Unit 3: Building Positive Relationships
Every child deserves an excellent start in life and support to fulfil their potential. Children develop quickly in the early years. A secure, safe and happy childhood is important in its right. Top quality early and pre-school learning, together, provide the foundation children need to make the the majority of their talents and abilities as they develop up.
Childminders and childcare providers registered on the Early Years Register must meet up with the legal requirements lay out in the Childcare Take action 2006 and associated laws in order to remain registered.
The Childcare Act 2006 provides for the first Years Foundation Stage Learning and development requirements to consist of 3 elements:
- The early learning goals.
- The educational programmes - the issues, skills and procedures which must be educated to young children.
- The assessment preparations for assessing young children to ascertain their achievements.
The requirements laid down must be provided by the kid care provider without exceptions.
Document printed by the Division for Education on 27 March 20012 says that "there are seven regions of learning and development that has to shape educational programs in early years adjustments".
- Personal, social and psychological development involves supporting children to develop an optimistic sense of themselves, while others; to form positive associations and develop value for others; to develop social skills and understand how to manage their feelings; to understand appropriate behavior in groups; and to trust their own abilities.
- Physical development requires providing opportunities for young children to be dynamic and interactive, and to develop their coordination, control, and movement. Children must also be helped to understand the value of exercise, and to make healthy options with regards to food.
- Communication and language development consists of presenting children opportunities to speak and listen closely in a variety of situations and to develop their confidence and skills in expressing themselves.
- Literacy development will involve encouraging children to learn and write, both through listening to others reading, and being inspired to begin to read and write themselves. Children must be given access to a wide range of reading materials - catalogs, poems, and other written materials, to ignite their interest.
- Mathematics entails providing children with opportunities to practise and improve their skills in counting numbers, determining simple addition and subtraction problems, also to describe shapes, spots, and methods.
- Understanding the world entails guiding children to make sense of their physical world and their community through opportunities to explore, monitor and discover about people, places, technology and the environment.
- Expressive arts and design consists of helping children to explore and play with an array of media and materials, as well as providing opportunities and encouragement for writing their thoughts, ideas and feelings through a variety of activities in skill, music, movement, dance, role-play, and design and technology.
Parents and carers play an important role in supporting children to create self-respect, and then - through the child's personal understanding of that experience - develop the beliefs and skills needed to express admiration to others. This interactional process becomes a continuous circuit, as children with strong self-respect engage in constructive positive behaviours towards themselves while others, attracting compliment and encouragement, thus building further self-respect and additional facilitating the capacity to demonstrate value for others. Certainly the counter compared to that occurs when a child experiences continuous disrespect, does not build healthy self-respect, and then responds to those detrimental and negative emotions by treating others in similarly disrespectful ways.
It is important that children find out about other people's thoughts and that people show them how exactly we behave in culture and except all strolls of life. We're able to help them to get this done with resources that show the several types of people. For example wheelchair users, individuals who are hard of reading and other disabilities etc. You might celebrate celebrations from different civilizations or religion. It is good to learn the children reports about friendships and display posters that boot diversity. Showing a kid compliment when they behave in a socially appropriate manner gives them more confidence and make them feel reputed themselves.
Introducing a kid to their own culture, traditions, and history helps the kid valuing themselves and then others. Analysts (for example, Brown, 2008; Hughes et al. , 2006) consistently find that young people from minority communities have better life outcomes when they develop a sense of satisfaction in their own history and culture. As parents, we can cultivate this strength by helping our children participate in significant activities and rituals, spend time with others who promote their culture or custom, or use their local or first words. It also originates from having positive emails and role models in the advertising and culture that reinforce the value of your respective heritage, culture, and identification.
If I got caring for several children from diverse cultural or cultural backgrounds I would cause them to become explore their history and make it an educational job for your group. By making the procedure inclusive somewhat than exclusive it could foster a greater understanding of ethnic distinctions and backgrounds among all the kids. For instance: every week could be specialized in an individual child's particular background with that child motivated to explore and learn about their culture (practices, religion, celebrations, food, record) - the depth of research being determined by the child's era. The child will make a demonstration to the group and be motivated to find images and other items to help present their culture. The child could possibly be prompted to bring a member of family with them to aid in their presentation (if possible). The other children in the group would engage with the activity by causing their own posters, drawings and adornments with the theme of the culture being shown. This activity would keep on for many weeks depending on size of the group. As an alternative, if the group was not primarily multi-cultural the aforementioned plan could still be used in combination with a ethnical theme being decided on beforehand and the kids being encouraged to learn about the culture and share their conclusions with the group.
Consistency in parenthood and for children is getting the rules, regimens and objectives the same during the period of time. This can help the child better understand guidelines and willpower, and it helps the child's world stay predictable and allows it to be a less confusing situation. Consistency helps children learn to be in charge of their actions.
Consistency is extremely important because children need placed limits. Whenever a child is allowed to do things and then reprimanded it is challenging to them. These children will motivate limits of parents while considering it is okay to do so. Consistency can help the child to understand what is tolerable and what is not. What is acceptable and what is unacceptable. Being reasonable is only right. Children should be taught that for each action there is a consequence. It is also important for these children to help establish the rules for what is a consequence. This will be done before the consequence is necessary, not the moment of.
Positive reinforcement allows for the children to keep to get appropriate actions and become intrinsically motivated to do these actions. Positive encouragement should be reduced as time passes otherwise the children will usually seek the reinforcement instead of just doing the nice deed in itself.
With negative behavior it is important that you always give a reason for when you say no. The kid will know that it is not safe to mix the street because they might get harm, or it is not safe to stand on the table because they could fall. If a kid is given grounds for negative behavior in most cases understood better and therefore will not happen again. In case you must provide a child a limit follow through, or it will not work again the next time. The child will push your limitations and make an effort to again get off of the hook.
In my thoughts and opinions quiet time is a perfect time for children to just remain quietly and relax and it can help anyone to simply can get on with your projects with minimum amount disruption. A kid can be taken to peace and quiet without the whole class knowing which is most effective when you simply, quietly and calmly walk up to a child and ask them to come to peace and quiet.
Quiet time is never to be mixed up with the naughty place or naughty couch. There is a different negative feeling to being on the naughty spot, than there is to having peace and quiet. The naughty couch implies that the kid is naughty, which is of course negative and unhelpful. Quiet time is not about making a child feel bad but a chance for a kid to be taken out of the disruptive situation and as a consequence for unwanted behavior. This way you are far more more likely to end unwanted behaviour rather than briefly distracted a child from it. Another good strategy is to acknowledge and reward good behavior and mature connections with others, rather than only acknowledging bad behaviour and hostility. Often, a kid will take part in bad behaviour, including preventing with others, to be able to gain the attention of nearby people. Only paying attention to negative behaviour reinforces the idea that negative behavior gets results.
Conflict between children and individuals or between children can be very distressing. In child good care settings turmoil is quite typical for children having difficulty with an adult authority.
Over the years many behavioural theorists debated whether issue has an optimistic or negative effect on child development. Some of them sensed that discord is a natural part of life. Others looked at conflict as a negative occurrence rather than being accepted as part of being human.
Research completed by Dennis, Colwell and Lindsey from the Texas Tech University discovered that there are gender dissimilarities between children determining areas of discord. The girls tended to have more conflict with their peers over things that had been said displaying a kid to child issue, whereas the children manifested themselves in the form of disobeying the educator.
Research facilitates work of Vygotsky who discover that ". . . conflict offers a learning experience for children when they may have appropriate modelling or "scaffolding" from parents" (Travick-Smith, 2003, p54). The study showed that there were certainly gender variations, with females' conflicts arising from a reaction to "words" and males' conflicts with "actions".
Among the countless tasks of early on childhood, two stand out: to converse needs in a respectful way to other children and listen with regards to the ideas of others. These areas of learning are essential to all small children, but especially to those who take part in group settings away from home - preschool and child care programs, playgroups, or summer time camps. With all the support of knowledgeable adults, children have the ability to learn the abilities essential for effective communication within peer categories.
As children figure out how to be along in a group, they will inevitably experience conflict with another child. Many individuals find issue among children annoying and feel uncertain about how to be helpful. However, when men and women are thoughtful and skilled in their method of classroom issue, children benefit. Turmoil resolution can be an important foundation for future growth and learning.
Department for Education, 2012. Statutory Framework for the Early Years Foundation Level. Runcorn: Division for Education.
Riddall-Leech, S. (2010) Home-Based Childcare, Oxford, Pearson Publ Oxford Heinemann.
Statutory Construction for the Early Years Foundation Level (July 2006) the kid care function 2006.
Tassoni, P. Beith, K. Bulman, K. Eldridge, H. (2007) Child Attention and Education. Publ. Heinemann.