Posted at 01.10.2018
This research explores Information and Communication Technology as a motivating factor for growing Nigerian education (E-Learning adoption) in the information communication and technology (ICT) industry in Nigeria. Within the last few years, there's been a renewed interest among academics and experts in that range on how to help expand enhance progress. This research will focus on the obstacles, opportunities and the benefits in the utilization of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in producing Nigerian education. An information and communication technology (ICT) is now a major determinant of all areas of growth, Information and communication technology (ICT) is one factor that has effectively influenced man and the way he lives. With this new IT founded society, gaining access to information and communication technology is known as a motivating factor for progress and development of any population. Information and communication in Nigeria is still considered at a child stage compared to other developed countries of the world. Looking at the educational sector of Nigeria, alot is needed to improve improvement to standard and quality. This may only be performed by adding ICT in the educational sector and establishing the need for offering Nigeria a tremendous possibility to leapfrog the earlier phases of development. However, as the rest of the world progresses in terms of ICT development, Nigeria coined to be one of the richest land in conditions of natural resources is still in its scientific infancy especially to the tool of ICT in education without satisfactory ICT infrastructure to go education quickly, Nigeria will be further marginalised in the global market. Consequently Nigeria needs to launch a massive scale of exploiting ICT resource intended for increasing access to developing education, lowering bandwidth costs, and facilitating usage of the Internet.
In this modern world, ICT is a vital element in the infrastructure of nations and producing its market. No positive impact can be suffered today without an satisfactory and pervasive information and communication technology infrastructure in place. The impact of ICT in development addresses various aspects of a nation's socio-economic life especially growth in its educational sector. The usage of ICT can impact on growing Nigerian education (E-Learning adoption) in dissemination of knowledge and cause change in learning procedures, working methods and culture (Ruikar et al. , 2005). In this regard, some advantages of ICT in education is to lessen the time for data handling and connecting information in the E learning process as well, and also to improve communications for effective decision-making and coordination among students and lecturers (Peansupap & Walker, 2005).
Most tertiary education and research corporations in Nigeria are funded by the federal and state government authorities, though few are privately owned. These companies have made significant contribution to the dissemination of knowledge also to research in all vital areas and disciplines of individual endeavor. They may have played some major role in changing the community, status, and the complete nation. In addition they support the needs and aspirations of students and scholars. Ajibola and Tiamiyu (2000) and Ogunsola (2005) among others, have made emphases on the effect of the info explosion in the new information time. This consists of digital technology, internet connection, and E learning adoption in all Nigerian tertiary corporations.
Many colleges in Nigeria today have geographic area networks in their libraries and classes, financing departments, MIS models, also in a few faculties or departments, and etc. On the other hand, the newly adopted Nigerian universities network (NUNET) job initiated by the National Universities Fee which is the regulatory body of Nigerian universities cannot be successfully connected up to for networking of the campuses as designed.
This chapter provides an introduction to and outlines all of those other study. This issue of the analysis, information and communication technology as a motivating factor for producing Nigerian education (E-Learning adoption). Taking a look at the relevance of this review, Information and Communication Solutions (ICTs) have had strong repercussions on many economic areas especially in developing nations like Nigeria, in vital sectors like the informatics and communication, fund, and transport. Our concentrate is, What about education? The knowledge-based overall economy now sets a fresh world for education and new troubles and offers towards the education sector. Firstly, by meaning, education is a prerequisite of the knowledge-based market: the development and use of knowledge both need a more (lifelong) educated population and labor force putting ICT into consideration. Second, ICTs are an extremely powerful and useful tool for dissemination of knowledge and information, a fundamental aspect of the educational process: ICTs sometimes generate inventions in the means of handling things.
The analysis will broadly employ the necessity to harvest the potentiality in Nigeria and also to offer increased options for codification of knowledge about educating using E learning as well as for innovation in teaching activities using all possible ICT tools making it possible to provide learning and cognitive activities everywhere at any time within the united states. Thus, learning far away can furthermore be more learner-centred, self-paced, and also problem solving-based than face-to-face coaching. However, E-learning is a promising tool for widening and widening usage of all forms of education. Because they relax space and time constraints in their types of procedures, ICTs can allow new people to take part in all forms of education by increasing the flexibility of participation in comparison to face-to-face method. Working students and folks living in remote control areas (e. g. rural), non-mobile students in rural areas and even overseas students outside Nigeria could now easier take part in education through E learning. With ICT, learners can indeed examine where and when they may have time to do so, and fully participate alternatively than where and when classes are planned. By determining and analysing the huge benefits and requirement of E-learning, information system management strategy has transformed the way institutions are implemented through shared knowledge education as part of information system, it is focused on knowledge dissemination and information through the internet and other electronic devices. ICT is the underlying construction of any information system, and they have fundamentally changed the way lecturers and students work technologically. The development of E learning over the last few years has experienced the production of systems that are powerful and easily accessible by lecturers and students, giving rise to a new idea known as strategic positioning to help boost good quality and increase knowledge, through some IT tools and techniques and, to favorably affect schools, regional and country level performance by producing trust and influence through repeated intervals of positive face-to-face or IT established communication, social relationship, and common goal accomplishment through the E learning process. To acquire all this, information system management has to play a significant role.
In today's world E learning is used as the easiest and quickest way of diffusing knowledge. It is versatile and also very easy in conditions of usability. Compare with other forms of learning, it provides several benefits such as performance and efficiency. Typically, E-learning is a simple way to do research on internet. Since E-learningplays an important role in the introduction of any region, this research would determine the situation by looking into how E-learning can really motivate the introduction of Nigeria. The obstacles faced or is trying to build up the phenomenon. I'd analyze the way the administration of Nigeria is trying to explore the potentials of effectively by using this development and determine the contribution of the federal government to the development of educational sector by the effective use of ICT. Presently, Nigeria is still behind in online research, this is brought on by insufficient IT infrastructures, online facilities and etc. Nigeria has less than 2% of its general website is been research oriented. In (Nigerian education establishment journal 2008), is plainly explained that 70% of Nigerian students aren't computer literates and even the once that are computer literates aren't properly focus on research and enhancements as sustained around the world. Thus, looking at this situation, this research newspaper tends to establish a way of working with the challenge through emphasizing the need for a more developed E-learning approach. Most of the problem is because of lack of IT knowledge, insufficient potential knowledge on how E-learningcan effectively change the education structure and how its benefits could possibly reflect the population and nation all together. Ideas on new approach to E-learninghas been used by other nations such as new research methods, new learning ideas, new ideas and new websites businesses has been created. Many countries gain a supplementary benefit from E-learning adoption, but my question is why is Nigeria behind with the entire abundant man and natural resources they have. My research is going to research, to find possible method for how knowledge is going to be disseminated through the use of ICT (E-learning adoption) and how this will change just how education is identified in Nigeria.
To begin with, there are two main goals to this research.
Realizing that ICT has to play a significant role in education, since it will involve technology, ICT is a developed way of coaching and learning which involves mostly computerized gizmos in rendering its services. Thus, ICT has a large impact on the introduction of education in any region. Therefore, the first aim of my research is to explore the role Information and communication technology (ICT) plays in producing Nigeria as a nation with focus on education sector.
Secondly, is to propose the possibilities of using ICT to control and disseminate knowledge in Nigeria (E-learning adoption). Since we realize education as described by (Webster) is ? to build up the data, skill, or persona of men and women through various means and shared, but how do this be distributed and utilized in growing countries like Nigeria. So, this research will propose the options of using ICT to control and disseminate knowledge in Nigeria (E-learning adoption).
The research questions are three, they tend to ask question about the relevance of the analysis.
The basic idea is to make a comprehensive research on Information and Communication Technology as a motivating factor for developing Nigerian education and make an effort to identify and analyse their behaviours toward the adoption of E-learning in Nigeria. Bottom part on these information I am going to find the answer to my research. This study will apply the triangulation methodology towards data gathering. Which involves questionnaires, interview and data from organizations like the Federal government Ministry of Education, Nigerian Stock Exchange, Economic Community of West African States and African Development Loan provider.
This research has several constraints to be considered. The main major obstacle to the analysis on ICT as a motivating factor for producing Nigerian education is the political instability in a few part of the region. Another is mass illiteracy and underdevelopment of some part of Nigeria, including cultural differences.
Chapter 1 Benefits: This gives the reader with backdrop information of the analysis. Research objectives, record of analysis, problems, character of the analysis and relevance as well as the restrictions of the condition that will be encountered by the researcher are evidently stated in the section.
Chapter 2 Literature Review: This chapter explores relevant literature. It basically handles pertinent books on Nigeria ICT with conversations on related research variables such as Infrastructures, Digital-Divide and E-learningadoption. This section concludes with a synopsis of the status of the ICT in Nigeria and actions that the region is taking to conquer the road blocks to becoming ready for the E-learningadoption.
Chapter 3 Strategy and Data Collection: This chapter focuses on the research design that'll be used to execute this research. It further discloses the ways found in analyzing data which will be collected, limits of the techniques used and how the data will be gathered.
Chapter 4 Consequence and Dialogue: This section describes results of data evaluation, provides discourse of research studies and builds bridges between objectives, conclusions and relevant books. The effect section summarizes the research of the info and present findings of the analysis with regards to the hypothesis and research questions.
Chapter 5 Realization and Recommendation: Conclusions and suggestions are given in this section together with conversations on the contribution of the analysis to your body of knowledge. This section concludes the research and documents the implications of the analysis with advice for future research.
These are some of the major reasons why I decided to target my research on this subject matter and use Nigeria as an instance for factor.
Most of individuals in Nigeria have never taken up ICT or use the Internet because they neglect to start to see the value of ICT in this modern market. Many think ICT is best suited only to big countries and that it is an additional cost that won't bring any major comes back on the overall economy (Samuel M. Wangwe, 2003).
People play a essential role in the introduction of ICT. However, technology literacy continues to be very limited in most part of Nigeria. There is a lack of skilled personnel among Nigerian business environment, a significant issue in moving forward with using it in businesses. There are also doubts about whether Nigerian education can indeed take benefit of the benefits associated with accessing the world through the web, given their limited capabilities in that occasion. Thus, the knowledge of ICT is important in carrying progress along especially in expanding countries like Nigeria ( Jacob W. Musila, Simon P. Sigu, 2006).
In collection with the intention of this research, this research would be sorted out so that it will give the audience a helpful perception into the entire dissertation. The aim of this study was to explore the information and communication technology as a motivating factor for producing Nigerian education (E-Learning adoption). As most viewers will understand where the researcher is nearing this theme from and where he's heading, ICT sector should be facilitated in its assimilation into the socio-economic activities of countries and this require dedication from governments and everything stakeholders within the united states. Therefore, this analysis provides a robust technical framework for the federal government's capabilities to build up a state-of-the-art specialized infrastructure for applying it in achieving expansion, in the educational sector of Nigeria. Information and communication solutions (ICTs) have been a key engine motor for the performance and expansion of economies of the entire globe since the early 1970s, adding education among the most worried sector, making E-learningbecoming perhaps the key technological enablers of monetary globalization and lasting knowledge dissemination.
This chapter quite simply is going to stress on Nigerian context with ICT as a significant in determining the growth of computer educational sector.
As Nigeria being the most populous country in Africa and with an overall economy vastly dependent on crude and agricultural product, Nigeria is generally characterized by an unhealthy economic outlay. This may examine education track record in its context and the real level of ICT (E learning) procedures in Nigeria. It will focus on the way the federal government actually carryout the ICT techniques of teaching and learning. Furthermore, attention is also provided to the regulatory environment, that is, IT relationships in Nigeria. Within the Nigerian over-all contexts, ICT sometimes appears as one of the major most effective growing areas of the overall economy - growing on the average 37. 5 percent annual (Country wide Bureau of Statistics, 2006). The emergence of ICTs in view represents high assurances for the education sector. E-learningcould indeed are likely involved on three fundamental areas of education policy in the united states: this is access, quality and cost. E-learningcould possibly quickly progress knowledge by increasing and widening usage of education in both rural and urban areas, by improving the full total quality of education and reducing its cost. All of this would also build more convenience of the growth of modern knowledge economies. E-learning is a worldwide craze and can be considered a viable source of economic reform in a land. Nigeria, a third world country is leaving no natural stone unturned to make life easier and convenient in this electronic get older. Though developed countries are on the verge of doing e-learning safely and easily, Nigeria is absorbing techniques engaged either by espionage, knowledge copy or other means (Achiebe ndom 1999). Hence, the need for ensuring efficiency, awareness among inhabitants, and security of resources involved must be taken into account (Cellesti 2007).
For education in producing countries e-learning has an enormous good thing about reduced research costs and learning costs here, it improves efficiency of procedures by reducing time for looking for information, and lot more. The Internet and other ICTs facilitate usage of research information. Internet Allows quick presentation and circulation of information to specific concentrate on groups.
However, there may be doubt regarding whether there is enough information on the Web that is pertinent and valuable for the common pupil in a growing country that would make investment in Access to the internet feasible. Underlying this is the fact that a lot of business in producing countries like Nigeria caters traditional form of teaching rather than making an investment more on E learning. For this reason, there's a need to significantly raise the amount and quality of information content (including local words content) on the web to make it useful especially to students in the rural regions of Nigeria.
Nigeria is an African nation that became 3rd party in (1960), before it was under the colony of the Uk. It is situated at the gulf of guinea with an area of 356, 669 rectangular miles. Nigeria is the most populous African land, with more than 250 ethnic groups and population around 120 million (populace census 2008). most the population are found in rural areas with no good financial facilities. basically, 70% of the populace engage in agricultural trade. IT development is very poor and the country is backward for the reason that basis compared to other nations of the world. The introduction of modern ICT facilities is the question have to be solved in Nigeria.
2. 1. 0 Information technology in Nigeria
Information technology has always played a very important part in human life since its lifestyle. However, dated to the middle 20thcentury, the role of it increased immeasurably because of this of social progress and the speedy development in technology and technology. The pace of change that is brought by new and emergence technologies has had a significant influence on the way people live especially in developing countries like Nigeria. Emerging technologies along the world challenge the traditional process of coaching and learning, and the major way education is supervised worldwide. Information technology has basically played an important role, in various areas of economical development and development. It has taken about easy worldwide communication; it provides access to a massive selection of useful data, also challenging assimilation and evaluation skills.
The facet of Knowledge, technology and also Information and Communication Systems (ICTs) experienced strong impact on many economic areas, e. g. in the info and communication area, funding, and travelling areas (Foray, 2004; Boyer, 2002).
Furthermore, processing and Telecommunications (and also such major areas as broadcasting and publishing) used to be quite large and specific industries, relating extreme technologies. Lately it has covered around certain important key activities such as use of the web. The speed of adoption of new IT activities has been very fast within the globe: it is markedly fast moving quick than that of prior revolutionary technologies which existed like the steam engine for coach or electric engine. But in a country like Nigeria, it is quite a recent/new happening. Telecommunications, which is the oldest factor from it, it possessed a modest beginning with the earliest trunk mobile phone services between two towns in early nineties (Ofulue, 1999). Though it was not until the mid century that large growth in IT started out with the launch of VHF radio systems though in small amount, then emerged 116 manual and 5automatic telephone exchanges in Nigeria. In other to improve the full quality of telecommunications services in Nigeria, telecommunications arm of the Post and Telegraph Office of the Nigerian telecommunication limited (NITEL) and the also to boost IT expansion in Nigeria, The Nigeria Home Satellite System was Proven in the 1975/1976 time with a network of six 11-metre globe channels all operating over a borrowed INTELSAT satellite transponder. This network was eventually developed to comprise three leased Transponders each of 36 MHz, 20 globe stations as IT was becoming a lot more acceptable in Nigeria,
Recently, to show how satisfactory IT is becoming in Nigeria, period of the digital job at Nigeria's capital Abuja was commissioned in 1990 by the then military chief executive Ibrahim Babangida, while other similar work is in progress on several other IT tasks. Some organizations in Nigeria have ventured out developing their own private sites all in the mission to create a strong and much more reliable IT projects. One of the biggest successes in IT sector are that of the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC), which in early on 1990, installed a new digital communications network thought to be one of the most significant in Africa. It is a hybrid network of fibre optics been developed and coaxial cable connection. Another of progress that is achieved for the reason that area of software of IT technology is that, unlike previously prior to the coming of IT, economic expansion wasn't easily sustained.
The computer has made a tremendous impact on the business using technology as a way of operational survival. The Nigerian private industries are not left out in these details technological era. Also Nigerian college or university campuses are actually jam-packed with new Information Communication technology facilities. It is no longer peculiar to see lecturers and their students doing their studies and other educational works utilizing it devices as modern technology like email and Internets. Is happy to realize that both the authorities of the federation and other international financing agencies around the globe are now considering the overall development of ICT in Nigerian higher education.
This situation briefly points out the stages mixed up in development of information technology over time in Nigeria.
2. 1. 1 Education in Nigeria
The New and growing technologies issue the traditional/old process of teaching and learning around the world, and just how education is being managed. It (IT an important area of study in its right, is having an impact across all curriculum areas. Common worldwide communication provides access to a vast array of informative data, also challenging assimilation and examination skills.
The aspect of Knowledge is becoming the most crucial factor for substantial financial development in the 21st century. Through its role and capacity to augment efficiency, it also increasingly constitutes the foundation of any country's competitive benefits (PORTER 1990). Many growing nations have neither articulated a developmental strategy linking knowledge to countrywide economic growth nor building up their capacity to do so. Though it is the Africa's largest country with about 20 percent of the region's populace, statistically Nigeria has only 15 scientists and engineers employed in economical research and development per million individuals. This in comparism with 168 in Brazil, 459 in republic of China, 158 in India, and 4, 103 in america of America (WORLD Loan provider 2002 report). What positive chance does Nigeria have of taking part in the challenging and growing global knowledge overall economy?
Nigeria as a region possesses the largest college or university system in the Sub-Saharan Africa. Although in Africa, South Africa's tertiary enrolments are higher, Nigeria boasts more companies in conditions of number. With about 78 expresses, federal and private colleges enrolling over 700, 000 students (NUC annual statement 2008), the Nigeria education system facilitates numerous graduate programs about (9% of enrolments) and assists as a magnet for other students from neighboring countries to review. The training system embraces much of the country's research capacity and also produces the majority of its skilled specialists. Nominally the duty of the regulatory body this is the Federal government Ministry of Education is to improve effective procedure within the training system.
The Nigeria's educational system has witnessed changes in insurance policies and programs over the years. Some of these changes have seemed to quite a amount of individuals while one continues to wonder, some of the other changes were ever initiated in the machine. Several changes in educational policies in Nigeria have been described as the merchandise of total bafflement (Ayeni, 2000). Therefore, a very advanced of uncertainties, which is beclouding planning in Nigeria's educational system. This can be very dangerous as the future of Nigeria will be dependant on the overall level of education her nationals have attained.
2. 1. 2 ICT as an instrument for producing education in Nigeria
The role of technology in the coaching and learning aspect of the overall economy is swiftly becoming the most crucial and widely reviewed issues in modern contemporary education insurance policy (Rosen and Thierer, 2000).
Nigerians' Perspective 2020 insurance policy was formulated to ensure the change of Nigeria into becoming a fully developed land and one of the better 20 economies of the world by the entire year 2020. The perspective calls for Nigeria to attain a personal sufficient industrial setup, the Nigerian centric current economic climate. In her search to attain the aims of the Eye-sight 2020, Nigeria has discovered information and marketing communications technology (ICT) among the major key foundations because of its projected changeover from its production based market to knowledge structured current economic climate by 2020.
ICT is essential enabler in an understanding based economy because ICT help the acquisition, utilization and dissemination of useful knowledge towards improving the economical and social ideals of the society. To spearhead the move towards obtaining this Perspective 2020, the Nigerian federal government has embarked upon the starting of its Nigeria sat 1 satellite for the development and nurturing of the country's ICT industry, the Nigeria sat 1 provides first-world knowledge and infrastructure for IT, at developing-nation costs.
The national Ministry of Education articulation of ICT in Nigerian education system focused on some major areas.
National College or university Network (NUNET) IT facilities for all tertiary organizations in Nigeria
ICT will formally be used as an enabler to reduce digital divide between your nation's universities by allowing ICT access for those students, ICT may also be used as teaching and learning tools in Nigerian education, educated as an unbiased subject of its and integrated into others subject matter as well; and ICT will be used in improving efficiency, performance and productivity of management in Nigerian education system.
a) The universities NUNET project
The universities NUNET job is one of the applications envisaged under the training reform plan. This ICT job attemptedto systematically enhance the colleges in terms of coaching and learning practices including research and college management processes to be able to prepare students for modern information get older.
This task was carried out by the democratic federal of Obasanjo in collaboration with an exclusive organization
NUNET IT solution encompasses the computerize College Management System, the browser-based coaching and learning materials and the assistance Office support services
b) Establishment of new Computer laboratories
Under NUNET project, which began in 1999, many computer laboratories were made on a large size in Nigerian institutions.
These laboratories are equipped with major ICT facilities such as COMPUTERS, Local Network, printers and servers.
c) Established Institution Net
The established College Net job provides modern broadband access to the internet to all or any Nigerian colleges with NUNET facilities, this is with the aim of bridging digital split between students in urban, rural and remote control areas within Nigeria, to allow the classes to get connected internally and internationally, the internet connection is provided via NUNET task.
d) Access to WebTV, video streaming of educational and research content were made available to students via the NUNET WebTV initiative. Students can download educational contents via major educational channels.
Universal basis education (2002) records says that ICT is a mediator of learning in multi components surroundings and ICT have shown to support students and instructors in improving learning final results as well. The Federal Ministry of education possessed produced lots of coaching and learning materials like sound CD, training video CDs, web-based media details and also providing usage of internet teaching and learning materials.
Understanding how technology is matches into the sophisticated realities of modern classrooms has been a very critical factor in creating real change in every colleges in the industrialized countries (McMillan Culp, & Carrigg, 2000; Somekh et al. , 2003), yet a just little is well known about educational technology jobs in classrooms of developing world. New fads in the global market overall economy have brought to leading the issue on impact of Liberalization, Privatization and Globalization influx as well. The impact is obvious in the framework of the growing economies; it astutely plays down its own drawbacks and accentuates its major advantages. Among the positives being the influx of the Information and Communication Technology (ICT). If, on one hand, globalization has precipitated onward march of ICT, the growing success in ICT initiatives in addition has brought the global community better within one environment. ICT, in globalization context, is focused on the global knowledge, gain access to, participation and authority in the info age. It has radically altered people's views about the limitations between organizations and limitations within the organizations.
As era little by little move from first generation automated data handling to second era computerized decision making system, and further to the third generation mobile telecom time, all the countries across the globe end up enveloped by purportedly new paperless, borderless, problem free and the interactive world of digital governance. Actually, one developing economy such as India is one of the most notable worlds ten in the list of ICT management and initiatives.
Since in the 1980s, substantial range of ICT applications at different degrees of authorities, especially at turf root base level, has been initiated. Documented evidence up to now has indicated these are being well put in place and are reaping the exact needed results. In a few developing countries, application of ICT is supposed to achieve certain key aims outlining increased responsiveness of federal government towards the individuals. It enables citizens to use information as a key resource for the betterment of their lives and strive for the socio-economic development. ICT trend due to its pervasiveness throughout the complete realm of human activity, it has become an essential element of effective governance what is known as 'good governance'.
The World Lender Statement (1997) has epitomized the set in place expression 'good governance'. The ODA, World Loan provider and UNDP Reviews laid down the next features of good governance:
In this modern current economic climate, ICT denotes the use of computing and telecommunication technologies to provide automated method of the handling of information with the objective of enhancing Government's day to day activity or any other organization's way of operation. The concept of Information Systems here root it is defined as the machine of human being and complex components which admit, store, process, and output and transmit useful information Somekh et al. , 2003). The role of ICT in fostering growth and development needs to be regarded from a wider perspective that showcases its complete devote Information Systems.
The most vital of all the technological innovations is that of the Internet, which is believed to have capacity to redefine the possible phenomena. THE WEB is altering today's economic landscaping. The energy of ICT is based on the fact that an entire office can be recreated on the web (worldwide web). In addition, it provides a great opportunity for a real time functions and activities. The historical monopoly of varied institutions private and publicly owned over the utilization of information is being shattered by the worldwide Web. The metamorphosis in modern communication is occurring inform of increased interactivity and also smooth connectivity.
Since in the developing countries like Nigeria, major emphasis is on the improvement of socio-economic development, we must give attention to the government's major role in the provision of goods and services which is through the use of ICT. The other stakeholders engaged including the private sector, the non Governmental Organizations, the Civil World Organizations and also the citizens' groups also have an similarly very important role to execute. An important feature of ICT is its accent on the public-private partnerships in the facilitation of governance. ICT promotes total acquisition and absorption of modern knowledge, offering the government and the other non-governmental companies unprecedented opportunities to improve its plan formulation and also execution, to enhance quality educational systems, to enable the downtrodden, to make new economic companies as well, also to broaden job opportunities, to lessen poverty, and re-engineer companies and institutionalize innovations.
ICT applications in their view of fostering a country's expansion and development, essentially target at these factors:
2. 2. 0 ICT on Nigerian perspective
(ICT's) in the training of the developed countries like United states facilitated the establishment of 100% ICT over-all based College or university known as the Virtual Colleges. Considering Nigeria, hardly any of the conventional universities are carrying out their learning/educational activities through ICT. As the urge of embarking on e-learning continues to be a dream for some from it because their infrastructure of ICT's extremely very weakened. The growth of ICTs in Nigeria offers a practical opportunity to consider its use in advertising of development. It offers students a considerable benefits including the increase usage of modern learning opportunities, the capability of time, and place, making available and higher variety of the training resources, improve opportunities for an individualized learning system and introduction of a more powerful cognitive tools (Khan, 2006, Pierre, 2004).
The emerging modern educational technology, particularly those that are in the area of (ICTs) are providing possibly new means of education, training and learning electronically a home window of positive opportunity that supplement and complement the education and training resources as well and also to support the process of expanding and also getting together with the manpower requirements of modern monetary goals.
These emerging systems are making very high quality technology structured modern education and training easier to design, to build up and deliver than was possible in the past. They guaranteed more than only a noticable difference in educational production, thus, they have got potential to deliver qualitative change in the type of learning itself in the current scene.
Today, there is absolutely no doubt that governments across the world have recognized the key role that ICT could play in socio-economic expansion and development. In that respect, a considerable number of countries in both growing and developed world are designing various economic plans that will enable them enhance their economies ICT based mostly. e. g. , countries like the USA, Canada plus some European countries as well as Asian countries like, Singapore, Malaysia, Thailand, South Korea, Japan and South North american countries like, Brazil, Chile and Mexico with others like Australia and Mauritius already have in place extensive ICT regulations and plans directed towards education or are at an advanced level of applying E-learningacross their economies and societies.
ICT results in possibilities of information and data handling, storage and transmitting. Technology impacts all industry and every service and has also penetrated society all together. Castells (1999) shows an identical view by discussing idea of new socio-economic company. This corporation is also characterized by ICT as "roots of new and modern productivity sources, new organizational varieties, and of creation of a worldwide market" (Castells, (1999). ICT, however, don't solve communal problems but instead the prerequisite for socio financial development (Castells, 1999).
According to the UNDP (2005) record, effective deployment of ICT can also influence human development in two major ways. First is, since ICT as a sector of modern economical activity effects the economic development of a country. Another is, ICT as an enabler for the improvement of human output influences individual development through the usage of information knowledge and enlarging selections. (Chacko 2005) argues saying ICT assists with alleviation of poverty, development of education and enhancing healthcare.
The penetration of ICT into all culture has altered the societies from agrarian to commercial and today to today's evolving Information Modern culture (IS) (Mutula, 2004) i. e. to say a society where the creation, syndication and the manipulation of useful information is becoming the main economic and social activity" (Vosloo, 2005).
Technological improvements are also perceived as the underlying drivers of evolution towards an Information Contemporary society. Many more strategies and solutions has been developed to help students learn faster today, whilst achieving a greater retention with an increase of ease. ICT in every regions of education world are actually used in techniques acceleratE-learningand the capability of learners as well at a remarkable rate. Accelerated learning and co-operativE-learningtechniques are also used in combination with tremendous successes in huge amounts of corporate training programs and schools which have usage of these resources. we often locates that learning time is also trim in half.
Learning organizations are colloquial to need to include emerging technology in cooperated into their curricula. These techniques alongside with distance learning, schooling, multimedia system classrooms and service projects are illustrations of how ICT can generally be utilized in education.
The following declaration by way of a scholar (Symons 2000) explicitly backs up this, "To get ready all students for the New Current economic climate, reformers are also driving for a curriculum use the web, technology and internships to immerse students in the intellectual problems they shall face after graduation. There's a widespread identification that the whole world can't afford to preserve the machine of learning made for a world that has already disappeared".
Some countries see ICT as taking even greater advantages to their development, thus, who will overtake the development even more. You can find little that needs to be done to change this trajectory situation. For some, ICT divergence is inescapable, favoring developed nations more than growing ones, unless the issue is taken serious and dealt with.
In this modern world, ICT is a essential aspect in the infrastructure of countries and developing its market. No positive impact can be sustained today without an satisfactory and pervasive Information and Communication Technology infrastructure in place. The impact of ICT in development addresses various areas of a nation's socio-economic life especially expansion in its educational sector. The usage of ICT can impact on expanding Nigerian education (E-Learning adoption)in dissemination of knowledge and lead to change in learning operations, working methods and culture (Ruikar et al. , 2005). In this regard, some role of ICT in education is to reduce enough time for data control and interacting information in the E-learningprocess as well, and to improve marketing communications for effective decision-making and coordination among students and lecturers (Peansupap & Walker, 2005).
Most tertiary education and research companies in Nigeria are funded by the national and state governments, though few are privately had. These institutions have made significant contribution to the dissemination of knowledge and research in all vital areas and disciplines of human being endeavor. They have got performed some major role in transforming the community, state and the complete nation. They also support the needs and dreams of students and scholars. Ajibola and Tiamiyu (2000) and Ogunsola (2005) amongst others, have made emphases on effect of the information explosion in the new information era. This consists of Digital technology, internet connection, and E-learningadoption in every Nigerian tertiary institutions.
Many universities in Nigeria today have geographic area sites in their Libraries and classes, funding departments, MIS models, also in some faculties/departments, etc. On the other hand,
The newly followed NUNET project initiated by the National Universities Commission rate which is the regulatory body of Nigerian universities could not be successfully linked up to for networking of the campuses as prepared.
Considering this issue of the study, Information and Communication Technology as a motivating factor for developing Nigerian education (E-Learning adoption). Focusing at the relevance of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) have had strong repercussions on many economical industries especially in developing nations like Nigeria, in essential sectors like the informatics and communication, fund, and travelling. Our focus is. ICTs are an extremely powerful and useful tool for dissemination of knowledge and information, a fundamental facet of the educational process, ICTs sometimes induces improvements in the ways of handling things.
Thus, Learning at a distance can furthermore be more learner centered, self-paced, and also problem resolving based than in person teaching. However, E-learningis a encouraging tool for broadening and widening usage of all kinds of education. Because they relax space and time constraints in their procedures, ICTs can allow new visitors to participate in all forms of education by increasing the overall flexibility of participation compared to face-to-face method. Working students and people living in distant areas (e. g. rural areas), non-mobile students in rural areas and even overseas students outside Nigeria could now more easily participate in education through E learning. With ICT, learners can indeed research where, when they have time to do so and fully get involved rather than where, when classes are planned.
ICT through Ecommerce increases the market opportunity of small companies it provides relatively cheap information about possible trading associates and markets because of their goods or services (Potchefstroom 2000), Ecommerce also provides more stableness to their immediate markets by growing them. In the expansion and development of smaller businesses ICT provides infrastructures to support fast development of small company through creating a method of exchanging business Information, enabling provision of business-to-business plans, online contract Discussions and a clearing-house for logistical support. The introduction of small business, causes the development of large business and therefore, all will echo to the entire growth of the complete nation (Kosiur E commerce 2002).
Consumers can shop online throughout a day, and everything days of the entire year. Thus, the time-consuming elements of shopping at physical stores, driving a vehicle, parking and dealing with traffic are all eliminated by making things very easy for consumers. If we check out consumer behavior in business, consumers are always migrated by getting their goods and wants easy and cheap. Satisfying consumer is a vital issue running a business, consumer is the reason for the lifestyle of a small business, and therefore, relating that to ICT we can deduce that Ecommerce is presently the easiest and speediest way of trade. Reduced cost incurred, easily accessible to customer, fast way of earning order etc (Potchefstroom 2000).
In looking at Nigeria, been one of the underdeveloped nations of the world, IT infrastructure is one of the major setback to building a great country. Thus, With ICT systems, business and online activities are operated the whole day and every day. It's a means of doing relaxed procedure the physical storefront of a firm does not need to be actually opened for customers and suppliers to do business electronically. The global internet course has managed to get possible to enhance business with any person who is connected to the Internet and is preparing to conduct business. Some local businesses can gain more edge from this form of trade, such as local stores. They could be in a position to market and sell their products and services internationally using E commerce. The type of Ecommerce allows fast sending of information instantly around the globe; it has taken out the method of looking forward to weeks to get information on a product or services (chaffey E business 2002).