Terrorism, development of cultural assault, gender inequalities, poverty and diseasesâetc. has powered societies to become more opaque, uncertain about their future. Because the 11th of September 2001, the social issue has been imposed at the forefront of political concerns. The Johannesburg World Summit on the theme Lasting Development in 2002 has recognized the importance of culture and determines culture as the 4th pillar of development. Moreover, with the increase..