Posted at 10.14.2018
Task 1. 1. Explain the arguments and basis of different ideas on individuals development. Compare and explain the lifespan ideas of development. Analyse how knowledge of psychological concepts and theories are highly relevant to specific life stages in individuals life.
Mahbub ul Haq (1934-1998) stated that basic purpose of individual development is give large amount of option to the people. Human development ideas are demonstrating grate amount of evolutionary process. It merges with old ideas and feminist economics. The more aged ideas have came from welfare economics, ecological economics and sustainable economics. Further, individual trends always work within the framework of globalization. The basic idea of providing massive amount options or choices to people is building of capacities that individuals can do or survive in life. In human development process, finally should create people friendly environment matching people's need and interest. Further, there must be clear accessibility procedure to all the people that particular resources required. This will likely lead to improve the imagination and productivity of the man. Also real riches is more than money and healthy lives are one of the most important areas in human development. The developing and building of home respect and admiration of others will be reinforced by proper arranged human privileges.
The level of individuals development is varying from country to county. Hence identifying of each county's degree of human development is very important to identifying of the current and future needs. To recognize the human development level, we commonly use 'real human development index. The major criteria we consider in HDI are degree of literacy, degree of education, life expectancy, child welfare and requirements of living. There can be great deal of other miner factors can effects on each county's individual development. That can be geographic, demographic or ethnical. By using of HDI, we can divide countries directly into four categories. Those are very high individual development", "high human development", "medium individual development", and "low individual development" countries. Further it is very important to figuring out of whether country is under developed, producing or developed that before making use of HDI to country.
There six major theories that explain the several levels real human development theories.
Darwin's Theory of Evolution - Charles Darwin (1809-1882) explained that child during the earliest stages of their life's' infants show many similar characteristics using their nonhuman ancestors and by considering each levels of child development will give information on the evolutionary history of the individual species.
Freud's Psychoanalytic Theory
Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) explained that motives and thoughts that we learned from early on experience in our life will lead to individuals nature and real human development.
Erikson's Theory of Psychosocial Development
Erik Erikson (1902- ) has add more to Freud's theory by placing more weight on social affects and theory has applying on the complete life span.
Piaget's Cognitive Developmental Theory
Jean Piaget (1896-1980) believed that cleverness is playing major role that the people to understand the environment and adjust to it. He has explained the four major intervals of cognitive development.
John B. Watson has outlined that human being development should based on observations of past behaviour. Further he discussed that this is the better way than the thinking of unobservable and cognitive factors that clarify in Piaget.
Skinner's Operant Conditioning Theory
Skinner discussed that experience of new habits, learning of those will lead to regulate the behaviour of human nature.
Bandura's Community Cognitive Theory
Albert Bandura believed that humans tend to be sensitive to cognitive information and individual development information from environment and learning from the surroundings plays a significant role.
Vygotsky's Cognitive Theory
Lev Vygotsky outlined that brains and thinking about children are mould by that one cultural and historical culture that they are boned, lived and interacting parents.
Information Processing Theory
The real human development is mental process and it includes attention, perception, memory, and decision making.
These ideas will exam the how genetic and environment variations will brings about change their heroes.
If person can understand others human development stage, it will leads to better service. When it to comes to service, people is one of the major factor that can influence on final out put.
By doing so if service agency can understand others feelings as well as your own emotions will lead to better negotiations and this will provide win-win situation to both parties. Once folks have better understanding of human development periods you can interpret how others think can make before they come to discussions with you.
When one thing is performing or behaving below the expected level there, we can observe the aggression from the accountable person. In the event that you purchased something or got service, but it is below the potential and expected level there we may appear the cognitive dissonance. This can observe only following the service or used the product. By using of following mention theories we can get an idea of aggressiveness.
Freud's Psychoanalytic Theory
Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) stated that motives and thoughts that we learned from prior experience inside our life will lead to individual nature and real human development.
Erikson's Theory of Psychosocial Development
Erik Erikson (1902- ) has add more to Freud's theory by adding more weight on social influences and theory has applying on the complete life span.
Piaget's Cognitive Developmental Theory
Jean Piaget (1896-1980) thought that intelligence is playing major role that the human to understand the environment and adapt to it. He has discussed the four major intervals of cognitive development.
The aggressiveness can occur due to feeling. Freud's psychoanalytic theory clearly explains the relationship between sentiment/motives and aggressiveness.
(Selective attention, Selective distortion, Selective retention), Values and Attitudes
When you take into account the life routine, we can view different aims and behaviours corresponding to achievement of the aims. Father tries to earn money to protect her family but child must go through proper education process more youthful stage of the life. Hence father work in security/supporting role or behaviour. But child has to behave as a learner or be dependent from his parent. Further income level and profession play a significant role in human behaviour. Example - managers and above people are generally brand faithful than the miner staff of the work place.
Further genetic can impact the human being behaviours. The 'characteristic' theory explains that leaders are born and they can not make. Theory explains these leadership characters include the genetics. Further trait will carry from the mother, daddy or both.
When it comes to importance of public roles in the framework of health insurance and social care and attention situations,
Culture, sub culture, Beliefs and Behaviour pay major role. Example - in more youthful stages of the life span cycle parent will look following the children so when parents become old matured son or daughter will look after their parent.
Neuro-degenerative disorders can critically effects on human emotional functions and habits. This will causes dilute the individuals thinking, analytical and decision making ability. Hence person cannot perform as formal human been and mental disorder could possibly be the final result of the neuro-degenerativeness. Because of these problem person can not survive or be competitive in the communal place. Person will become defender on other. Finally it will effects to the efficiency of the world.
These Neuro-degenerative disorders can critically effects on human manners. This can causes change in human being attitudes, personality, emotional expressions and conception. Finaly this can brings about self control.
The sociological factors can influence a person's way of thinking and patterns during different phases of life pattern, In baby level of the life span cycle is very important part in the life cycle. Within this stage baby's learn and react according from what they observe during from his / her environment. Because their thinking and analytical electricity is suprisingly low. They generally follow the parents and parents. Hence public factors of education level, profession, culture of the parents and other parents are paying very important role.
When it comes to early younger stage, they wish to explore the globe and find things about what they interest. With this level parents income level play very important public factor to provide more opportunities to human in this stage. Parents education level, occupation, religion, social school, gender provide inputs to early younger's plus they mostly like to follow and desires to respond like there parents. Within this stage people want for many instruction.
Further, in young stage their education level, sociable class, guide group, culture gives whole lot of inputs to individual in younger stage to way of there thinking and behave. For a good example one more youthful person affiliate with same level person who is interest on sports and participate that, natural his good friend also get interest on that one area. In this stage people are looking for many motivations.
When it involves adult and committed, married with children level, there are a great many other factors that effect person's thought process and behaviours. Those are income level. Friendly school, referent group. For example depend on their income level they will make an effort to choose most suitable choice by elevating of several possible alternatives. Advanced schooling level will provide lot of inputs to this stage.
When it involves older level of the family life circuit, culture and religion will provide whole lot of inputs to their behaviour and thinking pattern.
It is common in ever before where of the world can take notice of the work related stress. The task related stress will built scheduled to higher demand for the task need and higher demand for variety of work, combination of those can exceed the individuals capacity and functions to do the task. This may creates different levels of disorder and a great many other diseases. Following will be the few indicators for the task related stress.
High staffs switch over
Many sickness leaves
Lot of mistakes
Many communication errors
Drop of productivity
Many complains about the service levels
The Country wide Institute of Occupational Safety and Health in america defines job stress as: the dangerous physical and psychological responses that take place when certain requirements of the job do not match the capacities, resources, needs of the worker.
There are five factors that can generate the task related stress.
Culture: What is organization patterns, culture and sub culture and exactly how it deals with stress. Example- normally many people work late and it may become a culture and long term it can generate the work related stress.
Change: A business environment is not secure. Because of new technology and globalization will lead to improve the organization environment. If the staff can not adjust to the change environment, there may be development of work related stress within the staff.
Demands: if the demand is greater than the capacity and the capability of the workers, we can observe the higher level of work related stress within the users of the organization.
Control: work methods and work sanded can creates work related stress
Relationships: The better associations between internal staff are incredibly important to having of higher productivity level. If not there can generate the work related stress.
There are whole lot of ideas and concepts can be found to explain the work related stress and it describe the how you can control and triumph over from the strain. Psychoanalysis, Psychodynamic Psychotherapy, Therapeutic Neutrality, Counter-transference, Free Relationship, Resistance, Cognitive-Behavioral Remedy.
Psychological problems can describe as mental disorders, this deceases can results on many regions of the life span.
Type of internal problems are the following,
Depression - there are many different kinds depression,
Anxiety Disorders -
Impulse Control Disorders -
Personality Disorders - Adjustment Disorders -
Family Problems -.
Current organization environment are changing and highly competitive. Hence degree of stress is vey h9gh. If person can understand the others or consumers mental condition, it is straightforward to understand, identify, anticipate consumer needs and would like. For example, there are whole lot of people they have illness of eating disorders hence if the supplier can make their food more heather than now. They can improve the standard of living in individual.
Further individuals who have impulse disorder can notice next, Impulse-Control Disorders display the inability to regulate impulses and it can be injury to own home or r others. There few Types of impulse-control disorders can be found: Trichotillomania ( example - hair-pulling), Pyromania (fire-starting). Hence understanding of customers or subordinates emotional conditions will brings about provide of betterservice.
It is very important which have better knowledge of your customers, subordinates yet others current mental health conditions.
There are six major kind of people's are available and those are as, hostile co-workers or bosses, complainers, super-agreeables, know-it-all experts, pessimists, and stallers.
The Hostile Co-worker or Boss
You should use fairly with them and you need to build up the power and tact. Further you can support these to need their requirements soon as is possible or you can stay as weak and terrified.
Dealing with hostile people requires both tact and power. Since people who feel they are wronged are more likely to be belligerent and violent, you should first try to be sure they are dealt with reasonably. By using of tools like minimize the noise level and keep on your own calm will brings about have a much better negotiations with this type people
People who are blaming and fault-finding are in this category. The initial stage of the type of situation is vital and really should not agree with them and do not apologize from him. What must do is collect the data and solve the problem
These people promise to deliver things more that they certainly or complete. We have to make prevent them from such over promises. Further, should explain them that camaraderie is more valuable than these over promises.
There are two types true expert and pretentious-but-not-real expert, they don't prefer to get ideas from others. Before deal with them you should research all the areas that are highly relevant to the problem. Also shouldn't counter invasion them and produce the suggestions and have questions from them.
This is very bad attitude and they'll say you won't work, we've already tried with that option are frequent answers from them. Shouldn't counter harm them and change their ideas insurance firms brainstorming programmes.
These people do not want to make other people miserable, hence they fear to have decisions. We have to support to use right decision with required supporting document.
There are lot of theories and concepts can be found to make clear the behaviour changes in health insurance and social good care sector. Major ideas as Psychoanalysis, Psychodynamic Psychotherapy, Therapeutic Neutrality, Counter-transference, Free Connection, Resistance, Cognitive-Behavioral Remedy very used. Among these according to the cognitive theory it explained related health education and health behaviroal programmes. This theory mentioned the how people get behavioural patterns in their public good care sector. Behaviroal changes are rely upon the environment, people and behavioural factors. The framework for designing, evaluating programmes and applying the progranmmes are done through this theory. Environment means the surrounding the consequences that affect the individuals behaviour.
There are great deal of ideas and concepts can be found to make clear the behavior changes in health insurance and social good care sector. Major ideas as Psychoanalysis, Psychodynamic Psychotherapy, Therapeutic Neutrality, Counter-transference, Free Connection, Resistance, Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy very used. Among these according to the cognitive theory it detailed related health education and health behaviroal programmes. This theory mentioned the how people get behavioural patterns in their sociable good care sector. Behaviroal changes are rely upon the surroundings, people and behavioural factors. The construction for designing, evaluating programmes and utilizing the progranmmes are done through this theory. Environment means the encompassing the consequences that influence the persons behaviour.
We can be viewed as the cognitive theory for to improve inter service customer conflicts in work area. In the task place, we provide the services to the client and we trust their satisfaction. If customer has arrived to the task place they are simply try to do their purpose quickly and the very accuracy. Therefore we must improve our behaviour skill in line with the cognitive theory. In the business field, most are hope give sufficient services to the customer and therefore as the opinions they can be get clear brain about the our work place Therefore more customers entice the workplace so it gives more revenue to the business.