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Impact Foreign Labour IS WEARING Malaysian Market Economics Essay


Decades before, the movement of men and women from one destination to another exist always. Pending their own reasons or purpose, folks have been moving for years and years from one location to another to be able to keep their survival. To date, immigration amidst different countries is no more a new trend. At the time of world battle, many inhabitants were displaced to other nation credited to man-made and natural disasters. Until now, the trend still exists which are primarily driven by poverty in their home country. Thus, there are both yank and push factors behind the migration of labour. The problem applies to Malaysia human population as well.

Multi-ethnic society in Malaysia shown the long record of migration. About 40 per cent of its 26 million people are of immigrants. Because of its geographical location at the crossroads of Southeast Asia, Malaysia experienced for centuries been available to traders and holidaymakers from the East and the Western world (Zahid Zamir. 2006). It is before late nineteenth and early twentieth decades that the inflow of international personnel especially from the Indian subcontinent, China and Indonesia started to come into Malaysia.

During the time of British isles colony, our country met with serious labour scarcity. A remedy has been taken up to transfer the cheap labour resources from India and China to work in tin mines, silicone plantation and infrastructure development. In that period, these immigrant employees contributed cheap as well as sufficient way to obtain local work force when local employees either found not suitable or enthusiastic about working under the same tough conditions encountered by the immigrant labours (Zahib Zamir, 2006). With the incoming foreign employees especially from China and India to work in the plantations, mines and the engineering areas, an alien community has shaped before the independent of 1957.

After gaining independence in 1957 and the establishment of the periodic 5 time Malaysia plan, the increasing populace has prompted the country to put emphasis on enclosure need. As the structure industry outgrow the general economy, labour shortage were particularly acute in many indispensable trades such as concreting, carpentry, bricklaying, painting, tiling, pub bending, and domestic plumbing by the overdue 1980s and 1990s (Abdul-Aziz, 1995). Phenomenon where local staff member markets cannot provide sufficient needs happen on that point. The agriculture sector was the first to experience labour shortage and followed by the building and manufacturing industries. Foreign staff from neighbouring countries seek occupation as employees in these areas (International Migrations in Malaysia, 27 Nov 2006). Basically, foreign workers who require in engineering industry result from different nationality such as Indonesia, Bangladesh, Philippines, Thailand, Pakistan yet others.

To date, the presence of foreign personnel in Malaysia has become a norm. It is an immediate way of measuring to solve the labour shortage problem. The foreign workers has become part of Malaysia contemporary society as the demand for workforce keeps growing and poor work place and image are accelerating existing employees to leave the engineering field. Inside the recent time, international workers being mainly absorbs to work in limited labour market conditions and low paying domains such as development industry.

Both developed and developing countries are apt to prohibit foreign worker from being officially employed for the goal of limiting the amount of illegal entrants to safeguard their local labourers. Foreign staff member are allow to be used in selected industries such as plantation, make as well as development industry with specify constraints and polices.


According to Economic Statement 2004/2005, final number of foreign personnel increased from 4% of total occupation in 1990 to about 10. 7% in 1997 and 9% in 2001. As at July 2004, there are about 1. 3 million listed foreign individuals, constituting 12% of total career in the united states. Foreign personnel have continuously increased in amount over the past two decades and they have become a key part of the economy for most of the countries. However, for various reasons, the Government and the employers - both small and big - have tended to down play the importance of international labour in the country's development.

The primary aim of foreign staff member to come and work in Malaysia was to make some bundle of money and return their house after some time. Combination of factors including the unattractiveness of manual building work to local youths, an growing manufacturing sector that offer better job conditions, labour attrition, increasing opportunities for tertiary education, less birth rate and out-migration of Malaysia personnel to high income country such as Singapore and Japan have make the overseas worker become vital component in structure workforce in Malaysia (Abdul Rashid, Abdul Aziz, 2001). Residents are no longer able to preserve the demand and needs of construction industry (Azian, 2004). In order to maintain the swift expansion of building industry, foreign workers is the choice to fulfil the needs.

According to statistic on regularized international workers (Number 2. 1), this implies that building sector is the most dynamic in utilizing overseas worker. Matching to Ahmad, 1996, the Malaysia building industry has relied on foreign work force since early of 1980s. An estimated 60% of manual workers in the construction industry were foreign nationals in 1987 (Gill, 1988), a physique which increase to 70% in 1991 (Pillai, 1992) and then 80% in 1995 (Balaisegaram and Pillai, 1996). Since that time, the local apprentices shed away from working in development industry as they feel that working with these migrant personnel had not been conducive. Furthermore, the shortages of engineering workers was largely rooted from such well-known triggers such as poor image, uncertainty in career avenue, lack of training and education, declining salary, poor work place, and the transient nature of construction workers. Every one of the reasons above have caused large proportions of foreign personnel in Malaysia structure industry. The expansion of foreign employee in development industry is carrying on.

Figure 2. 1 Quantity of regularized foreign employees by nationality (July 1992- December 1995).

(Source; Immigration Office, as quoted in Kassim (1996))

From the statistic of Total annual Labour Force Survey conducted by the Department of Statistics, it indicates that the amount of legal foreign personnel in Malaysia increased to at least one 1, 359, 632 as at July 2004. International workers are engaged in all major industries of the market, with developing accounting the major show at 30. 5%, services (25%), agriculture (24. 7%) and building (19. 8%). These workers are normally employed in careers critics label the 3D that is dangerous, difficult and soiled. In others words foreign workers are employ in position where local refused to do.

Figure 2. 2 Percentages of Legal Foreign Individuals in Malaysia by Country

(Source: Annual Labour Force Review, Department of Reports)

From the Figure 2. 2 above, majority of foreign employees are from Indonesia, averaging 66. 5% of total foreign workers, followed by Nepal (9. 2%), Bangladesh (8. 0%), India (4. 5%) and Myanmar (4. 2%). By browsing the steadily increased amount on foreign workers, the Home Minister Datuk Seri Hishammuddin Hussein experienced announced that the federal government plans to reduce the number of foreign workers to 1 1. 5 million in 3 years.

MCA president Datuk Seri Dr Chua Soi Lek possessed recently called for the federal government to conduct a thorough analysis of the country's reliance on overseas labour. Dr Chua mentioned that the country's local labour push had not been sufficient to maintain local industries regardless of the government's ambitious plans for a high-income market under the New Economic Model. Hence, the strategy of authorities to reduce Malaysian dependency on foreign workers will be achieved after a long run. So long as there is endless supply of international workers, workplace will continue rely on them to their benefit.

2. 4 Entrance OF FOREIGN Staff member IN MALAYSIA

Certain conditions and process need to be observed by foreign workers for accessibility into Malaysia. Started out from 1 August 2005, request for foreign worker is published to a One-Stop Centre situated in the Immigration Section of Malaysia. You will discover two types of migrants in Malaysia that is temporary migrants and everlasting migrants. For all those foreign workers which come into Malaysia in a specified period with sole access visa from Malaysia Embassy abroad, they are considered as momentary migrants. Initially, international worker is permitted to work for three years only and upon application be expanded from year to year to the fifth time. For extension after fifth calendar year, employer must obtain declaration from National Vocational Training Council (NVTC) or Engineering Industry Development Table (CIDB) that the particular worker is an experienced worker.

Basically, foreign staff are recruited to do something as construction staff in the development industry and work mostly on structure sites and are typically engaged in areas of the industry other than design or funding (Wikipedia, the free encyclopaedia). The job application of international employees includes bricklayer, carpenter, concrete finisher, fencer, labourer and etc. Foreign staff member who wish to lengthen working period in Malaysia must obtain either Malaysian Skills Certificate level I & II or Skilled Staff Recognition from NVTC or Skills Proficiency License or Skilled Foreign Workers Documentation from CIDB.


There are several factors that draw in foreign employees to work in Malaysia. Above all, Malaysia is attractive to foreign employees due to its better economical performance and potential. Most of the foreign personnel are result from our neighbouring countries such as Indonesia, Thailand, Myanmar and Vietnam. It really is a reality that the typical of life quality over their hometowns is much low in Malaysia. In such countries, the populations are much higher with limited job opportunities. The particular country where international workers result from continues to be under developing and some of them reside in poverty. Due to higher industrialised and improvement of market in Malaysia, there has been a massive rural-urban migration drift, which in turn lead to a significant shortage of personnel. Hence, foreign staff member was attracted to work in Malaysia.

As a multi- lingual and social country, the multi-ethic people in Malaysia mainly from Malays, Chinese and Indians can live jointly in a harmony lifestyle. This is actually the second move factor to overseas staff to work in Malaysia as they feel that Malaysian are helpful, kind, friendly, cooperative and tolerate. Different with other country, the political and economic stability in Malaysia is also one of the factors luring the inflow of foreign workers. As we all know, the coverage regarding to overseas staff in Malaysia is good and liberal, the country choose by overseas workers because of its pleasant moderate local climate, open up and liberal atmosphere. For international personnel, Malaysia is heaven for them to work along with.

Malaysia holds a much better possibility for future of international labour since it is a fast developing and progressive nation. According to A. Namukundam (2002), the accelerated monetary development programs and the suffered high economics development rates in Malaysia triggered the influx of overseas workers to meet the increasing demand in Malaysia labour market. The demand for foreign labour is increase continually in tandem with economic progress.


It is too broad to identify each one of the reason that in charge of the incoming overseas worker in construction industry. Among the reason why of the local construction industry to hire foreign staff member in construction industry are as below:

2. 6. 1 Scarcity of workers especially in the 3D careers (dangerous, dirty and difficult)

In the point of view of local citizen, they consider and known construction job as 3D's job. The first D identifies filthy, secondly is dangerous and previous is difficult demeaning. For Malaysian, they normally favor easier job. Job offer from building except with professional knowledge and skill have become unpopular on the list of working population. Essentially, foreign staff member is devote lower end and bulkier kind of job. There are only few participants of residents to be engaged in development sector. When given a decision, locals prefer to work under comfortable environment such as white scruff of the neck work somewhat than work under the unstable weather.

In this era of technology and industrialization, the job such as site supervisors, contractors, foreman, or basic worker been regarded as hard and risk-prone. It is because the construction project won't limited in landed property, somehow, high surge property might be build. Thus, in the mind of locals, building work place is much more dangerous and accident rate is higher over site when compare to other industry.

The working condition in building industry also poor compare to other job opportunity such as operating sector and developing sector. The building industry does not give a good image in front of locals. The indegent image of development industry include absence of job security, insufficient management, insufficient opportunities for a better job has make local citizen decline to become listed on the construction lines.

Foreign staff offer cheaper wages

For employers in development industry, they may be allow to recruit overseas worker after they proof that effort have been done to recruit local but they are fail at last. As long as the foreign labour is allow getting into and work in Malaysia, the employers can certainly bring them to fill up the job deficiency in building sector. It really is obvious that employer can choose their workers among locals or foreigners. Be realistically, most of the employers are cost-conscious. MTUC leader Zainal Rampak stated that employers were more willing to hire international worker who had been prepared to agree to low salary. Foreign worker offer much lower wages compared to locals. Beside than inexpensive, the overseas workers also own some basic skill in building and will work relative to discipline and working hard. Therefore, the majority of the employers in construction industry will have inclination on foreign staff member.

Foreign workers inclined to be employed by longer hours

Foreign workers are the one who will accept both cheaper income and worse term and conditions of job, as their goal is earn much profit shorter timeframe. From the judgment of company, the newly appearance labour willing to accept lower income and less attractive work conditions (Michael, 2001). They being paid lower even they perform the same job as local people do. Sometimes they even perform longer time of working time than local without blaming on it.

Addition, Local Authorities Employees Connection Chairman Abdul Rahman Mahad added that besides getting cheaper labour from overseas personnel, employers also appointed such workers as these were prepared to work longer hours (The Celebrity, 05 August 2004). Corresponding to Tey (1997), it is presumed that they are no real shortages but employers prefer aliens especially unlawful ones because they can easily be exploited as they haven't any learning resource to justice in front of law. As the bottom line, the employers who willing to recruit overseas labour were interested in lower salary and the hardworking personality of foreign individuals.

Foreign employee easy to recruit

There are just minimum need to be fulfil by international worker to be a part of Malaysia building industry's job. For foreign worker, only those who have exceeded the Induction Course and recognized by NVTC will be allowed to be brought into Malaysia. The Foreign Personnel Orientation Course in Malaysia is a course that compulsory for any foreign workers earned between 1/1/2004 and time (M. Vivekanandan, 2008).

After been through the course, employer must ensure that foreign labour is covered with an insurance company appointed to the -panel of Foreign Staff Compensation Insurance Program (SPPA) which under Workmen Compensation Act 1952. For requiring of additional foreign labour, the employers need Certificate of Registration of Foreign Worker under section 60K of EA 1955. After all the cost included have been paid by the workplace and the international staff member is allow to work in Malaysia with condition that he must complete the test on FOMEMA by listed clinic.

Friends or family work in construction industry

Aside from recruiting of international staff through Agent Company, there are a few of the firms utilizing them through introduce of existing international workers at building site. Some of the foreign workers being make use of to Malaysia due to relationship between family and good friend. The working condition in their hometown is limited with job vacancies. Most of the foreign workers working in Malaysia with the reason why to reunion along with his family and meet their friends because usually from them choose to work in other place such as Malaysia alternatively than stay static in their hometown. This subsequently made the other foreign personnel to choose Malaysia as the area they desire to go and work. Apart from that, local engineering industry willing to employ them because they can save well on the introducer's cost and at the same time, they can recruit a proper behaved foreign employees because the prevailing recognise romance such as friends or family members.

Plentiful job vacancies on site

Although in the opinion of locals that the income paid by engineering industry in Malaysia is considered as low and insufficient, it is in the viewpoint of overseas that the basic salary that they gain in employed in Malaysia is high. Due to better industrialisation, urbanisation of market and advanced schooling levels, the general youngsters in Malaysia community always complain and dissatisfied with the income if they work in construction sector.

For locals, they'll only participate and work in engineering sector if they're recruiting as project manager, site engineers, architects etc who earn higher income. This situation creates a great deal of job vacancies on site, overseas personnel has been recruited to fill up the vacant space. From site planner, carpenter, ceiling staff member, pub bender, roofer, plasterer to plumber, aluminium worker and painter, the job availability in structure sector is large and many. All of jobs mentions above are always available in every project building site which offers moderate salary and opportunities to foreign workers in comparison to jobs in their homeland.


Construction industry is sort of service- industry that form real things like residential building, professional facilities, infrastructure facilities and national land development (Kim, Hee Jin, 2002). This industry is made up of a multitude of occupations, professions and organizations (Wong and Fung, 1999; Kanji and Wong, 1998; Sommerville, 1994). The complicated character of operation has taken numerous of problem to engineering industry. In structure industry, it comprises various people such as architect, structure engineer, design engineer, job manager, construction administrator, companies, sub-contractors and also basic workers. They are involved in the different stages of a construction task, which, include: feasibility, development, fund, idea development and review, estimate, detailed executive, procurement, structure and start-up (Schultzel and Unruh, 1996). When each one of the party involved do not have co-operation or do something out of order, this will normally bring to project failure. Unlike the others industry such as making, the customers of structure players usually change with each task. When different team meet along in one brand new task, their idea will be different and hence the merchandise of construction industry is always unique and hardly ever mass produce.


According to Hart, 1994, the term quality has a three-fold meaning in engineering. Quality means getting the work done on time, ensuring that the basic characteristics of the ultimate project land within the required specifications and finally it means getting the job done within budget. To achieve acceptable levels of quality, a job must be included three aspect that is time, satisfaction and cost. The grade of building will be influenced when each one of it didn't be fulfil. When the project of engineering industry has inefficient quality levels, it will indicate to great expenses of time, cost and learning resource to make up the shortcomings. Actually, the project quality is immediately associated with conformance to technical specs and fitness for use.

Similar to other business activities and industries, construction industry also offers a lot of competition. The building industry neither confronted ambitious competition at the regional level nor in international level. Therefore, it has to impose higher quality levels to ensure their position in the appearing international market.

2. 8. 1 Quality of workmanship

The building industry is being considered one with low quality emphasis in comparison to other sectors like the production and service sectors (Kubal, 1994; Kanji and Wong, 1998; Wong and Fung, 1999). Among the criticisms aimed to the grade of building is shoddy craftsmanship. The product quality, cost and well-timed delivery of products in the building industry quite definitely depends on workmanship (The Hindu, 2006). Quality of workmanship can be solution through workers performance and efficiency. The skill, experience and personal potential of the workmen go quite a distance in determine their quality of workmanship (COBRA, 2009). The craftsmanship refer to skill of staff on site during the time to processes, the peoples supervise, the materials, the product and etc.

Workmanship is "skill in an job or trade of different workmen based on their training or vocation" (Adetayo, 1995). Workmen regarding to Ogunmakin (2005) is the main factor of development since it is the only factor that creates value and places the general level of productivity. Workmen on site normally include foreign workers, companies, main craftsmen, apprentices of various trades etc. The quality of craftsmanship produce by these personnel is important because it is a primary factor to produce quality building. Normally, international workers performing all sorts of labour work that will not require specify training. According to Ogunsemi, 2002, low quality of workmanship helps it be difficult or impossible for workers to understand and apply the concepts of quality control and limitations of tolerance for building production thereby, resulting in poor construction which may finally lead to building collapse. Quality of workmanship should be take notice especially on the skill of foreign workers.

2. 8. 2 Quality of building materials

Building materials are various element or items which form the essential components of various components of a building (COBRA, 2009). Two types of creating materials are available in construction industry that is natural occurring and concoction. Both of the building materials are prepare in adequate proportion to match the reason it is intended. On the way in building construction, materials of varying forms, sizes and amount are thoroughly used.

The key building materials on site are cement, fine sand, aggregate (of various classes), flat iron rods, water and timber (hard or smooth lumber) which is widely use in foundation works and structure works. They are known as star materials (Odulami, 2002) and they're usually mixed together to give different components and elements within the erection of any building buildings (COBRA, 2009). For any building with good quality, the materials used must be of some specific ultimate power, which have been tested and accredited to set up its quality such as quality control (QC), quality guarantee (QA) and quality level (QL).

Aside of primary building materials, a glass, aluminium, ceramics and etc. is supplementary importance and have wide application in development industry. Refer to Bolaji, 2002, due care must be studied in the selection of materials either main or extra where improved upon building techniques are a necessity because both of the materials are not separable. It really is on record that, good building techniques are increased by building materials of good quality (Adebayo, 2000). In case the building materials aren't properly handed or stored, they might be seriously susceptible and results to quality of creating. Before any material should be incorporated into building works, the problem of confirmation of quality of creating materials must be taking serious. That is necessary to avoid situations where most buildings fail in meeting security obligations to the general public which may finally direct result into building collapse.


Building inability occurs when there's a defect in a single or more elements of the building which caused by inability of the material making up the components or incapability of craftsmanship. This further business lead to impacts like the building elements fall to perform its original function effectively in case very seriously will lead to building collapse finally. A study was carried out by Bamidele (2000) and in Fadamiro (2002), the sources of buiding collapse may be cause from natural disaster, design error, poor materials and workmanship, process problem and poor maintenance. Every kind of building has a life-span and everything components and elements put together to make it useful are anticipated to support this life-span (Odulami, 2002).


The roof top system functions as the primary sheltering aspect for the inside spaces of a building. Its form and engineering should control the movement of drinking water, air, warmth and wintry. A roof system must be set up to course across space and carry both its weight and live loads such as blowing wind. Roof system will be the primary gravity lots for a building and its structural structure must correspond to the wall and column systems through which its loads are transferred down to the building blocks system.


Floor systems are the building's key horizontal planes which must support live loads people, fixtures and movable equipment and lifeless loads- the weight of the ground development itself. Floor systems must copy their lots horizontally across space to either beams or columns or even to bearing wall surfaces. A floor system's edge conditions and links to supporting groundwork and wall membrane systems influence both a building's structural integrity and its own appearance. Floor system must properly support the moving tons. Hence, it ought to be relatively stiff while preserving its elasticity. Aside from external surfaces decks, a building floor is generally not exposed to weather. Since they are all support traffic, however, durability, resistance to wear, and maintenance requirements are the factors to consider in the selections of a floor finish and the machine required t support them.

Wall Systems

Wall systems will be the vertical planes of the building which define and enclose its interior spots. They may be bearing surfaces of homogeneous or amalgamated construction, or they might be constructed of linear columns and beams with non-structural sections submitting between them. How these wall space and columns support floor and roof structure systems above, and exactly how they are supported in tun by wall structure and basis systems below, are dependant on the structural capability of these systems qand the types of materials and connections used. Surfaces can also provide as shear planes which are made to resists lateral winds and earthquake makes.

Exterior walls serve as a protecting shield against the elements for a building's interior spots and control the passing of heat and cool, air, moisture and drinking water vapour, which also resistant to the weathering ramifications of sun, wind flow and rain. The inside wall space which subdivide the area inside a buiding may be either non-structural or load-bearing. Their engineering can support the required finish materials.

Doors and windows

Doors provide gain access to into a building's interior from the surface and passing between interior places. Exterior entrances should provide weather tight seals when close and keep maintaining the approximate insulation value of the building's external walls. At exactly the same time, the doorways should be large enough to go through easily and accommodate the moving of furniture and equipment. Door performance include simple procedure, requirements for personal privacy and security, and any dependence on light, ventilation, and view.

There are many types and sizes of house windows, the choice that affects not only the appearance of the building, but also the natural light, ventilations, view probable, and spatial quality of the building's interior. As with exterior doors, windows should give a weather tights seal when shut, have insulation valve, and resists the formation of condensation on the interior areas. Door and screen units are normally factory- build, manufacturers may have standard sizes and equivalent rough-opening requirements for the various door and window types. From the surface point of view, windows and doors are essential elements in a building's facades. The way in which in which they break up a building's floors affects the massing, visual weight, range and articulation of the building form.

Finish work

There are severals materials and methods used to complete a buiding's external surfaces and interior surfaces. Exterior wall areas should be durable and weather-resistant. Interior wall surfaces should be wear-resistant and cleanable. Flooring surfaces should be durable and safe to walk on while ceilings should be relatively free of maintenance. Additional things to consider include a surface finish material's fire amount of resistance, and thermal insulation value. Surface surface finishes have a crucial affect on the visual attributes of space. In the choice use of your finish material, the color, texture, routine and the way it matches and joins with other materials should be considered.


In the past, there's always a prediction that the demand for foreign worker is going to be surge in the coming future in structure industry. As of yet, it is already a truth that the inflow of foreign employee into our country has achieve a higher rate and the government or the private sector have the responsible to construct ways of stop the inflow of new overseas worker and decrease the dependency in it. Several ways has been created by the specialist regulating the industry with the associate of construction associations to overcome the issues faced by local structure company and builder firm when coping with the issue of foreign staff.

Government tighten hiring rules of foreign labour

It is a genuine where Malaysia business is delivering more foreign staff member than needed in the country and the government has to connect loopholes that cause the oversupply. Drastic measurements has adopted by the government and for most recently subject matter is the amnesty programme that done by government to repatriate the immigrant staff especially unlawful immigrants. As everybody knows, the foreign personnel were had a need to fill the scarcity of local resource but it is not a long term measure to enable employers to cut cost. Hence, several options should be achieved by the government to make it harder for firms to bring in foreign labour also to reduce country's dependency on overseas labour.

The actions used are stopping the machine of supplying international worker through contractors and necessitating employers to apply the agreement from the ministry before hire foreign worker predicated on specific need. In addition, the federal government should take extra concern by having rigid and close monitoring the structure companies who intend to expose voluntary separations techniques (VSS) to prevent such company from being used as guise to place off local workers. Lastly, the marketing can help to acknowledge the work vacancies for local people. Employers must be require and power by the federal government to advertise vacancies for at least two consecutive days in major local magazines such as " New Strait Times", "Berita Harian" and "The Legend" to allow residents having a chance to secure job.

Permits only for trained foreign workers

The basic requirement of the foreign employee to come and work in Malaysia is they have to undergo a two week course to familiarise themselves with Malaysian laws and regulations and ethnicities in bid to lessen crime and fights. This action aims to reduce public problems such as crimes and brawls involving these staff who don't realize the Malaysia life-style.

Moreover, Malaysia government also requires the recently arrived foreign staff member to wait a course on the Malay and British dialects. Before issuing them a visa, in addition they need to wait familiarization course on local culture. New incoming labour would need to receive a recognition from Country wide Vocational Training Council saying that they have undergone the course before they can concern an entry visa. All of the actions and move that done by the federal government is purpose on presenting education and training program for communication and civilizations differences problem one of the foreign labour with the Malaysian. The poor communication skills among overseas labour has makes task managers endure the difficulty of directing job orders, transmitting proper techniques, and responding to foreign labourer's views (Seung H. Han: Sang H. Recreation area, Eui J. Jin: Hyoungkwan Kim: Yeon K. Seong, 2008).

Industrialised Building Systems (IBS)

The housing industry is closely related to development industry. The strong development of housing industry has no hesitation increased the demand of manpower in structure industry to be able to capture up the severe growth in housing and building source. The old classic method of building techniques can no longer fulfil the demand and make the product to be produce within enough time frame. At exactly the same time, the demand for overseas labour is increasing each day (Ahmad, 1996).

The government is currently encouraged to all the main element players who involve in structure industry to mechanise and move into less labour rigorous processes. Most foreign staff was brought in to the development industry as moist trade workers to require in cement, brick and woods works. To lessen the structure industry reliance on such foreign personnel, a very important factor must be take action that is change just how we work by use another solution to reduce damp trade in building process. The perfect solution is would be performed through execution of the Industrialised Building Systems (IBS) Roadmap 2003-2010.

By merging IBS with modern management solutions, the neighborhood skilled employees would complete the vacancies. The companies or developers should adapt higher technology to cut down their dependency on foreign manpower or employees. The cooperation distributed by the federal government sector such as CIDB would give free training to locals so that they can replace the foreign workers and help the development sector move towards b adopting new technology. The IBS Roadmap gets the effect to lessen the amount of workers at building sites, utilization of material and wastage. Conversely, typical technology that is being used needs a lot of manpower, triggering us to be reliant on foreign employees that are mostly unskilled. Because of this, the grade of workmanship is being compromised and at exactly the same time we also lose in terms of money streaming out of the country.

With the IBS, the wet trade workers can be low in amount and engineering works can be concentrate on the use of mechanisation and prefabrication. Addition to that, the structure world start begins to recognise the advantages to be gain by integrating fabricated steel and precast cement with site cast concrete, much less labour is necessary on building site. This bring about the hidden cost of moving labour around high and large buildings being reduced and other costs such as wedding caterers, health insurance and security being lower (Peter, 2004) the government even ended offering bonuses to labour-intensive organizations, turning its attention instead to the introduction of proper high technology companies (Rajah, 2001).


In the procedure of construct a building or any infrastructures which involve in construction industries, the lifetime of labour play a main role onto it. It's true where we cannot deny that manpower or labour is the individual who occupies with it from the primary stage on site before complete erection of the building. Labourers are also important after the completion of task in the facet of maintenance and service.

Due to these factors, the building industry's dependence on foreign workers can't be reduced in a brief term with out a good planning. A definite plan for continuous phasing out of overseas worker over an authentic time frame should be enter into force to permit industry players to make necessary modification and version.

All players involved in the industry need to earnestly explore strategies to attract more locals especially the young technology to go into the building industry by increasing the image and working environment. As it is a permanent aspects, the personas in development industry should indicates some changes which include offering competitive wages and benefits enhance the work safety methods and use a sense of pleasure in engineering work. The negative idea of 3D in engineering sector should be slight by the above mentioned method.

Extra and concerted effort need to be put in destination to promote higher build ability in the industry through the advertising of new technology such as design which allow the use of prefabricated materials, automation and robotics to enhance production and efficiency. Malaysia must take cognizance of the knowledge from other well development country to be able to increase their strength.

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