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Is Climate Change Natural Or Man Made Environmental Sciences Essay

Climate is the long term average weather conditions of different areas on the planet. Some places are hot while some bear a cold climate. The various types of climates are specifically, tropical, midaltitudinal, subtropical, arctic, subarctic, humid continental, Mediterranean, monsoon, desert and exotic wet-dry. The environment of the world is continually changing. This change is not at all something new it is a very old principle perhaps since the birth of the universe.

The factors or reasoning for the environment change can be divided into two attributes. One area is of the view that is a natural process that will and has to take place whereas the other part says that the change has happened due to human being activities on the planet earth. later in our essay we are discussing these reasoning in more depth and by making use of some facts and information.

Literature Review:

Definitions:

Distinction between environment and weather.

Most of the folks use weather and weather conditions synonymously, however the two conditions have a difference between them. Environment is the long term average weather conditions of different locations on earth whereas weather is the way the atmosphere behaves in a shorter period of time. Hence we can say that the unique feature between weather and weather is the way of measuring time.

What is Global Warming and Global Dimming?

Global warming refers to the constant warming of world's surface. It occurs when the Greenhouse Gases (GHGs) traps the heat and light from sunlight surrounding the atmosphere of Earth which forms the primary cause of the heat increase. A number of the garden greenhouse gases are, SKIN TIGHTENING AND, drinking water vapor, methane etc.

Whereas Anup Shah said, Global dimming is the contrary of global warming and really should not be puzzled with it. It's the average reduction in high temperature that is reaching the earth's surface. Contaminants from the fossil fuels in the air brings about the larger volume of droplets which makes the clouds more reflective. More of the sun's temperature and light is therefore reflected back in the area. (Anup Shah, 2005)

Climate Change Background Timeline:

Earth's local climate is unstable and is also continuously changing. It has experienced several glaciers age range and warmer intervals. To make things simpler and centered we can break up the history of climate change into several phases. These stages are briefly mentioned below:

If we look at "THE TOP Bang Theory" which is about the creation of the whole solar system. The heat range of the planet earth was high because of which it expanded speedily, and then it cooled off enough for rainfall, which became the source of the extremely first sea on earth's surface.

Then from 3. 8 to 2. 5 billion years ago, the first land people made an appearance and life developed on the planet. The atmosphere was still poisonous and mainly contains ammonia and methane, the sun was only 75% as excellent as today, this may depicts that the top was protected with ice, however in certainty it was warmer, scientist justify this example by saying that this was due to greenhouse gases i. e. methane which prevented freezing.

Next period is around 2. 5 to 500 million years ago. In this period the oxygen level on the top started to increase, accompanied by the photosynthetic algae. A couple of enough evidences of glaciations durations in this period and researchers still discuss this scenario.

The Earth's core finally cooled down to level comparable to today about 500 to 250 million years ago. The volcanic eruptions became rarer. Earth generally found a great deal of glacial activity in this period because of the two poles known as South and North Poles, which received very less solar technology. The speedy development of photosynthetic microorganisms made air more breathable.

About 250 to 65 million years back the weather of Globe became dry out and seasonal with temperature differences. More land arrived to connection with the oceans and then the humidity increased. This was the age of dinosaurs.

Then the dinosaurs went extinct and mammals had taken over around 65 to 2. 7 million years ago. The earth experienced rapid warming during this time period. The global heat shot up by 5-8 level Celsius. This warming was increased by the methane bubbles that have been previously hidden beneath the ice linens. About 33 million yearn ago the 1st glaciers began to form in Antarctica; this means that the sea level dropped and ice grew. Than from 2. 7 million to 12000 years ago a lot of the surface of Earth was covered with ice. It really is been believed that there have been 25-30 Ice Age groups in the annals. Around 12000 years ago the last Glaciers Age ended and the Earth again got into to a warmer period. From 950 to 1250 the Vikings started to emigrate from Iceland, Greenland. Excellent weather in many regions of the Earth gave a increase to the population growth.

The things then speedily evolved in the 20th century when industrialization took place. It increased the heat of Earth on a average of 0. 7 level Celsius.

The Uk Meteorological Office predicts that "2010 can be the hottest time" because the beginning of temp documents in 1880.

The Question:

There are two edges of the debate as we have stated this previously in our essay. One group helps the idea that the significant reasons of the global climate change are the activities by humans themselves. These activities include burning up of fossil fuels, deforestation etc. the other group problems this view with the research that the change is the natural process and it is occurring because the birth of the earth.

The world temperatures is increasing and it is occurring due to the activities of the folks moving into this world. The major culprits of the process will be the developed countries of the world whose economies significantly rely on industrialization which results into the high emissions of carbon in the atmosphere. United States was the leader in this case accompanied by UK, Germany, France etc, but now China is taking over the business lead and becoming the main reason behind global warming. Pearce said, "China's total annual skin tightening and emissions have indeed lately surpassed those of the united states" (Fred Pearce, 2010). He further clarifies that this will not means that the whole blame should be given to China because industrialization is not used to China in case we revise the figures of carbon emissions we should come to learn that major role in degrading the surroundings is played out by other countries like US, UK, Germany and other countries of Europe.

An International team headed by Nikla Hohne from the Cologne, Germany, office of Ecofys. A global climate change consultancy came up with the conclusions from the united states by country analysis of who has contributed to the local climate change and to what scope. The team also look after other garden greenhouse gases i. e. methane which is second most important after carbon dioxide. Methane is also made by individuals activities from draining marshes and deforestation to cattle farming. Once methane was put into the analysis the team developed evidence that the indegent countries of the world play a much increased part in global warming. Hohne says, "Others do worse". (Nikla Hohne, 2010). For instance Brazil's contribution rises from1 percent to 5 percent of global total. Indonesia which thoroughly practices deforestation goes up by one factor of between 10 to 90. The studies in this examination believed Indonesia as another greatest contributor to global warming after China and US.

To overcome these problems and justify themselves developed countries says that they are taking action to cut carbon emissions in to the atmosphere. On exemplory case of this step is the Kyoto Process 1997. This protocol required the developed countries to begin trimming emissions by almost 5 percent by 2008-2012. In such a protocol certain quotas were designated to business. With in the boundaries of the quota they can pollute the surroundings. Larry Lohmann called it "The Magic of the marketplace", (Larry Lohmann, 2002) because the a certain clause was added by the united states elites in The Kyoto Standard protocol which allowed North countries to meet the emission focuses on by trading skin tightening and with countries that got surplus. The trading of carbon did not solved the challenge but in reality increased the weather change impact. Jens Stoltenberg who led a UN- commissioned activity force to recognize ways to raise finances that could be utilized in poor countries to deal with the environment change effects said, "Carbon costs has a double climate effect- it's an enormous source for earnings, but also provides right motivation for lowering emissions by making it expensive to pollute, " (Jens Stoltenberg, 2010). The Kyoto Protocol offered an other benefit to the establishments that hey can have a trade with folks who grow plant life and trees as well. Nonetheless it was impossible to assess the consumption of carbon by trees and shrubs which make it inadequate. Larry Lohmann said that 30 more protocols with double the amount of Kyoto process are had a need to rectify the problem. Otherwise the impact will be damaging.

According to a special survey more than 1000 researchers globally are changing their thoughts and opinions and expressing that the procedure of change is natural. These scientists also included folks from Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC). the report included reviews by some well known people. for occasion, Nobel Prize-Winning Stanford University or college Physicist Dr. Robert B. Laughlin, who gained the Nobel Prize for physics in 1998, and was previously a research scientist at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory said "Please keep your cool: THE PLANET EARTH will mend itself -- Environment is beyond our power to control. . . Globe doesn't value government authorities or their legislation. You can't find much real global warming in present-day weather observations. Weather change is a matter of geologic time, something that the earth routinely does on its own without asking anyone's permission or detailing itself. " (Dr. Robert, 2010). The scientist said that garden greenhouse impact is not long term and the predictions of global warming aren't backed by the reliable data by IPCC.

The economic crisis in '09 2009 that was very severe and afflicted almost every land in the world led to the reduction in the carbon emissions. A report from Characteristics Geo science helps this statement by giving the figures like 1. 3 percent decrease in the emissions of skin tightening and in the atmosphere because of the global financial meltdown. This article by Hoffman says that estimated carbon dioxide emissions from deforestation have also been reduced. Doug L. Hoffman said "carbon dioxide will climb by 4. 8% This year 2010, showing that what should be cared for as good media is not welcomed in local climate change circles". Doug L. Hoffman, 2010).

Discussion:

After analyzing the both factors with reference to the articles. I am of the opinion that local climate is changing due to anthropogenic global warming i. e. created by the individuals activities. It is the humans themselves who are threatening their own house. They may have increased the activities which require the emission of greenhouse gases.

Increased industrialization is the root cause of the problem in which dangerous gases like carbon dioxide, nitrogen, drinking water vapors etc are emitted in the atmosphere. Alternatively I we consider third world countries were there is less industrialization we come to know that they are also the major contributors in degrading the surroundings. They emit methane which is second most dangerous after carbon dioxide, in to the atmosphere in the process of deforestation which is necessary for the agricultural must expand food and other cash plants. A classic exemplory case of this prior given in this article is of Indonesia and Brazil. All these emissions bring about the greenhouse effect in which the greenhouse gases (GHG's) build up around the top of earth and stop the rays from the sun. some part of the rays are mirrored back into the space and the rest of the enter the atmosphere were again some of it is mirrored back by the intersection with clouds and other part extends to the surface. The top of earth also shows back some rays that happen to be than caught by these GHG's. This whole process gives a boost to the temp of the planet earth. The more the emissions of GHG's the greater the impact will be. The image below illustrates the situation more plainly.

The skin tightening and emissions have increased by 0. 5 percent per year which is a significant contributor in the greenhouse impact with almost 60 percent of show. The emissions of CFC's are also increasing as a result of increased use of refrigerators etc. These anthropogenic activities will cause an average increase in the global temps between 1. 5C and 6. 8C from 2000 to 2100.

From my point of view we are unable to rectify the destructive effects of global warming and other anthropogenic activities with the help of Protocols like Kyoto Standard protocol because they're bias and are in the interest of only certain celebrations. Although we have placed the price on the carbon that is being emitted in the surroundings but have given establishments some benefits as well that in this cause can be quasi property rights. We've designed the process but our company is almost unable to implement it because the dimension required is very hard.

Whereas on the other palm I do not oppose the second group complete because there is to some extent actuality in their good article. If they say that the anthropogenic global warming is not supported by the exact data by the worried organizations they can be right. A number of the changes in the local climate also occur due to natural changes in the conditions, for example. Hurricanes, floods etc. some scientist also declare that the change in the local climate is due to doubt in the earths orbit.

Conclusion:

In the finish I would like to conclude by saying that from my point of view the major cause of the weather change is the anthropogenic activities i. e. global warming and global dimming which are caused by the increased use of fossil fuels. It is we humans who are accountable for this and at exactly the same time it is we who cannot control its disastrous effects on our local climate.

If the process will continue with the same rate, one day we must bear a lot of problems the ice in the south begins melting which will increase the normal water level of the world. Higher temperature may cause increased earthquakes, the unusual species on earth will extinct, their will be food shortages that may affect our increasing people. Increased sea levels may cause tsunamis. All these outcomes have there own further effects on the economies of the countries. Therefore more sensible steps should be initiated by the related businesses in handling the problem. As a person we people also have to carry some responsibility into the climate. We have to try to adopt environmental friendly techniques in our daily routine work.

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