Waste To Prosperity Program Environmental Sciences Essay

Urban and rural regions of India produce very much garbage daily and hurting by various kinds of pollutions which are increasing very fast in terms of area and environment. The majority of households of metropolitan area are not using dustbin or not getting facilities to put their home garbage plus they through on the highway and way. This activity is change into bad habit because of lack of facilities and knowledge. People are suffering from polluting of the environment, water pollution and soil pollution even they require to through the garbage anywhere. People want their cool and clean environment even they don't know how to get it. In these days people are employing plastics which is become a part of a life, which produce the chemical poisons. Many dangerous waste in urban comes from industries and factories also which are the release so many damaging substance but another side we have recycle systems are converting in the useful elements. Within the rural area farmers are also entail to work with the substance fertilizers so land is now unproductive land. One more thing plastic material products are also dominating in the rural area and reason behind degrading land and rural cattle are also eating this that is why cattle's death going on in the rural area. Due to environment affect it is necessary to safeguard and change the tendencies of people. We have to change our patterns and protect our health and wellness, well-being by giving reasonable options and information for re-use and lowering the intake of plastics and tossing the garbage outsides.

In the places households are throwing away food and plastics and toss on the highway and some places and in the colonies and real-states colonies homeowners don't have option to split up their local garbage so they use to put in one plastic bag and placed on municipal-party garbage-bin. Lowering, reusing, recycling and recovering of misuse habit can make changes our environment. Through this concept it may dealing with and safely disposing of waste which is possible to avoid the air pollution and ecological degradation. With the waste our youth can get employment and can promote the financial and interpersonal development. Within this activity more and more people are under the prospective and concentrate group, which may become beneficiary and part of this program. In lots of says have rag-pickers in a variety of places that are relating to acquire the garbage and part in our social and economical situation. They aren't aware of their health because of financial problem and education. Involve the rag-pickers and unemployed children, it is possible to promote and guaranteeing the effective delivery of misuse from household and they will pay some amount of services in every week or monthly. In such a service households are certain to get two independent bin for plastics and food wastage and unemployed young ones can get career with through promotion.

Food waste shouldn't be waste which is often changing into compost and vermi-compost, and farmers can get bio-fertilizers or manure with low price and collaboration with recycler establishments, rag-pickers can get good amount and better living standard. In this program general public place and successful land will be clean from waste products and secure from contaminants.

Genetics the condition.

Only households are not responsible to generate problem even school, college's clutter or canteen, restaurants, hotels, office buildings and theaters and mandies or marketplaces, these are the items direct throw the garbage outsides. Typically garbage would go to drainage and dumps the drains which turn into a cause to set-up smell and mosquitoes etc. and drainage goes to some water resources and through the harmful chemicals. Harmful chemical compounds reach to cultivated field through source channel of normal water resources and also pets or animals are affecting to drink and human.

Many states administration have many techniques to control pollution and garbage on the road plus they have different system to manage these exact things through municipal get together. In Uttar Pradesh at Kanpur, so many sectors are launching the dangerous chemicals in the river, as well as corporations and homeowners are also caused of garbage. Chromium (dangerous chemical), which has two forms, "trivalent & hexavalent" and when chromium salts change from trivalent to hexavalent, which depend on the pH, it become poison and reason behind cancer. Another thing is cattle and animals who loitering occasionally, they are taking garbage as a supply and dying. Grand pickup truck highway to Allahabad at Kanpur has dumping issue of hazardous waste material and citizen suffer from bad smell and soiled place and in the rainy season people use to suffer from dirty water. People do not have safe normal water and who are taking water from bore-well which is merely 100 feet away from sludge heaps along the roadside.

Many tones merged waste comes from city to near rural area of district Lucknow and the majority of places of part of highway highway are covering by garbage. With the merged garbage use-full gas can produce and the genuine energy balance to see whether the energy plant will be a consumer or developer of ability, at great cost to the taxpayer. Place is getting 200-400 loads/day of genuine organic throw away and 50 percent organic and natural content in blended waste and in between they are receiving banana leaves waste material, which is really as halting in the seed however they could go for vermi-compost. Many stakeholders are effective to manage the waste and they're assisting to implementing firms (govt. or private). Waste management agencies are getting misuse from UP Kisan Mandi Parisad and vegetable has good source to get waste to create biogas through gas buffer tank.

Here hereditary problem means follow the other's patterns and hierarchical activity. Every people know that if indeed they will toss the garbage on general population place, other folks will have an effect on including them also. This activity is continuing since many generations and also some work are using against this activity but people are not aware of it. Within the waste materials management, rag-pickers are playing very important role and they are lowering or make safe place from some poisons, which are the harmful for human being. In this country population is growing very fast plus they don't have opportunity to live in proper place and they also encroaching the place and another thing is who will manage the throw away releasing by households. Their children are also doing continue same activity, whatever they monitor around them, if they don't have knowledge and right place (environment) to live and study from difficulties. Households are having mentality of "use and throw" things plus they do not want re-use the things. In India we don't possess quality strategy to recycles the wastes and children of rag pickers family also obligated by their parents. They suffer from some diseases and some harmful things such as, metals, needles, afflicted things etc. before taking food they aren't washing side properly and usually not using slippers or shoes.

Program components

Clean and renewable environment of urban and rural:

Make money (employment) from throw away for unemployed poor people:

Rural and metropolitan collection centre (program execution centre)

Make better life of rag-pickers:

Change the behavior of individuals (BCC):

Soil rehabilitate by waste products compost (organic):

Plantation:

Collaborate with recycle market sectors and linkage with different stakeholders:

Clean and inexperienced environment of urban and rural:

Program involve some objective to put into action this series of steps to be carried out and discovering to sustainability of program it is necessary to good outcome. Where program will implement, that framework will have some expectation to get better environment. Program will continue to work on both contexts urban and rural which is part of this program and both are extremely important to execute the program. Program provides both types of bin for plastics and decayable. In the metropolitan area, garbage will come to units and it'll be convert into vermi-compost or pit-compost so metropolitan area will safe from dusty place and polluted environment and same strategy could be run as well as rural area can get vermi-compost in cheap price for production of their land.

Make money (employment) from waste material for unemployed the indegent:

In the urban and rural area most of people, specially poor youngsters are not getting employment, so interested people and youth can get job or job through this program and in this process without invest that much financial what to make money to create organic fertilizer as well as clean and green environment. Worker will gather the garbage from home for supplying services weekly and they.

Rural and metropolitan collection center (program implementation centre):

For producing the organic and natural fertilizer and separation of recyclable components products to be necessary and whatever materials will acquire from urban after that it is going to centers for handling of compost and bundle of plastic to send recycle industries. Centers are main indicate determine the all activities of fixed location, from where staff are certain to get their information and delivery of material from homes to centre.

Make better life of rag-pickers:

In the program only people aren't entail even rag-pickers have great option to join the program. Rag-pickers gather different kind of recyclable things. They may have good environment to learn a lot of things to boost their skill and knowledge and the program will change their behavior because they're unaware about their health insurance and experiencing various diseases. Program will provide some classes and cover material to collect garbage. They will get some good trainings of "how to act before, during and after acquire the garbage. Through the program they will get good physical and financial position as well as public also.

Change the action of people (BCC):

Avoiding and lowering the era of throw away through the cost of reflective and increase or create the understanding. Program want to improve the unnecessary habit of men and women which are the harmful for his or her health and environment and continuity of needless habits have an effect on to others and create issue of their selves. In this particular activity people will know and become aware about air pollution. Generally Rag-pickers go through big problems of health because of unawareness plus they do not use cover elements during accumulate the garbage. Their habits are a hierarchical so through this program their parents and same community can get facilities. Through the action change program wish to increase reuse and recycling rates of products and decrease the ratio of recyclable material to landfill.

Soil rehabilitate by waste products compost (organic):

Rural area has good chance to rehabilitate the land and farmers can also get vermi-compost in cheap rate. You'll be able to produce the organic and natural fertilizers through the garbage which will come from metropolitan waste and rural waste products. This program has units close to rural area so that it is easy to attain the rural and farmers also can approach to models.

Plantation:

It is necessary to ensure the protection of the environment through the effective waste management. In these days urbanization is happening very fast so which is reason behind deforestation. In order well as organic farming and land rehabilitation, metropolitan and rural area are certain to get plantation facilities which will help to make green and good environment. It could possible to get financial power by fruit place and plantation privately of road provides the tone to passer. Within the rural area people could get energy for food and could also earn from it.

Collaborate with recycle companies and linkage with different stakeholders:

The primary concentrate of this program is to achieve the objectives of waste materials hierarchy which is set of extensive and economic perspective related and cooperation is essential activity of this program that will fulfill the objects. This program will collaborate to recycle business, municipal party, government and privet market and companies. Many stakeholders are involve in this program and they're the main the different parts of this program who will be the part of program success

Need assessment

Demography

This program will run in the places of Uttar Pradesh and there are waste materials is very big problem and people need the perfect solution is of this problem. On the basis of data this program will choose the places and rural area where program could match the all problematic situations. Most of cities are going to finish their acceptance and tourism is also heading to reduce or to be damaged, because of odour and soiled places.

Community needs;

Community will have some expectation out of this program and also community is part of computer. It is created by predicated on their needs and with witnessing the down sides of community; program will try to satisfy their expectation or needs. Predicated on the experience and data some area covers by this program. Urban households are certain to get some services to eliminate the garbage and folks will get rest from dirty or polluted place. Other stakeholders (schools & school or universities' clutter, hotels, restaurants, markets, shopping mall and other companies etc) will get facilities plus they need their neat and clean environment which is help to maintain their quality if life also. The program will fill the some community need:

Neat and clean environment

Employment

Income generation

Protect the health

Prevent the pollution

Sustainable development

Make better life

Community resources:

Program has specific focus on groups who wish to satisfy their needs and secure their life and financial part. Community reference means, how can they add in the program. Community contribution is must for it and they will contribute. Predicated on their needs and framework of program, the most essential part of some connection with the strategy is to group for throw away management which is show the worthiness chain some steps, which will be based on the descending order of priority. Waste can't be avoid by community because they is aware of very well, it will create problem in the future and this is not become waste for them. Households and other institution or stakeholders will pay for services and unemployed junior will get occupation to accumulate it and rag-pickers also will get money and from collaborated recycle companies through this program.

Vision and Mission of the program

Vision:

Advancing livelihood through waste materials management as well as inexperienced & clean environment

Mission:

Poverty reduction of community through

Phases of the program

Phase 1

Phase 2

Phase 3

Period

3 years

4 years

3 years

Focus

Reach to homes and other stakeholders

To protect health, provide wellness and environment

Change the behavior of people to reduce, reuse, recover the misuse.

Coverage

4 Cities of Utter Pradesh

Expansion program in other areas

Reach to rural area for remediation for polluted land

Activities

Waste avoidance & decrease through services,

Recovery, reuse & recycling the waste

Treatment & processing

Outcomes

Clean and green environment

Pollution free environment

Reducing the poverty from misuse Income generate by itself

Logical framework

Intervention logic

Objective verified indicator

Means of verification

Goal- Lessening, re-using, recycling and recovering waste products.

Promoting and guaranteeing the effective delivery of waste services

Identified the concentrate group

Their living standard

Identified the location

People unaware about environment and unknown from reduce, reuse and recover

Objectives- To improve the behaviour of individuals to lessen, reuse and recover of waste products by recycling. To make the clean and green environment with effective waste material management. To supply the employment for people with waste management.

Facilitate to farmers for cost effective farming with organic and natural fertilizers

Involve the unemployment people, rag-pickers, people and other stakeholders

Impact of program through feedback

The function of observing

Change the behavior of people

Make better life of rag-pickers

Output-

Organise the citizen and people

Good environment

well-being and income generation

Make better living standard

Reduce the misuse through change the behaviour

Reduce the generation of waste

Prevention of air pollution and ecological degradation

Remediation of contaminated land

Recover the all grubby places of cities

Input

Funds, infrastructure of products, skilled and unskilled real human resource

Initial investment

Implementation

Monitoring

Evaluate the program

Impact review of per event

Some establishment is working in this field however, not effective and in an effective way

First concentration group will be homeowners in the urban and rural area, from where most important waste should come and they'll get two types of bin plastics and decayable things.

Collection garbage from homes and others

Employee will accumulate the garbage regular and households and other establishment will pay of service on each week with take receipts.

Collect the plastics and other metal

Rag-pickers are very important part to make clean and safe the public place. Work with the rag-pickers and gather by them the plastics and other recyclable elements which disperse the harmful chemical compounds and pollute the surroundings.

Recover and parting of material

After collection the input, it will go to the separation units where other employees will cover the material and make independent it and also maintain the file and register of covering the households and tally the paying receipts.

Use for compost and recycle

After separation the material staff will send it for recycling to recycle companies and decayable things for vermi or pit-compost.

Goal

Reducing, re-using, recycling and recovering waste material.

Promoting and guaranteeing the effective delivery of waste materials services

Objectives:

To change the behaviour of people to reduce, reuse and recover of misuse by recycling.

To make the clean and renewable environment with effective waste material management

To supply the employment for folks with throw away management.

Facilitate to farmers for cost effective farming with organic and natural fertilizers.

Note- There is nothing waste products until you make it waste

Methodology / execution:

Program will run by staff member and employees and support of other stakeholder and in the program, program manager will make strategy to focus on particular location and linkage with govt. and private organization and build the some awareness program and advertising campaign and control the all staff of location. Here area administrator will define the location and implement the program and make report to the program director. He will execute the all reaching of employees and set up the all needs of models. Here marketing administrator has responsibility to find the marketplace of organic products and make technique to lead reach to farmers while others. Supervisor will control the all worker and see the challenge of area and accomplish to collection centre and as well as accountant can make and put together all record and record of financial things.

Evaluation

Cost-effectiveness of the program:

Program has original investment and it will provide the some necessary facilities which is avoid the opportunity of future investment.

Community satisfaction:

Community will fulfil their needs through the program and get some services and benefits plus they involve some contribution without extra work and financial things.

Attainment of goals:

Work with community and other stakeholders and fulfil their needs as well as program will reach to own goals and fulfil the all objects.

Program sustainability

In the development sector people will work for poverty lowering and promoting livelihood etc. with various strategic plan and community also implementing this type of strategy because they need to reduce their poverty and get better livelihood. One aspect people are centering to get money and better living position but another part they also facing issue of poor health and environment. They know very well what they are really doing nonetheless they have no idea which impact has effects on of their life. People are wasting a lot what's part of these financial and environment. This program is considering and caring to another technology and community also worry of their generation nonetheless they do not feel that their next technology will suffer in the foreseeable future.

Waste management program will provide the facilities to many stakeholders and focus on the future and next generation and how they can get good environment and better livelihood through waste products management. Program think that "nothing is waste until you make it spend" and misuse is the foundation of economic and it is possible to make better life through waste management. Urban people are certain to get cool and clean and pollution free environment with their contribution in the program as well as unemployed people will get job to provide services to home and other companies through the program and rag-pickers have so benefits to work on it and they'll get good standard of life and can reduce their poverty and poor health.

Financial guideline

Initial invest is very necessary for the program which is consider the main one of the base of program and aim of program is supply the facilities to community which is consume the financial things of dustbins and the products of collection centre and agreement of units and some tools for producing the vermi and pit composts. For collection the garbage staff need the some vehicle, so for the reason that program need sufficient account to repay all needs, clearly it depend on the region or located area of the applying program. Program has also thought of protection of their staff because of they will work on the dirty element so they have to secure their life first and after that they can protect or secure of others life. Program need the approximate fund Rs. 5 crore.

Staff framework and qualification

Sr. no.

Staff

Qualification

1

Program Manager

Post graduate and computer knowledge

2

Area manager

Graduate in executive and computer knowledge

3

Marketing manager

Post graduate and computer knowledge

4

Supervisor

10+2 and computer knowledge

5

Accountant

Graduate in profile and computer knowledge

Way forward

This program has very long vision to run it and in the future it would prefer to some technological aspect like Global positioning system, what will help to know the covering area or location and determined area. Linkage with different stakeholders and work on other cultural work related to environment and livelihood of men and women and which will make better life. Throughout the plantation and organic cultivation, program could promote JLG and company group and offer the education of other facilities to rag-pickers.

Conclusion-

This program has very specific idea to remove pointless thins from sociable and environment and work with community and focus group. For ecological development you'll be able to reach the program goal and fulfil the aims. Program will work with different stakeholders and staff members and make smarter living standard with income generation from waste materials. Most beautiful thing is people involvement and they could change their behavior.

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