Radio Communication System for a Motorcycle

Part 1: Introduction

1. 1 Record INVENTION

This invention pertains to a radio communication system for a motor bike wherein a radio communication circuits is attached on the helmet and performs radio communication with another radio communication circuits fastened on another helmet. This helmet provides a cellular communication between two helmets for intercommunication or entertainment system. Additionally it is included with solar technology system that may recharge the power so that it will be constantly applicable. That is why we call it "Smart Helmet".

As we know, there a variety of types of helmets that is use across numerous type of establishments and environment. However, they all are used in form of protecting gear. For example, putting on hard hats is standard practice when working in development site, as well as when functioning heavy professional equipment, etc. Sports athletes, such as football and basketball players, also wear helmets for security which is one of the most critical pieces of equipment for a specialist race car drivers. Helmets are also used in the military services and one type of helmet that is one of the more commonly seen is a motor bike rider helmet. Street motorcycle riding helmets are very sophisticated and specialized for the experience.

In recent years, helmet wearers have came across several methods by which sound content can be delivered to and sent from a helmet, such as a motorcycle or rushing car helmet. Current systems for hearing music while traveling a motorbike generally entail a stock installed or aftermarket radio and speakers installed on the motorcycle. This is anticipated to hard communication between each other within a motorbike because of interruption in wind flow and engine sound. Thus, we invent a communication system ability to communicate with one another. The speaker system must be powerful enough to defeat the road, engine and wind noise to allow a rider to hear the music when the street motorcycle is at highway speeds. In this technique, the rider usually has a line hooking up the helmet to a radio mounted on the helmet and the audio system. These systems could also include a microphone built-into the helmet to permit riders to talk one another.


There are several main targets for this job:

  • To understands the basic concept of two way communication and solar technology system.
  • To recognizes Push-to-Talk technology system
  • To recognizes how solar technology system operates
  • To improve the ability of the helmet
  • To perform circuit operation
  • To gain knowledge on circuit planning and structure

1. 3 Task GOALS

The Overall Project Goal was to improve the quality and performance of LSC grantees' services to clients by providing training and specialized assistance and portion as an information clearinghouse on technology innovations for the legal services community. There have been two specific goals as determined in the Analysis Construction approved by LSC:

  1. Provide training, complex assistance and informational resources that increase the understanding legal services program directors, managers and technology personnel have about the ways the use of available systems can improve services to clients.
  2. Publicize, promote and offer reference materials about successful local/national technology tasks to foster the replication of technology innovations throughout the legal services community.


General Project Scope:

The project includes rehabilitation or replacement of SN 050-0088. A bridge condition survey (BCR), hydraulic record, type size and location (TS&L) research, location drainage research and project statement will be needed and should follow the relevant Department guides and rules. Intersection geometrics will be examined as needed in accordance with Department regulations. Geotechnical evaluation and examination will be needed for development of type size and location drawings for the composition. The scope of work shall include all items necessary to offer an approved project survey, bridge condition record, hydraulic record, location drainage analysis and type size and location drawings as needed.

1) Data Collection:

Review data given by the region (old programs, pictures, traffic counts, survey data, crash data, right-of-way information, road-way data, and cases). Field check job, and review data from other sources.

2) Field Review:

A topographical review will be required. Horizontal and vertical control will be provided by the Area for the prevailing alignment. Study of the prevailing composition shall include all necessary fine detail to meet Department policy and support the suggested scope of construction. The survey shall extend down side streets and beyond existing right of way in order to accommodate predicted proposed construction. Roadway review shall increase at least 50' beyond the existing right of way and include any necessary drainage features. Study shall lengthen 600' down intersecting roads and cross areas will be studied every 50' with all entrances and special features.

Bridge and hydraulic studies will be needed under this deal. Hydraulic surveys will observe Department regulations.

3) Right of Way:

The Division will draft existing right of way (station and offsets) to the topography - including property lines and owner identification. The district provides names, addresses, and duty parcel I. D. quantities for all near by home owners. IDOT will also mail the property owner characters regarding easements or proposed right of way. No right of way plats or plans will be included in this contract. The advisor will determine building limits and suggested right of way and easement needs. The advisor will provide structure limits and everything proposed ROW or easements on the plan and profile bed linens.

4) Drafting:

The advisor will plot existing and suggested plan and account sheets, suggested drainage sheets, existing and proposed cross parts. Development of typical sections, primary staging details, proposed construction limits, suggested right of way and exhibits for included studies and reports will also be necessary along with other work to complete the stage I review and other records/studies.

The specialist shall send the area one full size backup of the program sheets for energy mark-ups. The region will make copies and send those to the tool companies. The expert will then include any utility information onto the program sheets.

5) Alternative Design Studies:

Alternatives will be studied to provide bi-cycle and pedestrian accommodations within structure treatment or replacement. The preferred choice will be designed in to the planning and design of the task.

6) Location Drainage Studies:

See the IDOT Drainage manual section 2-100 thru 2-500 for required format and analysis. Work includes learning the existing drainage habits including constructions, ditches, stores, etc. , expanding drainage areas, identifying discharges; creating a required system, contrasting existing and suggested, developing alternates, identifying impacts, developing recommendations, dedication of culvert extensions, preliminary inlet spacing, capacity calculations; in-line storm normal water detention design; ditch design, trivial culvert evaluation, sizing surprise sewer, and the rest had a need to complete a drainage article for the project.

The drainage review should addresses flooding files within the project as appropriate.

7) Hydraulic Survey and Bridge Condition Statement:

Work shall include all items necessary to complete a hydraulic survey and bridge condition record (BCR) for the structure. This consists of, but is not limited by, hydraulic survey, bridge inspection/fill rating, hydraulic analysis, staging feasibility willpower and cost comparability.

TS&L studies will meet the requirements of the Area and the Bureau of Bridges and Set ups. Geotechnical trials and analysis will be necessary for development of the TS&L. An initial TS&L will be published to the District for review before transmittal to the Bridge Office.

9) Intersection Design Studies:

Two intersections are expected to be included in the scope of work (Dee Bennet Road and Starved Rock and roll Road). Intersection design studies may be required at these locations. Traffic counts will determine the necessity for an IDS at each location. Typically 3 submittals are required - draft, pre-final and last. IDS work includes transmission warrant analysis in any way locations, combination light, and capacity research in any way locations, as well as all the requirements set forth in the Bureau of Design and Environment Manual. Traffic data will be provided by the area.

10) Preliminary Article:

Work includes written record, calculating amounts, cost estimates, crash analysis, endorsement forms, structure simple fact sheet, design exclusion varieties (if needed), roadway design, exhibits, images, maps, typical areas, plan and profiles, IDS programs, environmental exhibits, existing and proposed vertical and horizontal data, design conditions checklist, tree schedule, culvert treatment diagram, traffic management examination, primary erosion control plan, and some other task related documents to complete the task report.

The district provides the next for insertion into the record if needed: Crash data and displays; coordination appointment minutes; dangerous mailbox support surveys; bridge condition record approval; letters to home owners and other local officers; environmental studies, examination, and reviews; and pavement design if needed.

11) Public Meetings (2 prepared):

Consultant will make exhibits and handouts, locate and reserve the getting together with room and go to meetings - including the dry run, local recognized meeting, and the general public meeting. Two general public meetings (open up house format) are predicted, the first to evaluate alternatives and the next after the EA and all IDS's are completed. The first will be considered an informational assembly and the next a public reading. Remarks from each reaching might need to be incorporated into the project.

Exhibits necessary for public hearing: Location map, Crash maps, Goal and Need, Overview of Key Environmental impacts, Full size group of plan and profile drawings including cross sections, approved IDS's, two units of aerial displays / color drawings, plank mounted suggested typical parts, draft project survey, and a backup of the EA record that is approved by the FHWA for general public review. The area will send words to local representatives, make minutes for local standard meetings, and send response words to individuals or groups as needed.

The EA, after acceptance by the FHWA for general public hearing, will be made available at the public hearing and for at the least 15 days in advance of the public hearing. The published ability to hear notice will declare the option of the EA and where it may be obtained or evaluated.

Public meeting displays are similar. The public meeting will not require environmental documents or approved IDS's.

The advisor will forward screen advertisements for every single public assembly/hearing to two different papers chosen by the Region and purchase these advertisements. This is a direct cost. Rentals of a meeting room will also be a direct cost.

12) Managing Traffic:

Stage building, detours and combinations of the two will be considered for this project. The expert will identify engineering methods and sequences that may minimize motorists' trouble and incorporate these details into the Traffic Management Analysis for the task. The work will be limited to a conceptual plan only since complete plans will be achieved in Stage II. A Queuing and Delay Research will be performed since IL 178 is known as to be "approaching value" by Basic safety Insurance policy 3-07. The advisor will provide pertinent data and District 3 will perform the examination.

13) Progress conferences:

The district quotes that 3 improvement meetings with IDOT and 12 consultant in-house reaching will be required. Beyond typical supervision.

14) Final Report:

Compilation of the final report will be based on information from open public meetings, comments from District blood flow and other source which may impact the job. This also contains hours for revising preliminary record, printing, assembling, and binding the final report.

15) Environment:

Anticipated Categorical Exclusion - Follow Section policies

This work includes study of Environmental Survey Submission (ESR) results to determine influences and determine appropriate environmental documents. The consultant will provide excavation depths and quantities for areas discovered for special throw away and can catalog trees effects and make tips for tree replacement locations.

IDOT will develop and post ESR to Central Office for processing. If it's determined that an Environmental Evaluation (EA) is the appropriate form of paperwork the extra work will be added by supplemental contract.

Impacts to parks or Historic properties will be included in a supplement (if required).

The area will make any Wetland Impact Evaluation varieties (if required).

16) Supervision:

Project administration - including payroll, billing and filing. This also contains project administration by sub-consultants.

17) Quality Control/Quality Confidence:

This is a required series item for both labor hours and billing. This item is to add QC/QA time of the perfect specialist as well as any sub-consultant.



Push-to-talk (PTT), also called Press-to-Transmit, is a method of conversing on half-duplex communication lines, including two-way radio, by using a momentary button to change from voice reception method to transmit method and communication can only just travel in one path at any given point in time. However, it isn't limited in distance as with normal walkie-talkies, as the dialogue is carried across the mobile network. A normal cell phone call is full-duplex, meaning both celebrations can hear each other at exactly the same time.

To control which person can speak and be read, PTT requires the person talking with press a button while chatting and then release it when they are done. The listener then presses their button to reply. This way the machine knows which route the signal should be going in. Most PTT systems allow group getting in touch with, meaning one person can talk with everyone in their allocated or current group at once, just by pressing a PTT key.

Other key features of the service mean that users immediately recognize it as not the same as 'normal' voice.

group phone calls are possible as well as one-to-one phone calls (but still only one person can speak at a time)

presence information is normally associated with this service, so users can easily see on their telephone screen whether other people are logged on to the PTT service and can therefore be available if called

PTT voice services are typically priced below normal mobile phone calls (but definitely this is a marketing concern)

call maintain times are typically much shorter - the walkie-talkie design of conversation lends itself to the brief, snappy copy of specific information, somewhat than normal lengthier conversations

the 'always-on' nature of data networks makes for near instant call installation times which make it very easy to utilize.


In today's climate of growing energy needs and increasing environmental matter, alternatives to the utilization of non-renewable and polluting fossil fuels need to be investigated. One particular alternative is solar energy.

Solar energy is simply the energy produced straight by the sun and collected elsewhere, normally the Earth. The sun creates its energy by having a thermonuclear process that turns about 650, 000, 000 tons of hydrogen to helium every second. The procedure creates temperature and electromagnetic radiation. Heat remains in the sun and is instrumental in maintaining the thermonuclear response. The electromagnetic rays (including obvious light, infra-red light, and ultra-violet rays) channels out into space everywhere.

Only an extremely small percentage of the total radiation produced grows to the Earth. The radiation that does reach the Earth is the indirect source of nearly all sorts of energy used today. The exceptions are geothermal energy, and nuclear fission and fusion. Even fossil fuels owe their roots to sunlight; these were once living crops and animals whose life was reliant upon the sun.

Much of the world's required energy can be offered directly by solar powered energy. More still can be provided indirectly. The practicality to do so will be evaluated, as well as the huge benefits and drawbacks. In addition, the uses solar technology is currently put on will be noted.

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