Domestic assault is also known as spousal abuse, domestic abuse, intimate spouse violence (IPV) or child maltreatment. It is therefore thought as abusive conducts by each one or both lovers in a marriage. Such intimate relationships include: family, seeing, matrimony, cohabitation or friends. Home assault take many varieties such as physical aggression or misuse (biting, kicking, tossing objects to somebody, striking, restraining, slapping, shoving), or threats, stalking, intimidation, dominating or handling, sexual abuse, psychological abuse, economical deprivation and passive maltreatment which is also known as covert misuse such as neglect. These abuses if constantly repeated can lead to self harm, mental illness and an attempt to commit suicide.
Drug abuse is also known as substance abuse; it is known as a maladaptive action of the use of drugs and alcoholic element that would depend. A number of the drugs which is often abused include: bhang, cocaine, alcohol, methaqualone, benzodiazepines, opioids and amphetamines among others. Using these drugs regularly can result in permanent addiction, sociable, physical and mental harm which may be irreversible if not cured at the early stages.
According to the research conducted, drug and alcohol misuse have a primary correlation between these growing domestic violence issues. The research findings indicated that, domestic assault is induced by high rates of medicine and alcohol misuse employed by these violent and arrogant people. Batterers misuse alcohol and drugs which in turn increase the possibility of domestic violence. Drug abuse and domestic violence interact and they're correlated hence both of these should be addressed simultaneously. Several cases of domestic violence can offer sufficient guiding and counselling or health services programs for drug and alcohol abusers.
Spousal misuse is a wider issue including sexual maltreatment, psychological maltreatment or emotional maltreatment, verbal mistreatment, financial abuse, economical misuse and physical misuse. The research shows that the perpetrators of spousal maltreatment can either be the feminine or male as can be the victims. However, the majority of the data collected after performing research shows that, abused victims are mainly feminine and battered men conditions are rare. Substance abuse was ranked as the major cause of this problem as a result of the abuse of drugs. Somebody who is abused can become lame, die and lack interpersonal power of conversation hence being an isolated life from his / her friends.
In most cases, women land victims of murder by a romantic partner either in a relationship, cohabitating, going out with or in a camaraderie. A research conducted in United States of America (USA) demonstrates; out of 1 1, 642 situations reported, three quarter (1, 218) are feminine in support of 424 are male who are wiped out by their close partner. This is regardless of which partner (female or male) started out the violence. According to the analysis done by Dr. Martin, F. from California State College or university in the team of Mindset, it indicated that girls are more physically ambitious than their man counterparts in the partnership. However, research carried out by Kimmel Michael discovered that, men are the main cause of home conflicts and assault; because women overestimate the utilization of assault as men underestimate it. On the other hand, the Country wide Institute of Justice on its studies discovered that, men are abused by women equally or higher than they misuse women. In both studies, it generally does not give facts on who started out or initiated the assault or issue.
Straus and Gelles discovered that, domestic assault resulting from drug abuse is usually common with both partners brawling and responding evenly. Women have been recognized to use weapons while fighting with each other (domestic assault) whether by tossing frying pans, plates, mugs or mugs. It has additionally been proven that, women can seek the help of other people if they're determined to eliminate their intimate partner; however, such incidences are not counted as domestic violence but murder. You can find three common types of local couple assault associated with substance abuse and they are: common couple assault (CCV), violent terrorism (IT) and mutual violent control (MVC). The normal couple violence arises when either of the companions or both make an effort to control the behavior of his or her partner lashing out at the other spouse with hostility. Intimate terrorism is more common type of assault and it is not common hence will involve serious incidents and bruises. It could include mental health and psychological abuses if one partner is prominent and he or she is consuming drugs.
Barrett, Meisner and Stewart, Sharper. What constitutes prescription medicine misuse: problems and pitfalls of current conceptualization? Pittburgh: Pittburgh Publishing Press, 1999 (3) 260-28
Barrett and Steward (1999) in their publication have talked about the alcohol and drugs abuse and how it causes home violence. Both these authors clarify the actions to be taken to be able to combat domestic violence. That is very important when examining the sources of drug addiction and the negative effects to ones spouse and other members of the family. The authors too have given reports on the study conducted in the us within the last twenty years. The study findings as explained by the authors show that substance abuse and domestic violence is on the rise.
With the data of research results, it creates this publication effective and reliable to its audience as a result of facts articulated. This e book is essential since it explains the complexities and ramifications of the abuse of drugs on the family especially between two partners (couple). The studies as portrayed by the authors target the complete community (members of the family, relatives, neighbors and friends) because substance abuse and domestic assault take place locally where people live. The info in this e book is effective because it talks about the negative effects
Ferraro, Kathleen. Home Assault. Journal of Marriage and the Family, vol. 5, Concern 45, Sept/October 2008, Web pages: 34-46
The journal by Ferraro (2008) talks about how domestic assault has been advertised by drug and alcohol misuse by some members in the family. This article by Ferraro, 2008 have provided proven research proof that men abuse alcohol and drugs at a higher rate than women. The writer has also managed to get clear that, stress and difficult financial and finances will be the major reasons for most visitors to misuse drugs. However, in this specific article, the writer has didn't explain other negative effects of drug abuse apart from local violence. The author too has targeted (audience) the youths, parents and community most importantly by ensuring that the journal is affordable to the majority of these audiences. This makes the journal to be reliable and effective with well explored information. The journal has given types of domestic violence and this is of drug abuse and domestic violence. The writer has used simple, clear but easy to understand terms to be able to make the information on drug abuse and domestic violence to be comprehended easily by all users.
Follingstad, Daniel. The Role of Emotional Abuse in Physically Abusive Connections. Journal of Family Assault, vol. 4, Concern 5, January/Feb 1998, Internet pages: 107-120
This journal of family violence by Follingstad (1998) is another essential and useful article in my own research; on effects of substance abuse and alcoholism on home violence. The author of this journal has vividly brought out how substance abuse can affect romance in the family. He in addition has elaborated that girls and children go through most in the family from emotional and physical maltreatment than men. However, he has indicated that, some men too are victims of home violence but not at a higher rate as women experience. This journal will be effective and reliable when inspecting the consequences of drug and alcohol mistreatment because, it gives an over-all understanding on the causes and results especially to people in an romantic romance and other members of the family. The writer has proof on the medication and domestic violence collected from the research he conducted in many countries such as Germany, United states, France, Canada, Nigeria, Singapore and Iraq. This information will help me give an elaborate conclusion because of the facts contained in it. This article is important because it targets all people in the culture including youths, men, women, children, committed and people in any form of connection who may land victims of home violence.
Jaffe, Hellony. Medicine addiction and maltreatment. Journal of Drugs and substance abuse, vol. 4. Issue 12, November/December 2002, Pages 50-69
This can be an article by Jaffe (2002) about medicine addiction and abuse; it includes given facts on medicine and drug abuse. The author has linked ideas and offered complex information that concerns the culture on the unwanted effects of the drugs and alcohol. The journal also exemplifies in to the health issues of folks and usually on the local violence brought on by those who misuse the drugs such as cocaine and bhang. Jaffe's research results have been used to educate people especially the youths who are in institution to stay away from unlawful drugs. From an examination of the journal, one can realize and appreciate how it includes helped many people change their lives and frame of mind towards drugs. It is clear that, the author of this article is systematic and direct to the idea in expressing his views and ideas. This is really good because the journal has resolved main issues on substance abuse and domestic violence and how to deal with this problem. This journal having systematic information ensures that its audience gets reliable information hence ensuring effectiveness during implementation of recommendations the author suggested.
The journal would have dwelled more on negative effects of drugs on the health rather than focusing only on local violence since it could have assisted drug addicts to change their attitude towards drugs. These journal results are effective and reliable due to evidences from the research conducted by the writer of the journal.
Jolivet, Christie. Avoidance of anti-social and violent patterns. Journal of violent behavior, vol. 2, Concern 7, March/Apr 2005, Webpages 56-76
In this journal, Jolivet has in-depth information on protection of anti-social and violent behaviors that are induced by the medication addicts locally. The writer has given proof the domestic violence in various countries. She gathered this evidence, from interviews she conducted and the questionnaires she allocated to people in different countries. Her research results are therefore reliable in writing the proposal on the consequences of drugs and alcohol abuse on the family members on domestic assault. This journal by Jolivet has wide-ranging and deep exemplification of the existing or recent home violence from different countries. This makes her journal effective because the information contained focuses on those who are wedded because most abuses appear in the family.
The writer has explained how bad company (friends), media (radio, Tv set and periodicals) and lack of collection societal moral principles and norms have added to an influence on visitors to enjoy drugs. The writer has explained means of curbing or combating illegitimate drugs from achieving many people. She has emphasized on guiding and counseling programs to be presented in every villages, churches and schools as a means of helping individuals who are already medicine addict and those who have been physically or psychologically abused in the past. Guiding and counseling maried people on domestic assault will help reduce such incidences by 87%. Therefore, her results work and reliable since she's recommended the most possible and sensible solutions to this trouble together with the research conclusions.
Nutt, Ruler. Development of a logical scale to evaluate the harm of drugs of potential misuse. Journal of Domestic assault, vol. 6, Concern 8, Apr/May 2003, Pages 80-103
This is a journal by an publisher called Nutt. In his article, the author has criticized the specialists especially the government; he portrayed his concerns that the government authorities has didn't apply the correct laws to arrest and prosecute the suppliers of drugs. He further blamed the individuals who have been victims of domestic violence for failing woefully to survey such incidences to the government bodies to use it to be studied. In the article, there is need for non governmental firm, government, colleges and religious establishments to teach people on the effects of drugs. The writer of the journal further strains the point that, stringent rules and regulations (laws) must be legislated to be able to reduces and deter people from abusing drugs; hence minimizing domestic violence and abuses being experienced. As the writer has articulated on facts, this makes the journal to be reliable and effective in working with this menace of drug abuse causing domestic violence. It is because it targets everyone in the society hence effective since it aims at handling the challenge using facts.
National Institute on SUBSTANCE ABUSE. The Science of SUBSTANCE ABUSE and Obsession. Scholarstic Classroom Journals Partnership, 27th September, 2002
Lert (2002) in the papers scholarstic classroom mag, he gives a clear preview on America's drug abuse problem and exactly how it impacts the financial position of the country. The writer of the article in the paper has suggested early on signs of someone who have been abused and a possible solution. The writer (Lert) further stated that, although wife may abuse the man or vice versa, the kids will be damaged negatively either straight or indirectly. The author further acknowledges that, societal morals and norms have deteriorated hence people lack guiding principles on what is good or bad, right or wrong.
This papers is reliable and effective in research because of the in-depth information on the problem of medication and alcohol abuse. Infact, the writer have discovered that substance abuse is highly correlated with domestic violence so that it is reliable since it will be utilized to provide alternatives and a summary on all facts related to this topic. This mag is therefore important when writing a proposal especially on the effects of drugs and how it plays a part in the domestic violence. The author of the article in the publication targets everyone in the contemporary society (young, old, wedded and singles) because medicine and alcohol mistreatment affects all people either directly or indirectly. This article will therefore be useful in trying to recognize the major challenges facing most individuals which are under the influence of drugs.
The role of emotional abuse in actually abusive connections. Retrieved on 29 September, 2010 from <http://www. springerlink. com/content/pr0737j033w3721l/>
In this website on the role of emotional abuse in actually abusive human relationships, it clearly clarifies how partners in an intimate romantic relationship can physically abuse one another. This really is due to alcohol and drugs influence. The website information pays to if you ask me when studying the major results and reasons as to why partners in a romantic relationship can physically abuse one another. The web site is reliable since it supply the facts from the research conducted hence information is effectively conversing or conveying the note needed to solve the condition.
In this case, the info can reach many people regardless of the country since virtually all countries have a network interconnection hence people can sign in and access the info in their personal computers. However, the web site has no recent home elevators domestic violence, even though the available information is valid and reliable when coming up with a conclusion. The web site also gives a more elaborate description on the major challenges those in specialist face as they try to control drug abuse which has resulted in increased domestic violence.
Depression, DRUG ABUSE and Domestic Assault. Retrieved on 29 Sept, 2010from <http://www. researchforum. org/media/RFdsd04. pdf>
The website above mentions how misuse of drugs triggers major depression, stress and home violence. This site is vital because it provides an elaborate aspect on substance abuse and how medicine addicts have triggered more injury to their own families, friends and the city most importantly. The designers of this site who contributed to the information are experienced on issues related to alcohol and drugs and its impact. In the web site, the root cause of the problem is first recognized prior to the possible alternatives are drafted.
The information contained in the web is crucial because it has handled on all areas including the most sensitive home elevators who are the drug dealers. The information contained in this excellent website is reliable and effective since it provides facts predicated on the data accumulated from the medication addict people in every countries of the world.
Though this web information is intricate, it has didn't elaborate on the most damaged countries with more people who are abused. The mark audiences in this web are people who can access the internet services and specifically those who have fallen victims of local violence. Other people who are targeted are the drug addicts in order to be rehabilitated in order to live a normal life out of drugs.
Domestic Assault and Drug abuse. Retrieved on 29 Sept 2010 from <http://www. taadas. org/factsheets/DVFacts. html>
The website about home violence and drug abuse is essential in working with people who use alcohol and drugs resulting to local violence. This website is in favor of women and children because research completed shows that, these are mostly afflicted by domestic assault. The web is also intricate because it provides reports of the countries leading in medication and drug abuse. These countries are those in Africa and Asia. The main reason for this is the high poverty level hence people become hopeless and for that reason find ways of avoiding responsibilities hence indulging in drugs.
Those who carried out this research for this amazing site are knowledgeable because they're in a position to give complete information supported by facts which can be relied upon. This website will be useful to me in the discussion of the consequences of drug abuse and how it plays a part in domestic violence. Though other authors of different books, journals and publications have argued that, women are afflicted most when domestic violence erupts; this website has the most recent statistics displaying that men who are being battered or abused are on the increase.
The website also offers the most recent and the current information making it to be more reliable because it was carried out by professional researchers. Having recent information helps it be effective in providing the intended communication in a clearer manner in that it can be understood because of its clearness and preciseness.
There are extensive causes associated with drugs abuse that make visitors to indulge in drugs. As it is said that, bad company ruins good moral; many folks have confessed that their friends unveiled them to take drugs. Using the impact of drugs, people become competitive and violent especially to their intimate spouse, children, friends and their partner or partner. Research shows that, some individuals can choose drugs because of stress, hard economic times, and despair or lose of somebody or a parent or guardian who was a sole breads winner.
Drug misuse has negative effects to the people and culture. You can find no positive effects though a lot of people believe that, some of the drugs are therapeutic in nature and could cure some illnesses. Folks who are drug addict have been recognized to cause assault especially with their partners. That is evidenced between a better half and a hubby where one of the partners can be battered or abused by the other. This has been proven to increase degrees of stress and melancholy in the family.
Due to misunderstanding, conflicts and fights between your wife and man, will affect the children either immediately or indirectly. The children will not have the attention, treatment and love or affection they need. Due to the influence of drugs, somebody in an romantic romance may be wiped out, bruised or harmed. Generally in most countries, due to constant misuse (erotic or physical maltreatment) some maried people have divorced, some split up their companionship or courtship before getting married. Under such circumstances, children schooling will not perform needlessly to say among others may drop out because the parents are no more accountable to pay university fees also to provide school uniforms. If children aren't looked after, they'll loose expectation and in the long run indulge in drugs hence creating more problems to the modern culture, family and their body. Because the children lack basic needs, they'll do anything bad to get some money to buy food including stealing. Insecurity will increase fraud and robbery with violence and rape cases will rise scheduled to lack of morals due to drugs effect. It is therefore clear that alcohol and drugs affects people's health insurance and causes disunity and tension in families.
Many people especially the doctors have suggested some possible answers to this problem. For those who are already addicted with drugs, rehabilitation centers or institutions should be proven. Such treatment centers will assist those who are serious because proper medical attention will be provided by qualified physicians.
Parents have a greater responsibility to care for their children by instilling self-control and good morals in them. Liable parents will discipline their children with an goal of fixing them when they certainly anything wrong. This will ensure that children will not associate with some people or friends with bad habits such as smoking, taking alcoholic beverages or other drugs such as cocaine and bhang.
In every society or community, there are morals, norms and guidelines which must be adhered to by everyone. These morals and norms forbid immoral actions such as drug abuse and domestic assault. Religious organization must start guiding and counselling programs to be able to guide and counsel people with mental problems associated with drugs and home assault. Guiding and counselling programs should be backed by the government by ensuring that every town has atleast two trained guiding and counseling experts.
The government should enact strict laws and regulations to punish those involved in medicine trafficking in the country. Those got engaging in domestic violence acts such as battering, intimate harassment, biting and conquering must face the law and become a lessons to them and deter others from doing the same. The health department should also play a major role in educating people in villages and all learning organizations on the consequences of alcohol and drugs on the health.