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NATO In Afghanistan Role On World Stage Politics Essay

The North Atlantic Treaty Company, or NATO, was set up in 1949 after World War II with the purpose of safeguarding the independence and security of its member countries by politics and armed forces means. It had been a protective strategy designed to prevent another destructive world conflict. NATO, an alliance at first created to twelve member expresses, was an attempt to safeguard member nations in Western European countries resistant to the communist states in the East. At that time, the risk of communism was too great to be completed by themselves. NATO was designed to be a security organization predicated on the common interests of the customers and had not been intended to be considered a military company. Because all feared the communist areas surrounding them, the North Atlantic treaty had an important Article V which mentioned that if one country was attacked, this strike would be considered an attack against all people. NATO run on the policy of collective defense against one common fixed threat. After the fall with their common threat, the Soviet Union, NATO has struggled and hasn't yet found a everlasting role in the international community. It's been playing a cutting edge active role in the conflict on terror even though this isn't in keeping with its original goal, showing how NATO has had the opportunity to advance from a protective power into a, "global security agency with worldwide reach and impact ".

In Afghanistan, from 2001 and carrying on still, NATO has been motivated to wipe out terrorism and to establish a stable federal even though Afghanistan hasn't been an especially stable land. In 1989, the Soviet Union withdrew from the united states, and Afghanistan erupted into chaos as much inefficient political categories competed for ability. Because of a fear of communism, america, along with other Western Countries, aided the Taliban political faction in taking control of Afghanistan. The Western Countries noticed the Taliban as the only real group that possessed the capability of regaining control to restore order and steadiness as well as suppressing communism in a devastated country. Yet, this happiness was short lived as in 1998, U. S embassies in Kenya and Tanzania were bombed. Blame dropped on Afghani Islamic terrorist group member Osama bin Laden. Effortlessly, the United States was furious and demanded reimbursement as surrendering bin Laden to U. S custody. The Taliban group refused to listen. On September 10, 2001, Chief executive George Bush extended an ultimatum: either surrender bin Laden or the U. S use any means necessary of destroying the Taliban and Al-Qaeda, a terrorist group from the Taliban. On September 11, 2001, Al-Qaeda retaliated and completed the 9/11 plot, hijacking several planes and flying them into several American buildings.

Less than twenty-four hours after the Sept 11 crisis, NATO declared the attacks to be an attack against all the nineteen NATO member countries within the conditions of Article 5 of the North Atlantic Treat, changing the variables of the global world order. NATO required on its first ever peacekeeping quest and pledged to help the United States in its fight against terrorism, marking the beginning of NATO's new role which includes problems management and peacekeeping, attempting to shape a well balanced and successful world. An unprecedented event ever sold, NATO was now struggling in its first mission far from Western soil on a mission to get rid of terrorism. In 2006, NATO solidified this new responsibility when declaring at the Riga Summit that, "Terrorism, together with the pass on of weapons of mass destruction, are likely going to be the principal threats to the Alliance. . . By adding to the international community's initiatives to overcome terrorism, NATO helps to ensure that individuals can start their daily lives easily. "

NATO's involvement in the warfare in Afghanistan evolves past the original defensive purpose to an unpleasant stance, carrying out missions which were never envisioned at that time the alliance was made. As NATO strays further from its supposed purpose, there is a controversy surrounding whether the alliance is essential because as NATO has been worried about fighting the warfare on terrorism, there were no concerns based on the original goal of defending its members' place. However, while this may seem to be always a detriment to NATO's goal, it is necessary for NATO's role to develop in a quickly changing world because despite a new ambiguous role in a post-communist world, Europeans and Americans recognize that every new security risk will likely imperil the other to some extent. So, the attack on terror is a technique to maintain a stable world.

In Afghanistan, NATO is a major contributor. First, NATO took control of the UN-mandated International Security Assistance Push (ISAF) which includes responsibility of conducting the security and balance businesses across Afghanistan. The UN-mandate and performing within UN peacemaking conditions give NATO's armed service mission an unquestionable legality and politics legitimacy within an area far beyond European territory. The ISAF was made at the Bonn Seminar in December 2001 under UN conditions with the goal of aiding the new Afghani administration structure to create a secure environment and to support reconstruction works in Afghanistan. On August 11, 2003, NATO required became in charge of the command word, coordination, and planning of the ISAF. Recently, every half a year, a different region would assume control of ISAF businesses. Having a continual NATO existence, smaller countries have the ability to are likely involved in the Afghanistan war and a well balanced multinational headquarters is often present. At first, the ISAF was limited to safeguarding around Kabul, however in Oct 2003, the UN expanded the ISAF objective so the ISAF would become responsible for protecting most of Afghanistan.

Presently, the ISAF trains the Afghan National Security pushes, disarms illegally equipped groups, and boosts money for ammunition, providing humanitarian assistance, and reconstruction of areas. In addition, the ISAF facilitates the counter-narcotics initiatives. Politically, the ISAF in addition has been focusing on aiding the Afghan government bodies in strengthening their establishments to help establish good governance and guideline of law to promote human rights. In a very country torn aside by problem and terrorism, the ISAF is attempting to reverse these trends.

For all its successes, NATO has met with obstacles scheduled to fighting definately not European soil. Because there is too little will and coordination among European governments, there's a shortage of good troops and equipment. NATO's objective in Afghanistan has taken to the top several tensions between fellow members. A main issue in NATO has been its marriage with Russia. As Russia is becoming more authoritarian, Central European customers of NATO are wary of Russian motives and the lack of a defensive safety strategy. Western European nations demand proposal. Another big department in NATO is the difference between your priorities of Europe and the priorities of the United States. European investment in security and defense reaches an all-time low, and Europe is constantly break up on the use of military pressure. In addition, a primary inhibitor of the improvement manufactured in Afghanistan has been the limit of each country's involvement. Members are taking different jobs in the battle, and some nations are more engaged than others. Dr. Charles Kupchan, teacher of international affairs at Georgetown University and ex - director for Western affairs at the Country wide Security Council writes that, "The Canadians, British, Danes, Dutch and Romanians have taken on more challenging missions " in contrast to the Germans that have politically-imposed caveats restricting the use of their troops. Because not absolutely all countries are adding equally, the amount of progress made against the terrorists is not great.

Put bluntly, "In the event the Europeans want to save NATO, they need to spend additional money on protection and enhance their bloated armies into smaller fighting with each other pushes, easily inter-operable with America's. NATO's objective in Afghanistan needs urgent enlargement and reform". Kupchan affirms this idea and acknowledges how people need to put their differences apart. He states, "Members will need to learn how to tolerate [those deep-seated variations] and reach reasonable compromises if NATO is to remain effective in the lack of a clear strategic consensus". He goes on to state that NATO must reform its method of operating and identifies how countries need to provide more funding of alliance missions, rid of caveats, and improve unity of command word.

NATO is and will continue to play a significant element in the balance and unity of the Western as a political community and will continue to modify as necessary to the quickly changing world stage. In Afghanistan, NATO must be considered a more cooperative unified bloc if it wishes to reach your goals in reconstructing the country. If the member nations cannot stand along to defeat the Taliban, a typical threat, then what's NATO with the capacity of ?

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