The question of morality demonstrates to be always a complex interrogatory. MUST I be moral? If I should be, then why? Why is morality important to contemporary society? An assumption can be produced that morals are based on a purely spiritual point of view or the Golden Guideline approach. Our company is told that it is right to be moral. That is an inadequate answer, since it does not connect with someone outside the moral circle (Olsen, 79).
This in mind, there is actually no chance to confirm this too a person who wants to know why he/she should be moral. Matching to Olen, the only real answer to them would be "because you are". Pleasure could also be included in the set of moral reasons. Personally, i feel that this is the best supported reason for being moral. Although there will be occasions when the moral decision will not be pleasurable, it is going to lead to joy. Morality is important for society as a whole, as it makes life livable. Now growing on the enjoyment theory, I'll discuss the ideas of Aristotle. Aristotle thought that pleasure is the quality of whole real human life. Most of us have misconceptions about happiness. The majority of us believe that pleasure is experiencing a exciting feeling of pleasure or pleasant thoughts. We are able to be happy at one second, but not the next. Aristotle on the other hands said that true contentment includes pleasures, joys, and successes as well as many aches and pains, griefs, and troubles in ones life. A happy life is not cause by the pleasures we've possessed, nor marred by the displeasures we've got.
Aristotle also contended that children cannot be happy as the necessity for joy was a complete life. For example, an old man looking again on his life and being able to say that it was good, is enjoyment.
Aristotle defined the things that make happiness as health, wealth, friendship, and good moral personality. Aristotle mentioned that happiness was also the highest good leaving nothing more to be desired. Life is manufactured perfect by possession of all good things. We seek joy because of its own sake. Others are desired for delight. Aristotle thought to become happy one will need to have good character and be willing to are affected to obtain the greater good down the road. We should seek the good in the long run. Most men/women will not do that. We take the immediate pleasure. Most people think that happiness is exclusive to each individual. Aristotle believed that there is only one true conception which it retains the same for those humans. Electricity is not an attribute to delight since it would preclude some people from being happy if they are ruled. Aristotle considered our for fathers that everyone comes with an ultimate right to the pursuit of happiness.
He believed that this pursuit must be cooperative, not competitive. All this said, it is clear so it works with into his notion that everything in dynamics has a goal towards which it obviously aims (i. e. delight). A morally virtuous person is person who is moderate in his actions. He selects the mean instead of the extremes. Aristotle was more worried about the real world than with the theological world. His bottom line view point was that people have no answer to the question "Why do you want to be happy?" apart from "to be happy. " He thought that people must be moral to be able to acquire our prolonged goal of joy.
I find myself in arrangement with Aristotle to some degree. WHENEVER I as myself "why would you like to be happy?" I am trapped. I just desire to be happy. I could see where world all together must practice morality as a whole to permit everyone the non-competitive quest for happiness. I can also relate to the actual fact that following the immediate pleasure doesn't unnecessarily feature to the future good. I've not had the opportunity to have one city longer than a year at a time. Because of this, I am incapable to get my dream home because the
I am however happier when I first proceed to a new express. I am not totally convinced that the pursuit of happiness alone is just cause for morality. I do assume that morality has much to do with a theological basis. I believe that there is an responsibility instilled in each of us by the current religious idea of out population. I believe we make decision predicated on the consequences we're able to face in our afterlife. I believe we discern right and wrong on the basis of what is right or incorrect to your doctrine.
True moral issues, but also for the most part don't we assess thing based on what was instilled into us as children? We were socialized to match a structure and our modern culture even today is still tinged with spiritual attitudes and beliefs. Regarding to Kohlberg's periods of moral development, children give the right response to moral issues, but with different reasons as they progress.
REASONS FOR DOING RIGHT
Preconventional Desire to Avoid punishment
Avoidance of punishment and the superior power of authority; behavior for its own sake.
Desire to acquire rewards
Serves one's own needs and identifies that other folks have their passions to; conforms to obtain rewards
Conventional "Good Young man/Good Girl"
Values the approval of others and will try to maintain common relationships affecting trust, loyalty, admiration, and gratitude; thinks in the Golden Rule.
Respect for Authority
Values society's laws and will try to uphold them; auto tires to keep carefully the institution heading.
Respect for the sociable contract
Believes in upholding the sociable contract because it supplies the "greatest best for the greatest amount'; recognizes a social contract is an agreement between people that benefits the general public welfare.
Universal moral principles
Personally committed to a couple of self-chosen ethical guidelines, mot which may be appropriate for the laws and regulations of society. When laws conflict with ethical key points, the person operates relative to his/her key points.
SOURCE: Based on L. Kohlberg "Level and Sequence: The Cognitive-Developmetal Approach to Socializtion" in Handbood of Sociliztion Thoery and Research, 1969, edited by D. A. Goslin, Rand Mcnally, Chicago; and L. Kohlberg, "Moral Phases and Moralization' in T. Lickons Ied. ), Moral Development and Behavior. New Yord: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1976.
Now when i take this desk under consideration I see that children are regularly react into the consequences given to them by parents, classes, and so forth. These ideas are ingrained into us from beginning, therefor they be a part of us. Not only do they be a part of us, but the real reason that they are important turns into lost and becomes a "just because" reason. Maybe this is excatly why it is so hard to make clear why a person should be moral. Having said all of this, I believe Aristotle's ideas were generally correct. His idea o morality being from the achievement of joy does match my applying for grants societal molding. In our world, or any for that matter, there seems to be a blueprint that we placed our goals and composition our lives. Being healthy, rich, and well known are a major part of that blueprint we in our sect call the North american Desire. Inherent to being respected has been known for doing the right thing and making the right decisions, and keeping guarantees. We do all desire to be happy but I say culture has generated those goods that we consider important our out delight. Would wealth make a difference if there was no money with which to contend? I believe not, therefor I don't think morals would be an important element to happiness if religion had not affected society. Through the ages the beliefs of the moral issues of that time period. Therefor, I believe the ideas we accrue throughout our life times relating to what's right our incorrect are then past to your children just the same. Why must i be moral? I highly believe that it is because culture says so.
Olen, Jeffrey. , Folks and Their World. McGraw-Hill, Inc. , 1983
Wallace, Patricia M. , Goldstein, Heffrey H. , Nathan, Peter E. ,
Introduction to Mindset. Brown Publishers, 1990.