Literature as a Form of Skill and Expression


The purpose of this essay is to examine literary creativeness within the context that views all sides of the gold coin. This being said standard and broad assumptions could be produced about literary fine art and creative thought individually. These are concepts within society, that are explored, as it is human being nature to comprehend human behaviour and the merchandise of such behaviour. Literature and creativity are totally in the attention of the beholder and subjective with in a set in place frame of research. Unfortunately we stay in a global where imagination and art are not always valuable strengths and commodities. Within the philosophical framework, folks who are labelled artistically creative from the conservative viewpoint, they are not known, often seen unpredictable and unproductive customers of society. From this conservative viewpoint, creative people do not use the logical part of his or her brain which causes difficulty experiencing the enlightened view where in fact the self is valued as a freethinking body. You can find flexibility for exploring one's ideas and dreams. Musicians and artists have often been called dreamers. Artistic people live with a different credo, sometimes starving but always established to stay true to his or her art form. Once more because society has difficulty valuing skill and creativity; painters live with the turmoil of expectation; what world expects and what the artist's need to remain true.

While the purpose of this newspaper is to look at the type literary creativity with regard to expression, it is also important to compare and contrast two English vocabulary texts showing how they are similar and different in conditions of creativity. The two chosen works were: (1) Stevie Wonder's Happy Birthday and (2) Robert K. Kennedy's speech paying tribute to Martin Luther Ruler Junior upon his assassination. With this thought because of such a stark difference in content of the juxtaposition, it can also be argued that while both show social personal information to enough time and a certain amount thoughtfulness with term selection and location for creating moving parts, one will standalone as more literary and creative. Both are powerful in creating a eyesight and paying homage to a great American but Happy Birthday displays more creative attributes than the speech. Still it should be mentioned that any ranking of creativeness is subjective and in the eye of the beholder and their distinctive flavor. For this purpose, Stevie Wonder's Happy Birthday has more literary style, true to one's idea toward poetry and expressionism. It meets the ethnic norm greater than a speech due to the fact a speech is within the moment and while powerful, visionary can never recapture that instant the same way a music can.

This introduces the idea of interpretation.

Modern times ask for art, literary or otherwise to stand up to a test of several truths. It asks for man to use the action of interpretation, analysis that in of itself has many disadvantages. Susan Sontag creates, "Interpretation is not (because so many people believe) a complete value, a gesture of mind situated in some timeless realm of capabilities. Interpretation must itself be evaluated, within a historical view of real human consciousness. "[1]

Still society's view is little by little changing to add versatility of multicultural understanding. Suddenly musicians and artists have a valued identity. Mark Freeman discusses the nature of understanding one's muse with knowing one's identity with this price:

Rather than there simply existing those who color or sculpt. . . alongside the other profitable activities with human beings might become involved, there arose 'painters' and 'sculptors', who arrived to establish their very life through their identities. . . Creative activities would be woven in to the cloth of life itself. [2]

The paragraphs below help to define creativeness within the structure of guide of modern times and age enlightenment lends to the self-actualising open-mindedness and liberty to adopt creative thought. With this in place, literary artwork and imagination can direct result and thrive within the model framework.


At the bare bone fragments level of literary creativeness, one finds creativity in words and looks inherent in how at the fundamental level these contacts give a richness and duality of interpretation. These meanings are enhanced by simple creative selections made by the writer or artist. It's been discussed how change is important and also storage area, not only of a collective socio-cultural record and awareness, but also of the way the creative process is fostered at the main of words. That is Maybin's inherency model where the key concentration remains on words. This article strives for deeper analysis at the socio-cultural level where background suggests impact and resonates over the many divisions found within the global multi-culture of contemporary times. [3]

Numerous definitions of creativeness are recorded in the literature. Ingenuity is often identified by use of synonyms. These include productive thinking, divergent thinking, originality, creativeness, and lateral thinking. Because there is no generally accepted description of creativity, it might be helpful to look at some definitions as of yet. Creativity is defined as "the connection of thoughts, facts, ideas, etc. into a new and relevant construction, the one that has meaning beyond the total of its parts-that provides a synergistic impact. "[4] Bennis and Beiderman identify the creative process as "that mental process in which earlier experience is blended and recombined, frequently with some distortion, in that fashion any particular one arises with new patterns, new configurations, that better solve some need of mankind. "[5] Although this sampling of explanations discloses diverse elements found in creativity, these definitions do suggest some typically common thread found in creative thinking that is certainly, a fresh way of doing things. From this overview standpoint, one can define creativeness as an activity that solves a difficulty in a new and original way that pays to for those who value this technique. It should be observed that the components of uniqueness of solution and value of email address details are incorporated in to the definition.

Creativity experts feel that especially the American educational system should be educating constructive, creative-thinking skills; focusing on "what can be. " It's the notion of opportunity that remains to be observed. They believe what is needed is a complete change of attitude toward creativity generally. It is a matter of thinking in different ways and of viewing outside the pack. For such a long time, there have been restrictions due to such philosophical concepts of "what's". While fine art is subjective, this scares people because it evokes a sense of uncertainty. Many find if something can be handled, seen and looks what they expect then it is suitable. This concept would not allow for the world of endless likelihood. Still there's been a shift in thinking in different ways about "what's" because this can vary from person to person and culture to culture. The entire world is changing quickly because its edges are unseen, information flows freely. Therefore ideas are no longer linear but branch off with each new thought. It should also be observed that imagination is not limited by "the arts" as traditionalists may see it. No art work are available in mathematics, science and the easy act of cleansing dishes. This once again expresses the enlightened view that the self appreciates and sees beauty in nature. Still this idea may bother many because they do not see the probable of art work as a "what is" but as "it just is. " They are not able to see at night surface to the interior meaning or heart behind the appearance. They might not exactly even be familiar with the act of expression and exactly how creativity feeds in to the energy of art work.

The limitless opportunity of embracing creative imagination as a normal everyday process probably comes from the multiple explanations that creativity morphs into much such as a prism seen in various degrees of light. From the literary works at hand compiled by Stevie Wonder and Robert F. Kennedy, it's the creativity energy of that time period and its scope that not only identify the levels of the works' literary characteristics but also the opportunity, the actual use of words to convey powerful emails. Carter's work points out how most popular people thought we would see and understand books when subjected to an artist's process. Types of such by the outsider is seen as the following: "Unanswered questions, hesitations and false begins which characterise informal conversations. . . there is a lot divergence, disconnection and incoherence. "[6]


The creative process relies upon creativity in this particular direct relationship. It hasn't helped that creative folks have been unseen, living a lifestyle encouraged by fulfilling the need for expression of the self. Why is creative people different from others is the fact they don't buy in into the typical means of motivation. Many different factors motivate visitors to behave the way they do. A couple of higher and lower order needs that balance these acts of determination. Lower order needs must be satisfied prior to the higher order needs can be tackled. This is within the conservative view loosing based on Maslow's theory. [7] Lower order needs are such things as essential items necessary for life like shelter, food and clothing. These needs do not recognise needs beyond the means of survival. The bigger order needs are believed luxury needs but in the mind of the creative person, needs are of the eternal notion. They cannot see this need but it is engrained in the spirit and must be tackled.

Creative people have the capability to simply live for what they enjoy. The work of creativity entails a sense of adventure, a suspending disbelief to make use of one's imagination for the purpose of seeing alternatives. Brainstorming assists, as a method where ideas bubble over in every direction and no longer is the idea process linear but infinite in opportunity. In this esteem a person with an open head can be creative as Csikszentmihalyi writes, "it appears strange that dancers, rock and roll climbers, and composers all claim that their most interesting experiences resemble an activity of discovery. "[8] The concept of enjoyment plays an enormous factor in imagination because of a dual mechanism found within the real human genes. This duality is inherent within humans to seek comfort with regards to more primitive times of airfare or fight. There exists the necessity to conserve energy written in the DNA. Understanding the idea of enjoyment ties in with this mechanism because people find different ways to relax and seek comfort in new encounters. The interesting aspect is people permits challenges as long as these incidents or flow encounters remain consistent no matter activity. [9] Without excitement acting as a fulfilling component, creativity would just be another job without the thrill. It might be mundane. Without creative imagination and people "discovering new means of being and doing, there is no evolution of culture, no improvement in thought or feeling. "[10] Regrettably the conventional view has a hard time taking an illogical response as an objective or goal in life. The feeling involved with creating fine art seems overseas to them mainly because they have a hard time finding beyond the physical properties of the artwork.

Carey surmises the aforementioned quandary with the next,

Equally you might say that the question 'What is a masterpiece of design?' cannot have been asked prior to the late 18th century because until then no artwork existed. I really do not imply that objects we have now regard as works of art did not exist before that night out. . . Of course they performed. . . Most pre-industrial societies didn't even have a expression for art work as an independent concept. [11]

The idea of literary art and therefore, creativity is a totally modern ideology. Skill existed and was important but the degree of understanding didn't extend that way within society. It might be a good assumption that modern affects like battle, industrialization or advancement of solutions, changing familial lifestyles have all changes the idea of art. To be a consequence of the pressures modern times present people seek comfort in types of art like books, film, theatre, and museums. For those expressing themselves artistically, this is also a time of utilizing these affects intertextually within his / her mediums. As a result the truth is common themes and subject material as well as reinventing the same idea again and again. At times the conventional view will dsicover literature and artwork as surprising but really it is just evolving with the changing times and artists would like to drive the envelope to noticed for hard work. Carey furthers the argument of subjectivity by writing, "Whenever we say a thing is beautiful for us. It is of personal tastes. "[12] In today's world personal preference could imply anything to anyone and change depending on moment. This idea of personal tastes must remain wide open and flexible to influencing outdoors forces in order to echo an developing multicultural environment.

Overall, creativeness experts require a change in attitude toward creativity if people will reap the huge benefits from available global markets, available capital, employees success, and business competence. Success in global markets will desire a baseline of competence on which to build. That is related to the introduction of new ideas and ideas that emanates from serious creative thinking. As observed above, the concept of negativity, which is often interpreted as conservatism and complacency, is the biggest enemy of creativity. To feel that an educator does well or is creative enough is fatal in the long run. One must constantly press the envelope and stand one step ahead of the game.


It has been explored that literary creative imagination remains in your brain of the reader and his or her subjective personal flavor. One can attribute certain literary characteristics to creative works as quantifiable options toward talk of why is one work more literary and creative than another. If one identifies such actions by words and does sound, using more of a Maybin framework where choice and placement of words is necessary. It is how these words form the content, the hidden ability and interpretation behind the action to begin with that remains at defining literary concepts. While every literary work analysed for this article; Steve Wonder's Happy Birthday and Robert F. Kennedy's Martin Luther King Junior Talk have qualities that standout as literary and carry one's inspiration; it is Stevie Wonder's Happy Birthday that remains literally true to the literary form of poetry. His melody is present day poetry using its words and does sound creating a tribute and eyesight.

It is not saying that Robert F. Kennedy's conversation written on your day of Martin Luther Ruler Junior's assassination is not literature or powerful in aspect. It is designed to mix a nation's awareness. It does hold power within the American way of thinking and still remains and important doc for example of America's turbulent 1960s. This doc served to continue a process toward equality for many men and women and remains a pinnacle determining moment ever sold. Still it is the actual format of an talk that throws people off of it being truly a piece of books. Most people may not consider a speech as literature but more of a document, an embodiment of this instant. It is in a sense non-fiction, rich in historical content. It exhibits tools of literary honing. The talk is stoic, powerfully written, simply written without much use of imagery or symbolism. It is very much unlike the works of Martin Luther Ruler Junior and in truth on the other end of spectrum. Robert F. Kennedy's talk was meant to capture a country in mourning, not only for the man also for his fantasy. What it can do effectively is paint an image of the prevailing colour divisions still found in American culture today. Robert F. Kennedy uses a literary device of superimposing a genuine piece of traditional literature within the body of his talk. What this does is bring light to the actual fact that a traditional poem still has the capacity to resonate feeling despite being generations old. The poem's so this means can still provoke thoughts and provide comfort. The Aeschylus poem allows for a broader opportunity for this moment, which will later be an historical making point for the Civil Protection under the law Movement. It brings depth to a talk that seems solemn and one-dimensional, somewhat lacking enthusiasm until that point. Kennedy's speech will not rely after other literary devices but uses simple words, reflecting as soon as precisely. Usage of the Aeschylus poem allows the American consciousness right now to observe how humanity remains unchanged even during times of great doubt. It documents accurately the idea of man's resistance to improve. This literary device is brilliant and assists to enhance this underlying feeling of loss and uncertainty. The conversation seeps into the backbone of modern culture morals and beliefs but it generally does not create a bit of literature, not in shade or based upon other literary attributes. The talk is more of the commentary, a snippet into a sad period for the American people. Still what the speech will do effectively is allow Robert F. Kennedy to lead people in feeling unfortunate and hope at the same time. It brings him down from the pedestal many politicians live after and allows him to be one of the people. This reflects his inherent qualities as a head and it is what would have made him a great president.

What really remains effective for both portions is how both capture a feeling of background without truly which makes it obvious. Both pieces pay homage to a guy who wanted a dream for everyone. Although homage is clear so is the fact of the days or the interpretation of the actual Civil Rights Motion represented. What makes this notion more pertinent is the actual fact that Stevie Wonder's Happy Birthday was written in 1980, long after the Civil Rights Activity ended. It really is still ingrained in the American collective culture. Both works look at the impact this period experienced, not only the man but also on further reaching social issues on how his dream meant change.

Stevie Wonder's Happy Birthday is a more literary work since it is written an acceptable form of manifestation for the present day audience. The music allows visitors to relate with the words because the proper execution is identifiable by most people. Music presents soul, party and a pulse of the people just found inherently within its composition. Songs are something people understand and will listen to over and over. The literary creativeness of this song gets down to the bare bone fragments of words and exactly how words interact to make a vision, a feeling. Words work to reveal build, imagery and desire. The music remains a full time income celebration of Martin Luther Ruler Junior's work, goal and life but also as a reminder of what lengths humanity has come in a few brief years. The very fact that Stevie Surprise is a dark man and has the right for manifestation in a public arena is resistant enough and very showing. Still it displays a degree of sadness over the actual fact that this tune is merely now being written, that contemporary society still has color divide. Stevie Think about creates as the last verse of the tune:

In full remembrance

Of those who lived and passed on for the oneness of

all people. [13]

This should be more of an question because even today even almost thirty years later there isn't oneness within American culture. This talks of the task yet to be done and is also mirrored by his word choices. The way the words flow along create a direct effect for the music and the listener. For the backbone of celebration, there is certainly even disbelief that a tune for Martin Luther Ruler Junior has not been written before. Stevie Surprise believes it should not be a huge deal but still this remains a reflection of the worthiness system still natural in American culture. With lines 1-4, he creates,

You know it generally does not make much sense

There ought to be a regulation against

Anyone who calls for offense

At per day in your celebration[14]

What is most eloquent this is actually the use of rhyme that is set up as discrete and not so clear but also the type of musical manifestation. This device carries on toward a more literary tactic to create this work as more creative than the conversation. It is the lyrical mother nature of music which allows imagery to be inserted in a manner that multidimensional meanings seem. The song's so this means may vary each time for the same person but definitely different for every individual. The fact that the tune can be listened to over and over remains this impact after modern culture. It resonates still today the desire but also holds into the way the dream continues to improve the minds of several through such literary works.


In closing the aforementioned paragraphs have explored the idea that literary fine art and creativity as creative are in a direct relationship as it pertains to their functions in society as a way of expression. The notion of literature and art is today's invention born out of the human requirement to find comfort in his or her surroundings. The means of expression change greatly but also become a means of self-discovery for those who experience creative flow. One doesn't have to be an artist in the original sense of the word to experience this action but only available to imagination as a valid behavior. This switch toward popularity of creativeness is borne out of the evolving ethnical need that must definitely be reflective of multiple view and ethnicities. Still there may be resistance to change and many people still see imaginative and literary creative imagination as illogical and psychological. The traditional view offers a rather flat and grey perspective of literary artwork and creativity, not seeing the full prospect of self-exploration.


Bennis, W & Biederman, P (1997) Organizing Genius: The Secrets of Creative Collaboration Addison-Wesley, Reading, MA

Carey, J (2005) What Good WILL BE THE Arts? Faber and Faber, London

Carter, R (2004) Dialect and Creativeness: The Artwork of Common Talk Routledge, London

Csikszentmihalyi, M (Unknown?) Imagination: Circulation and Psychology of Finding and Invention Harper Perennial, Macquarie School Library.

Freeman, M (1993) Finding The Muse: A Sociopsychological Inquiry into the Conditions of Artistic Imagination Cambridge University or college Press, Cambridge, UK

Goodman, S & O'Halloran, K (Eds. ) (2006) The Skill of English: Literary Ingenuity, Palgrave MacMillan, The Open University.

Kennedy, RF (1968) Robert F Kennedy on the Death of Martin Luther Ruler, speech, Indianapolis seen 5 September 2008 <http://www. historyplace. com/speeches. rfk. htm

Maybin, J (2006) Writing the do it yourself in J. Maybin and J. Swann (eds) The Art of British: Everyday Ingenuity The Open University, Basingstoke Palgrave Macmillan, p. 261-311

Maybin, J (2006) Locating creativity in text messages and practices in J. Maybin and J. Swann (eds) The Art work of British: Everyday Imagination Basingstoke, Palgrave Macmillan/The Open up School, p. 413-455

Mish, F (Ed. ) (2004) Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary Merriam-Webster, Incorporated, Springfield, MA

Robbins, S (2001) Organizational Patterns Prentice Hall, Top Saddle River, NJ

Sontag, S (1964) Against Interpretation Farrar, Strauss and Giroux, New York

Swann, J (2006) The art work of the everyday in J. Maybin and J. Swann (eds) The Skill of British: Everyday Creativity Basingstoke, Palgrave Macmillan/The Start School, p. 3-53

Wonder, S (1980) Happy Birthday on Hotter Than July Motown, Detroit.



[1] Sontag, S (1964) p. 3

[2] Freeman, M (1993) p. 37

[3] Maybin, J (2006) p. 415

[4] Mish, F (2004) p. 293

[5] Bennis, W & Biederman, P (1997) p. 15

[6] Carter, R (2004) p. 101

[7] Robbins, S (2001) p. 156

[8] Csikszentmihalyi, M (Unfamiliar) p. 108

[9] Csikszentmihalyi, M (ibid) p. 110

[10] Csikszentmihalyi, M (ibid) p. 110

[11] Carey, J (2005) p. 7

[12] Carey, J (ibid) p. 9

[13] Question, S (1980) lines 33-35

[14] Wonder, S (ibid) series 1-4

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