Comparing Lives Of Athenian And Spartan Women History Essay

Athen and Sparta were two great city-states of Greece Empire. Both city-states were located definately not each other. Athen positioned in Attica, a peninsula with a number of islands and rocky ground; this location allowed Athenain people to choose trading as their economical life. Sparta, that was a capital of Lacinia and also city-state in ancient Greece, on the right bank of the Evretas River that stretch 32. 5 kilometres from the sea. Athen from the name of goodness Athena, who won the competition with the sea god named Poseidon. Around 800 BC, the aristocracy in Athens replaced the ruler as the top of administration; and ruled the city-state toward democracy. The Athenian men became the residents after two years of military services training. The young men learned between your age group of 8 and 18 of several subject matter such as grammar, music, and skill of public speaking. Spartan was one of the divisions of inhabitants of Laconia, and the Spartan was well-known as the highest course in the world, these were the governors, rulers and soldiers. The machine of Sparta administration was a monarchy. The life span in Sparta was similar to that of other city-state of the Greek cities, and skill and poetry. From 6th hundred years BC, the Spartan regarded themselves as the armed forces garrison, and the discipline is the conflict. The men of Spartan were expected to teach in the armed forces drill at the age of 7 and get into the army at 20. These were forced to stay in the barrack, and subsequently allowed to get wedded at this 30 and looked after their work as hoplites and to eat at the phidita. Under their serious self-discipline, the Spartan became the best warriors in the early Greece, as shown as the greatest devote and sacrifice of 300 heroes.

As above briefing of both city-state of Greece Empire on the location, system of government, and, especially, the responsibilities of men around how old they are, we've found some dissimilarities. How about the ladies in their city-state? Were they also different through the machine of administration or not? The main thing is that people will concentrate on the way that Athenian and Spartan retreated and view with their women through the differences and similarities. The dissimilarities based on women's education, to which sociable Athens and Sparta provided; women's matrimony life, which family and world in Athens and Sparta expected and prepared; beauty judgment, which was valued based on artificial and natural beauty; freedom in modern culture, which was related to general public participation; and property owning, which was the right for buying and selling on property. Similarities predicated on requirement of getting married, requirement of giving birth to healthy sons, and assembly forbidden. Furthermore, we will subsequently regard the good and the bad items of both Athenian and Spartan women at that period; and compare their life to most women in today's.



At an early on era, Spartan women were taught to defend themselves, and, in addition, how to read and write in order to control the family's property in case their partner was ended up. However, they did not get much understanding of house-duties as Athenian women got because education in Spartan culture was thought of highly and women were given the same teachings as men. In addition, the women might even take jobs in any kind of test which used strength as the men could. That is why, Spartan women were generally recognized as athletes who experienced enough capacity to fight others, spending a lot of time joining in such sporting events as wrestling, working, javelin throwing, driving horseback, and more while household works were regarded as the tasks of the vanquished people, called Helots, and slaves in Sparta. Besides, they received some education related to their own culture including cultural and traditional, spiritual songs, dance and music. Because of this, Spartan women were given both academic and physical education. Athenian women, on the other side, were trained only how to create and read and essential home jobs, which mainly was conducted at home such as weaving, rotating, sewing, cooking, while others which their own families had. They were not only permitted to take part, but also to be spectators in most athletic events. These were expected only to be good at domestic duty management.

Beauty judgments

As Spartan women endured tight discipline and discovered to defend Sparta in the same way as men have, women in Sparta did not care a lot of their manufactured beauty. They offered much value to their native beauty; that is why; they were famous for their natural splendor. They were prohibited to use ointments, or powders, even rings. Athenian, in the contrary, could use any type of makeup products or make-up, nice clothes, specifically valuable and elaborate jewelry, to be attractive and lovely. Consequently, they offered high rating to non-native beauty.

Marriage Life

Athenian Women

Regarding their relationship lives, Athenian and Spartan women were also destined to vary from the other person according to their societies. Athenian women were regarded as a lot weaker than men; that they had to be safeguarded at home and weren't allowed to go out of the house with no companion of the male family members. At their very young age, mostly during their 13 or 14, these were established to get married by their fathers. Usually Athenian women get committed to a guy whom she had never satisfied or known before as they usually needed to be kept and covered at home. Their groom usually came from prominent young families at the age of around 30 years old. The bride's father had to pay a dowry to the bridegroom and also organize a marriage ceremony which was called "gamos". The wedding ceremony started after the dark. The bride used a veil and journeyed from her home to her groom's home by located in a chariot. Her family, friends, and family members traveled on foot and transporting torches to light the way. They also enjoyed music to scare the bad spirits away. The wedding service was complicated and got long time to complete. The service also included music, dance, performing, and feasting. Additionally, Athenian brides were not supposed to meet their grooms before the contract had recently been approved. And after marriage, they had to go from their residences to live with the husbands' individuals. Yet they were not considered to be a member of their husbands' families until they gave birth with their first child. Furthermore, Athenian women weren't permitted to control of money price greater than a bushel of grain. They were not the main one who managed the budget of the family. Athenian wives were supposed to give birth to strong and healthy sons. Therefore, Athenian thought that women had to be protected at home, prohibited to take parts in sport, military services training, or any athletic contests, or even do exercise. Women in Athens possessed the protection under the law to start a divorce however the percentage of the success was very low which means they had to provide a whole lot of evidences and reasons to public official and they also needed the agreement using their company husbands. And following the divorced, they didn't have rights to own their children with them. Their children were supposed to stay with their husbands.

Spartan Women

On the other hands, if we look at the matrimony life of Spartan women, we can easily see the differences between your two. Spartan women usually get committed at age 18 and their relationships were to never a stranger. They knew the bachelors simply by labels and reputations. Of course, if their fathers opt for suitable husband on their behalf, they have always had the rights to go over it. Little or nothing in Spartan laws or custom averted them from rejecting their father's offer. Unlike Athenian culture, the bride's dad did not need to pay a dowry to the bridegroom. And there was no service of Spartan matrimony. The bride-to-be just was required to shave her hair like a son, wear man's clothes and waited for the bridegroom alone at night. Then the groom also came by themselves to abduct her in the night. Then the groom had to come back back again to barrack (where Spartan men between your age group of 21 and 30 experienced to remain there collectively for military training). We are able to note that, unlike Athenian contemporary society that couples remained with one another after relationship, Spartans couples first had to live separately before spouse reach 30 that he could leave barrack and live with their own families. Moreover, Spartan wives could manage an estate, home, and the family budget. And in order to give delivery to a strong and healthy son, Spartan women were permitted to do exercise, become a member of athletic contests, and also in armed service training to make their body strong and healthy which were very different from Athenian practice. Furthermore, ladies in Sparta could divorce their man without sacrificing their properties and their protection under the law to their children.

Freedom in Society

Regarding women's position in modern culture, Athenian women got very less freedom and rights. In Athens, women got a secluded life since their place was in the home. They were necessary to be at home the majority of the time in order to bear and instruct their children, order the slaves to do the household, and prepare the meals, etc. Their position would be lost if indeed they did not accomplish that. Usually, the quantity of slaves a family group had determined the work of a female. In other words, the household obligations of women depended on set up family was abundant or poor. In rich family, women would spread jobs to the slaves. In contrast, women from poor family had more tasks than those from rich family. As poor, that they had no slaves to help their work. Then, there have been additional tasks for these people such as shopping for food and making the individuals clothing. However, women from poorer classes could go outdoor a lot more than rich women and find a job to help their budget such to be wet-nurse, middle wives, market owner. In the opposite, wealthy women could not do this. Furthermore, they were always covered by their slaves or male relatives when they went out, but they shouldn't stay or speak meticulously with men in order to maintain their own reputation. Generally, Athenian women weren't allowed to answer the door of the house or stay in the same room with other male guests. Their house even made a parting between men and women as well. The wives, daughters, and feminine slaves lived upstairs, in rooms which were away from the home windows and streets. Though Athens was a democracy city-state, Athenians women still could not participate in general public activities such as voting or becoming a member of politics. They could neither watch nor take part in the Olympic Video games, athletic competition, and armed forces training. These were allowed to become a member of religious festivity only. On the other hand, Spartan women were well-known for their independence compared to other Greek women. They could live easily and go out whenever they needed. Certainly, Spartan women's most important role was also bearing and elevating their children. However, the Spartan assumed that if a woman continued to be healthy and strong, she'd better perform her job. Although Spartan women did not go through military training, these were educated. Spartan women were being shown to be very competent sportsmen through the physical training. There have been regular competitions such as running and wresting, and Spartan women were permitted to take part in these sporting events. In addition, Spartan women were firmly motivated to speak in public areas, plus they could sign up for group discussion in public areas. Although women weren't allowed to get involved and communicate their speech at the public assemblage, Spartan women still experienced the influence in the community and often point out their views about politics issues. They assumed that their husbands would bring their voices to the set up for these people. Thus, compared to other ladies in ancient greek language city-states, Sparta women were luckier, they were absolve to move outside and they could require in education, armed forces and also politics. In short, women in Sparta appreciated more rights and better position while women in Athens were forced to be at home the majority of the time.

Property holding/owning

Women in Sparta got more privileges than ladies in Athens as well. Spartan women could inherit property while Athenian women got no such rights. Spartan women acquired the rights to possess prosperity and property. In Sparta, normally, when a person perished, the land would be inherited by the owner's children. Due to the overall flexibility of Spartan laws, the daughters got equal privileges to inherit as the sons have. Spartan daughters were likely to inherit 1 / 2 of what a boy would inherit. Furthermore, after married, Spartan women could own both her husband's land and hers, but her land couldn't become her hubby land. According to Aristotle survey, Spartan women totally had forty percent of the land in Sparta. Naturally, Sparta women also got authority on their land. They could control, manage, and reject their land whenever they wanted. In addition, Spartan women could gain income from their land as well. In unlike Spartan, Athenian women could not own property in their own right. In Athens, regulations stated that inheritances were transferred through the male collection, only limited property could be owned by women. Even though ladies in Athens could not own property such as Spartan women, they still acquired right to own jewelry, clothes, and other inexpensive things. Furthermore, they could own slaves as well, but they were not in a position to buy anything. In a nutshell, Athenian women didn't have financial freedom in comparison to Spartan women.


All Greeks worshiped the same gods. However, they stress on different gods. Warrior gods were highly reputed by Spartans. Usually, god of beauty, fitness, health insurance and childbirth were adored by Spartan women. In addition, they were openly allowed to join in cults centered on local heroes or myths. For example, the cultof Helen of Sparta and the cult of Cynisca were generally utilized all among Spartans. Cynisca, a well-known Spartan chariot racer, the princess, is the first woman who gained the Ancient Olympic Game titles. Thus, Spartan women enjoy chariot race and equine races. Likewise, in Athens, faith was considered as the facet of their daily life which women could worship readily. In Athens, the priestess of Athena are thought to be metropolis goddess, and organised much honor. Whenever Athens needs to make decisions, they always go to consult with the priestess because people value her. Every year, the anniversary of Athena is celebrated in Panathenaea festivity. In that service, Athens decided to go with virgins girls, that have been nobles' daughters, to carry holy baskets in the procession. There are a few uncertainties that, since only daughters of nobles were chosen, Athens ladies who were not chosen were insult as a result of concerning of her reputation. However, every four season, Athens women relished making new peplos or robe for the Athena effigy. In that wedding ceremony, two women, who was between seventh and eleventh, started this program and other chosen women ended this program. Furthermore, Athens women could take part in every cult. For instance, only women were easily joint Thesmophoria, the most mysterious and celebrated festivity, a fertility ritual for Demeter. For the reason that rite, women put in three days on Demeter's hilltop sanctuary in order to execute rites and celebrating. While being on that hilltop, they gathered rotten remains from the pits on that hill and they disperse it around their crops for a good harvest. Later, many foreigners immigrated to Athens and they brought along their cults.


Although there are considerable dissimilarities between Athenian and Sparta women, still there are some similarities among these two women group since they are both Greek. Among the other similarities is that Athenian and Sparta women have to get married. Despite the fact that Athenian women generally get married by the age of fourteen to sixteen while Sparta women marry at the age of eighteen, both Athenian and Sparta's marriage were arranged by their fathers. Another point is the fact that they were likely to give delivery to strong and healthy sons. In Athens and Sparta, the key tasks of women were to bear children, manage their home and slaves. Finally, Athenian and Sparta women are not allowed to sign up for assembly. Actually, ladies in Sparta experienced more right than women in Athens. Spartan women endured tight discipline and learn to defend Sparta. They can participate in general population group exercise, military services drill and gymnastics. However, like Athenian women, they have no right to sign up for in assemblage.


According to the clarifications of every part, Athenian and Spartan ladies in early Greece were much not the same as each other. Even as we can easily see, education of Spartan women was almost the same as men's. Athenian women, in contrary, were necessary to study family members chores. Furthermore, Athenian women received married at the first age and the process of the ceremony was complicated while women in Sparta received more protection under the law before and after married, . Athenian women were assessed on the appearance decoration; anyways, the natural splendor of Spartan women was more attractive than manufactured materials. Moreover, Spartan women were provided more rights than Athenian women on the public contribution, family and the befitting owning property. In comparison to women in the present time, we can respect that Sparta city-state evaluated their women by giving many rights which were add up to men. It exhibited what call gender at the present time although the ladies were not allowed to hold the formal work in the assembly and federal government like the women in the 21st hundred years. To sum up, the valuable provision to women's right is the fantastic opinion not only for days gone by and present, but also each time in the future for each place and just about everywhere surrounding the world.

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