Knowledge is quite different from data and information in nature. Data includes facts, observations, or perceptions which may or may not be true. Information, matching to is the content that represents analyzed data. Knowledge is described within an area as justified true values about associations among concepts relevant to that one area.
The skills required for effective knowledge management are to identify, make, acquire, diffuse and capture the most effective benefits of knowledge that sets up a strategic advantage to the organizations.
Knowledge life cycle includes: creation, mobilization, diffusion and commoditization to describe the early appearing knowledge to it maturity.
The knowledge has been created increasingly more nowadays. The top of knowledge management is identified and effectively put into practice by many organizations.
In this quick essay, I'll explain the variations between knowledge and information. After that, you will see the discussion of the value of knowledge management in the business as well as how effective knowledge management can create competitive benefit for the organization. Also, the article explains the abilities necessary to effectively use knowledge management process in the workplace through the reason of knowledge life cycle.
According to Fernandez (2004), to define knowledge, we have to recognize it from data and information. Although they are sometimes used interchangeably, knowledge is quite unique from data and information in dynamics.
Firstly, data includes facts, observations, or perceptions which may or may not be true. Alone, data shows the uncooked statistics or assertions and may therefore be devoid of context, meaning, or intent. However, it can be easily captured, stored, and communicated using electronic digital or other marketing (Fernadez, 2004). For example, the routine of movies will be show in a day, or observation of range of left-handers in a group of people illustrates data.
Information, regarding to Dalkir (2005), is the content that represents examined data. Also, Fernandez (2004) defined information as a subset of data, which only includes those data that own context, relevance, and goal. It means that information manipulates uncooked data to obtain a more meaningful sign of trends or habits in the data. For instance, for the cinema director, the volumes indicating the daily sold tickets (in us dollars, quality, or percentage of daily sales) of every movie are considered information. So, the director can use such information to make decisions involving pricing and extra or cancel some movie shows.
According to Fernandez (2004), there are two various ways to distinguish knowledge from data and information. The first one considers knowledge to be at highest level in a hierarchy with information at the center level, and data to be at the cheapest level. By this view, knowledge refers to information that allows action and decisions, or information with path. Although, knowledge is the richest and deepest of the three, which is as a result also the most valuable, it is intrinsically comparable to information and data.
In the greater complete perspective way, matching to which knowledge is intrinsically different form information, knowledge is described within an area as justified true values about associations among concepts highly relevant to that particular area (Nonaka, 1994). For instance, the daily sold tickets can be utilized, along with other information such as information on the pop corns and soft drinks sold at the theatre, to compute the total revenue. The partnership between the information can be an example of knowledge.
Hence, as what I am aware, knowledge is how people get information from data, or more valuable information from less valuable information.
Knowledge management was defined by Nonaka and Takeuchi (1995) as the procedure of applying a systematic approach to the capture, framework, management, and dissemination of knowledge throughout an organization in order to work faster, reuse guidelines, and reduce cost of rework from project to project. This means that Knowledge management is the logical process that helps people to use knowledge effectively and efficiently.
There are 4 business drivers that produce knowledge management become important and upsurge in request for today regarding to Dalkir (2005). Firstly, the globalization of business means that the growth of corporation to global with multisite, multilingual, and multicultural in aspect. The expansion brings about the more complex work environment that organizations have to face due to increase in the amount of subjective knowledge items. The second driver is the leaner business. As the required work place, people need to work faster and smarter as knowledge worker to adopting an elevated pace and workload. Another business drivers is the corporate amnesia. This drivers explains that individuals as a workforce is no longer be prepared to spend complete work life with the same firm which will create problems of knowledge continuity for the business and places constant learning demands on the data worker. Finally, scientific advancements make people more linked. The advancements in information technology not only have made connectivity ubiquitous but have radically altered expectations, which personnel are expected to be on all the time.
Base on the value of the data management, all organizations need to build up the right and effective method of manage their knowledge. In so doing, they will get benefits to generate competitive advantages. At first, effective knowledge management procedure will provide benefits to each individual employees of the organization. It helps the employees in doing their job and save time through better decision making and problem dealing with. It builds a feeling of community bonds within the business and helps visitors to keep up to date. It also provides issues and opportunities for employees to add. The effective procedure also brings advantages to organization. It helps drive technique for group, solves problems more quickly, and diffuses guidelines. Also, it boosts knowledge inserted in products and services. It cross-fertilizes ideas and rises opportunities for creativity. In addition, it permits organizations to stay prior to the competition better, and builds organizational storage area.
Therefore, in my perspective, knowledge management is essential for all type of business nowadays. With an efficient knowledge management, the business can facilitate collaboration and help knowledge staff member connected. It also helps organization to make decision bottom part on complete, valid and well interpreted data, information, and knowledge.
LEADERSHIP AND THE ABILITIES NECESSARY TO EFFECTIVELY Put into practice KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT Techniques IN THE WORKPLACE
Nowadays, the majority of organizations realize that the key of handling knowledge effectively. For doing so, they need to be always in a position to identify, create, acquire, diffuse and take the most effective benefits of knowledge that sets up a strategic gain to themselves. In addition, it needs to have the capability to differentiate the info, which is digitizable, and true knowledge possessions, which can only are present with in the context of an intelligent system (Dalkir, 2005). To be able to clearly understand the requirements for effectively implement knowledge management steps at work, we may discuss the data life cycle and strategies in each periods of the routine.
Base on the study of Birmingham and Sheehan (2002), knowledge has a life circuit. Their study got proved that new knowledge exists as uncertainty thing, and it form into form as it is analyzed, matures through implementation the truth is, is diffused to a growing user, and finally becomes broadly realized and realize as common practice. The data can process through four levels of knowledge life routine: creation, mobilization, diffusion and commoditization.
At this level, knowledge first appears in someones head as an idea. In fact, no one can grasp the idea or emerging knowledge, even if person creating it. In conducting business, the suitable strategy in this early on stage is to test the idea on its commercial viability. To encourage this activity, organizations need to build an environment which requires alterations in the next areas:
Informal Knowledge System: the organizations can construct their space in an available plan that has many common areas, give their employees time to test, and provide resources for training programs and conferences to be able to develop up knowledge effectively.
Information Technology Systems: technology should be considered to connect people who have interest at highly special internet forums alternatively than to codify and store emerging knowledge.
Human Resources: organizations regularly create knowledge should hire people in using new knowledge for critical feedback.
External Romance: the connection with external customers and suppliers will encourage the experimental of new idea.
In this level, knowledge is still improved, and the business will extract more value from it. To achieve it, organizations need to mobilize knowledge internally and keep it away from outsiders. You will find approaches for doing that:
Informal Knowledge System: the organization can encourage the inner transferences among employees because they build an interior network.
Information Technology Systems: the It will give attention to technology that can permit the informal transfer of knowledge, and the machine need to make it possible for adding comments on the subject from users.
Human Resources: thinkers, doers, mavericks and pragmatists are needed in order to fully transform new ideas into valuable knowledge.
External Human relationships: it continues to be important to keep up strong romantic relationship with customers and other associates in this level.
In this diffusion stage, the organizations encourage the leakage of knowledge, and no longer make an effort to keep carefully the knowledge under wraps. They'll spread out the data by retailing it to outsiders. Again, the managers should consider pursuing approaches in this stage:
Informal Knowledge Systems: knowledge in this level will be disseminated greatly and quickly, which requires a system that targets training employees and encourage their use.
Information Technology Systems: an considerable knowledge database will be helpful for the organization in this level. The competitive advantages will stem from the simple usage of information.
Human Resources: customer consultants will be needed in this level, so that they can work with customers and recognize the value of applying the knowledge to customers problems.
External Romance: organizations should give attention to building strong customers romantic relationship by their services, and utilizing their brand to make the differences with other challengers.
The organizations concentrate on handling knowledge that is already well known. The essential knowledge has been completely diffused. However, there are numerous opportunities to extract value from current knowledge to create one in this stage. The approached to extract value as follow:
Informal Knowledge Systems: in this stage, the utilization of formal knowledge systems will be more valuable than the informal one. The systems can help the organization to supply the best practices that can add value to well developed procedures, and encourage new ways of commercializing existing knowledge.
Information Technology Systems: organizations should develop effective search engines and retrieval systems because of the significant volume of documents which have collected overtime.
Human Resources: it is comparable to the requirements of the diffusion level. However, the demand for the knowledge may decline the demand for the jobs will be reduced. It is better to make use of the deal employees to solve this issue.
Base on my research, knowledge is much different from data and information. It really is how people use data to crate valuable information and from less valuable information to more valuable one. Quite simply, knowledge within an area can be defined as justified true idea about romantic relationships among concepts highly relevant to that one area.
Every organization needs to implement effectively its knowledge management steps credited to four important motorists. In so doing, it'll bring benefits to the business enterprise as well as the individual employees.
The organizations need to comprehend the knowledge life cycle to be able to manage the knowledge. The cycle comprises four stages, which are creation, mobilization, diffusion, and commoditization, points out the fundamental skill needs to effectively use knowledge management process.