Social Learning and Characteristic Theories

According to the Encyclopedia of Psychology (2001), communal learning theory is dependant on the psychology principle that the learning processes within our environment establish human being behavior. Aspects of reinforcement in either rewards or abuse meant to develop desired behavior most specifically determine it. Characteristic theories on the other side identify personality as a set of characteristics that are based on our consistent needs, attitudes and action that form a stable and steady part of who we have been. Julian B. Rotter is one of the earliest psychologists who developed the theory that besides the earlier research done on behaviorism by famous brands Ian Pavlov, cognition also played a huge role in interpersonal learning. His argument was based on the theory that a person's behavior is determined by expectancy. Because of this, an individual behaves in a certain way predicated on the expected end result of their tendencies as well as the worthiness that individual places on that results.

Rotter's personality theory predicated on social learning experienced two variables; internals and externals (Mearns, 2000). People have different beliefs on their ability to control whether or not their various behaviors in life are strengthened. Internals believe that they have got control over the sort of behaviours they portray while externals are of the view that their behavior is due to external factors, that they have no control over. These two factors do not however apply entirely in individuals so that people are grouped as either internals or externals. Generally, an internal specific can portray external traits in various situations. Personality generally speaking is because of one's interaction with their environment. Another popular sociable learning theorist Albert Bandura argued that cognition, tendencies, and one's environment have a reciprocal relationship. This, he justified by explaining that one's understanding and interpretation of a situation such as hostility triggers them to portray hostile action. Therefore often affects their environment as it may cause similar hostile thoughts and patterns in other people.

Bandura is the same theorist who introduced the concept of observational learning (Kreitner, & Luthans, n. d. ). People learn certain action by observing the results of such patterns on other folks. Because of this, we will take up the habits that get positive reinforcement and stay away from those that are punished. This sort of learning is particularly typical of children, who imitate patterns that is rewarded in other children or even individuals within their environment. Understanding the idea of social learning and characteristic theories has empowered me to interpret the manners and personalities of men and women within my environment such as my home, school and the task place. We are all unique in the several traits define each folks, and there are factors that determine our unique tendencies (The Encyclopedia of Psychology, 2001). One particular variable is our individual perceptions of our environment. Though people may talk about an environment such such as school and the task place, they may have different perceptions of it, which would translate into their different habits.

Expectations are another varying that determine our unique habits. Everyone has their individual prospects that drive those to act in a certain way. If for example, participating in school with time may be because a student needs to qualify to join a reputable college after they attain good grades, another student would you not plan to join college will not display the same behavior of diligently participating in school. Personal ideals also contribute to individual patterns, which is influenced by one's personal goals and ideals, which will make them, behave in a certain way. Self-regulation and programs with regards to reaching our goals and living by our ideals determines individual behavior. Therefore, to understand people's personalities and manners in society, I've learned to investigate the determinants that contribute to both within their environment as opposed to making generalizations and assumptions on the causes of their behaviors and the formation of their attributes.

According to Jones (2005), an individual's environment plays a major role in the formation of their personality and action. Aspects of the environment such as one's family, peers, and area donate to the sociable learning that styles action and personality. Having learned this, I have already been in a position to understand people's behavior better by first taking a look at the environment where they live or were brought up. Criminal tendencies such as robbery and burglary within an individual for example, may be quickly interpreted as a cause of poverty that drives these to earn a moving into this way. However, research shows that those who are raised in an abusive environment have a high chance of embracing such criminal behavior (Jones, 2005). They may be living comfortable lives but nonetheless turn to unlawful behavior as a means of punishing other people in a similar manner that they feel they were cured growing up.

In the same token, I've found that observational learning is a robust tool that contributes to the forming of personality and patterns. Jones (2005) further cites the development of aggressive patterns in children as a product of observing the same in their parents, peers, or siblings. It has alerted me to realize that how we behave in your social setting takes on a huge role in the introduction of either attractive or bad behavior in others in your environment, and especially children. Hence, it is important for contemporary society to portray positive behavior in all aspects in our lives consciously in order to aid in producing positive behavior, behaviour, and personalities in children as they expand up. This might assist in ridding contemporary society of such undesired behavior as misuse, aggression, violence and antisocial patterns.

One of the major functions of each individual in population is to create a advantageous environment for themselves and for other people either in university, in the family or at the task place. Having learned the ideas of interpersonal learning and features theories in the introduction of tendencies and personality, my role is reinforced with helpful knowledge about how I can help individual's develop advisable action through providing adequate learning experience. When a person's expected outcome of certain behavior is not reinforced, they develop low expectancies in order that they are no more motivated to duplicate the behavior. Increasing the expectancy for reinforcement especially in children can help them develop and sustain desirable behavior. This is done through helping them develop logical expectancies and stimulating these to behaving with techniques that they have been staying away from for the fear that they will fail.

In my relationships with others, the data on public learning and features theories offers me the ability to understand all sorts of individuals who I meet. They may be introverted, extroverted, hostile, or without confidence but I will be in a position to reach out to them since I am able to understand their different attributes. This is as opposed to dismissing people for example on the grounds of being hostile and for that reason seemingly unapproachable. It really is thus easy for me to approach such an individual and coach them how to manage their anger and hostility. I could do this by helping them move their personal ideals and educating them about how negatively they affect their environment, like their children or siblings with such habit.


Social learning takes on an enormous role in the formation of traits and personality in individuals in population (Kreitner and Luthans, n. d. ). Once behavior is formed in childhood, predicated on the conditions of the environment, it's very hard to improve that behavior in future. As a result, it is crucial that society creates conducive environment for children to build up healthy personalities and suitable habit. Development of self-evaluative ideals is also important as it can help individuals create specifications for themselves that are at par with positive tendencies.

Kreitner and Luthans (n. d. ) demand that promoting healthy cognitive operations is another helpful tool in promoting desirable tendencies in cultural learning. Such functions would permit individuals within the modern culture to reason logically when interpreting different facets of these environment. This would subsequently change such bad habit as violence and hostility when individuals' reasoning forces are increased. This is generally shaping peoples' perceptions with techniques that enables those to interpret their environment favorably in order to build up healthy personalities and positive behavior.

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