Posted at 10.16.2018
In the 21 century, technology is everywhere you go. Especially the new era keeps growing up with technology and gets familiar with it. Computer technologies have dramatically improved just how people reach information, do research and talk to people all around the world. Because of this reason, institutions and teachers need to be aware of improving their scientific tools and skills to have the ability to get the students` attentions and pursuits. Using technology in classrooms also makes the lessons better.
The presence of technology in education became essential in order to match with the introduction of the areas such as executive, medicine, defense and aerospace, agriculture and science of modern times. The field of education has observed a great boom in the later twentieth century, but he will take us a broad dimensions at the beginning of this hundred years. The governmental and private educational institutions raced towards this course to find and offer effective methods to help the pupil to learn easily and offer them with the ability to innovate effectively in the analysis and in their future work.
Before we speak about the importance of technology in education, we have to know what is intended by " educational technology in education". " Educational technology" is defined as a way or an integrated process involving ideas of education, ideas, and applications through which you make an effort to enter the means of modern technology to complement the learning objectives of expanding and facilitating education, and to find viable answers to the problems and learning challenges experienced by the tutor and student. If the means of technology like computer systems and internet interact in enriching education then the educational process becomes easy and simple in a way that allow those working in the field of education to overcome the issues facing education easily.
We can determine the role that technology takes on in neuro-scientific education as follows:
1 - The technology plays the role of the guide, which helps the tutor in guiding the methodical materials for students, and replaces the traditional approach to education in detailing the lesson and providing information. The technology, by all its means of development, can simply execute a major change in the private educational degree of the tutor and his capability in presenting the approach to the student in a manner that gives the possibility to increased and easier chance in understanding the lessons. This will reflect the student's potential to develop his mental and intellectual learning, and refine his creative skills and capacities in his school activities.
2 - A modern and educational tool like computer could concentrate the interest of students for deploying it in the field of education. Taking it as helpful information or electronic associate will guide them, by its various programs and functions, in neuro-scientific learning and learning about new expertise and the introduction of mental abilities in various subjects and education. As well as the web opens a new door that helps students per semester to take part in educational activities in neuro-scientific research and exchange of information through these activities.
3 - Technology has an abundant way to obtain information that both teacher and scholar need it. Internet has become a wide sea and has a wealth of information such as encyclopedias, dictionaries, maps and other information options that are difficult to obtain through traditional research. In enough time where it requires the professor or professor times to search for information in a particular subject, heading online and search the internet will not take more than hours (or preferably minutes) to get that information easily without the stress.
4 - Technology, as a source of communication, has opened up wide branches where in fact the teacher and university student stay in a continuous contact by interacting over the internet. While the teacher is sitting in front of his computer, the college student can communicate with his/her mentor at home via the Internet, in cases like this they may have found a fresh way to talk, and open the door to talk and discuss concerns related to the scholar in his review. Students can also connect between each other regarding their home work or their research process. Also the internet became a communication tool between your teacher and the school via emails. Modern schools interact with their instructors via emails not by paper reports.
Due to the prior knowledge that I have mentioned, I made a decision to focus, during my observations, on integration technology in the coaching process. " Does indeed the professor integrate the technology in his/her instructional time ?
Technology of education plays a major role in the educational process which importance is shown in raising the level of education and learning and the introduction of thinking, by:
Elevating the learner's attention: It really is working to improve the learner to view a film or tv set program or transparent segments on a particular topic.
Increase the connection with the learner: the learning techniques provide new things in which the classroom teacher cannot provide it, thereby expanding the expertise areas of the learner.
Focus on building and configuring the real trends and concepts of the learner by providing a whole lot of skills and ideas.
Make the training experience more effective and more enduring impact and less likely to neglect. These techniques work on the installation of information for the learners, especially when they see things, where it is difficult to forget because of enjoying this content of the picture offered.
Working on the diversification of instructing methods: it can be a diversity in the methods used in education via variety of learning techniques, as they provides a number of topics in a variety of ways that change from those techniques found in the traditional education methods, through the transparent slides or television or theatre or the computer or other diverse educational devices.
Mabel CPO Okojie, Anthony A. Olinzock, and Tinukwa C. Okojie. Boulder ( 2011. P. 66 ) show that "Technology used for teaching and learning should be considered a fundamental element of instruction rather than as an thing exclusive to itself. Viewing technology integration from a wide perspective provides teachers with the required foundation to put into action technology into the class room more successfully".
Lang (2005 ) declares that "there are many benefits to the integration of technology in the school room for students, particularly British as a foreign language. To be able to improve their language skills, such as writing and reading and listening to speak and learn the English language and the use of computers and software to make sure of its work and appropriate itself, and improve their words skills, and the use of Internet and e-mail to find information, and to accede to the hazards, and the dissemination of these work, and reading text messages technology, and connecting between each other even".
The reasons that produces for learning dialects by the assistance of the computer:
1 - Development of experiential learning in the field of the educational process.
2 - Increase the determination of the students for education.
3 - To bettering the academic achievement of students.
4 - To increase the interaction between the university student and the computer.
5 - Individual learning through self-learning and make the pupil self-reliant in learning.
6 - To arrange the systematic creative thinking of the learner.
7 - To save time and reduce the effort on the teacher and the learner.
8 - Multiple resources of knowledge for all of the programs that may be provided by these devices to one scholar or several students to education by finish.
Advantages of Computer Assisted Terminology Learning CALL:
1 - Inspiration:
Use technology outside or inside the classrooms usually improve the students' interest, where the pupil interacts with technological material whether with the help of a mentor or from others, as well as the student can deal with elements of the scientific material and the immediate changeover from partial to some other through media (such as images and video tutorial. . . . . )
2 - Adapting understanding how to the pupil:
Computer comes with an important role in the process of new learning and teaching, and without the use of computer systems in the educational process it is problematic for the students to attain academic progress.
Adaptation of the university student with computers and software means the speed of learning and also the student will be able to choose what things to learn, making the student more efficient.
Students tend to learn in the form of stories and educational games or solve puzzles which could be through the computer, more than the original direct teaching.
3 - Personality:
These programs and educational tools correspond with the needs of each learner, and meet the wants and also in line with the scientific level, which allows the scholar to quickly learn and count on himself to learn any educational materials.
4 - Cosmic:
It can be utilized anywhere, anytime through these tools without obstacles through multimedia, you can use to create the educational material.
Due to the tremendous technical progress that we are witnessing inside our time, calculators can be found and become accessible to everyone, and moving away from utilizing it in the institution curriculum would negatively effect on the behaviour of students towards the analysis of mathematics, and so generate a pattern towards the benefits of an calculator in the mathematics curriculum, although there was disagreement about the inclusion in the curricula of major school.
The project of the Uk Schools Council demonstrated that the use of an calculator works well in the coaching of mathematics in senior high school, it can help students with less talents to deal with more mathematical applications rather than hanging out in the calculations of the device. And also the results of several studies revealed the feasibility of launching calculators in the mathematics curriculum in senior high school, for example:
1. Utilizing a calculator helps to change the method of teaching some matters where you'll be able to package with numerical data and perform functions easily while conserving time and effort.
2. Using a calculator provides increased opportunities to review the behaviour and realistic dealing with numerical sequences, geometric, and exponential functions, infinite sequences.
3. Utilizing a calculator to provide rounding to irrational real amounts.
4. Utilizing a calculator to find rounding for the root of the true roots of an equation of the 3rd degree.
We shouldn't stop on the use of calculators only, but it ought to be extended to include the computer, which can serve largely the process of coaching and learning of mathematics.
The computer is the most technological challenge to educators because of its impact on mathematics, and methods of teaching.
Many different programs made an appearance that resulted in a wide range of mathematical functions in addition to the increasing of opportunities for coaching and learning of mathematics through the use of computer systems as an educational tool.
The International Committee for the teaching of mathematics felt sorry about the doubt that still hovers on the introduction of computer systems to the school curriculum in the nineties, and there have been many styles that support the introduction of the Computer to the senior high school procedure, whether through the analysis of pcs and training to use it, or through the use of pre designed software or software made by the learners themselves.
The computer is usually unveiled to the curriculum under two different segments:
1. Learning the computer and training how to utilize it.
2. the use of programs to review the mathematical human relationships and handling problems.
The second goal diverted into two guidelines:
1. The learners should write their own programs.
2. Learners should use ready programs.
Examples of assignments that relied on the learners do their own programs (SMP) in britain, and (CAMP) and (Single) in the United States of America
The computer gains an educational feature it became the main element you can use as an educational tool, it could be used as :
1. Electronic panel employed by the tutor.
2. A coach that facilitates the training process of the learner.
3. A means to evaluate the performance of the learner.
4. Specific education where in fact the programs include exercises, training, and self-evaluation.
5. A tool to perform computations and the representation of functions, businesses, . . .
6. An instrument to encourage experimentation and research, which are the components in the process of learning and teaching mathematics.
It should be mentioned that the emergence of computer research has increased the importance of instructing mathematics-related to sequences such as keeping track of, matrices and probability, statistics, and requests the advantages of a unit or systems for a small computer programming.
The major problem that students are facing in math is coping with real life problems.
Rodney X. Sturdivant, Penelope Dunham, and Richard Jardine ( 2009, p. 171 ) declare that
"Teaching problem handling to students in a twenty-first century mathematics program simply should use available technology. Improvements in recent years have resulted in enjoyable opportunities that allow students in the average mathematics school to work on issues that are much richer and more ''real'' than previously. With these advances comes a need to build up and use faculty development programs for technology-based training in mathematics departments. Integrating a technology-supported focus on problem fixing into a mathematics program is, however, an evolutionary process, not a revolutionary one. The execution involves continuous changes over time in curriculum, pedagogy, and assessment. Likewise, faculty development to aid such a technology-based curriculum is best done incrementally.
Used properly, technology enhances instruction and makes the school- room more thrilling than ever before".
I used school room observation in analyzing integrating technology during instructional time. I decided to observe an British class and a mathematics class, twice each, for ninths graders at a high institution under the name of applied technology.
According to my timetable and the other teachers' program we established for four observations. The first two was on Sunday during the 7th and 8th period and it was a mathematics class, as the third and the fourth observations were on Sunday the 7th period and Monday the next period respectively and it was an British class.
Before start responding to this question, I would like to explain various other circumstances which were going on during these periods.
I used a form that divided the lesson into 3 parts :
Body of the lessons.
These criteria of each part are illustrated in this form:
The criteria which i mentioned above really helps to have a good educational atmosphere through the class also to put into action any strategy or method that should be used during the instructional time.
In the English class the two 2 periods were about reading and writing. The tutor was using a program called " Edmodo" for doing activities and entail the students more in the category. She uses the projector and the internet showing the students some videos related with their topic. Through the writing period the educator divided the students into communities, and each group was asked to write an essay by keying in it on the laptop and send it to the other groupings in order to read them and send their responses to each other.
Edmodo can be an online-based interactive tool that is made for educational purposes. They have both Learning Management System (LMS) features as well as Social Media (SM) and Twitter features/software. The sheer undeniable fact that it looks like FaceBook (FB) makes it easier for students to learn how to make use of it due to their familiarity with FB.
Online discussions: the instructor post a message that opens the entranceway to an online threaded discourse. The teacher arranged the minimum phrase limit for a reply. This enables students who are not of advanced for taking their time before submitting their reactions as they have a tendency to browse the ones uploaded by their peers first, which is suitable in an ESL school environment, so long as they don't plagiarize.
Sharing System: for example, students show two links to online articles on local reports. Students are asked to paraphrase the headline and write a preview of 50 words on the article to motivate their peers to learn it. In the same context, students are encouraged to talk about reviews of catalogs, websites, musical albums, Television shows and even films.
Voting Pallet/ Poll:
The voting function in Edmodo allows the teacher to check Students comprehension at the end of a lessons. When students get a question as a Poll, they don't really reach see what others have chosen until they post their response, making this function a true simultaneous reflection of students' understanding.
Another use for this function is to check on Students background on a subject before class, which helps the educator in planning.
Finally, it's a simple and immediate way to receive Students responses.
Sharing data files: tutor and students can promote almost any data file types. This helps the exchange of data in the school as Students can download the data before arriving to category or preview them within the platform. Furthermore, the students can release their weekly sound journals on Edmodo. MP3 documents can be enjoyed automatically without having to download, which allows for immediate interaction with audio materials printed on the group wall.
Embedding: Edmodo allows the educator to embed any display, video or multi-media that is included with an embedding code, which has reduced the need to visit other websites. The teacher embed flashcards from www. quizlet. com, video tutorials from www. screencast. com as well as Google presentations to talk about materials with the students.
During the math class the teacher was explaining how to resolve complete value equations.
He was not using the traditional way, like fixing on the board. He was using the smart plank and the projector, as the students were using their notebooks. He designed a software to solve such equations by using animations, different colors and various shapes therefore the students can understand and be familiar with the subject in an easier way.
This program was delivered to the students via email that was created by the school. This is a nice interactive way between your tutor and the students to allow them to communicate between each other not necessary through the school but at anytime outside the institution.
The tutor also used the mathematics blog that was designed by the school to upload materials related to the topic. The student in this case can go to the blog whenever to check and download this materials that really helps to understand the materials.
Also the educator was using the smart and wireless pad. This pad was used by the instructor during passing between your students so he can access the table by writing on the panel while explaining or moving from glide to another with no need of going back to the table and computer. This tool really helps to be nearer to the students specially the fragile ones which makes the interaction between the teacher and the pupil far better.
Due to the speedy development of information technology and technology of education, it had not been feasible to keep carefully the teacher from the technical scene, which has become an irreversible simple fact, so be the only choice is to move to the period of technology itself, such that it can meet the obstacles posed by the brains of the scholar, and his knowledge in every new in the wonderful world of technology, and his use of modern complicated method of communication.
The supporters of technology in education are enthusiastic to focus on that the utilization of modern technology does not get rid of the role of the educator, but on the other hand, will continue his role permanently, but it'll are more difficult because the educator is the substance of the educational process, and really should depend on date for every new, and flexible to be creative and innovate, and can control the work ably. So the career of coaching became a mixture of the responsibilities of the first choice, and critic and the router in order to be able to face the age requirements and its challenges and what's called globalization using its cultural, public and economic difficulties.
The success of the teacher is related to the best use of technology by changing the school room from place where the information is transmitted in one way, from tutor to university student, to a learning environment seen as a active, and student-centered, where students can socialize between each others as communities and with another classes from throughout the world via internet, and follow the coaching skills that look at the needs and expectations of diverse and disparate recipients, also to develop a useful understanding of technology education with the continuous focus on the educational role of his personal.