Social Constructivism Theory And Us Mexican Romance Politics Essay

Social constructivism depends on the idea that international relationships (IR) are rooted not on the materials aspect of things-military sources and economic capability of things-but rather, on the communal matters. Within the vantage point of the cultural constructivism theory, the united states treatment on the drug trafficking prohibition in Mexico transpires because the states involved "identify with one another and feel the responsibility and legitimacy to help others. " Inside the view of the communal constructivism theory, the united states partly decided to help combat medicine trafficking in Mexico in a hands-on procedure for their social obligation to the united states. The decisions and policies made by a state, in his case the united states, rely heavily relating to Wendt, with their accordance with the collective and interpersonal identities developed by their romantic relationship. But of course, it is more than that reason only.

It has been stated in the first parts of this thesis that the amount of assault in Mexico has increased since the calendar year 2000 because of the new strategy developed by the Mexican government in combating medication traffickers: to get rid of the relationship between the drugs cartels and politicians. But what has been the role of the US government into this worsened status of assault in Mexico? The US and Mexico has made a group, along with Canada, to enforce the UNITED STATES Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), which opened just how for the three countries to participate in a free trade of commercial goods. Due to the NAFTA Contract, cartels made the free trade a venue for medication trafficking, as they got good thing about the less restrictive security on the united states borders due to free trade. Through this lately formed economic relationship, and due to repercussions of the cartels unlawful business that became prominent as a result of free trade, the united states has already established opportunities to meddle with the insurance policies of Mexico regarding drug control. Based on the idea of communal constructivism, the US' tendencies on intervening with the Mexico's domestic political policies relies on the idea that it is their social responsibility as the better country to donate to the worsening situation of medication trafficking in Mexico.

In reality, it is mostly as a result of costs of medication trafficking to the US, which has been found to be predicted at around $70 billion per calendar year that the united states imposes such stringent control over drug trafficking from Mexico to the united states. This is explained further in the public constructivist theory by taking note that communal buildings have three elements, that happen to be shared knowledge, material resources, and techniques, that constitute the stars and the situations in which they may be in, whether cooperative or conflictual. The distributed knowledge in this situation is the actual fact that medicine trafficking is out there and has induced problems, not to mention disputes, between the two states. The material resources in cases like this are the costs that drug trafficking from Mexico has made such an impact to the US. Lastly, the methods involved in this situation are the security guidelines that both expresses have been imposing to combat the situation. The three elements of the social composition between your international marriage Mexico and US has then constituted a conflictual form of romantic relationship, and has aggravated the condition of violence in Mexico.

The Difference in Security Perceptions in a Sociable Constructivist Approach

In the cultural constructivist theory, the physical entities involved between your two countries, such as geography and financial trade, construct the partnership between them but do not encompass the influences they may have on each other, as it's the ideas and beliefs that has more relevance in their bilateral system. To this facet of social constructivism comes the ideation of the differences of security belief of Mexico and the US.

Mexico has only been enthusiastic about their national security, in which the state represents as "the collection or norms, strategies and standard procedures as well specific ones that donate to the preservation of its national sovereignty, involving the territorial integrity, maritime and national airspace; its politics auto willpower and the advertising of the ethnic heritage, values and principles that distinguish Mexico from any other country". Security, or protection only encompasses what's inside the state, therefore, in the situation of medicine trafficking, once the drugs have escaped its territories and have gone to the united states commercial market, the Mexican administration cease to consider it as a national security issue nowadays. Alternatively, the US' concept of national security is not limited by just what it inside its physical limitations, instead, it should go beyond. The concept of national security of the united states will not equate with their concept of countrywide defense of its territory, as it also includes everything that would make it maintain its economic, politics and military power.

On the vantage point of interpersonal constructivists like Wendt, security is not a fixed aim, but due to social constructs. The concept of security in cases like this contains the three areas of social composition. Security is a shared knowledge, although both states have different perspectives on it. It also comprises of material resources, as a result of means to impose them such as military services forces. Lastly, the concept of security is a practice when applied through the security guidelines. In Mexico's circumstance, the concept of stricter security on medication trafficking arised from the sociable construct using its relationship with the US. Policies regarding drug trafficking, though they have been present even prior to the intervention of the united states, are not fixed aims in Mexico because they are only there as a result of the life of medication dealings within and outside the country. Regarding the US, your choice to impose stringent guidelines that intervene with Mexico's regulations regarding medicine dealings are also just results, however adversely, of the communal interaction between your two countries.

Drug Trafficking as a Threat

According to the public constructivist theory, the problem of drug trafficking has only been a danger because one of the celebrities has presented it consequently. If viewed from that light, then the blame would be on the US because it was the actor which aggravated the issue of drug trafficking, resulting in extreme acts of assault inside Mexico. As said in a first few chapters, the security procedures enforced by Mexico are only limited domestically, and Mexico did not previously need national security procedures to be enacted due to previous techniques the government take care of the case of cartels. Mexico impeded the lifetime of extreme violence in the past decades giving in to the system of the cartel market leaders. Mexico's tendencies in protecting only what's domestically inside their geographical boundaries relatively stems from the fact that their sovereignty has not been compromised ever sold. Though the habit of their leaders to concede to cartels regarding their system of drug working may be inferred as safety to their citizens from the thoughts of tremendous violence that could be brought on by the conflict on cartel leaders, if viewed from the interpersonal constructivist way, the Mexican leader's earlier lack of effort to combat drug trafficking and medicine coping through the structure of a countrywide security policy is due to their point of view that drug trafficking is not a threat to the government and its citizens. But since the US experienced the opportunity to intervene with Mexico's political policies due to legislation of NAFTA in 1994, the condition of violence in Mexico became more extreme as the US resisted on having the Mexican authorities concede to the system of the cartels.

The behavior of the US government regarding their security options, on the other hands, if viewed from the theory of cultural constructivism, is a interpersonal product that resulted from the various accounts of terrorism that contain transpired in the united states. Due to threats to its countrywide security, the US has been distrustful of the countries around it, and has been careful in planning plan measures in order to safeguard its hobbies.

Even the lifestyle of the issue of medicine use and medication trafficking, if seen in the interpersonal constructivist approach, are not more than public products. Therefore, it can be inferred that the violence resulting in the combating of medication use and medicine trafficking is a result of the social discussion that has been transpiring between your two countries. Because Mexico and the US has very different perspectives on security, the negative discourse between your two regarding their plans only make the matters worse, producing a higher-level of assault.

Structural Change

Both work and strategies from the Mexican authorities and the government on medicine control has proven ineffective. Since there is a discrepancy on the strategies used by each country, there exists absence of communication regarding the unitized way of combating medicine dealers. Although there were efforts, the prevailing guidelines only make issues worse. The strategies done on both attributes has only increased the trend from the cartels to demonstrate their competence, leading to bigger quantity of lost lives. This discrepancy results from the distrustful marriage that occurs between your two countries, no matter how geographically close are they to each other. In the social constructivist methodology, this security discrepancy between Mexico and US is a public structure that contains their intersubjective understandings in which both states are distrustful of the other person that they question each other's aims and expect that their hobbies would be compromised.

As it has been shown in this document, drug trafficking is constantly on the flourish with better equipped organizations that are adaptable and in a position to face any law enforcement effort. It really is more than clear that a new procedure of North American, meaning of the US and Mexico, revolving around security is necessary, one that could really make the population feel safe. The legitimization of travelers getting into the united states and common databases distributed to the Mexican federal government, would make the traffic monitoring of criminals easier and therefore build further integration among those countries. The level of interdependence between Mexico and the US takes a new plan of security as the current one has proven so vulnerable, too unilateral and enforcement-based, mainly by the US.

Why has not the strategies employed by both Mexican and American governments made a notable difference regarding the fight of medication trafficking? For just one, they have got not internalized the conception of how medication trafficking affects their citizens. Regulators just trim some branches of the tree, a tree that eventually grows up again, instead of taking right out the roots, signifying they don't work on the basis of the drug trafficking problem, they just make them angry and increase their desire of electric power over the federal government. Combating the top organizations heightens their competency, cutting down the prices of drugs and for that reason increasing the desire for dominance of a territory, bringing violence in the needy action of keeping the high profits of the illicit activity. An easier way would be first to remove the small medication sellers and then continue on with the larger ones, because if the tiny enterprises go away and the major organized groups endure, a monopoly would be created. This may be the maximum situation because markets of the illicit merchandises would become inefficient whenever a monopoly exists, since then the development would slow down and the costs would increase, making impossible for others to get into that business, thus removing the opportunity in a rise of violence.

According to Public Constructivism, "structural change occurs when the comparative expected energy of normative vs. deviant action changes. . . when celebrities redefine who they are and what internalizing a culture requires the forming of a collective personality. . . " What will this mean to the united states and Mexican governments? For one, there must be constant communication between your two countries regarding the construction of any joint policy regarding the combat of medication trafficking. You won't work if the two countries just implement their respective procedures without appointment and the help of one another because generally, they'll just fail. There should also be re-conception of what they call security and its own meaning, because plainly, both countries have different interpretations regarding the concept.

Wendt pointed out that in order to improve social framework, "the break down of an old id and the emergence of a new one" should be made. In terms of the drug trafficking and violence issue regarding both Mexico and the united states, what it means for both administration is to decrease to the core of the issues. In Mexico, the main of the problem lays to the empowered cartels and their system. Only if the Mexican authorities could penetrate to their system, and not merely combat the problems in terms of blood wars, then a structural change would occur. Regarding the united states, on the other hand, what it requires is to re-assess the terms of the NAFTA trade, to be able to prevent the traffic of the drugs from penetrating more into the US market. Not only that, the US does not take the blame for the aggravation of medication trafficking nuances from Mexico. It disregards drug use as a interpersonal problem because of its citizens, so rather than interacting with the medicine issue at once, it sets the blame on some place else. In order to make structural change, the US needs to dwelling address the issue of drug use among its citizen first side.

As said the Mexican ex-President Ernesto Zedillo, "combating drug trafficking can't be the exclusive responsibility of 1 single nation. They need to be initiatives of co-operation from the international community to face the cultural problem". The absence of coordination between Mexico and the US in their respective strategies is what makes the drug dealers, their groups or cartels better. This insufficient coordination responds to a lack of shared conception of the same problem. Payans assertion can summarize the conclusion: "criminals and other undesirables find a wedge of safe in the gray area where joint solutions do not are present".

The Case of Violence

Although it has been implied throughout in this thesis that the intervention of the US governmen regarding local policies on medication trafficking has made a direct effect on the amount of assault in Mexico, it could be important to consider if it's been theoretically proven that express policies have results on ethnic assault.

The interpersonal constructivist approach requires looking into cultural violence and movement towards secession. A hypothesis of the idea claims that "indiscriminate repression against an ethnic/ countrywide group generates more antagonism and violence. . . " If one would follow public constructivist approach directly, then this hypothesis of the theory would only prove that the stricter guidelines made the united states intervention on the local insurance policies by Mexico was a catalyst in making a higher degree of assault in Mexico.

The presumption of the Mexicans being innately violent as people is also an important thing to go over. The violence in Mexico due to initiatives of the recent Mexican federal government into the impediment of the medication dealings of the cartels is a home problem even without the intervention of the US government. If this problem is usually to be viewed taking aside the role of the US in the aggravation of the status of assault, then it might be assumed that violence can be an innate communal problem in Mexico.

In conditions of the public constructivism theory, assault within the countrywide group could be discussed in the next way: the individuals behind the cartel system, as medication traders, know who they are and what is legitimate and what they would like to achieve due to social environment where they are in. As said before in this thesis, issue is nothing but a public product. Based on the public constructivism theory, the public relationship where the actors-in this case, the people of the cartel system-are in define the way they interpret other's activities, define their hobbies and go after their goals, which in this case, is through assault.

Would the assault regarding drug trafficking be worse were it not for Mexican-American attempts to increase the situation, or would there be fewer problems if both countries hadn't embarked on an anti-drug plan?

Policy makers stress the first explanation, while the populace goes for the second one. Calderons administration argues that although anti-drug strategies never have solved the interpersonal issue of drugs, they nevertheless have avoided higher levels of drug intake and violence. Yet the thousands of people who have lost any person in their family or have been come to by the violence, either from the federal government or the cartels, think the contrary. Journalists, drug insurance policy researchers and most of the citizens in general, support the latest idea - they claim coercive drug regulations create side results such a as human protection under the law abuses, a weaker control of military and of course violent conflicts. This work up to now shares the view that due to the idea of security of the united states and the one of Mexico, their coercive medicine policies are potentially problematic.

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