Social Policy On Homelessness 'Enclosure First'

Introduction

The purpose of this paper is to go over the social plan on homelessness "Housing First". Within this paper I'll include the record of this insurance policy, how it was made, when and the basic elements of this social insurance plan. To every issue there are opposing views and I will present those views combined with the policy. No cultural policy is ideal and along with the strengths I will also expose weaknesses, the factors will be described throughout this newspaper. First I am going to discuss what homelessness is and then what are the factors that lead a family, child, vet or anyone for example into the group of homelessness.

Homelessness

What does being homeless mean? It means not having shelter, a location to sleep, eat and become guarded against nature's elements. This matter is a problem to social providers, government representatives and policy experts. Homelessness has been a major social issue IN THE US but it is during financial meltdown that problem raises. The word itself "Homelessness" has a poor connotation, when the term homeless is uttered the immediate thought is that of a chemical abuser, vagrant or a person with a mental condition. Although these are contributing factors they aren't the sole reasons why a person eventually ends up homeless. There's also other adding factors such as poverty, unemployment, public exclusion (such as sexual orientation), natural disasters, foreclosures, warfare or impairment. Now in 2012 and as of recent years we've seen the U. S economy decline economically an outcome from the casing bubble burst, lender problems and wars. These events have skyrocketed long-term homelessness, it is of no surprise that the precursors to the U. S recession are a significant contributor (Szep, 2008).

Beyond Shelter

In order to understand the social policy called Housing First we must first discuss the annals behind it. " Casing First" was launched by the nonprofit organization called Beyond Shelter, this corporation is based in Los Angeles. The non-profit business Beyond Shelter was founded in 1988 in LA to fight poverty and homelessness within individuals with children (retrieved from http://www. beyondshelter. org/aaa_about_us/aaa_about_us. shtml). This group presented a model system called Casing First aka "rapid rehousing". In 1996 the United Nations preferred this model as 25 U. S best practices.

Housing First

Housing First is a open public policy it can be an alternative to a system of crisis shelter/transitional property progressions(http://www. beyondshelter. org/aaa about us/aaa about us. shtml). It concentrates homeless young families to have the ability to move back to permanent housing. That is done first acquiring property at the earliest opportunity then providing counselling. It also focuses on intervention providing interpersonal services following the housing has been bought alternatively than providing non permanent shelter or transitional housing first (http://www. beyondshelter. org/aaa about us/aaa about us. shtml). As opposed to other programs where the conditions that lead the individual to homelessness are tackled first before helping the individual acquire enclosure hence the name given to this public plan Housing First. For instance many sociable or public plans function first by getting the homeless person from the street to general public shelter, from public shelter to transitional cover program and after that to their own apartment. In the housing first or immediate real estate the homeless person is first placed within an apartment or house then pin directing the problems that lead to become homeless. The federal government uses this to guide federal procedures in attacking the problem of homelessness by rent assistance, housing stabilization. In 2009 2009 The Homelessness Reduction and Swift Re-housing Program (HPRP) provides homelessness prevention

assistance to homes that would often become homeless, and rapid re-housing assistance to people who are homeless as identified by section 103 of the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Work (42 U. S. C. 11302). In 2008 Congress appropriated $25 million in the McKinney-Vento Homeless Assistance Grants for 2008 to demonstrate the effectiveness of speedy re-housing programs to reduce family homelessness( retrieved from http://www. endhomelessness. org/pages/housing_first ).

Strengths

The strengths of this policy is that homeless people get a property as quickly as possible without conditions. In doing so, afterwards getting the required help assist them in keeping a permanent dwelling. The common practice of assistance to family homelessness is some type of temporary housing. The web, when that operates out, people are still homeless. "; This approach is simply to get homeless people off the street and into a stable, more long term environment (http://www. beyondshelter. org/aaa about us/aaa about us. shtml)". The idea is a person can do better once located in a long lasting housing. Then getting the services they need to maintain that everlasting housing. This insurance plan also really helps to foster self-reliance rather than dependence (http://www. beyondshelter. org/aaa about us/aaa about us. shtml). Also, Treatment services, real estate options, and transitional support for the foster good care system are ways of end junior homelessness.

Weaknesses

The federal plan produced on the model of housing first is a good idea but economically the length of time can the federal government sustain the program. The burden comes on status and local financing to non-profit organizations to aid these services. Now with the existing state of market can this realistically continue steadily to financially support this insurance policy? There is a need for all sorts of housing for those varieties 'of homeless people, families with children, elderly and individuals with disabilities or dependency. When you champ one methods then how about the other programs that contain transitional casing or shelters you make a competition for funds. The origins of the problems must be attacked first not the other way around and opposite of the "Housing Readiness" school of thought, which believes that individuals need to address conditions that may have led to their own homelessness before they enter into permanent property. If anything in interpersonal work it is known and useful t used different methodologies. Housing first seems to ride on the theory that it is easier to do the contrary. I have no idea concerning this because I think I would rather attack the condition that has triggered homelessness for example if the reason behind being homeless is finding employment to sustain oneself, finding services to a mental issues or drug abuse then that is more practical than getting a house first. You can maintain the price of paying even if it subsidized by the federal government without being in a position to keep employment because of substance abuse lack of employment or perhaps a mental disease. I understand that the model of Casing First also help with these interpersonal services after they have a everlasting home but again the root of the challenge should be studied health care of first. I believe that one must learn to become long-term self-sufficient before being put in the duty of permanent enclosure. Also what about immigrants? How would an immigrant homeless person have the ability to even participate in such a program? They might be ineligible to take part in such program without having to be a citizen or everlasting resident. Matching to Paul Boden exec director of European Regional Advocacy Project, he quotes "How do they slice Section 8 but believe in Cover First as a concept? They're cutting cover but doing Enclosure First. It's not simply ironic; it's hypocritical (Regulation, 2007, NHI)".

My Interview

Now so far as the individual I interviewed within my homeless insurance policy project I would not see how this coverage would apply to him. My interviewee would not have the ability to participate in the program for the easy fact that he is an illegitimate immigrant. If are undocumented, you aren't be eligible for national programs. Perhaps he'd be in another category because of immigration status. I think in his circumstance immigration policy would have to change in his case prior to the homeless policy does.

Conclusion

This policy is a very good policy in my own eyes but there are shortfalls irrespective of these shortfalls it generally does not flunk form being innovative. When attacking communal problems there are factors and different perspectives. Scenarios are circumstance by circumstance and a one size footwear suits all is not practical neither is it functional. What works for one population might not exactly necessarily help the other. Now our public, social and federal government insurance plan on homelessness is well supposed it is not perfect. Affordable housing is a must and for that that occurs our current economic climate must be stabilized. It really is like a domino affect nov one chip knocks the others down and to get these potato chips back up it must be done individually. It is a long ardous frustrating process that must be done carefully and patiently. Every coverage that people instill must be carefully reviewed evaluated and make sure that it applies to everyone rather than only a certain people.

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