Comparative Studies in sociology

We undertake comparative analysis because, notwithstanding the difficulties of the exercise, there are clear benefits' Discuss using illustrations to illustrate your quarrels.

Comparative study is an area where dangers and benefits are very frequently stated. Today, Comparative analysis has grown into a very major field that could be applied to the majority of the subject matter, and especially so, for Sociology and other Sociable Sciences. The field of Friendly Policy have been immensely benefited by the comparative research, as this has facilitated to compare the social policies and means of dealing with those of other countries. There is a long traditions of fascination of comparing a very important factor with another of similar position. Community research has an extended and healthy background. Through systematic research, Montesquieu wanted to see how, in ways previously unsuspected, population forms people as 'cultural creatures'. At the same time, he didn't view modern culture in conditions of progressive development, but one of advances and set-backs in the path to liberty and all that was 'good', says Tim May, (1996, p. 15).

Benefits participate in the fact that only a comparative research could hope to identify the factors that are specific to nationwide healthcare systems, as specific from being common to all such systems. A comparative point of view can extend nationwide ideas in what can be done and at the same time provide the understanding that must precede prescription.

Comparative study is an important part of diverse branches of Social Studies. For a long time now, empirical and comparative studies, have produced integral part of any ongoing research of Sociology. Comparative research as a tool of research in almost all of the themes has become accepted over the years. It can draw out elements that could offer an overpowering research.

Before analysing the negative and positive tips of the comparative review, emphasis should be on the primary questions which may have to be responded.

Defining the level of comparison is the simplest way of starting a research on comparative basis. A researcher might offer many levels or might aim for the minimum amount levels needed for the comparison. Levels of evaluation may be interior, like comparisons with one local governments and another, or intra-organisational comparisons, taking two or three organisations for this function. Or comparisons could be between different systems like international comparisons, private and general public sector comparisons. Studies need to be worried about similarity or dissimilarity. The targets of analysis should be straight or indirectly equivalent. If comparability could not be founded, it is difficult to conduct even an unclear and incoherent comparative research. Target groups should be evidently described and the researcher should have complete knowledge of his research matters. The path where his research is going should be crystal clear to the researcher. Validity of comparability should be an accepted one. This would help the scholar, as the popularity of his theory through the analysis would be very important to him. Comparative evaluation, which perhaps might be the previous goal of the researcher, should be obviously defined and the analysis should be conducted with this

Difficulties had been plaguing Comparative Review from the beginning. The models of the comparability of organisational systems or even the sub systems can't be the same which have been the grouse of several cultural scientists. Risk also lies in the temptation of interpersonal scientists to seek perfect solutions to countrywide problems in the experience of other countries. This is not a smart way of doing research, because the particular peculiarity of such a predicament could not be emulated for the purpose of studies. Each country's experience will be unique and diverse under the peculiarity of given circumstances and such a 'strangeness' cannot compared with a different one, with perhaps a uniqueness of its. This social, politics and economical eccentricity could be the product of this particular country and culture and cannot be universal.

According to some of the researchers, theory plays hardly any part in the comparative study. Without doubt it will there be, but it characters as an extremely small part of computer. But theory will not make as big a contribution as it should make. This had been a stumbling block ever since the comparative research has become popular. Another problem that surface types very often is the fact that comparative study has become too common. Starting from standard market surveys, general population opinions or any smallest thing possible, has come under comparative research and hence, this has become a very common way of research. There is no novelty remaining in it, and it is becoming stale. The technique has been used too many times with inadequate gratification. This had been the argument of several social scientists.

There is another debate that a widespread social science is emerging due to over use of the comparative research. Inside a historical study of development of comparative sociable research Scheuch shows the way the commercial institutes for market and thoughts and opinions research went into cross-national comparisons as early as in the thirtees, (Oyen, p. 6). This might erase the peculiarities and distinctions of various societies resulting in a homogeneous kind of culture without the differentiation and that would be the ultimate human being tragedy.

Another disadvantage is based on the sampling and sometimes the impossibility than it. Sampling might suffer from due to insufficient variety. And dimensions might change. Especially in studies of ethnicities, this could be a challenge. The uniqueness, peculiarities, strangeness of 1 country might not be identified in another country. It is not possible to track the counties who've the similar social peculiarities. People too would have their own distinctive features and this makes the study more challenging and less clear.

Indirectness of the observations is not appreciated by many interpersonal scientists. They believe that study becomes rather impersonal and lack lustre. They argue that studies conducted on Sociology should become more personal and linked to humanity, instead of raking up a cluster of results.

Comparative analysis has emerged among the biggest and much used tools of sociological research. While executing either an analysis or study, it is a lot easier and clearer to acquire another standard to compare it with. When there is no way of calculating it, the analysis does not become clear. Since it is, Sociology is such a branch of research that encounters criticism, as everything in it is lucid and some sort of myth making. These studies give a stable basis against that your other details could be checked out and they give a checking point.

Study in comparison has its own drawbacks. Circumstances may well not be similar. Items might not exactly be similar. End product could vary. Atmosphere could vary. Circumstances could be changed once in a while. It isn't possible to keep the same kind of circumstances endlessly as these studies could continue for years at times. Social atmosphere had been mercurial which is a great deal to expect that they might continue to be static to oblige the interpersonal scientists. The typical set may be considered a difficult one. It might differ later or a lot more changes and alterations could be demanded. There could not be much similarity between the circumstances. Comparative cultural studies is one of those areas where it is impossible to discover a similarity between your communities yet, a researcher is required to find some similarities at least. Nonetheless it can be an accepted reality cultural societies could do not have similar customs or background. Tensions, ancestry could never be the same, even though the future societies might be heading towards a depressing similarity.

There is no research in sociology, which is not at least remotely compared with another thing. It has become a regular practice of almost all of the evaluative studies. There are negative points. All the time, it isn't no problem finding exact or even passable comparisons. But communal plan has made comparative research essential, as the Friendly Policies of other countries are weighed against it either to its edge or disadvantage all the time. It is impossible to find exact similarities so that the comparisons could be apt. Because of this, the results can't be accurate. Results would become more of speculative or hypothetical dynamics, than concrete one. Different types could be compared at the same time and time would be preserved. All need not get explanatory details. If an example may be given and the rest of them are just shown in the symbolic way, it ought to be enough. Which advantage makes the others of them to be weighed against one point and that way it is less difficult plus more genuine.

There are several means of gaining an entry in to the comparative method but do not require are simple and instantaneously gratifying. Mainly it started with cross-national studies. Some of these sources can be found outside the industry of sociological research. There are several internal and external forces at work in a comparative study. The recent internationalization has resulted in many kinds of social, politics, cultural and economical relationship beyond the limitations of nations and countries. Intense freedom has taken over and people aren't committed to one land any longer. Internationalism could be observed atlanta divorce attorneys field. Just as, issues that used to be inner have got globalized. Very few inner problems have continued to be today and almost all of the issues are internationalized and sensationalised.

Some individuals who are initiating the surveys may be having affinity for several country as well as perhaps they would like to see if indeed they could easily get a cross-country comparative research, which would be positively helpful in their own work. Politicians demand such studies to sum up their successes. Comparing their achievement with another country might make sure they are feel smug, if the other country's successes are comparatively insignificant. Politicians would believe that their position internally and externally develops with this kind of evaluation. Comparison analysis is also predicated on the idea of pluralism and not on totalitarianism.

Another area that is coming under comparative review very often nowadays is the international eco system. Following the conservation and concern for eco system have become a world matter, comparative study upon this science is becoming imperative. Despite the fact that we don't have other worlds to compare the eco system with, assessment with differing of the world and their eco systems have become a fruitful research that provides opportunity not only to enhance the errors, but also to study the results of dialogue activities. Still more specific comparative studies in this area are needed. It has turn into a major area of research predicated on comparative evaluation in recent years which would continue strengthening. Even the dependability of the studies is increasing fast.

The national and international research and studies have chock-full the databanks atlanta divorce attorneys subject matter. New Techniques and methodologies have been used recently. Social researchers have become increasingly more adept in their studies and Sociology, from more or less an abstract subject, is fast becoming a precise area. That's one more good thing about comparative study. It is capable of presenting preciseness into any vague subject matter. New software of recent systems could be used for the comparative research more easily. Tech issues involved with cross-national studies could be investigated and assessed without complication.

Cross-national research has followed various habits and relationships. Comparative study has taken things like Sociology from the theoretical function.

Throughout the time during which we've been fighting comparative research, one lesson learned is that whatever we do in the form of cross-national comparisons must be theoretically justified - and reducing into countries theoretically is a intricate process of the start of which we've only trapped a glance, says Oyen, (1990, p. 3).

Hence, comparative study will not reduce Sociology totally to a subject of figures and characters, but maintains the theoretical part of it evenly important. Looking from that point of view, maybe it's stated that comparative review furthers the subject without harming its traditional textile. It is yet another asset and definitely not an usurper. Cross national research employing comparative review as a tool is principally done to lessen variance that had been continued to be hitherto unexplained. Sociologists too are showing increasingly more preference towards normal ways of research. Even though new methods are adapted, they are against abandoning the original means of research. Macro sociological evaluation and micro sociological methods combine both theory and practice.

Normal behaviour and norms cannot be examined without acknowledging deviations from the standard. Actually, no public occurrence can be isolated and analyzed without checking it to other sociable phenomena, according to Oyen (p. 4).

International social science has come a long way, due mainly to comparative study. After the introduction of globalisation, interpersonal science hasn't remained curtailed to particular countries any longer. It has become area of the world social knowledge. Now Comparative studies have emerged victorious providing the world societies along. This has brought up another advantage. Almost any knowledge all over the world is becoming the common property of the world very quickly, and predicated on that, further knowledge gets developed continuously. The data of today's generation, set alongside the earlier generations keeps growing extremely fast.


1. The truth of abolishing child poverty: Child poverty is a depressing happening, which is plaguing all the countries in the world for some reason or other. Child poverty is linked with the parental poverty and so, the standard of living should be better to undermine the kid poverty. At the same time, there are orphans, deprived children and it is not practical to connect everything to the parental poverty. Child poverty is very different from country to country depending on standard of living, resources, government health care and many other social, economical and political triggers. Still a comparative review of various countries would yield useful results for the ongoing have difficulty against child poverty. You can find strong proof that unemployment, even if not combined with poverty, has serious secondary effects. A recent Danish study shows that it doubles the chances of family break-ups, and far later, of unemployment among the kids, (Esping-Anderson, 2002, p. 54).

2. Gender inequality: To a certain extent gender inequality is present in all societies European or Eastern. In Western societies, it is found less virulent, whereas in traditional societies, it assumes threatening stature. A comparative cross-nation analysis, on the face of computer, might look absolutely unneeded and ambitious. But it does help. Taking other factors under consideration, combining the backgrounds and politico-social elements of each culture, a cross nationwide research would help the scholar to create a well-balanced view of the gender inequality of the whole world and that would provide a proper perspective to his own research.

3. Social Coverage: Over time, social plan, especially in Western societies, is becoming an obsession and necessity. Other that countries like America and Canada, the majority of the Traditional western countries are small in size with less human population. Focusing on this population's welfare, combined with the prosperity these countries possess, it had not been impossible for them to concentrate and progress an effective Community Policy. This does not imply that it is without flaws and drawbacks. But also for the erstwhile colonies, it continues to be an uphill activity to nourish their enormous society, instruct and clothe them while battling continuously to increase the quality lifestyle. So, they are totally dissimilar to one another. Still, through comparative research, it is noticed that there are numerous fields where in fact the connection with one country could be used very effectively by another country to enormous benefit. Comparative studies on sociable policy looking at the American countries to one another, contrasting them collectively with other expanding countries, comparing the European communal policy system your of Canada or USA had been a continuous, flourishing branch of the study for communal studies. These studies should not be dismissed gently. They form the basis of further improvement in cultural polities of most countries. They incorporate many factors available in every countries and even the so-called highly advanced countries could derive a great deal of advantages from the practical understanding of other lesser-known countries. There will vary medical systems, hitherto not necessarily popular. Bringing these to the forefront and conducting further research to them could be highly beneficial to other systems. They may be complimentary to other systems and effectively fill up the knowledge gaps. There is no such thing called perfect and ultimate knowledge and there is always something to learn even from the most old societies. Comparative studies have unfailingly pointed out this wisdom.

We are in an era in which rival forces, once again, promote their plans for an excellent Contemporary society. Indeed, much shows that we are heading towards yet another historical regime move, corresponding to Esping-Andersen, (2002, p. 2).


1. Esping-Andersen, Gosta, (2002), Why we desire a New Welfare Talk about, Oxford College or university Press.

2. Elienne du plessis, (2004), Compulsion and Restitution, Stair Contemporary society, Edinburg.

3. Hensel, Howard, (2004), ed. Soverignity and the Global Community, Aldershot, Hants.

4. Hansen, ed ((2002), A Comparative study of six city - status ethnicities, Royal Danish Academy of Sciences and Characters, Copenhagen.

5. Kamerman, Sheila and Kahn, Alfred, (1981), Child Care, Family Benefits and Working Parents, A study in Comparative Coverage, Columbia University or college Press, NY.

6. Knorr-Cetina K. and Cicourel, A. V. , eds. , (1981), Developments in Social Theory and Methodology, Routledge & Kegal Paul, London.

7. May, Tim, (1996), Situating Sociable Theory, Open University Press, Buckingham.

8. Oyen, Else, (2002), Comparative Technique, Sage Publications Limited, London.

9. Quovertrus, Mads, (2002), A Comparative Study of Referendums, Manchester University Press.

10. Whiteford, G. (2003), A Comparative Study into the competitive Advantage Ideas, (Thesis).

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