Type of business ownership Sole proprietorship

A business that is carried on by a lone proprietorship is held by one individual, who also usually works and manages the business enterprise. There may or might not be people employed in the business these are referred to as employees of the business enterprise and the owner is the employer.

The singular proprietorship gets all profits and is legally required to bear and fulfill all losses in my opinion. The only real proprietorship is in my opinion liable for obligations of the business enterprise. So that, the sole proprietorship has unlimited responsibility to repay amounts owing, or bills, of the business enterprise. For instance, if the business incurs debts resulting from a warranty promise, then the specific will be placed accountable for those money, and any cases will be made up against the individual's personal possessions. As well, sole proprietorships are taxed under the non-public taxes system.

The singular proprietorship it is straightforward to set up and could only require enrollment of the business name which is free to run the business as he or she thinks best and it is not answerable to a supervisor. For the name of the business, the name of the dog owner or any other name may be used. Normally, a lone proprietorship business requires a little amount of capital to begin with, weighed against other forms of business entities. Types of sole proprietorship businesses are tailor shops, beauty saloons, restaurants, launderettes and mini market.

Type of






Partnership is an association of two or more people or entities that carry on business as partners. The partners usually run and take care of the business. However, there may be a silent spouse who does not take any part in the performing of the business even though they may have added capital to the relationship. In a relationship, each spouse is personally responsible for all money incurred by the business enterprise; in case of the firm's inability, each partner's personal assets are jeopardized.

In the partnership, the partners should have a legal contract that packages forth how decisions will be made, profits will be distributed, disputes will be settled, how future associates will be accepted to the partnership, how partners can be bought out, and what steps will be taken to dissolve the collaboration when needed.

There are two fundamentals kinds of partnerships, general and limited. In an over-all partnership, all partners have unlimited liability, while in a restricted collaboration, at least one spouse has responsibility limited only to his / her investment while at least one other partner has full responsibility. Examples of partnership are law or accounting companies, medical or dental practices

In relationship that are many kind of spouse, for example:

Ostensible Partner: Active and known as somebody.

Secret Partner: Active but not known or placed out as somebody.

Dormant Spouse: Inactive and not known or performed out as somebody.

Silent Partner: Inactive (but may be regarded as somebody)

Nominal Partner: Not a true partner in virtually any sense, not being truly a get together to the collaboration agreement. However, a nominal partner contains him or herself out as a partner, or allows others to make such representation through his/her name or otherwise

Type of company







Companies limited by shares

Companies limited by guarantee

A company is another legal entity formed under the Companies Work 2001. Commonly, its owners are called shareholders and their ownership interests are represented by shares in the company. The distinct legal status of the business has many implications for the entity. First, the business can enter into contracts, incur money and pay fees independently of its owners. The owners pay specific fees only on the business profit paid out to them in the form of salaries, bonuses and dividends.

The shareholders aren't liable for the company's debts after the shares they carry have been paid for in full. For example, if a company granted $1 stocks, with 60 cents payable on request and the rest of the 40 cents payable by future installments, the shareholders' liability in case of the business collapsing would be left over 40 cents on each show they own. This feature is recognized as limited liability; that is, their responsibility is bound to the total amount, if any, unpaid on their shares.

As a separate legal entity, a company has many of the rights, duties and responsibilities of an all natural person. It can, through its agents, buy, own and sell property in its name and take part in business activities by getting into deals with others. It has legal status in a judge and can sue and be sued, is legally accountable for its liabilities, and must pay tax just as an all natural person does.

Different type of business ownership has different type of characteristics, what is the various between one another? The major different characteristics of the other person are tax consideration, liability, duration, simplicity and cost of set up.

Tax Consideration

The lone proprietorship any income to the business enterprise is cured as income to the business owner and all income is reported on individual tax return, and it is taxed in the entire year it is received. Business deductions are permitted. While in partnership, a Partnership Arrangement can allocate the gains or losses in any ratio agreed to between the companions but if there is no Agreement, the gains must be allocated evenly. Business deductions are taken by the collaboration prior to the income is sent out to the associates and claimed on the personal taxation statements. The profit of any company is taxed to the company when earned, and then is taxed to the shareholders when distributed as dividends. This creates a double tax. The corporation does not get a tax deduction when it distributes dividends to shareholders. Shareholders cannot deduct any lack of the corporation.


In Bottom proprietors have unlimited liability and are lawfully accountable for all debts against the business enterprise. Their business and personal resources are at risk. In Collaboration, partners are responsible for all the debts of the business enterprise and the entire amount of the money can be collected from one or more of the associates rather than the debt being evenly shared. Partners may also be held responsible for acts devoted by one with their partners in the normal course of business. Owners of any Company hold the liability protection of a corporation. That is because, the company exists as a separate entity much just like a corporation. A firm member can't be held personally liable for debts unless they may have signed a personal guarantee.

Ownership interests

Ownership hobbies in a firm may be sold to third gatherings without troubling the continued procedure of the business enterprise. A single proprietorship or partnership, on the other hands, cannot be sold whole


The singular proprietorship remains in existence for as long as the dog owner is happy or able to stay in business. When the dog owner dies, the sole proprietorship no longer exists. The belongings and liabilities of the business become area of the owner's real estate. A sole proprietor can easily transfer a small business by offering all or a portion of the possessions of the business enterprise. In partnership the business firm ends with death, incapacity, withdrawal or personal bankruptcy of any spouse, unless otherwise decided to in a Relationship Arrangement. In company form a continuity of life, it has the power to can be found permanently and, therefore, is unaffected by the fatality associated with an owner or manager or by the transfer of ownership pursuits.

Ease and cost of place up

The exclusive proprietorship and collaboration it is not hard to set up and may sign-up a trade name to promote its products and services. While in company, a business must be authorized with the Registrar of Companies. Company cost more to create and run when compared to a exclusive proprietorship or relationship. For example, there are the initial creation fees, filing fees and total annual talk about fees. However, these costs are partly offset by lower insurance charges.


Beside that, a partnership may be relatively more adaptable in the decision making process than in a firm. But, it could be less so than in a exclusive proprietorship. That's because exclusive proprietorship management can react quickly to business needs by means of daily management decisions as governed by various regulations and good sense.

Capital Rising

A company has many avenues to raise capital. It can sell stocks of stock and create new types of stock, such as preferred stock, with different voting or earnings characteristics. Relationship difficult to growing additional capital but easier than lone proprietorship, that is basically because, sole proprietorship will be the only owner, therefore can't sell any stocks to invest in business expansion, and banks are more skeptical about financing money to sole proprietorships.

There are several advantages to being a exclusive proprietorship. First, the sole proprietorship entity is a quick, inexpensive and easy form of business to establish, and can be inexpensive to wind flow down. In this kind of business, there are no specific business fees paid by the company. The owner will pay taxes on income from the business enterprise within personal income tax payments. A only proprietor has complete control and decision-making vitality over the business enterprise, which is therefore free to choose the route of the business enterprise and it strategies and plans. Sale or transfer can take place at the discretion of the sole proprietor. Single proprietorship can control all the asset and money of business and may take money out of company for personal use anytime, as long as make sure the business enterprise expenses are paid. Exclusive proprietorship is relative freedom from administration control. The further edge is that the dog owner claims all the profits of the business.

There are several down sides to being a sole proprietorship. Bottom proprietorship's business is not really a distinct legal entity. Therefore, if the business is involved in any form of legal dispute, the individual owner has unlimited liability, which means the sole proprietor of the business enterprise can be placed personally liable for the obligations and commitments of the business. Also, this risk extends to any liabilities incurred as a result of acts determined by employees of the business. The sole proprietorship relatively limited point of view and experience that is basically because sole proprietorship is bound by the skill, time and investment of the average person owner. Only proprietorship are unpredictable business life, the organization may be crippled or terminated upon illness or loss of life of the dog owner.

There are several advantages to being a partnership. First, the partnerships are relatively easy to set up however time should be committed to developing the relationship agreement. Partnership data files informational tax go back. Relationship income is reportable and taxed on partners' personal tax returns. The primary benefit of a partnership over a sole proprietorship is usually that the partnership combines the abilities, talents, and understanding of two or more people, and everything partners have equivalent protection under the law in the management of the relationship business

The main negatives of relationship are collaboration is seen as a unlimited liability. Therefore, the lovers are fully responsible for all business debts and obligations, irrespective of their involvement in the entity. The relationship form has a restricted life therefore it may end with death, incapacity, withdrawal or personal bankruptcy of any partner. A great number of partnerships end up involved in disputes because of disagreements concerning profit showing or decision making for the business. Partnership is limited financial therefore it may only borrow money or use companions' savings. Should be dissolved and reformed to confess additional partners desperate to invest. A further disadvantage is recognized as mutual agency. Shared agency is every spouse acts as a realtor for the collaboration and for each and every other partner. Therefore, somebody can stand for the other associates and bind those to a contract if she or he is behaving within the evident scope of the business enterprise. Partnership is relative difficulty in obtaining large sums of capital. That is specifically true of long term financing when compared to a organization. However, by using individual partners' assets, opportunities are probably greater than in a proprietorship.

The main features of forming a company is the limited liability safety provided to its owners. Just because a corporation is known as a separate legal entity, the shareholders have limited responsibility for the corporation's debts. The personal possessions of shareholders are not in danger for satisfying corporate and business bad debts or liabilities. Companies are attractive investment. The built-in stock framework of a company makes it appealing to investors. The business form has a continuity of life, it gets the power to are present permanently and, therefore, is unaffected by the fatality associated with an owner or supervisor or by the transfer of ownership pursuits. Other benefits of company is taxation, owners of your company pay just fees on company revenue paid to them in the form of salaries, bonus items, and dividends. The business pays taxes, at the company rate, on any income. Companies also have the ability to raise huge amounts of capital through general public talk about offerings. Companies have a established management structure. The owners of an company are shareholders, who choose a Mother board of Directors, which in turn elects the officials. Apart from the election of directors, shareholders do not participate in the procedures of the business.

There are several negatives to the business form of business framework. First, the company is more expensive and time-consuming to determine. Companies are supervised by federal, point out and some local companies, and consequently may have more paperwork to adhere to regulations. Company create cost are expansive that is because company need to pay many fees to create the business enterprise there will be the initial development fees, filing fees and gross annual condition fees. Beside that, paperwork is a huge component of the company formalities that has to followed. For instance, business loan company accounts and documents must be taken care of and kept individual from personal accounts and property. . In company may lead to higher overall taxes. C organizations have potential double-tax outcomes - once when the business makes its revenue, and a second time when dividends are paid to shareholders. S organizations can mitigate this duty concern. Company is disclosure of brands of corporate officials and directors. Most areas do not require that brands of shareholders be considered a matter of open public record; however, many claims require that the labels and addresses of commercial officers and directors be shown on one or more documents filed with the Secretary of Talk about. The proper corporate and business formalities of managing and running a organization must be followed, to receive the benefits of being a company.

I preferred form a sole proprietorship. Bottom proprietorship business has many advantages suited to form in Malaysia. First, a singular proprietorship is the standard of all kinds of business ownerships. Many smaller businesses are only proprietorships. Next, a exclusive proprietorship is easy to determine compare to collaboration and company. Bottom proprietorship does not have to do anything special or file paperwork to create one up. Only proprietorship typically requires few if any legal documents and nominal record keeping. Beside that, only proprietorship may register a trade name to market its products and services.

The exclusive proprietorship is not really a taxable entity. Income from the business is simply put into the owner's personal income to find out taxable income. Sole proprietorship only one person involved in the business so that it is straightforward to dissolve if so when the person decides to stop functioning as a small business.

A single proprietorship is the lowest priced kind of business structure to determine. You don't have for a attorney or for an excessive amount of money to be reserve in order to pay lots of fees. Companies are a lot more expensive to begin up. Therefore, exclusive proprietorship can be started out fairly easily with reduced capital requirements.

A only proprietorship, on the other hand, does not require any establish payroll system or any other financial business framework. Many lone proprietorships simply setup a separate account at their bank institution because of their business cash and record all appropriate business bills in the management of this account.

Since the sole proprietor is not really a legal entity, the dog owner is eligible for all profits produced from the business enterprise and can exercise his entrepreneurial skills fully. The sole proprietor is the supervisor, the dog owner, and the business all in a single. Sole proprietorship provides an individual with the ultimate control that they may be looking for when they go into business for themselves. There are generally no associates to response to and therefore single proprietors can enjoy being their own supervisor and having 100 % decision making talents and tasks including taking personal business risks that may wrap up paying down well, operating in any manner owner want.

The most important reason which i preferred form only proprietorship is singular proprietorship varieties can expansion of the business enterprise with additional equity holder change of form from a exclusive proprietorship to a collaboration or a transformation to a corporation or a restricted Responsibility Company. Although is difficult but it addittionally have a success case. A vintage example is the Kamdar Office Store, a multi-million ringgit business, that was a single proprietorship business for years before it became a private limited company.


1. Accounting word & cases

-Robert N. Anthony -David F. Hawkins -Kenneth A. Merchant

2. Book-keeping and Accounting 5th Edition

-Sheila Robinson & Frank Wood

3. Financial Accounting In Australia Second edition

- Allan Duffus

4. Accounting

-Hoggett -Edwards -Medlin -Tilling

5. Accounting

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6. Accounting irregularities in financial statement

- Benny K. B. Kwok

7. Groundwork of Business Accounting Second Edition

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8. Financial Accounting

- A. Mukherjee - M Hanif

9. Business Accounting 1

- Frank Wood & Alan Sangster

10. Financial Accounting Information (THE CHOICE to Debits and Credits)

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