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Complex procedure for human development


Human Development differs from a person to person and it is a 'highly complicated process'[1]. It grows because of this of the effect of various factors influencing the progress at different periods in a lifetime of a person. The following essay is divided into two parts. In part one, we will be analysing the work of a professional practitioner and for this I have interviewed the Children Worker of St Andrew's church in Charminster. In part two, we are examining a real life case study which centres on the problem of rebellion and we shall analyse it at length looking at the various issues surrounding it and the possible alternatives.

Youth Worker

Charminster is one of the places in Bournemouth which is continually monitored by the authorities due to the presence of medicine traders and high criminal offense rates within young adults. Therefore, especially here the youngsters worker is an important role in the introduction of the community. Youth staff promote the personal, educational and public development of young people. Roger Baker, who's the current young ones staff member of St Andrew's, says that working in Charminster is a challenging and a fascinating place to work. Roger has a decade of rich Religious junior work experience and prior to that he worked with the council as a youngsters worker and also as a probationer officer.

Job Description

His overall goal is to raise the church's community engagement with the teenagers, to fortify the relationships with the local universities, to work in partnership with other organisations to engage with the teenagers for his or her welfare and development.

Mainly his role on a yearly basis includes:

  • Assessing the needs of young people, running various youth clubs on Friday evenings for the young ones of the city.
  • Multi agency working in series with the casual youth project. Agencies like Bournemouth Youngsters Services, Junior Offending Team, Connexions and Bournemouth Council. Alsoacting as an advocate for young people's interests and presenting those to the required organization.
  • Taking the Bible studies during the week for different age groups and discipling the teenagers into a Christ like figure.
  • Managing & producing the junior and community assignments and resources
  • Serving the needs of the teenagers locally like the delivery of athletics programmes, supporting outdoor recreation, providing advice and counselling.
  • Drawing up business plans, writing reports and making formal presentations to financing bodies.

Over and beyond the job description the young ones worker does a lot more casual activities for the cathedral and the community.

Advantages of the role

Since recently Roger worked with the council as a secular youngsters staff member, now he compares his previous role to his present role as a Christian youth staff member and says that the second option has more advantages and more opportunities.

As a secular young ones worker in case there is crisis he couldn't drive in a car alone with a young person. Besides, he said that they functioned only during their working hours in a day after which they didn't think about junior just work at all plus they worked just because it's their job and spent less time with the youth. Now, he says that Christian junior work role is more peaceful and comfortable with no place timings to work and for that reason he can focus on a particular issue or work presenting it enough time required in order to resolve or to focus on it. Matching to Bruce Britton, what young people want from their youth workers is not their organisational potential, but willingness to focus and to listen to their views and spend time with them as per their supply. [2] Though this is Roger's perspective, however I believe this is one way youth workers absolutely need be irrespective of whether these are secular or religious feeling more comfortable with time and spending important time with the junior.

He said that he previously less opportunities for detached youngsters work whilst working with the council. If a person had a problem that they had to come to the centre, only then they may help them. But now they can operate without the utilization of your centre and can go directly to the place where teenagers are, both geographically and developmentally. He gave a good example where one young man (19 yrs) called him and said that he had an interview and was little stressed and asked him to go along with him to the interview. So Roger does accompany that young person which made the young person feel positive. He said that this wouldn't have been possible if he previously been with the council. Regarding to Erik Erikson's 8 stages of development children who are 19-25 yrs wrestle with the Isolation versus Intimacy. [3] This is actually the stage where they want someone to guide, comfort and build a romantic relationship with them.

Stresses and Strains

In his work there are few strains and strains which they want to work out. He says the primary concern is the ever before changing staff team with in the youth team. Individuals who come to help as volunteers or those who seriously placement stick to the youth membership for 6-12 a few months and they move to an alternative place. He says that this is where in fact the whole problem sits with maintaining ongoing interactions with the youngsters. Suddenly that person moves out and a new employee who works with a different methodology or method calls for more time to develop that same romantic relationship with the youth and because of that there is no consistency.

They presently get near 40-60 kids throughout a Friday youth club and low personnel resourcing is a challenge in supervising these kids. Another issue he lifted was that of finances. They have sufficient projects and programs for the local youth, nevertheless they lack funds to perform these tasks. Also he says that since from the church environment, for effective discipleship of youngsters the church needs to come and help the children groups over a random basis assisting the youth staff member.

Skills for Practice

Roger is a trained professional in the region of youngsters work. He have few former functions like youth worker and probationer office with the neighborhood council. His role as a youngsters staff member with the cathedral is twofold. The first activity matching to his top priority is working with the unchurched youngsters of the city contributing to their expansion and development and the second aspect being discipling and nurturing the children of the church.

He often retains himself kept up to date with some of the books compiled by children and community employees. He said that the publication 'Joined Up: An Introduction to Young ones Work and Ministry'[4] with itsfour key values of children work: voluntary participation, empowerment, equality of opportunity and casual education were very useful and gave a great understanding in understanding the youngsters work within the church and outside the church.

He used to bring his skill for his junior work from the countrywide occupational criteria of the Country wide Youth Organization when he began working with the youth. But now he pulls his competence from various available resources. He subscribes to the major youth work newspapers and attracts the latest news and trends from them. Sometimes he does take the Weekend Bible studies for the young ones from the Young ones Work mag and in essence he goes on the current tendency of the young ones set alongside the approved theory within the youngsters work.

Theory to Practice

The challenging area of the young ones work is executing the idea into practice. AFTER I asked him for a live example he shared with me the storyplot of a young person whose name is Allan and he was aged 13. [5] Allan was attending behavioural college and was in trouble with the police for handful of times. His mom is in restoration from drugs and his dad lives someplace else. There were complaints from his neighbours and experienced isolation in the institution. The whole idea in working with this young person was to gain his trust and to give him responsibility and connection with other young people to develop cultural skills along with his peers. Josh McDowell, says that teens that are vulnerable to rejection and peer persecution result from homes of shattered families and it's really is not important to minimize their pain but to provide them an opportunity to express themselves without reproach in a relationship. [6] Given that they need a chance to express themselves in a loving relationship, Allan was asked to help in tuck shop and rewarded him with a voucher to spend. He also helped as a head during juniors junior club. Roger did school goes to with Allan and his mum to shop around the school and also to meet the personnel and pupils. With a bit of regular counselling there's a change in Allan today. [7]

In his practice he says that reflection plays a essential role and he often displays on this practise and evolves his youth are the situation demands. He also made an important comment saying that theory doesn't work always. We have to go out of the box particularly when working with the teenagers. In his words 'Theory is nothing but recommended practice, but suggested practice is not necessarily the correct one. So always go in line with the situation and create the theory'.

Case Review - Rebellion

In my children group I've this guy whose name I'll keep it anonymous and for the purpose of this essay we shall call him Joe. Joe comes to the children Bible study which i lead every Thursday. He involves that group not because he likes it, but only because his best partner involves this group and partially also because he gets a tuck of crisps and a glass or two. The main concern as I categorize it with Joe was 'Rebellion'. Especially with teens the term rebellion looks synonymous with them. We are looking at this in more depth with the PARC steps of Theory-Practice model.


Joe, who is 14 years old lives along with his both parents and comes with an elder sister who is four years older than him. Both his parents are Christian and are actively mixed up in cathedral activities. His sister sometimes involves the various junior groups and frequently helps the staff team in supervising the groupings. Joe can be an average scholar at school and is brilliant at sports, especially basketball and cricket. He takes on for his college and also in a few different leagues. EASILY organise any cricket match within the cathedral, he is my key player of my team. Joe's mum enjoys him very much and needs him to be always a good Religious but Joe thinks that his mommy is requesting something impossible from him. I have heard Joe handful of times declaring, 'I'm not a Christian, just because of my mum I come to church', 'I don't have confidence in God, He doesn't discuss anyways', 'My dad never maintains his promises, last night he said that he'd watch a sports match with me and he didn't change up', 'My sister is in her own world'. There's a lot of misunderstanding and agitation going within Joe, which is eventually resulting in his rebellion against his family. Key point to be mentioned here is that his rebellion is principally seen on his religious side though they have its effects on his physical and public aspects.


From his track record we can plainly see that his problem is principally arriving through his own family. Joe is his key transitioning amount of moving from dependency to self-reliance. He is going through a great deal of changes like biological, cognitive, psychological and religious and many of these changes in one way or the other are contributing to his pain and rebellion. Youth experiences, environmental stresses and dangers can also affect his problem during this stage, however in my view these don't explicitly have an impact on him. [8] In his situation we can the main causes of rebellion are anticipated to:

  • Poor relationship with his family: I agree with Josh McDowell where he says 'when parents make an effort to lay down guidelines without first establishing a real relationship using their kids, they sow seeds of rebellion'. [9] In Joe's situation that was the exact problem. Though he doesn't show an outward rebellion immediately he is growing an inward rebellion which is very unhealthy for his personal development. His poor relationship with his sister adds to his predicament.
  • Discipline method: Around the Sunday day Joe's mum asks him if he is approaching to the Chapel and his standard reply is NO and then carries on sleeping. I think Joe's parents are too lenient on the methods of willpower with Joe. Proverbs 22:6 says that parents should train a child in the manner he should go. I am not expressing that they have to be threatening or smacking him and make him come to cathedral but the lack of strict self-control from his childhood and being lenient on him is one of the complexities.
  • Anger and Annoyance: Olson instructs that rebellious behavior is triggered by hostile impulses that are transformed inward. [10] In Joe we see that he's frustrated with God and sometimes is angry along with his mum and dad. This Anger has been suppressed and hence resulting in a rebellious mother nature in Joe.

When we understand this rebellious character in Joe, the key person who is being damaged is his mother. Every time I ask her about Joe, she appears very concerned and anxious. Whenever she discusses him, her eyes are filled with tears and sometimes have sleepless times. I don't know about Joe, but his mother looks like the girl with going through despair and there is this nervousness and fear in her about her child. Comparatively his mother is getting affected by his rebellion than himself.

Relating Theory

Olson cautions that counselling rebellious and delinquent youth is an extremely difficult, slow and frequently frustrating job and success might be marginal at best. [11] From a biblical point of view Bible is very self-explanatory to kids who are rebellious. Deuteronomy 27:16 says that cursed is the man who dishonours his parent. God provides lot worth focusing on in honouring one's parents. The fifth commandment is to honour one's parents. Proverbs 10:1 says a smart son brings delight to his dad, but a foolish boy grief to his mom. There's a very tough Old Testament regulation which discusses a rebellious kid. Deuteronomy 21:18-21 says, 'If a man has a stubborn and rebellious son would you not obey his parents and will not listen to them when they discipline him, then all the men of his town shall jewel him to fatality.

Joe's situation isn't as bad as the above passage therefore an obvious biblical and internal counselling is sufficient to resolve his problem. I am presently focusing on Joe's case. I lead the Junior Pathfinders group on Thursday evenings. I asked the group to create all sorts of questions that they face regularly at university or in the community so that I can put together Bible studies exclusively handling those questions. Joe came up with few questions like, 'Why should I be a Christian to begin with?', 'Can I really feel God?', They are challenging and genuine questions for a person and I thought it was right to addresses these first and we looked at one question every week, taking a look at its repercussions and how to deal with them both biblically and in practice.

On a mental level, Josh McDowell gives a good pattern to cope with this problem which is in the form of an acrostic LEADER. [12] It goes in this order:

  • Listen: Rebellious teenagers often expect criticisms or Bible verses. Pay attention with the sight as well much like the ears and understand where they are simply via.
  • Empathize: Reflecting and trying to start to see the things through the sight of the young person.
  • Affirm: Affirming the credibility to come and talk with you and the goodness within that teen.
  • Direct: Here we format a composition of route working towards a negotiated contract and permanent plans in working with their rebellious aspect.
  • Enlist: The teen must be persuaded that rebellion is not the best way to respond by which he slowly minimizes that character. This is cognitive strategy.
  • Refer: In acute cases where it can't be taken care of, then he must be referred to the respective more skilled counsellor with the parents consent.

Overall his parents also need counselling. The two essential measurements of parenting are marriage (support) and empowerment (direction). [13] Their romance with Joe must be first established right before heading to the empowerment. They want to start rewarding their promises and need to make a full effort never to disappoint him in the foreseeable future with their offers.


There are a lot of things that might have been done. In this case Joe's sister will come into picture and can be a lot of psychological help and someone with whom he can identify with in his family. Since his mates at the junior group are his main involvement in coming to the group, his friends can help him to defeat this rebellion with encouragement and support. Once happened can always probably happen again, so in case of another similar rebellious behaviour we need to quickly assess the root of the rebellion and begin working following that till the condition is solved.


Developmental psychology can be an endless fascinating subject especially because teens of similar ages develop at different rates corresponding to their cognitive features and social position. Anyone who chooses to focus on any developmental issues you have to plainly understand the fundamental cause and results according to the age of the person. Methodology and techniques are consonant with the work of the Soul and therefore it's very imperative that as Christians we need to be based upon the Spirit up to we depend on our methods in counselling.

Appendix 1

Robbie-20 Years

Background: Low attendance at institution. Biological dad with drink problems. Step dad smoking cannabis. Mum having down three part time careers. Robbie in bottom level sets in every of his classes. Bullied by others living on the same housing house. Once needing to visit a and E because of accidental injuries suffered. Grandparents supportive and positive effect. Spending extended periods of time at home in fear of going out together.

Priorities: To build up Robbie's self-confidence and self-confidence. No tests being taken in year 11. Need to find alternative requirements. Get him involved in a spare time activity or sport. Support mum with time management with multiple jobs and siblings. Obtain and pass information to step dad based on the effects of smoking cannabis and the legal implications.

Action: Get Robbie involved in establishing and aiding at youth club. Sign him for local soccer team and also to enroll in training one night time weekly. Offer to the institution a protracted work experience position. Complete an Asdan award scheme. Sign up for a junior world cup competition in Sweden, 1500 clubs from all over the world. Increase money for trip by sponsored walk and car washing. Secure some private instruction from ex lover professional goal keeper to increase Robbie's capacity and self-assurance. Support request for training courses - later to support application to join the Army. Presently after sustaining a personal injury holding out to re- apply in June 2010.

Elliot-19 Years

Background: Mum and daddy living together but also for prior 15 years lots of arguments and living apart for periods of time. Police included and accusations made by mum towards Elliot and dad but never proven. Mum using two labels at different times with differing people. At least twice Elliot coming home from institution and finding her after she had taken overdoses of tablets and being posted to hospital. Relocated home several times sometimes with dad and sometimes with mum. Elliot was kicked out of home several times whilst coping with mum. Attending college outside of the area travelling daily to attend a distance of about thirty a long way.

Priorities: To stabilize a few of Elliot's circumstances presenting some consistency. Consult with mum and daddy to rationalize permanent issues. Get him involved with youth club. Help with anger management. Find group to aid mums action. Build father child relationship.

Action: Encourage mum to wait overcomers outreach a twelve step restoration group meeting. Get father and son to attend and help at young ones golf club. Work alongside Elliot to discuss how he seems using situations that then turns to anger and solutions to deal your anger. Support Elliot during the times when mum and daddy are not mutually more recently to support a credit card applicatoin for Elliot to secure a devote the YMCA having been kicked out of home December 2009 after an argument with daddy and his new sweetheart. Currently no connection with mum. April 2010 help Elliot to go from the YMCA to Fortuna house recognized lodgings for around twelve young residents. Support Elliot to secure a location on a full time training course prior to locating a job.


  • Balswick, Judy. , and Balswick, Jack. , Piper, Boni. , Piper, Don, Relationship-Empowerment Parenting, Grand Rapids: Baker Literature, 2003.
  • Boyd, Denise. , & Bee, Helen, Life-span Development, 5th (ed. ), Pearson, 2009.
  • Britton, Bruce. , Junior Workers as Friendly Personnel, in Jeffs, Tony and Smith, Mark, (ed. ), Children Work, London: Macmillan Press, 1987.
  • Brierley, Danny, Joined Up: Launch to Youth work and ministry, Authentic Marketing, 2003.
  • Brierley, Peter, Attaining and Keeping Tweenagers, London: Religious Research, 2002.
  • Flannagan, Andy, Distinctive Worship: What sort of new generation links with God, Authentic Marketing, 2004.
  • Geldard, Kathryn. , and Geldard, David, Counselling Adolescents, 2nd (ed. ), London: SAGE Magazines, 2004.
  • Greene, Roberta. , and Kropf, Nancy, Human being Behavior Theory: A Diversity Construction, 2nd (ed. ), AldineTransaction, 2009.
  • McDowell, Josh. , and Hostetler, Bob, Josh McDowell's Handbook on Counselling Youngsters, Word Posting, 1996.
  • Olson, Keith, Counselling Young adults, Loveland: Group Literature, 1984.
  1. Denise Boyd & Helen Bee, Life expectancy Development, 5th (ed. ), Pearson, 2009, 3.
  2. Bruce Britton, Junior Workers as Public Personnel, in Tony Jeffs and Make Smith, (ed. ), Junior Work, London: Macmillan Press, 1987, 25.
  3. Roberta Greene, Nancy Kropf, Individuals Behavior Theory: A Diversity Construction, 2nd (ed. ), AldineTransaction, 2009, 84.
  4. Danny Brierley, Signed up with Up: An Introduction to Youngsters Work and Ministry, Authentic Marketing, 2002.
  5. The name of the young person is altered due to disclosure and level of privacy reasons.
  6. Josh McDowell and Bob Hostetler, Josh McDowell's Handbook on Counselling Youth, Word Publishing, 1996, 162-163.
  7. During my interview Roger shared couple of more examples. Listing those examples are not under the range of this essay. Please see appendix 1 for an in depth description.
  8. Kathryn and David Geldard, Counselling Children, 2nd (ed. ), London: SAGE Magazines, 2004, 16.
  9. McDowell and Hostetler, Youngsters, 235.
  10. Keith Olson, Counselling Teens, Loveland: Group Literature, 1984, 476.
  11. Keith Olson, Counselling Teenagers, Loveland: Group Books, 1984, 480.
  12. McDowell and Hostetler, Young ones, 239-241.
  13. Judy & Jack Balswick and Boni & Don Piper, Relationship-Empowerment Parenting, Grand Rapids: Baker Literature, 2003, 18.
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