Learn how to conclude an essay today

Writing an essay is one of those jobs that is littered with obstacles. You struggle to write an introduction but feel pleased with yourself when you have accomplished that only to find that another challenge has arisen in the form of the main body. No sooner have you mastered the art of writing a strong argument, then the need to write a conclusion hits you with full force in the anxiety department. It can be exhausting and stressful but it does not need to be. If you wish to know how to conclude an essay, read on.


In this article, you will learn:

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Before you can write a conclusion, you have to closely define it and dissect it into pieces. This way, it becomes less confusing and more workable. If we define the conclusion by how it leaves the reader, we could suggest that the reader is left satiated and fully aware of your argument. Furthermore, they understand exactly how you stand in respect of your research and writing. A conclusion, therefore, brings all your argument together as a whole. It leaves no room for ambiguity or doubt.

Now that you understand what a conclusion needs to do, we can dissect it so that it is broken up into sections. This will help you to clarify what you need to do and you will be able to work through your conclusion in a methodical manner.

  • Reword your hypothesis. (The beginning of your conclusion.)
  • Briefly explain why the main points in your essay are viable. (The middle of your conclusion.)
  • Justify why your argument is significant to the subject that you are writing about. (The end of your conclusion.)

Essentially, this is all a conclusion is. Don’t worry if you still don’t have clarity and are struggling with your own essay and the three steps to writing a conclusion as they will be explained further in this article.

This means returning to your introduction and looking at the focus of your argument. Indeed, this will be the foundation of your whole essay. The reason that you need to begin your conclusion with a rewording of your hypothesis is to demonstrate that you clearly understand your argument and also to display your conclusion as a rounded whole within the essay. Therefore, if a reader were to read only your conclusion, they would still understand what your argument consisted of.

Let’s use an example so that you can see exactly what you need to do. If we imagine that you are writing an essay comparing Frankenstein with Wuthering Heights you will be able to see clearly what is needed. Both novels are literary giants and unless you have a hypothesis it could be easy to become entangled in too many different arguments that is why a hypothesis is helpful. For instance, if your hypothesis was that ‘both texts further the plot with concentric circles of narration’ you would paraphrase this at the beginning of your conclusion. In essence, you might suggest ‘Shelley and Bronte use both spoken and written evidence by an array of narrators to establish a story.’

Writing this part of the conclusion is probably the part where you are most likely to get frustrated. The reason for this is that it is easy to make the mistake of virtually writing the whole essay out again. It is almost like the essay goblins jump out and keep shouting at you that you have to mention this and don’t forget that. Ignore the inner voice and concentrate on one point at a time. It is important to remember when writing a conclusion that is exactly what it is and not a reiteration of the whole essay again.

If you feel like your head is a kettle about to boil, you can ease it by printing up the main body of your essay and drawing a big red line between each point. This may seem like a childish action but it really works when your brain is blowing out steam all over the place. The reason is that the red lines automatically give you a cue that you have only this one point to deal with. Basically, you have sectioned it off and it helps with clarity.

Look at the first sentence of your point. Does it sum up the whole point? If it doesn’t, you may need to go back and re-write it. The reason for this is that your points should be made up of a summing up sentence followed by explanation and evidence. This may seem like extra work but it will make your essay much more focussed both for the person reading it and yourself.

Once your point is clear then you need to read through your evidence and be able to write a summing up of that for your conclusion. Let’s imagine that you are writing the Shelley and Bronte essay about narration. For instance, if one of your points uses the secondary evidence from Gilbert and Gubar’s ‘The Madwoman in the Attic’ and talks about how biographically both Shelley and Bronte lost their mother’s at an early age. You may have used the idea that neither of them knew their mother except through what other people told them and any documents that had survived. If you agree that this could be what has caused the fascination with gaining evidence in this manner, you may argue that it causes the actual texts to be flawed or more authentic because of this interest. Once you have gathered your evidence and thought about it, you can write with authority. For instance, you might suggest ‘

‘As Gilbert and Gubar (You may need to put a citation number here.) correctly pointed out, both authors lost their mother’s prematurely so it could be argued that the use of a multi oral narration displays a truthfulness in the text because of the human condition of the need to know about our ancestry.’

Work your way through each point, writing one sentence only. Take your time and fully concentrate on each individual point. Think about the opinion that you have now reached on it. Writing the main body part of the conclusion can be a satisfying experience because you have done the research and written most of your argument down so you are in the position of understanding exactly where you stand with your hypothesis. In other words, at all other points of writing your essay, you may not have been exactly clear about your views on your essay, however, at this stage, you hopefully are.

Almost there. You now need only to write one sentence or two at the very most to explain why your argument is significant to the further research of your topic. For instance, if we stay with Frankenstein and Wuthering Heights, you might conclude that combining biographical evidence with psychoanalytical evidence may lead to further discoveries in 19th century female literature. The trick is to sound authoritative without implying that you are the next Gilbert and Gubar.

If you have carefully followed the steps in this article, you should now know how to conclude an essay. However, if you are stressed and it is making your thoughts jump around like frogs then you may need some help. We offer a whole range of writing services. These include:

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