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The impact of teen pregnancy on adolescents

Parenthood is thought as the state to be a parent or guardian or the duties involved with it. Children as young as 12 years old are able to become parents if they're sexually active which is known as adolescent motherhood. Adolescent being pregnant can impact both the mom and the offspring in various ways. Children of adolescent mothers will exhibit high participation in alcoholic beverages and substance abuse and other mental medical issues. Adolescent mothers are also subjected to various mental health issues and usually find it difficult to handle the motherhood. However, if indeed they follow your path, adolescent mothers have the ability to ricochet back again and lead a normal and healthy lifestyle.

With every new era and era that emerges, new ideas are shaped, new machines are invented and everything changes. There is a time when men published on cave wall space, and women were meant to be housewives. However, these perceptions have evolved and it includes somehow adversely impacted this current generation. Similar to that, parenthood was once considered to be something special and when one heard the word parents, you might immediately have a mental representation of an male or female who are old and adult enough to be parents. However, the mental representation mounted on parenthood has differed essentially. Nowadays the move into parenthood may appear to anyone between your ages of 13 - 17 years of age who are intimate active.

Parenthood as described by the Oxford English Dictionary is the state of hawaii to be a father or mother and the obligations involved in it. As many folks are familiar to it, parenthood is not a fairly easy breezy task. It includes a lot of physical, mental and emotional durability. Parents and children are very tightly bounded to one another, whereby, the behavior of the daddy or mother can affect the kid and vice-versa. Erickson acquired described the 6 different periods of life, that happen to be prenatal, infancy, early on childhood, middle child years, children, young adulthood, middle adulthood and overdue adulthood. Adolescents will be the point of target because of the composition of the essay that speaks about teenage parenthood.

Humans between 11 - 20 years of age are considered as adolescents, or in layman terms, teenager. This period is when an individual sexually matures, often known as puberty. When this occurs, children have a tendency to be curious of several different things. Similar to the term 'curiosity killed the feline', an adolescent person are highly susceptible to commit certain acts that could endanger them such as sexual acts, medication intakes, liquor intakes while others.

Adolescent Pregnancy

Adolescent being pregnant is thought as an individual under age 19 who's pregnant. This may occur whenever a male and female who are sexually active have sexual intercourse. Statistics have revealed that the rates of adolescent motherhood have drastically decreased before few years. The reason behind this change could be due to the existence of contraceptive methods such as condoms, diaphragms and others.

However, BBC news published another article proclaiming that the probability of pregnancy amidst adolescent females might increase if indeed they watch TV shows that portray high intimate matter. Such a result could be due to the immaturity of teenage girls in understanding the problem. Majority of women might feel that engaging in sexual serves at such a sensitive get older is something satisfactory. Little do these young girls know that there are serious consequences.

It in addition has been identified that adolescents who take part in dating may become more prone to early on pregnancy because they are more likely to obtain sexual intercourse throughout their relationship period (Meade, Kershaw & Ickovics, 2008).

Effects on the offspring

A child created to an adolescent mother and a kid born to a mature mother may seem physically same. However they are mentally and emotionally different. The consequences of adolescent being pregnant with an offspring are extremely vast and also have been proven time and time again by researchers doing studies on these specific sets of individuals. Most us recognize that younger the mother, a lot more healthier their child will turn out to be mentally, in physical form and psychologically. However, there's a contradiction when adolescent motherhood is the concentrate point.

A research conducted by Harden, Lynch, Turkheimer, Emery, D'Onofrio, Slutske, Waldron, Heath, Statham and Martin (2007) that engaged a sample of 1368 children from Australia, figured greater quantity of mental medical issues were recognized in children who were given birth to to teenage moms when compared with the delayed birth of their sibling and first cousins. The real reason for this conclusion can be discussed by inspecting the mom. Adolescent mothers usually lack using areas, such as deciding between what is wrong and what is right. Older mothers are more experienced in areas such as child care and attention, child development and so forth so forth. This may be grounds why lesser mental health issues were within children blessed to older mothers as opposed to adolescent moms.

Harden et. al (2007) also uncovered that, drug abuse issues present in mothers is also a great forecaster of parallel issues in their child. It is recognized to most us that the backdrop or environment of any developing child performs a significant part in predicting the child's future. Therefore, if a child is raised within an environment where the parents practice substance abuse and other negative acts, the child will eventually increase up and grow to be an exact replica of the parents. This is depicted in a show conducted By Oprah Winfrey, where reporter Lisa Ling interviewed the Hawk family, where every single member was addicted to Heroin except their 13 month year old baby. This obviously depicts that even if the mother delays the being pregnant, external factors still affect the development of their child.

Another effect that adolescent motherhood has on a kid is that, the female offspring of adolescent moms have higher internal fondness to be a teenager mother as well (Meade et. al, 2008). This review involved 1430 individuals from the Country wide Longitudinal Survey of Children 1997 in United Sates. Every child has a predisposed thought that their marriage with the family will be on good conditions. Therefore, children to children mother assume that even though these were delivered to adolescent mother, that is well. When this happens, the daughters will be encouraged to possess children of their own young as they believe that it's the right choice.

Meade et. al (2008) concluded that daughters of adolescent moms who received mediocre or negative parenting involvement might lead to an engagement in works that are directed towards teenage parenthood. A essential part in the introduction of a child is parenting participation. Parents who practice uninvolved parenting styles usually mould their children into very rebellious and attention-seeking humans as they do not get sufficient attention from their loved ones. For this reason, the children have a tendency to look for different ways and commit other functions in the desires that it'll gain their parents attention. Therefore, functions such as substance abuse, alcohol abuse and participating in sexual activity are few techniques help them get recognized in the eyes of the parents.

Other than that, analysts Hardy, Astone, Brooks-Gunn, Shapiro and Miller, (1998) conducted a study on 3, 006 second technology children whose moms had signed up for being pregnant foster. It had been reported that adolescent mother's offspring coped incompetently as men and women as compared to the offspring of these who delayed being pregnant. The main reason behind these results could be credited to adolescent mothers being less experienced and not capable of handling a kid, which would straight affect their teaching styles. Due to their age, children usually assume that their actions are right and would tend to increase their offspring along that brand.

Offspring of adolescent mothers are usually not level going as they are brought up by someone inexperienced. When this occurs, the behaviour of the kid is disrupted. Hardy et al. (1998) implied that advanced sexual activity, detention, recurrence of education levels, and toned IQ ratings were exhibited in children who have been given birth to to adolescent parents. This may be due to the aspect of observation, as every child assumes that what they notice is right, therefore they see what their mom is certainly going through and assumes that it is your path.

Adding compared to that is another research conducted by Coley and Chase-Lansdale, (1998) that established the fact that kindergarten going children who are blessed to adolescent moms has a tendency of portraying negative do such as lowered stimulus control and increased levels of hostility. Children who've been brought up by older mothers, are educated to be submissive rather than display their anger as it is a negative factor. However, children who have been raised teenage moms, do not acquire appropriate parenting involvement or monitoring, therefore, they have got not been taught to regulate their feelings and behaviours which is why, most children of adolescent mothers usually take part in competitive behaviours.

Effects on pregnant adolescent

Teenage pregnancy is similar to shooting a weapon. You may think, how is the fact possible? When you are thinking about firing a weapon, you need to have proper training in handling the firearm in order to hit your target and safe yourself from getting the make dislocated when the firearm recoils. If you handle the weapon the wrong manner, you may get affected. Very much like teenage being pregnant, when an adolescent gets pregnant, it not only impacts the offspring, however the bearer as well, if the bearer is not experienced.

A study conducted by Moore and Florsheim, (2001) examined the interpersonal and psychological functioning of expectant and nonexpectant adolescent lovers. It was concluded that decreased rate of recurrence of positive interpersonal development and increased consistency of negative social development were manifested in expectant adolescent lovers (Moore & Florsheim, 2001). Positive interpersonal development means an specific is very open up, warm and friendly and prefers to engage in any kind of communication, whereas negative interpersonal development means that an individual is more close-minded, frigid and rude and would like to not participate is any kind of communication. Such a result was reached because most children would be ashamed of themselves. This is not the appropriate get older to be having a kid, therefore, they would have a tendency to distance themselves from the public in order to avoid being scrutinized or criticized.

Another review that indentified the effect of teenage parenthood on parents discovered that adolescent being pregnant intensifies the negative future of the already handicapped pregnant adolescent (Coley & Chase-Lansdale, 1998). When a teenager becomes pregnant, their future would lower rapidly as their future becomes unpredictable and undecided. Their degrees of achievements would drop as they suppose that they would be shunned by the public and that no academic establishment will need them in. Due to this, many pregnant adolescent would face various issues. These problems might comprise of reduced consistency of completing university, increase in percentage of poverty, reduced regularity of stableness in marriage, and extensive consistency of issues pertaining to health (Coley & Chase-Lansdale, 1998).

As you have witnessed, most the studies were conducted to recognize and discuss the negative effects on pregnant adolescence. However, many fail to touch on the positive effects on pregnant adolescence such as resilience. Resilience can be had and developed during a time frame and is recognized as the capability to ricochet from difficult and tough conditions (Carey, Ratliff & Lyle, 1998).

Carey et al. (1998) conducted a study on adolescent mothers who listed in a Tx school area parenting education event. They found that Insight, Effort and Associations to be the most typical factor used to handle adolescent being pregnant. The results of the analysis concluded that adolescent mothers were determined to produce a stance in response to the public's pessimistic outlook towards pregnant adolescence (Carey et al. , 1998). Out of this, it can be seen that some pregnant adolescent do not succumb to typical of the public, but would rather act with techniques that could help break that norm. By doing that, the future of the adolescent will be brighter as they have decided never to let their being pregnant be considered a hindrance to their academic dreams. Take for example, the movie Juno where Juno offers her baby up for adoption. This movie shows that not absolutely all pregnant young adults will deteriorate. A pregnant young can make a decision that will gain the continuing future of them personal and their unborn child.

Carey et al. (1998) also observed that the predominant resiliency detailed in the analysis was Relationship. The reason behind this summary could be because of this of that all of us would always want a marriage that we can fall back again to if we were to encounter any hardship. The partnership can stand for any form such as, friends, family, or perhaps a stranger. It had been proven that the vital groundwork to the success of these adolescents were supportive connections with people (Carey et al, 1998).

When an associate of a family group encounters a difficulty such as adolescent being pregnant, all of those other participants would be influenced because of it as well. Therefore, adolescent motherhood can be related not and then the development of the bearer, however the development of their siblings as well because they are an indirect aim for of this concern. A report conducted by East and Jacobson, (2001) noticed 243 youthful brothers and sister whom were siblings to pregnant young adults and non pregnant young adults.

It was discovered that younger siblings of pregnant children demonstrated a considerable elevation in university problems and reduced ambition for education when compared with young siblings of non pregnant adolescents (East & Jacobson, 2001). Younger siblings usually convert with their elder ones as a job model. Hence, when they take notice of the condition of their siblings and how their siblings are faced with many issues, they are likely get demotivated to perform as well as they used to.


As a whole, adolescent pregnancy brings about more physical, mental and mental issues. It can be deduced that, adolescent motherhood impacts not only the offspring, but the bearer of the kid and people surrounding them. However, note that not absolutely all pregnant teens are similar. There could be various factors that contribute to their situation, be it positively or adversely. According to a study conducted by Carey et al. (1998), it is safe to state that environmental factors do play a dominant part in deciding the outcome and future of the mom and the kid.

It is also learned that the future of the mother and child lies in the hands of the mother. For example, if the mom is eager to take a stand and work at increasing her life, the continuing future of her child may be brighter when compared with those teen moms who opt to quit everything rather than pursue a much better lifestyle.

Adolescent pregnancy should not be taken gently as it offers rise to various problems such as poverty, child abandonment, mental issues and many others. Therefore, always be careful of your activities because one incorrect move could change your life forever.

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