During the span of 'Hard Times', Charles Dickens identifies Utilitarianism as a means of life as a take on anything through the growing Victorian industrial industry dominating Coketown in the 1850's. Dickens calls for Tom Gradgrind as his main example, starting as a deeply Utilitarian institution teacher and through the span of the novel, can take him full circle until he regrets his Utilitarian view of life and way to do things. 'Hard Times' also highlights the standard of working conditions in and around the commercial industry.
Right from the start of the book, Mr Gradgrind is shown as strict, as the first words he speaks, indeed the first couple of sentences in chapter one are "Now, what I want is Facts. Coach these boys and girls only Facts". Both 'Facts' are written with a capital 'F', emphasizing the value of facts. All he would like is facts facts facts and that's all he believes the training system is for. He believes so firmly in Utilitarianism, this all encumbering work ethic, he's managed to get his philosophy forever and therefore thinks it is completely reasonable for everybody else to adopt his way of life.
At the start of the 1st book, Mr Gradgrind is provided as; "a guy of facts and calculations". This shows how his style of efficiency really backs Gradgrind's perception that; everything, no matter what can be purchased, recorded and measured. This constant belief that everything and anything can be categorized in order of how successful it is, how useful it is, and how reasonable it is is base mindset throughout the majority of the story. On the other hand, while section one virtually lets the whole world know that Gradgrind is a grumpy old man from the dark age ranges, you can find faint evidence that there is some soul covering profound away in Gradgrind behind is cold heart. The estimate "Adhere to Facts, sir!" indicates that Gradgrind knows that there is more alive than facts. Like before, the 'f' in 'facts' is a capital letter. The word is also very short for impact, result and punch.
Gradgrind class room and his craving to research is shown by the table arrangement being referred to as the "boys and girls sat on the face of the likely plane". He is compared to greyish, dark, uninteresting imagery that precisely reflects his figure. The class is bland therefore lacking in color that bright-eyed Sissy Jupe plainly sticks out "irradiated" by the lustrous laser beam as an angel among men. Bitzer, one of the very most intellectually strong pupils is under Gradgrind's powerful affect as he fast transforms to a greyish shadow, only youngster possessing no proof creativity or feeling. "he would bleed white". He has been quickly moulded to a machine by Gradgrind's figure to produce correct definitions and in contrast to Sissy's repetative deep blushing seems mentally drained after responding to Gradgrind's question on horses which was intellectually a lot harder than she could handle. Bitzer then properly solved the same question and his complicated answer eventually satisfied Gradgrind after being greatly disappointed that Sissy didn't meet his prospects.
In the beginning handful of chapters of the novel, Dickens stresses Gradgrind's philosophy of calculating, rational self-interest and categorizing. He is convinced that human characteristics can be governed by completely rational rules, and he is "ready to weigh and evaluate any parcel of real human nature, and tell you what it comes to. " This viewpoint has brought Gradgrind success and a strong reputation of sorts in Coketown.
Gradgrind takes the news headlines of Louisa's acceptance of proposal from Bounderby very well as opposed to what the audience might expect from Gradgrind at this late level in the reserve having developed a detailed profile of Gradgrind already. From his conversation I can notify Gradgrind is acknowledging a more individual and personalized life-style as is turned out when he rightfully but nonetheless just a bit sceptically offers Louisa his great job.
While the narrator's build toward him is in the beginning mocking and ironic, Gradgrind goes through a substantial change throughout the novel, in so doing gaining the narrator's sympathy. When Louisa confesses that she feels something important is lacking in her life and that she actually is very unsatisfied with her marriage, Gradgrind begins to realize that his system of education might not be what he thought it was - perfect. This intuition is validated when he discovers Tom has robbed Bounderby's loan provider. Confronted with the failures of his system, Gradgrind admits "The bottom on which I stand has ceased to be solid under my feet. " His children's problems have since educated Grandgrind to see emotion. Consiquently, Gradgrind changes into a more understanding, tolerating man. Eventually changing his utilitarian mind-set to serenity, goodwill and happyness.