Safety methods in swimming

Introduction

Many small children like being around and in drinking water, but proper safety precautions should be taken, without which drinking water can be dangerous for small children. Among the leading factors behind death among children 1(one) to 4(four) years is drowning. Matching to Australian National Drowning report of 2007, 35 infants and small children lost their lives through drowning in the financial season closing 30 June 2007. Most often at home, very young children drown in pools. Drowning can also happen in other standing up water around the home like bathtubs, buckets and pails, especially 5-gallon buckets and diaper pails, glaciers chests with melted glaciers, toilets, hot tubs, spas, and whirlpools, irrigation ditches, post slots, and wells, fish ponds and fountains amongst others.

Drowning to small children is very easy as they can drown in as little as 4 cm(1. 5inches) of drinking water, this therefore means that drowning can occur where and when you'll least expect it. While drowning can take only another, it is almost always silent. Because of this therefore, adults must always watch young children when in or near normal water.

Keeping Young Children Safe

Young children need continuous supervision when close to water, if the water is within a bath tub, a wading pool, an ornamental seafood pond, a pool, a spa, the beach or a lake. Several water and pool protection tips have been talked about below:

One may ask the question whether swimming lessons prevent drowning among children. It really is a good idea to learn how to swim and children over the age of 4 years should understand how to swim. However, matching to researchers, there is absolutely no research showing that going swimming lessons for children young than 4 years of age can prevent drowning. It is because children are not old enough as of this age to understand how to swim independently. There are water survival skills that could help one in an emergency which can be too hard for small children to respond with. Nevertheless the exact age group when young children will be ready to learn how to swim, there is not a whole lot of research about it, but research has shown that children don't have the skills to swim on their own until maybe at age 4 years old and above even if their swimming lessons start at a younger age. It should be however noted that you need to not assume that a child who recognizes how to swim is not at risk for drowning. No real matter what their swimming skill levels, it is important to supervise small children while they may be in the water. (World Health Group, 2006)

Whenever a child is near drinking water, spend money on proper-fitting, coastline guard-approved flotation devices (life vests) and use them. Check the tips for the weight and size on the label, then to make certain that it will fit snugly, have your son or daughter try it on. Select a vest with a strap between your legs and head support for children young than 5 years old- the collar will keep the child's brain up and face from the water. Arm devices such as water wings and inflatable vests are not effective cover against drowning.

Water safety safety measures start in your home, for example the bathroom is packed with dangers for small children. A kid shouldn't be still left unattended in the bathroom especially while bathing even if the kid is apparently well propped in a protection tub or bathtub ring. All wild hair dryers and other electric gadgets should be placed away to avoid the chance of electrocution to children.

Hot water can even be dangerous, for the kids who are young than 5 years specifically. Unlike teenagers and adults, young children have thinner pores and skin, and therefore they burn up more easily. Just 3 secs contact with hot tap water that's 60 diplomas Celsius can provide a third level burn to a child. To reduce the risk of scalding you can turn the hot water heater thermostat in your house down to 49 level Celsius and by always testing water with your wrist or elbow before putting your son or daughter in the bathroom.

Child safety is not only found at home, your awareness of preventing accidents caused by normal water can go quite a distance beyond your home. This can be done by learning if there are normal water dangers' in your neighbourhood. Find out whether there are private pools or drinking water spas, where the retaining ponds or creeks which could catch the attention of children are. Make neighbours who have private pools aware that you have a young child and ask them to keep their gates locked. (World Health Firm, 2006)

When it comes to security issues at your own home, creating a pool, fish-pond, spa, or hot tub is a significant responsibility. Though hot tubs may feel good to adults, it is best not to let children use them at all because they can become dangerously overheated in them and even drown. Having a fence going a across the pool or spa between your water as well as your house is the best safety investment you may make which can go quite a distance towards protecting against pool-related drowning. According to consumer product security fee (CPSC), fences for the pool should meet the following guidelines: First, fences should stand at least 4feet high with no foot or handrails for children to climb on, secondly the slats should be less than 4 inches apart so a child can not get through, or if chain link, should have no opening larger than50millimeters. Also gates should be self -shutting and self-latching, and the latch should be from the child's reach. Other devices such as pool covers and alarms can be purchased, but the North american Academy of paediatrics (AAP) havent proved their effectiveness against drowning for babies and toddlers. The AAP firmly helps fencing as the best way of measuring protection. (USA Consumer Product Security Commission, 2005)

Another way of guaranteeing safety for small children is to teach them proper pool behaviour, and to ensure that you take the right safety measures too. Young children shouldn't run or drive throughout the pool and really should never dive in areas that are designated for diving. If there is lightning or if the weather generally becomes bard, they need to escape the pool immediately. They ought to too know that they should contact the lifeguard or an adult if there is an emergency. Most significant, supervise your kids all the times. You should not assume that just because your child had taken swimming lessons or is by using a floating device such as an inner pipe or inflatable raft that there surely is no drowning risk. Sometimes it is super easy to be distracted for example if you are in a party, therefore designate an adult who'll be accountable for watching the children. If regardless you leave your child with a babysitter, make sure he or she knows your rules for the pool. Additionally it is vital understanding that when it comes to drinking water emergencies seconds rely, so take a cordless phone to you if you are viewing children during normal water play.

A quick dial feature keyed to your local crisis centre will also save additional mere seconds. If you receive a call while supervising children, be willing to keep your dialog brief to avoid being distracted. Ensure that you have safe practices equipment such as floatation devices that are in good form and are close at hand when boating or going swimming. Review your home for water hazards and plan how to proceed in case there is an emergency after you have installed all of your basic safety equipment. Also ensure that you have all post disaster numbers on all mobile phones and ensure that caregivers are aware of their locations. Make sure to remove all pool gadgets and put them away after your kids have finished participating in in the pool. It is because it has been mentioned that some children drown while looking to retrieve playthings remaining in the pool. (USA Consumer Product Safety Commission, 2005)

Water safety also needs to be looked at even following the swim season has approved. This is because some pools have covers and it is not safe in the sense that lots of children love try to walk together with the covered private pools and could get stuck underneath a pool cover. Swimming pools are tempting play areas for young children so maintain your pool gates locked and train your children to settle away from drinking water without your supervision. For the above-ground swimming pools, to lock or even to remove the ladder when the pool is not in use may be beneficial.

Although the largest worry, drowning isn't the sole concern when small children face water. Infants specifically are highly vunerable to diseases that can be transmitted in normal water. When an infant is introduced directly into a pool, thereafter dried the child's ears carefully by use of the towel or silk cotton ball to assist in preventing swimmers ear canal (an ear an infection caused by water). In order to remove pool chemicals, it's wise to wash the baby and hair shampoo the hair. Normal water conditions below 29 degree Celsius can cause newborns to lose warmth quickly and body temperature ranges drop below normal, leading to hypothermia.

Therefore any child who starts to shiver should be removed from water immediately, dried and maintained in a towel. Inside the pools small children can also cause diseases. Cryptosporidium is a parasite which normally lives in the gastrointestinal tract and is found in faeces and it can therefore be released by infants with leaky diapers. Into private pools and inadvertently when swallowed by others can cause problems. The safest part of this circumstance is to keep your child out of swimming pools until he/she is toilet trained, and if the kid must go to a pool use waterproof diapers and change them frequently. (World Health Group, 2006)

In Circumstance of Emergency

Always check the pool first whenever a child is lacking. Remember that survival of the child depends on an instant save and restarting deep breathing as soon as possible. Get the child out immediately if you find it in normal water while getting in touch with loudly for help. If there is other people available let them call the emergency amount for help. Check and ensure that mid-air passages of the child are clear. If the kid is not breathing, do five cycles of recovery breathing and upper body compressions for a bout two minutes or so. If the child is still not deep breathing, continue supplying this first aid as you dial the emergency number to get help if someone hasn't already called and follow any instructions provided by the emergency operators. Lay the child on his / her side it breathing starts-this can help keep the airway open and invite essential fluids to drain so the child doesn't choke. Keep the child on his / her back and brace the neck of the guitar and shoulder blades with the hands and forearms, if you believe the child may have suffered a neck personal injury, until crisis help arrives. Usually do not move or let the child move. Also to keep the child comforted, speak in calm tones and continue to watch for satisfactory breathing. (USA Consumer Product Safeness Commission, 2005)

Conclusion

It has been mentioned clearly that water can be a great source of fun for young children. However, if not well supervised, children will get themselves in great risk even to a spot of loss of life through drowning, commonly found in the family private pools. Flotation devices or swimming skills cannot safe a kid from drowning. Children in drinking water can also go away risks like diseases to other pool users. It is also important to check on the water temps and the PH level to ensure safe practices of the kids. All of the discussed safety tips above should be put into consideration. Most importantly it should be noted that really the only best way to ensure water and pool security for small children is through adult guidance- the ultimate way to supervise a child is by being within forearms reach and engaging and interacting with your kids when they are in, on, or about water. Do not let children to care for their younger siblings.

Reference

Kebabjian, R. (1995): Disinfection of Consumer Swimming pools and Management of Fecal

Accidents: Journal of Environmental Health; 58 (1): 8-12

Minnesota Department of Health (2002): Advised Guide for the

Removal of Fecal Matter from a POOL for Account by Pool Owners and Operators

New South Wales Health Team (1999): Protocol for Minimising the

Risk of Cryptosporidium Contamination in Public POOLS and Spa Pools

Steinenger, J. (1991): Improving upon Pool Sanitation; Journal of Environmental

Health; May/June 53(6): 26-28

United State governments Consumer Product Security Commission (2005): Recommendations for

Entrapment Hazards: Making Private pools and Spas Safer

World Health Corporation (2006): Recommendations for safe recreational drinking water environments:

Vol. 2; Swimming pools and similar environments

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