Analysis Of Corporate Culture Management Essay

Daimler-Chrysler was a merger developed by subscribing to German industrial giant Daimler-Benz AG and American auto mobile producer Chrysler Firm, in 1998. Brands they produce include Dodge, Jeep, Chrysler, Mercedes, and Plymouth. DaimlerChrysler upholds headquarters in Stuttgart, Germany, the original home of Daimler-Benz, and in Auburn Hills, Michigan, the original head office of Chrysler. Relating to (Mopardaddy, 2013), Daimler-Benz bought Chrysler Firm for $38 billion, and it became one of the major industrial mergers in history. The merger also positioned DaimlerChrysler for contractions into Asian and Latin American market segments, where analysts foresee significant future growth in the automobile industry.

(Miliou, 2011) brought up the reason for this merger in her study. By this merger Daimler will be able to go into U. S market and produce more low-end autos in their production. Alternatively Chrysler will be able to access Europe market. Daimler-Chrysler also has benefit of reducing the price, increasing the output and exchanges the technology. The primary goal of this merger is to create a larger global venture to compete in the bigger markets of the world.

The consequence of this merger was surprising. DC's sales and share price started slipping, started making huge losses and synergies weren't working as expected. This inability resulted to offering Chrysler to Cerberus Capital Management.

After all the key reasons for the failure of merger of Daimler-Chrysler can be answer by several factors, which is social clash, mismanagement, insufficient homework and Asian task.

Analysis of Corporate Culture

Edgar Schein of MIT's Sloan College of Management define organizational culture as follows: a structure of distributed basic assumptions that the group discovered as it resolved its problems of external adaptation and interior integration, that has worked sufficiently to be looked at valid and, therefore, to be taught to new users as the way in which to perceive, think, and feel in relation to those problems.

The major reason for the failure of Daimler-Chrysler is social mismatch. The two companies failed in managing and reducing the difference between both companies. The variety of culture from each region will take effect in work manner, quality, system of power, and create the business enterprise culture itself.

In this merger Daimler-Benz and Chrysler come from two different civilizations. Daimler-Benz is from east culture of Germany and Chrysler Corp is from America. Two ethnicities is different in terms of company, working style and settlement. The ethnical incompatibility is the single largest root cause of lack of projected performance, departure of key executives, and time consuming issues in the consolidation of business (Bijilsma-Frankema, 2001)

The Culture of Human Reference Management of Daimler: According to Daimler, the "company's ecological human resources plan targets safeguarding the future, ensuring effective health management and occupational safeness, and promoting variety throughout the Group. We seek to achieve top performance in these areas - and so present Daimler as an attractive workplace" (Daimler. com)

With this, it shows that the business mainly concentrate on its HR to be able to achieve and maintain competitive advantage. According to the report of the business, for December 31, 2008, the Group possessed already a 273, 216 employees in the world. All are considered as very important to the entire businesses and performance of the organization. Thus, the company mainly concentrate on the improved strategies and work to help them to preserve their talented people, which can only help them in order to save cost of hiring and training new employees, at exactly the same time, maintain efficiency and success of the whole HR.

According to (Habsjah, 2011), Daimler-Benz identified itself as a respected innovator of the motor vehicle industry with a wealthy engineering and quality heritage building the upscale vehicles. According to Daimler, the "company's lasting human resources coverage targets safeguarding the near future, ensuring effective health management and occupational safe practices, and promoting diversity throughout the Group. We seek to accomplish top performance in these areas - and therefore present Daimler as a good workplace" (Daimler. com). Daimler's main concentrate is on quality somewhat than providing inexpensive products.

Looking at the advantages and weakness of the Daimler-Benz, Daimler-Benz offers luxurious products to the marketplace and they are the leader in the quality. However, high creation cost is the primary weakness of Daimler-Benz and they likewise have face lacking of global models offer to the marketplace.

Corporate Composition and Corporate Culture: Daimler-Benz has a hierarchical composition in their group where Chrysler's is team-oriented. Daimler-Benz's corporate and business cultures depend on management processes of planning, arranging and managing. By this they can be more conservative, efficient and safe. In Chrysler commercial culture depends on establishing goals, directing and monitoring execution. (Lu & Sampsel). Out of this we can conclude that Daimler-Benz have based mostly their work more on individualism with higher electricity distance with less uncertainty avoidance and Chrysler have the grade of low ability distance with more team focused works. Daimler-Benz considers the quality regardless of the cost took place.

According to (THE HOFSTEDE CENTRE), American results low on electricity distance whereas German is highly decentralized and are among low vitality faraway countries. Chrysler used the strategy of being innovative to build up business ideas and venture into new markets. Daimler was a opposite of the and encouraged formality and hierarchy. At Daimler, decision making is formalized and the employees wear formal clothes at the job (Luo, Jackson & Schuler, 2003).

Corporate Proposition and value chain: Daimler-Benz's main concentrate is image and experience linked with the best quality obtainable in the marketplace. Where Chrysler aim at satisfying customers by giving eye-catching, attractive design at comparatively low prices. Daimler-Benz alleged itself as a respected innovator of the automotive industry with a rich executive and quality inheritance building the upscale vehicles( (Habsjah, 2011)). Chrysler, in the other hand, was a trendsetter for new design, short development time discussing its organizational overall flexibility and a feeling of market opportunities ( (Habsjah, 2011)).

Daimler has quality anatomist service with superb designs and after sales services, whereas Chrysler produces in high volume and offers in low priced. In other words they focus on cost strategies.

The synopsis of Daimler-Benz is they culture is formal, traditional, mannerly and bureaucratic. Daimler-Benz has framework of high specialist, strong hierarchy and little payment disparity. They offer products of high quality, high price, luxurious and small size cars.

Chrysler can be summarized as they may have culture of calm, informal, flexible, risk taking and free form. Their framework designed from top to down management, have trim staffs, highly centralized and induces team work. Their products are attractive, provide a competitive price, comfortable and average speed.

Issues faced in the context of organizational culture analysis.

Cultural familiarity theory argues that organizations are less likely to spend money on organizations in culturally faraway countries, and consequently have poorer performance post integration (Lee, Shenkar, & Li, 2008; Li & Guisinger, 1991; Shenkar, 2001)

The research upon this issue, however, has been inconclusive. Datta and Puia (1995) discovered that cultural distance had a negative effect on subsequent shareholder prosperity of the acquiring company, whereas Chakrabarti and acquaintances (2009) found a confident effect of cultural distance on firm performance 36 months after integration.

Germans and People in america have often ignored ethnic differences during original merger negotiations; however, those distinctions typically resurface when the actual integration efforts get started and, essentially, signal a major crisis situation (Nees, 1998, p. M6). Misunderstandings between Germans and Us citizens have often occurred because of variations in communication styles, planning and decision-making operations, negotiation strategies, and authority routines (Shelton, Hall and Darling, 2003, p. 315).

Language and communication obstacles: A potential matter that should not have been ignored was the strong civilizations and language obstacles between your U. S. and Germany. You will discover lot of words obstacles between Daimler-Benz and Chrysler. These barriers should be solved through communication between both get-togethers. Fitzgibbon and Seeger (2002) discovered that cultural variations were one of the primary factors in the failed merger of the Chrysler Corporation and Daimler-Benz. Among other things, pre-merger communication and public relations created unrealistic goals that simply could not be attained. Cultural difference is a factor that affects individual communication style and the communication process.

Leaderships Role: Academics scholars and most business analysts tend to view these business ventures only from financial and functional perspectives, " says Ghosn. They are generally astonished when mergers have difficulty or even are unsuccessful, when on paper they appeared sure to achieve success. The leaders of both companies are from two different culture. The first choice of Daimler, Jјrgen Schrempp, is with unbiased personality and south African overlay and leader of Chrysler Robert Eaton, broke the Chrysler traditions of commanders.

Leadership team position is also essential to ensure that common communications and significances are communicated, and that relationship building activities and role lucidity efforts are applied. This case is a solid reminder of the complexity of cross-border integration and the value of experiencing a authority team with the capacity of dealing with ethnical complexity.

James Holden, Chrysler leader from 1999 to 2000, share his vew about marrying up and marrying happening. " Mercedes was universally regarded as the nice, special brand, while Chrysler, dodge, Plymouth and jeep were the poorer, blue collar relations"(Grasslin, 2000, p. 162).

Although Daimler-Benz and Chrysler are from same industry both are employing different techniques in development. Their goal customers are also different. Because of this they face problems in bringing both the products into same order under the recently formed merger. The one product Daimler-Benz relied on was Mercedes Benz. They might need increasing their product range. This was the main goal of Daimler-Chrysler merger. (Turnock & Cobbs, 2003).

Management style: Style of management of the Germans motivated for long conferences with long negotiations and reviews. The Americans think that creative imagination is the central idea in management and they recognized short conferences with few accounts. Chrysler Group was initiated on the trust that invention and technology was the best approach to success. This was the opposite of Daimler which accepted formal set up of activities with all the current strategies being aimed in a formal manner to retain a good image about the business (Luo, Jackson & Schuler, 2003).

Chrysler experienced a reputation for having a far more freewheeling, open up culture, as opposed to the greater traditional, top-down management style applied at Daimler-Benz (Akre, 1998, p. C3). Daimler-Benz was synonymous with words like conservative, efcient and safe; whereas, Chrysler was known as daring, diverse and creative. Actually, these cultural differences in many ways were the building blocks for the common attraction between your two companies, but belied the problems situation that was imminent.

Employee's interest: American employees generally have more casual way of working while Germans prefer to be very formal in the working style. More of the German employees are pursuing instructions using their company top managers where American professionals welcome feedbacks from lower level employees.

German professionals frequently prefer a far more autocratic style than their American counterparts, and their workers typically expect to be treated appropriately. Research also reveals a higher ratio of Germans are obedient to their managers than are People in america (Luthans, 1998, p. 591). For example, American employees often feel safe challenging their professionals, perhaps even giving them advice. German employees, on the other palm, expect their managers to provide them specic instructions plus they typically follow them unquestioningly. In addition, many Germans view American hiring and wedding ring procedures as unnaturally brutal (Daft and Noe, 2001, p. 62).

The companies were not well-matched with one another in conditions of corporate and business culture. For instance, Daimler AG acquired a commercial culture of permitting the employees to possess beer breaks. This culture had not been tolerable by Chrysler since them clear that it might cause fortunes and other unlawful impacts. Later the DaimlerChrysler merger was proven, this matter carried struggles resulting in poor support between your managers of both companies. This resulted to the inability of the merger (O'Sullivan, 2001).

Recommendation how merger can be were able to achieve strategic goals.

Quickly eradicating inconsistent and non-common functions causes social integration issue to side keep track of post-merger activities. The post-merger issues with DaimlerChrysler were due to not clearly discovering non-common or unneeded functions from an organization culture standpoint. When the employee base is not clear on strategies of the new company, this causes a separation into two companies vs. a fresh merged environment. (Jaybrownonline, 2013).

The Chrysler staff member base would have n recognize that Daimler wasn't heading to "throw the infant out with the bathtub water". Furthermore, Daimler through this team work described above could have realize American culture and functions enough to decide upon the very best approach internationally for the new company making certain cultural integration was not forgotten. This would have made a smoother exchange and provide place check of how it'll be taken care of and communicated early on in post-merger negotiations. Culture clash could have been reduced with the procedure identified above. (Jaybrownonline, 2013)

The seriousness of communication style variations must have been identified very early on in the pre-merger planning. A plan must have been developed and applied to ensure mix communication training and understanding were promoted throughout the merger (Jaybrownonline, 2013). Factually the communications design of the Chrysler Organization was non-hierarchical and much less structured than the bequest Daimler Organization. Deals were generally by consensus and employees were given more authorization and self-determination. When this was regarded as different from Daimler, they must have taken the necessary steps to copy and train people on the new communication styles which were to be used going forward.

Top management should have better communicated the reasons for the intensely different return packages between your two legacies companies (i. e. cost of living, etc. ) and place the prospects of both companies.

Chrysler's leadership should have not taken the back couch in the newly merged company. The merged leadership must have lessened the impact of "bowing out" to allow German counter-part lead. A concerted way could be to have the leaders spouse to ensure satisfactory course of management control between your two companies to avoid the wrong message delivered to the worker bottom. Jјrgen Schrempp, CEO of DaimlerChrysler, July, 2000 stated "Implementation is a harder action than the doing of an deal. " This was portrayed in the post timeline following the merger. A leadership implementation plan was attempted however, not effective to turn up the company all together. Pre-merger activities should have determined a discovery period between companies and post-merger should have created a clear plan of action, determined key management and communicated quickly throughout the new corporation (Jaybrownonline, 2013).

Changing of the German employee's payment to become more bonus driven should have been better evaluated, as this went resistant to the Western european culture and was bound to have negative implications. Daimler could also have alleviated the preservation issues by taking better steps to ratify a retention plan which could have included elements such as "stay pay" and a new bonus strategy, based on indications of the merger. Praise systems of each legacy company should be evaluated pre-merger to determine areas where significant gaps or potential areas of conflict may occur. The HR firm should create reward systems for every single of the disparate ethnicities but are steady to the company as a whole. In addition they need to keep carefully the people that are presently there happy and renew the new company's commitment to them (Jaybrownonline, 2013).

DaimlerChrysler must have built their websites around taking good thing about the synergies that could be achieved instead of the cannibalizing marketplaces because of their "own" brands. (An example of the would be not allowing the "K-car" to be exported/built in growing marketplaces for fear that it could eat in to the non-existent profits of the Mercedes in the same region. ) DaimlerChrysler must have used ABB merger to the letter or choose a more ideal merger to model their addition (Jaybrownonline, 2013).

Conclusion

Culture plays an important role when it comes to merge two companies across the border. If the two companies fails in taking social differences into account, there would be disasters going on inside the newly formed company. The truth of merger of two automobile mobile company, Daimler-Benz and Chrysler has shown this clearly.

The main social dissimilarities of Daimler-Benz and Chrysler is started out from local difference, communication and words difference, management style difference and difference of control style. Most of the difference is found on the list of working employees. They are simply differentiated by the business before merger. The merger called of identical merger was led by the Daimler-Benz. This was the main of cultural problems.

Issues faced by both organizations include communication barriers, control and management obstacles and issue of interest on the list of employees of the new corporation.

To triumph over these obstacles some actions should be taken by which I have included as referrals. The culture of the business is highly recommended as an iceberg, the majority of it is drinking water under consciousness.

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