George Orwell's political fable Animal Farm portrays a re-enactment of the Russian Trend, with major heroes cast as plantation pets and communism renamed "Animalism. " True to the historical report, the aristocratic players change the proletariat, deluding them with illusions of dignity and improved upon living conditions, while masterfully retaining every one of the vitality for themselves. Once Napoleon seizes control, he carefully dismantles the Animalistic system Old Major got preached by little by little altering the common symbols of liberty and patriotic sayings, and establishes a devious administration at least as unjust as its precursor in its place. The meat of Animalism decays as Marxism do, resulting in a system of desired shape lacking desired thought, grossly symbolized in the following passing by Old Major's remains:
The skull of old Major, now clean of flesh, had been disinterred from the orchard and set up on the stump at the foot of the flagstaff, behind the weapon. After the hoisting of the flag, the pets were necessary to file past the skull in a reverent manner before stepping into the barn. -(Pet animal Farm, 46-47)
Orwell uses icons in terms of hollowness throughout Pet animal Farm to portray the clear promises behind phony front side the pigs set up, and in turn the tragedy of the animals celebrating their own demise. As well as the skull, Orwell also "hollows out" the meanings of the Manor Plantation flag and the plantation anthem showing the sad semester of the utopian plantation.
Once Napoleon chases away Snowball and reconstructs Animal Farm, he imposes many new steps, included in this the revamping of Sunday meetings. Instead of meeting to map out the week's work, the family pets are given requests. There is also to worship the decayed skull of Old Major, which vividly symbolizes the folly of the animals under Napoleon's rule. It expresses their ignorance in the most graphic way possible: the reverence of your hollow idealism. Major's head represents Animalism, the product of his head. The skull symbolizes the body of Animalism and his brains the idea behind it, since the skull supports the top and the brains form the basis of thought. The shape of Animalism is the trend, new social structure and the rest necessary to support the theory, for the idea by itself cannot guide a contemporary society.
The deceased brain the pets or animals worshipped contains a skull shape, but the brains and flesh have decayed. Therefore, the pets or animals worshipped the revolution and new social structure without realizing that the theory, or soul, of the movement have been abandoned by their new head, Napoleon. They observe their situation without recognizing that the social goals they fought for are little by little disappearing under their new ruler. Their ideal is in fact dead as the top of its originator.
A close analysis of the passing facilitates this interpretation. The saying "clean of flesh" serves as a euphemism for the gross express of the skull. This elegant phrasing hides the disgust of the thing from the reader, as the propaganda issued by Squealer the pig hides the disgust of Napoleon's mistreatment of the Animalistic system from the animals. Furthermore, the skull has migrated from the orchard to a tree stump. Like the skull, the status of the Animalistic culture moves from a profitable, growing position to a useless spot, thanks to the corrupt Napoleon. Finally, the skull now resides by and associates with the flagpole, a car for propaganda and another mark that is emptied, or "hollowed out" to show the downfall of Pet animal Farm.
Snowball introduces the renewable flag hoisted the flagpole to remember Pet animal Farm's success every week. Its color "represent[s] the green fields of England, while [its] hoof and horn signif[y] the near future Republic of Pets or animals. " (24) Its original interpretation is lost when Napoleon takes out the hoof and horn as you of his last acts in the task. As the now-humane swine whitening strips the flag of its animalian features, it too becomes a hollow representation of its ideal: while meaning to symbolize the near future dominance of animals, it instead ends up symbolizing their oppression. By this point, the pigs have forgotten their front thighs as they have deserted their old lifestyle, betraying the initial farm commandment "whatever will go upon two hip and legs is an opponent" (19). By detatching the hoof, the pet lower leg marker, from the flag, the pigs remove their pet legs from the bottom, leaving all of those other plantation with a dominating sign of these betrayal. A graphic of an English field waves above the plantation, rather than an image of the family pets conquering an British field. The family pets don't realize that the flag becomes without proper meaning, equally as they did not recognize that the Animalistic faade as established by Napoleon was without proper meaning. They continue steadily to practice the traditions of hoisting the flag, again celebrating a symbol of their own demise.
After describing his utopian aspiration to the pets, Old Major sings the rallying melody "Beasts of Great britain" to them, stirring up their emotions with the almost powerful anthem about the inescapable freedom they shall enjoy:
Rings shall vanish from our noses,
And the funnel from our backside,
Bit and spur shall rust permanently,
Cruel whips forget about shall split.
-(Animal Plantation, 9)
The song tells of a future where the objects that enslave them, like the bit and spur, won't touch them. This tune becomes the anthem of the plantation and opens Weekend meetings. The pets are "astonished" (72) when Napoleon outlaws it on account of it getting rid of relevance to their society. He promises that it should be abolished since it strives for a perfect that has already been reached. Its replacement unit, "Animal Farm, Canine Plantation / Never through me shalt thou come to harm" (73), gives a meaning with biting irony that is lost on the family pets rather than an optimistic one. The pets are resulted in sing that Canine Plantation shall never harm them, but the phrasing suggests a hidden second so this means. The pigs claim that the animals shall never harm them "through" Pet animal Farm; quite simply, the Animal Farm's pleasurable appearance stops the subject matter from protesting, so the plantation itself shields the rulers. Again, the family pets engage in an operation, singing at the start of each Sunday meeting, which loses its original so this means to the hands of Napoleon's reign, while keeping some semblance of its original form similar enough never to give the storyline away.
The irony of the family pets worshipping the icons of their own demise runs throughout Animal Farm, making a poignant jab on this society founded around a false idealism. As the "bit and spurs" may rust forever, the political chains administered by the pigs grasp the family pets more tightly, because they are led to celebrate their own tragedy.
Orwell, George. Pet Farm. New York: Penguin Group, 1996.