not of the brotherhood. " It's important to remember that Fortunato had many opportunities to leave at the narrator's insistence, but this man disregards them nevertheless, permanently sealing his own destiny; when the narrator proclaims his family motto and the description of his family crestas a snake biting in to the heel that crushes it, all of these are clues that could potentially allow for Fortunato's get away. In recalling the image of the snake, it is Montresor who plays this role against the man who would mercilessly step upon him, demeaning him, as Fortunato had done so many times before.
"The Cask of Amontillado" is filled with irony, starting by the title that mentions a barrel of an rare wine which is a secondary, if not really a mere fine detail in the complete story. We also have a situational circumstance of irony as Montresor requires the opportunity of the carnival season special event, a date to celebrate joyfully, to snare and murder Fortunato.
In this short story we will get three types of irony:
Verbal irony that involves saying a very important factor but meaning the contrary.
Situational irony which occurs when occasions turn out the opposite of what would typically be expected. For instance: the name of the short story as mentioned before.
Dramatic irony is when visitors or viewers of a story learn than the heroes or can interpret more accurately what they need to say. When Montresor repeats Fortunato's "Why don't we be gone, " readers probably make a second interpretation of what Fortunato understand by that.
The first words Montresor utters when he matches Fortunato is full of irony, since he did not met his good friend with a chance, neither Fortunato was "luckily met": "My dear Fortunato, you are thankfully met". Fortunatos jester halloween costume is also very satirical.
The way the storyline unfolds itself and just how Montresor foretells Fortunato is packed with irony right from the start to the very end when he screams Fortunatos name right after he died. Here are some excerpts to demonstrate:
Montresor expressing himself worried about the nitre-covered wall surfaces and exacerbation of Fortunato's cough-this can be an example of verbal irony. As the sufferer replies: "the coughing is only nothing; it will not kill me. I shall not die of your cough. "
The second wine used is a flagon of De Grave - here Poe takes on with your wine brand and the term grave in English this means sepulture: "I broke and come to him a flagon of De Grave. He emptied it at a breath. His eyes flashed with a fierce light. He laughed and threw the container upwards with a gesticulation I did so not understand. "
They made a toast to Fortunato's long life, who didn't know he was about to face fatality: "Drink, " I said, delivering him the wine.
He lifted it to his lip area with a leer. He paused and nodded if you ask me familiarly, while his bells jingled.
"I drink, " he said, "to the buried that repose all around us. "
"And I to your extended life. "
Fortunato is the true ignoramus, term he used to insult Luchesi, whom Montresor has several times suggested as a connoisseur who could substitute for Fortunato: "As you are engaged, I am on my way to Luchesi. If anyone has a crucial move, it is he. He will tell me" --
"Luchesi cannot inform Amontillado from Sherry. "
"Why don't we go, nevertheless. The cold is merely nothing at all. Amontillado! You could have been enforced upon; and for Luchesi, he cannot identify Sherry from Amontillado. "
Poe uses repetition to ensure visitors to deeper comprehend the concepts and storyline development.
In this short story we do not have a violent, drunk or psycho identity that kills for no reason or disconnected from truth. Montresor knows what he is doing and maintains targeted and lucid constantly and that is what apart "The Cask of Amontillado" from Poe's other stories.
This tale contains a great amount of dark humor and is also somehow a kind of warning for individuals who thread other people by bullying them because the offended ones might always come back urging for revenge.