The FACTORS BEHIND Increase In Enclosure Price

House is one of quite elements in basic real human needs. However, one will consider the price tag on a residence before purchasing. It's important to assemble information before purchasing a house because it is a long term investment. A house must be comfortable to stay in. However, we cannot deny the actual fact that the cover price today is not the same as price in the last few ages.

1. 2 Problem Statement

Over the past few decades, the enclosure price has shown increments as times goes on. It is no doubt that the much longer the time period the higher the price of housing. This is a big concern to be studied into consideration. It is considered an important issue because house is one of the important basic human needs. Therefore, having to worry about the housing price is a must and the factors that donate to the increase of housing price have to be determined.

1. 3 Research Objectives

The following are the objectives of this research :

1. To look for the causes of increase in property price.

2. To judge the price tag on housing in the foreseeable future.

3. To identify the effect of increase in real estate price.

In order to assemble the information for this research, I have obtained some reliable information through the internet. I have chosen few publications as important additional information. Next, secondary data will be used in order to fulfill the objectives of the research. The limitation of this review is that the most practical method to be utilized is hard to choose. You will find few solutions to be chosen to be able to look for the price of enclosure. In addition, the time directed at complete this is bound as many other things need to be taken into account.

1. 5 Significance of the Problem

By doing research on the cover price, the factors that lead to the increase of property price can be motivated. The enclosure price in the foreseeable future can be forecasted as well. The key of doing this research on the housing price is that, it'll give positive impact to the government. It can help the government to anticipate or estimates the price tag on housing in the future. These can wider the knowing of the price tag on housing which is currently in high rate. This research will also can be an edge for the housing developers in determining the cover price by recognition of the factors that lead to the enclosure price estimation. Additionally, this research is also important to individual who will purchase house in the future. This gives awareness to the individual regarding the cover price and help them to figure out the best decision in investing in a house.

2. 0 Books REVIEW

2. 1 Introduction

Literature review is one of quite elements in research in order to get broader ideas. Matching to Uma Sekaran (2006), books review can be explained as a broad records review by which publicized and unpublished work from secondary data in the areas of a specific interest to the researcher. It discusses the importance of the subject, the sort of theory or method used in the research and the as to provide with the backdrop and background of a particular area. Furthermore, there are 3 steps in the books review process. First of all is to recognize the various material and access, subsequently to gather the relevant information, and thirdly to write in the literature review. An excellent research should contain eight important elements including purposiveness, validity, replicability, generalisability, objectivity, stability, testability, and in a position to create a fresh thing or better known as rigor. We are able to gather books review resources through books, records, monograph, thesis, seminar proceeding, working paperwork, and the mostly utilized by many is the journal research articles.

2. 2 Literature Review - The Willpower of Cover Price

House is one of the key elements in basic individual needs. People need a house to stay away from hazard, warm weather, rainy day and as well as a destination to stay calm. So long as people can fill up the comfort of living under a roofing then it is called a house. However, the things that matter is usually that the affordability of an person to get a house. Some individuals can afford a residence that is actually comfortable to stay in plus some not. Folks who are called the rich and famous can afford a house that is nearly called a heaven plus some can only lives in an normal but comfortable house. Nonetheless it doesnt matter how the house may appear to be because the price tag on house is exactly what that matter. We can notice that the property price is increasing as enough time goes by. This may be an important area to look after because more or less it could influence the economic level of a country. Therefore, a enclosure price can be explained as the pace of payment that you have to pay in order to purchase a house and for sure there are several factors that lead to enclosure price perseverance.

In my very own perspective, I think that the increment of a housing price is because of the price increment in the fresh materials. Many may have similar idea but after looking at 10 publications as sources for my propose subject, I have found out several more important variables that causes the factors of enclosure price determination. There are few range of knowledgeable individual resulted in and in a position to find the contributing factors in willpower of property price. Person who has analyzed using an empirical examination has shown that income (demography movements) and nominal rates of interest will be the key explanatory factors in cover price. On the other hand, the equity earnings may also have been an influential element in the conviction o enclosure price (Pages & Maza, 2003). In other studies shown that, the empirical methodology, panel unit main test, panel co-integration, and problem modification model were applied in the research. The result is comparable in which the level of income and interest rate were the primary factors. But it was analyzed in an alternative method whereby the existing level of income and rates of interest regulate how much an individual can borrow from finance institutions in order to buy a residence. This decision of how much the customer can acquire from the lender or finance institutions is one of ways to determine the amount of house price (McQuinn & ORielly, 2007). For example, the higher the interest, the higher the price tag on real estate. However, another different perspective can be found in the analysis of Yazgi & Dokmeci (2007), where, applied the multiple regression model and it was found that the most crucial factor affecting the casing prices is the size of the ground area. The next and third most reliable factors will be the road surface percentage and the ground area, and fourth factor is the length of casing to the seashore. This implies, the bigger how big is floor the additional money a purchaser must pay. This research is obviously not the same as the previous review. It looked after the physical area. The studies of Hiebert & Roma (2010) utilizing the empirical and regression analysis show that even though a specific location is associated with facilities, populace differences across places inspired more. Therefore, even if a specific location is fully facilitated, people will still favor living among a human population. Other studies which used the new quarterly regional panel data place shown that out of 14 locations, there were 11 regions that have the major effects in term of property services and amenity ideals. The price objectives that is predictable contribute to the increased of property price. Thus, it was found that the price tag on housing is inspired by the local monetary activity, the regional real estate stock and an individual cost of capital (Grimes et al, 2004).

In another different study, correlation and multiple regression evaluation was applied by way of a Malaysian namely Tan. The study shown that the Malaysians per capita income, unemployment rate, total lending options to enclosure and KLSE Composite Index takes on important role in the movements of Malaysian house price. This means, the economic and financial factors were recognized as suitable in identifying the demand and supply of housing units. In a report of Allen et al (2006), utilizing the empirical evaluation, new house price, union salary, issuance of creating permit contributes in the real estate price rate. According to Yan et al (2010), an empirical evaluation and the error correction model error modification shown that land source has a significant impact on house price fluctuations while demand factors such as end user costs, income and residential mortgage loan have greater influences. In the long run, the purchase price is inspired by the land supply and the economic climate. However, in the brief run, the changes in land source and economic climate will then effect on the user costs, income, and home mortgage loan. To include more, the demand factors which contain an individual cost, income, and residential mortgage loan is located to give greater impact in the price fluctuations of housing price. Again in other studies of McMillen (2003) using the Fourier repeat sales strategy, it was discovered that income and society can influenced the costs of house. However, then found out that people with higher income relocated into the old area of the area in Chicago city because of the increasing cover cost. In another analysis of Hilbers et al (2008), the empirical examination shown that end user costs, demographic (age group, gender, income) factors and outcome gives impact in the persistence of real estate price. It had been discovered that the most important factors were the income and an individual costs.

After went through the journals on housing, it can help to indentify and considered the contributing factors in the perseverance of enclosure price. I have found out several factors that contribute in the determination of enclosure price. Those factors I've found includes the interest, income, physical area, inhabitants, unemployment rate, real estate loan, KLSE Composite Index, consumer cost and the the monetary activity and local housing stock. But, the most typical factors are the interest, income, people, and end user costs. In another way, it also really helps to figure out the type of analysis or construction that had recently been used as a way in research. As an edge, it can help to find out which method is the best option to be used in the research. Therefore, when the technique to be utilized is already observed, it will permit researcher to formulate ideal theory to be able to check or formulate hypotheses.

2. 3 Conceptual Framework

Interest rate


Housing Price

User costs

Land supply

Financial system


Conceptual framework or better known as the Theoretical platform is a conceptual style of how one developed a theory or even to make a rational sense of the relationship among the discovered factors of a particular problem. It involves the independent parameters on the still left side as the dependent varying on the right area as the aforementioned sketches of theoretical platform. The unbiased variable can be explained as one lends itself. On the other hand, the based mostly variable does not lend itself. In addition, variables refer to anything that differ prices.

The independent factors consist of interest rate, income, individual costs, land resource, economic climate, and population. Interest identifies the interest rate on loans or land value. When interest rate increases, the home price will increase too. Income is one important element in identifying the housing price, whereby, income may determine a house can be afforded or not. Consumer costs make reference to the price by a particular person. It performs an important role because the when customer cost doesnt exist then it isn't easy to determine the price of house. Land supply is also an important factor whereby a land needed an endorsement before creating a house on it. Financial system refers to the casing loan from loan company, residential mortgage loan or the conditions of monetary of a particular country. Population identifies the people surviving in an area. More population means demand on housing will increasing and for that reason leads to way to obtain housing. On the other hand, the dependent adjustable only consist of one variable in which the enclosure price. The cover price depends upon the any changes in the indie parameters. Small changes in another of the independents varying will give impact in the perseverance of property price.

2. 4 Conclusion

In final result, it is no doubt that there are various factors that contributes in the perseverance of cover price. From publications, we can gain ideas on what exactly are the important parameters that require to be included in determining the real estate price. Therefore, the most practical method can be chosen and data can be analyzed and discover the answer on the problem. The hypothesis can be examined as well.

3. 1 Introduction

In order to conduct a research on determination of property price, supplementary data will be utilized. Secondary data can be gained through the data base. Moreover, the techniques because of this research is employed to analyzed the info and later fulfill the objectives of the study.

3. 2 Data, People, Sampling Method

In order to conduct this research, the extra data will be utilized. The data is collected through the World Bank and Bank or investment company Reserve of New Zealand. The population of the research will be the country New Zealand. It is because this research will target in the property price perseverance in New Zealand.

According to Uma Sekaran (2006), inhabitants can be defined as the complete group of folks or things in a study area a researcher need to research. For instance, when a researcher wants to investigate the awareness of health in a specific firm, then your populace will be all the employees for the reason that specific organization, let say Dell Company. Therefore, on the other hand, the population for this research is the united states New Zealand. That is due to the determination of casing price will be analyzed based on the New Zealand data.

Sampling is the procedure whereby the researcher chooses the specific quantity from the population to be analyzed. Sampling is important because it helps you to save time and cost. It really is divided into possibility sampling and non possibility sampling.

3. 3 Evaluation of Data

In order to analyze the data, device root test will be utilized. The unit root test is useful in order to determine the best forecasting model to be used in the research. It is also useful to test the option of the time series data whether it's fixed or non stationary utilizing the vehicle regression model. Additionally, enough time series analysis will be used to be able to look for the price of cover in the foreseeable future. This will also includes the ARIMA model in order forecast the real estate price in the foreseeable future.

3. 4 Hypothesis Development

Hypothesis can be referred as a statement of two or more factors that is testable. It contains the if-then affirmation. For example, if the price of commodity increases, then income will increase as well. It can also be written in other way, whereby, there's a romantic relationship between both price of commodity and income. Hypothesis are labeled into two types, whereby, the directional and the non directional hypothesis. The null and alternate hypothesis can either be rejected or accepted relative to the effect from the test of the variables.

3. 5 Summary

The data and strategy are two elements that need to be studied under consideration before conducting a research. It is better to make certain the availability of data before one proceeds to do research. The population and sampling have to be firstly indentified. After that, the methods to be utilized must be proper and a wise choice in order to get more accurate final result. When data has already been gathered and examined, hypothesis may then be analyzed.

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