To begin a Kibera case study, it is important to state precisely where Kibera is and what it is. For example, you need to state that Kibera is the name of a vast slum in Kenya’s capital, Nairobi. Then explain how big it is and put Kibera into perspective.
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Kibera is estimated to have a quarter of a million people in it, although this isn’t an official figure. Two and a half million people live in Nairobi’s slums, and Kibera is the biggest of them. It is estimated that there are 700,000 people living in Kibera (according to the international charity, Habitat for Humanity Great Britain). However, there could be many more. It is believed that most of the people living in Kibera exist on less than $1 a day.
HIV/AIDS is rife in Kibera as men have unprotected sex as a matter of course. Clearly there is a need for education regarding such matters. Many orphans live in Kibera, because their parents died because of AIDS.
Slum dwellers in Kibera and elsewhere can easily be evicted from their homes (actually shacks) because they are the world’s dispossessed. They don’t have tenancy agreements or any land rights as they are basically squatters.
There are various international charities operating in Kibera, but the Kenyan government seems to have neglected its citizens. Some teach mothers basic health and hygiene practices, so that their children can have a better start in life. However, if conditions in Kibera are generally unsanitary there is little that can be done.
Volunteers are desperately needed by charities functioning in Kibera so that the situation of its residents can be improved, albeit partially.
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