Posted at 08.10.2018
This newspaper, with the name "What Drove Invisible Man Into His Underground Hole?", aims to analyze the assignments that history, society and the modern city enjoyed in the life story of the nameless protagonist. It will try to show how these factors affected your choice of the protagonist to live a life an underground life. Questions like "Did Invisible Man decide to be unseen?" and " Performed the incidents of his earlier push him into his present situation?" will be replied in the course of the examination.
A novel like Invisible Man by Ralph Ellison, made up of about 470 pages, does not appear to be the most attractive option to become the subject of a literary term newspaper, initially. However, after reading Invisible Man the complexity of the novel (e. g. its starting in ultimas res), the countless crucial matters it deals with (such as Racial Segregation, class-society, alienation) and all the partly invisible symbols and motives (like the theme of the American Adam), that wait to be learned and analyzed, have to amaze everyone thinking about literature.
Of course, the "stunned" reader may not be stunned before doing the novel, because at the start it is difficult to understand the author's purpose. The reader asks himself questions like "What's he driving a vehicle at?" while reading from the prologue to the epilogue of the book, in which the protagonist, a young African-American man from the South of the USA, completes a circle - the journey of his life. A nameless character who have been looking for an individuality all his life, eventually drops out of contemporary society and locates himself within an underground hole in NEW YORK informing his own life story. The story of the "invisible man", living an underground life because his ex - "normal" life was not acknowledged by the ruling class - the white world of the 1940s and 50s.
His story starts with his childhood in a southern town, he later emerges the opportunity to go to college, but he gets expelled and dreams to discover a job in NEW YORK. The protagonist's previous headmaster provides him with letters of recommendation, but he eventually finds out, that they don't contain the get to provide him a job, his headmaster Dr. Bledsoe has betrayed him. In NY the protagonist denies his heritage. He's asked to become listed on the Brotherhood (an organization that officially battles for the rights of shaded people, unofficially is merely an instrument for the white bosses to regulate them) and be a spokesperson for them. When he finds out that they only change him and his people, he is angry, wants revenge, but doesn't obtain it. By the end of the story, he falls into a manhole, burns all the newspaper definitions of his life (e. g. his high school diploma), collapses and dreams of his recent. When he awakes he feels whole and starts to jot down his own account.
At the beginning of the newspaper, the historical history will be explored plus some key factors of record such as Racial Segregation, the Great Migration and the Harlem Renaissance will be discussed that the reader is able to understand the politics and communal situation in 1952 when Invisible Man was published.
Furthermore, an analysis of the significance of metropolis for the novel and the development of the protagonist will be provided. A particular focus will rest on Harlem, the city's residents and their relationships and the question why the city is a hostile drive.
The last part will serve as a connection between the ideas that contain been indicated before and the ones that are necessary for the whole novel and the personality of the unseen man, specifically his search for identity, the primary metaphor of invisibility, his underground living and his informing of his own report.
2. Historical Background
It is common knowledge, so it hasn't been easy to be a colored person in america of America, or anywhere else beyond Africa. As this novel handles colorism and its problems, the reader has to know the historical backgrounds of the time when it was written, the later 1940s. You will discover two major historical styles involved, particularly Racial Segregation and the fantastic Migration.
In the united states of the 40s and 50s Racial Segregation was a topic every African-American had to see every day. The message of the federal government was clear: "Separate but equal". Naturally, such a situation cannot last a long time before protest rises, the evidence is provided by the Civil Protection under the law Motion of the 1950s and 60s. However, at that time when Ellison was writing Invisible Man, Segregation was still deep-seated. What "Racial Segregation" actually means is detailed by Britannica Online as follows:
the practice of restricting visitors to certain circumscribed areas of residence or even to separate establishments (e. g. , colleges, churches) and facilities (parks, playgrounds, restaurants, restrooms) on the basis of contest or alleged competition. Racial segregation provides a means of retaining the monetary advantages and superior sociable position of the politically dominant group, and recently it's been employed primarily by white populations to maintain their ascendancy over other teams by means of legal and cultural colour pubs (Britannica Online 2010).
This means, that shaded people were not treated exactly like the white "ruling class". They were excluded from everyday routine and cultural events - and for that reason continued building their own ethnic life and pursuing their own practices. The protagonist grows up in the conservative South, where the whites "rule" and where people who are colored are only endured.
Colorism and Racial Segregation are closely linked. Colorism means that people are treated differently because of their skin-color. In Invisible Man Ellison expresses that there is a notable difference between being coloured in the South of the united states and being coloured in the North.
The first time the unnamed narrator (the protagonist) will come in touch with the North is when he gets to know the white and rich college-trustee Mr. Norton from Boston during his studies. Norton is a perfect example of the actual narrator supposes North white people to be like. Not merely has he achieved anything that is worth attaining for a individual, he also is polite to African-Americans and is aware of their intelligence and talents. To a modern reader this appears as though it was the easiest thing in the planet, but as mentioned previously above, equality was not reality in the past.
The novel points out that individuals in the South have a certain creativity of what it is similar to to live in the North. Some coloured Southerners even connect it with a fresh "Eden" (Busby 60) although most of them never already have been to the North. However, they tell each other reports of what they've noticed the North to be like and they dream about the items they hook up with it, such as the notion of flexibility: "Deep down you're interested in the independence you've found out about up North, and you'll try it once, merely to see if what you've observed holds true" (Invisible Man 127). So when the narrator leaves for the North he is fired up to explore all the nice things the testimonies of the North contain. For the narrator the North just needs to be a such better place.
During his first couple of weeks in New York he can't acknowledge that the North has its own problems, of different dynamics than the problems in the South, but still problems. The reader can feel his ongoing positive belief in the landscape where he gets pressed against a women in the subway in chapter seven. It is no nice experience and the narrator feels terrible. To encourage himself he says: "But you're up North now, up North" (Invisible Man 131). This implies that the narrator still pursuits his nave notion that everything will continue to work out when he's just in the North.
One scene that presents the North-South difference plainly is the one where African-Americans are demonstrating and two white policemen are just watching, right after the narrator's introduction in New York. The right to show peacefully is used in NY every day, as the narrator will later encounter, but in the South a peaceful demonstration by shaded people could have been unimaginable. The fact, that the policemen don't service so long as it generally does not come to a riot unsettles the narrator even more.
I possessed never seen so many black men angry in public areas before, yet others exceeded the gathering by without a good glance. So that I came along with, I found two white policemen conversing quietly with one another, their backs turned as they laughed at some joke. Even when the shirt-sleeved masses cried away in irritated affirmation of some remark of the presenter, they paid no attention. I had been stunned (Invisible Man 133).
When distributing the "letters of recommendation", the narrator gets peculiar looks from the secretaries. He believes: "Perhaps they're amazed to see someone like me with introductions to such important men. Well, there have been unseen lines that ran from North to South" (Invisible Man 138). At this moment, he doesn't know the letter's details yet. However, his statement stresses that there used to be an invisible boundary between your North and the South. The actual fact that 'lines' are necessary helps it be clear that exchange only took place between a few folks. Even if the US was united officially because the end of the Civil Conflict in 1865, it wasn't in people's thoughts.
When the protagonist comes to New York, Harlem is already filled by African-Americans in huge figures. This is because of the historical development of the Great Migration. Britannica Online gives a short summary of what the term "Great Migration" in the US identifies:
in U. S. background, the popular migration of African Us citizens in the 20th century from rural communities in the South to large towns in the North and West. At the switch of the 20th century, the vast majority of black Americans resided in the Southern state governments. From 1916 to 1970, during this Great Migration, it is estimated that some six million black Southerners relocated to cities in the North and Western (Britannica Online 2010).
The reader has to recognize that the narrator is not used to witnessing colored people in good sized quantities. In his hometown were only a few African-American families. When he comes to New York he's almost surprised to see so many people of his ethnicity at one place, particularly when he gets into Harlem: "I possessed never seen so many black people against a qualifications of brick structures [. . . ] These were everywhere. A lot of, and moving along with so much tension and noise which i wasn't sure whether they were going to celebrate any occasion or join in a street struggle" (Invisible Man 132). He usually connects the fact that lots of colored people are on the same spot with problems.
3. The City
After the young protagonist is thrown out of college or university for "trying-to-do-everything-right", he chooses to go to NEW YORK to work there. As mentioned above, he is expecting a great deal, but does not have the faintest idea of what reality in the city is similar to.
In cultural history there's a time in the 1920s that is referred to as the "Harlem Renaissance". It really is "the flowering in books and art of the brand new negro movement of the 1920s" (Britannica Online 2010). Even though the narrator gets into Harlem almost twenty years following the Harlem Renaissance, the sensation of cultural creativity is still visible.
Harlem is a place where the colored community of New York can live out their cultural practices and where they don't have to cover their identities. Therefore, it can be called a 'paradise' for Afro-American culture. This should go together with the idea of the 'new Eden' that the Southerners connect with living in the North. Regarding the novel Invisible Man this is NEW YORK, Harlem. Furthermore, the thought of the city as a jungle (again connected to heaven and Eden) is expressed, when the narrator first mentions it in the prologue, already chatting from out of his underground opening: ". . . a hell of an lot of free current is disappearing somewhere into the jungle of Harlem. The joke, of course, is the fact that I don't reside in Harlem however in a border area" (Invisible Man 9).
Big cities are often known as a 'jungle' because there are so many different people and every person is running around like these were wild animals, some with a particular goal, some with nothing in any way.
Another notion that can be seen in relation to the thought of the city as a 'jungle', is the one of "arranged chaos". Again, big places seem to be to depict planned chaos the best. Especially metropolitan areas in the US are totally prepared according to architecture (e. g. the New York grid). However, when people are standing on a square in New York they experience it as a complete chaos without the notion of order.
Due to just how colored people are cured in his hometown and even college or university, the narrator can be used to the problem to be a second-class citizen and is also very astonished when he discovers that the imagine equality is almost real in the brand new York City. After his introduction in Harlem the narrator recognizes colored people doing jobs, that might be restricted to white persons in the South:
There were even dark young girls behind the counters of the Five and Ten as I passed. Then at the street intersection I had formed the great shock of witnessing a dark policeman directing traffic - and there were white drivers in the traffic who obeyed his signals as though it was the easiest thing in the earth. Sure I had fashioned heard of it, but this was real. My courage went back. This really was Harlem, and today all the reports which I experienced heard of the city-within-a-city leaped alive in my brain. [. . . ] For me this was not really a city of realities, but of dreams; perhaps because I had developed always thought my entire life as being restricted to the South. (Invisible Man 132).
He realizes how well designed shaded people are (e. g. the policeman) and he's astonished, but at the same time the situation encourages him. Towards the reader it seems that he cannot assume that he is really in Harlem now and he interprets the theme of a city-within-a-city as something positive.
Today normally, this is perceived as a negative thing, because in many much larger places immigrants shut themselves and their culture off in certain parts of the cities, so that they do not have any contact to the local inhabitants and their culture. The actual fact that the ethnicities do not interchange ideas causes the challenge of xenophobia, because the local people doesn't know and understand the culture and lifestyle of the immigrants and for that reason, and most alas, activities it as something negative.
For the narrator the problem of shaded people in Harlem is at first sight better still than expected. He never thought himself being a free person and having the ability to pursue every possible aspiration. Yet he enjoys thinking about himself as an associate of this colored Harlem community.
The narrator feels a certain relation to the Afro-American community of Harlem. The white folks however, are still not on similar terms with the shaded ones, an undeniable fact that he must discover after spending time in New York. He admits that he has always considered white people as superiors rather than as individuals.
For the very first time, when i swung across the roads I thought consciously of how I put conducted myself at home. I hadn't concerned too much about whites as people. Some were friendly and some were not, and you tried not to offend either. But here they all seemed impersonal; and yet when most impersonal they startled me by being polite, by begging my pardon after brushing against me in the group. (Invisible Man 138/39)
This demonstrates the heroes of the whites are disguised as well as those of the coloured people. In addition to that, the narrator thinks that he should be the way the whites want him to be, to please them and he forgets to be himself. What matters are status icons such as education and money. The view of white people about shaded people is included in the field where the narrator struggles to reduce a package in a few garbage cans of prosperous white people:
"'Come on again an' get a garbage [. . . ] We keep our place clean and reputable and we don't want you field niggers approaching here form the South and ruining things, ' she shouted with a blazing hate. People were preventing to look. [. . . ] 'What does it matter, Pass up?' I called up to her. [. . . ] I didn't know that some types of garbage were better than others. '" (Unseen Man 264/65)
At this aspect the narrator has already been used to that folks don't have issues with his ethnicity and he feels too secure. This world demonstrates there are white people in the North as well who discriminate African-Americans. The narrator then needs his package from the garbage can again, which is a sign for the white's ruling above the shaded people. He does indeed the particular white persons tell him to do, he doesn't fight but retreats.
Over and over the narrator stresses the loneliness in the public and the alienation from the other person in the town: "Getting into the subway I got pressed along by the milling salt-and-pepper mob [. . . ]. Then your door banged behind me and I was smashed against a huge women [. . . ]. I possibly could neither turn sideways nor cool off, nor set down my carriers" (Unseen man 131).
This episode stresses the fact that people feel on your and bare although they are ornamented by people. Today there are numerous situations in which human beings are obtained in crowds unintentionally (e. g. subway) and also have to share a limited space (mostly not enough space to feel still comfortable) without speaking to each other. This seems unnaturally as human beings are used to talking to each other, particularly when being that near to other persons. You can interpret the 'salt-and-pepper mob' as the blending of white and shaded people.
That metropolis is a location of alienation has already been mentioned above. Folks are alienated from each other, but even of their own personalities, their identities, their selves, when they try to be the way the ruling class would like these to be. Folks are also alienated from the control over their lives and their fate. So is the world a hostile push, or could it be the town?
In the book Invisible Man both are actually portrayed as hostile in the reason for the story. At the start of his life the protagonist still is convinced that all human beings are "good". When he gets betrayed by his headmaster and establishments like the Brotherhood, he learns that humans can be heartless and this most of them only use other people to go after their own goals.
Concerning the town, the narrator at first conceives than it as something positive only. Later when it comes to the Harlem riots, he realizes that it's rather a very dangerous place as well. Even before that, the narrator gets a letter from his parents in which they warn him from "the means of the wicked city" (Invisible Man 139). So the reader realizes, that not all Southern ideas of the North are positive, or at least not the ideas of big places such as NY. Once the narrator describes the location itself he imagines that people are powered by an unseen make:
It was dark with the tallness of the buildings and the thin streets. Armoured automobiles with alert guards gone past as I looked for the quantity. The streets were packed with hurrying people who walked as though they had been wound up and were aimed by some unseen control. [. . . ] They reminded me fleetingly of prisoners taking their lower leg irons as they escaped from a string gang (Invisible Man 135).
In this example, the effect of metropolis as hostile drive is perceivable for the reader. The high skyscrapers seem to threaten the inhabitants and the small streets are imagined back-breaking. People always seem to hurry, as though driven by way of a force that no person can identify. The busyness is nearly crazy and therefore the connotation with an evil drive navigating all that is coherent. In addition to that, the narrator identifies slavery. His repressed past is replayed metaphorically in the town.
4. The Invisible Man
The invisible man, the nameless narrator, the protagonist - somebody who tells his own storyline from the very bottom level of his manhole, the storyline of a failure in life. A life that starts with an innocent and nave African-American young man who thinks the globe is available to him, if he operates right.
He is the personification of the American Adam. The storyline ends (after a series of disappointments) with the advisable, aware but unseen man. In Ralph Ellison the idea of the North american Adam is described as follows:
[. . . ]Ellison does indeed present an innocent Adam in drastic stress with Adam's counterpointing figure in religious typology: Christ. The issue between an innocent Adam and an aware Christ is a sustaining part of the narrative pattern in Invisible Man [. . . ]. [. . . ] the primary characters begin as American Adams, [. . . ] (characterized by self-centered individuality, denial of days gone by, desire for ease and harmony, recoil from death, materialism, anarchic independence, and self-righteousness) (Busby 42).
All the features Busby mentions apply to the protagonist. He goes up from the innocent Adam to a aware Christ. When he involves New York he will try to create himself anew, denies his recent, he's always looking for tranquility, he even recoils from death after a major accident at work, he thinks a good job and money can make him happy and he needs freedom. Eventually, he descents to the underworld which really is a symbol for death, but he begins writing his story and planning for his rebirth.
Throughout this paper, the main persona, Invisible Man, needed to be called 'the narrator' or 'the protagonist' because Ellison remaining him nameless. The reader can only think why. One option is, that Ellison wished to leave the protagonist nameless so that everyone can identify with him for some reason. It could be that Ellison sought every reader to discover a part of himself in the protagonist and for that reason avoided presenting him a name.
The second justification for the namelessness is having less personal information of the protagonist. Naturally, he must have been given a name by his parents, but when he involves college he is only among the many young African-American children. He is made a decision to be the way the white people want him to be because he thinks that is exactly what will help him climb the communal ladder. He has to match their ideas of your colored man to be accepted.
When following the orders of your white college-trustee he gets expelled from university or college. He goes to New York and attempts to create himself anew, he leaves his old life behind, and also his recent. The Brotherhood even changes his name, when he becomes an associate of this firm. The narrator himself talks about his search for personality in the first section:
All my life I have been looking for something, and everywhere I turned someone tried to notify me what it was. I accepted their answers too, though they were often in contradiction and even self-contradictory. I had been nave. I wanted myself and requesting everyone except myself questions which I, and only I, could answer. It had taken me a long time and much agonizing boomeranging of my prospects to accomplish a realization everybody else appears to have been born with: WHICH I am no one but myself. But at first I had to learn that I am an invisible man! (Invisible Man 17)
After falling into the manhole, knowing that he has been betrayed by every person he once respected in (such as his previous headmaster Dr. Bledsoe and the Brotherhood), he burns the paper explanations of his life, including his college diploma and the little bit of paper along with his Brotherhood name.
In Visible Ellison the search for identity is referred to by Edith Schor and she also claims that the point where the narrator falls into the manhole is the idea of awakening and getting aware:
The journey of the youth, who does not have any name, is actually a search for his own personal information; it is "the basic novelistic theme: the search of the innocent hero for knowledge of reality, do it yourself, and society. He will not realize that this is the object of his search until practically the finish of the booklet, after he has fallen through an open up manhole into utter darkness [. . . ] (Schor 54).
The documents he burns are proofs of the various identities other people have given to him, which none really matched to his internal persona. Later he shows on his past and accepts it to be remembered as a fresh person, finally himself. He realizes that no person or sum of money or position defines himself. Eventually, he is able to determine who he wants to be and today he has to pay attention to his inner voice to learn who that is.
The constant seek out id, the protagonist's faults and disappointments but also his development throughout the end of the book are the explanations why it falls in to the custom of Bildungsroman.
There is a further description for the namelessness of the protagonist. A person whose life is not acknowledged by other individuals doesn't desire a name. This causes the key metaphor of invisibility.
The novel starts with the words: "I am an invisible man. [. . . ] I am unseen, understand, due to the fact people won't see me" (Invisible Man 7). The narrator says that folks don't see him because they're not interested in seeing him, they are simply blind for him, so he needs no name, because he is not heading to be called by them as they won't acknowledge his lifetime.
Of course, the narrator has not always been unseen. As a student he thinks he's somebody and may become somebody. However, by the end of the storyline, in the underground hole, he understands that he is definitely invisible to prospects who had the power. As a coloured man he's not add up to the white ruling category, thus not important enough to be observed or listened to. He has just been so unimportant that he never got enough attention from population to develop a strong character. This is why why he let other people affect him and control his activities throughout his life. Actually the narrator never really had a reason to become a person because he was always part of an organization (e. g. Brotherhood) where some innovator told everybody how to proceed.
Generally, one would think that invisibility deprives a person of power, but for the protagonist the invisibility means flexibility. Because of his anonymity the guy can undermine the power of others, for example when he illegally pulls off electrical power for his underground gap in the prologue, and although the electric company understands that there surely is a drip, they are not able to discover it.
However, eventually the narrator acknowledges that being unseen may bring flexibility and a certain kind of basic safety but that certain cannot change the world when surviving in an underground opening, as an outcast of culture. At the end of the book he is aware that he will emerge from his hibernation and he determines to face culture and try to change the world to produce a visible difference:
I'm shaking off of the old epidermis and I'll leave it here in the gap. I'm developing, no less unseen without it, but developing nevertheless. And Perhaps it's damn well time. Even hibernations can be overdone, come to think about it. Perhaps that's my most significant social criminal offenses, I've overstayed my hibernation, since there are a probability that even an invisible man has a socially in charge role to learn (Invisible Man 468).
The narrator's comparison of himself to a carry in hibernation can be described in a way that the keep and the narrator eventually awake using their company sleep and go out in to the "real" world again.
The narrator accidentally falls into a manhole, chooses to stay underground and builds himself a location to live in a portion of the basement of a house that is firmly rented to white individuals.
He informs the audience of this simple fact and it appears like a good joke, that the African-American outlaw, who had never been accepted by the white ruling course now lives in a residence that is officially limited to white ones. In addition to that, he claims happily that he has found himself a home, which would be looked at as a opening in the bottom by every normal person. However, it is not cold and damp but warm and inviting in his view:
My hole is warm and packed with light. Yes, full of light. I question if there is a brighter spot in all NY than this opening of mine, and I do not exclude Broadway. [. . . ] And I really like light. Perhaps you'll think it weird that an invisible man should need light, desire light, love light. But maybe it is strictly because I am invisible. Light confirms my certainty, gives beginning to my form. [. . . ] In my own opening in the basement there are exactly 1, 369 equipment and lighting. I've wired the entire ceiling, every inches of computer. (Invisible Man 9/10)
The reader notices that the protagonist conceives of his underground opening in very positive conditions. He feels secure, he prefers his lights, is very proud of them because they make him feel alive. The power to get the electricity secretly also makes him feel great. Remote from the control of population he feels no cost, he is able to do what he would like and does not have to use responsibility for anything. The narrator even looks forward to the lack of social associates, because humans have only disappointed him in his preceding life.
Furthermore, he constructs a parallel world in the dark. He creates his own fact down there, where he decides his destiny, fixes the guidelines and is manipulated by himself only. To drop out of the ruling and managing society is a decision he makes when he falls into the manhole. He knows that he needs time to learn something about himself (to find his own individuality) distant from other humans. Before descending he cannot deal with the role(s) he has been devote any longer, so he retreats to this underground hole that becomes more of a home to him, than every apartment (that is provided for him from University or college or the Brotherhood) has have you been. Until he understands what he desires he stays on in this gap, creating his own routine (e. g. layout of light bulbs).
Eventually, after reflecting on his past, and after knowing that the exterior world gets the tendency to make everyone conform to a pattern, he is ready accept this and to live his life without allowing anyone control it and join population again:
In heading underground, I whipped it all except the mind, the mind. And the mind that has conceived an idea of living must never lose perception of the chaos against which that pattern was conceived. That applies to societies as well as for individuals. Thus, having tried out to give structure to the chaos which lives within the style of your certainties, I must come out, I have to emerge.
It is important to comprehend that the protagonist can only just tell the story of his own life so widely because he stays on nameless and unseen. He has time to think about his history for the very first time and ceases denying it. In addition, he reflects onto it and he learns from it. He explains to his report and the audience finds out that every scene of the life he unfolds distributes to the person he has become.
In Visible Ellison the protagonist's procedure for recording his own storyline is also described as a progress in his personal life:
Using his own head for the very first time, he reviews his experiences and imposes a substantial order on a chaotic world. His bank account is an ironic story, for he's both narrator and protagonist. As narrator, he says his story from the dark underground where he is becoming recently sighted; as protagonist, he is willfully, if unconsciously blind, a part of the enveloping chaos. The bill of his trip is Unseen Man, an affirmation and an initial step into his ascent from the underground. (Schor 54)
Telling his storyline helps him start to see the things clear, he has to handle the problems, faults and failures of his history to have the ability to continue on with his life. Stepto explains the epiphany the narrator gets out of writing as follows: "But finally it is writing or the experience of writing, not talk, that figures whatever group consciousness invisible man provides in tow upon his return. Writing has taught him much about himself [. . . ]" (Stepto 367). At the point when he lives in the opening he does not have any direction in life, but he finds out that there surely is something he'd prefer to do, he feels that he has the power to change things and therefore chooses to leave the underground opening and start a fresh life.
The question "What drove invisible man into his underground hole?" is solved in this paper but to conclude it the bottom line is it is to say that every incident before of the protagonist pressed him into his present situation - as you will, drove him into his underground hole. The celebrities in the story of the young, coloured man with anticipation, who became a low profile man without a future are background, society and the present day city. Background, which chosen him to be always a second-class citizen, even before he was created. Modern culture, which never acknowledged his lifetime and made him face the actual fact that he's invisible to them. And finally the city (and its alienated residents) that distributed to his sense of loneliness while surrounded by people and worthlessness while retaining a good position. Additionally, the city offered him the chance to break free from his ruined life packed with set-backs, without the opportunity that everyone could notice his lack.
Fortunately, for the unnamed protagonist, by the end he finds a way out of his misery by recording his own history. It creates him aware of his flaws and helps him accept the things that he cannot change. He determines to ascend and present society and the location a new chance and he determines to change history.
Invisible Man is a tale that was written more than 50 years ago, but its designs are still relevant in the present. What the reader should learn from the storyline of the unseen man is that it's important to acknowledge every person's accomplishments and their features. Every human being can contribute by expressing 'no' to the discrimination people have to suffer because of the ethnicity, religion, intimate orientation etc. We ought to treat others, just how we want to be treated. That is a step towards equality - an equality that remained out of grab invisible man.