Planning a Nutritional Education Program

  1. Nutrition Education Needs

Majority of feminine prisoners have the idea of whether they will have sufficient food for themselves or for their families because of their incarceration. Half of them were incarnated almost all of their life and did not know what acquired took place outside those surfaces, so they could not be knowing how to shop and where you might get food, lacking the skills to cook a meal, and don't know any thing about food assistance programs (1). They were so used of having people to prepare for them and because of constrained time these were unable to have much exercise. The usage of literacy options such as dietary pamphlets and dishes could permit the prisoners to cultivate a healthy diet plan with regular activities. Protecting against them from any nutrition-related chronic disease and help them to maintain a healthy lifestyle. "Implementing and expanding intervention that focuses on skill building and developing healthy lifestyle that integrate good nutritional tactics and physical exercise" (1). Furthermore, implementing education program on food portion sizes and calorie estimation, healthy food purchasing with budget, baking classes and even food sanitation classes, as well as concentrating on healthy eating with an equilibrium diet helps decrease the risk of serious disease. In summary, a curriculum because of this target population will include lessons on nourishment and childhood nourishment (portion sizes, dietary balance and choice of food), skill with regards to baking, budgeting, purchasing, and getting ready (safe food handling practices and strategies), and physical exercise habits.

  1. Social Cognitive Theory

The major concentration of this nutrition intervention is to apply and develop food management skill and making healthy food choices that include food planning, shopping, and with limiting budget. By giving this skill to the feminine inmates allow and ensure them the skills they need by following the Social Cognitive Theory (SCT) for behavior change. The execution of this theory was utilized by the Healthy Cents curriculum that'll be followed because of this nutrition involvement (2). SCT is dependant on the idea of developing a comfortable learning environment, goal setting, providing opportunities to participate, and skill development to help foster habit change (2). You will find eight key concepts in SCT which consist of environment, reciprocal determinism, self-regulation, behavioral capacity, goals, self-efficacy, observational learning, and support (3). In Healthy Cents, this program stresses on using teaching lessons in a series to deal with in influencing patterns change, providing a comfortable learning environment, vibrant interaction of the individual, by knowing a person knowledge and skill, help individuals to apply with the data, group work is motivated, and goal setting techniques using the information that are being created during the lessons (4). Participants are express to boost their diet and food shopping skills through the program.

The main issue with this concentrate on population is the lack of knowledge of how to look and plan a meal with budget. When these female prison inmates are released and re-enter in to the society, they'll seek for careers but with their limited education and low literacy levels the probability of getting utilized are lower (5). With no employment, they'll not have enough money to buy food. Therefore, with the program enabling these to plan and shop on budget yet having a wholesome lifestyle.

This intervention started with addressing the reciprocal determinism of feminine inmates participating in Healthy Cents. In Lesson 1 discussed steps to make healthy choices on a budget (2). The targets about this lessons is to allow individual to practice choosing healthier alternatives familiar food and by instructing them the true meaning of well balanced meals. The curriculum focus on lecturing, concentrating on content, provides information, and requesting recall questions, concentrating on dialogue learning ways to make interest and enjoyment about this issue lessons (2). Each lessons content activities for the involvement to apply, they'll be divided into a tiny group environment to do some group activities such as training with the information they learn, food tasting, and goal setting techniques for individual. By the end of the course, the participation reach collect tips or message handouts and menu they tried in the lesson.


Need for Diet Education

Strategies for Change in Lesson


Female inmates might not exactly have access to healthy and wholesome foods because of their current address, lack of understanding of what foods are believed healthy, and do not can pay for to buy foods.

Provide home elevators what foods that are healthy, provide resources (MyPlate) and handouts that are consider healthy foods, and screen ways to shop with budget (L1 -L6)

Reciprocal Determinism

Majority of the feminine inmates that are being release are from low socioeconomic with limited usage of food, limited nourishment education, low literacy which might cause this population's potential to improve.

Teach about smart searching for vegetables & fruits (L1), having healthy goodies they can afford (L2), developing a food budget (L3-L4), instruct in planning for a meals (L5), and food shopping on a budget (L6). Discuss the importance of the helps them to improve the theory that they able to have a wholesome lifestyle with a limited budget.


Many inmates who received release presently not doing healthy diet plan, might need assistance in selecting appropriate goals, problem dealing with, monitoring, and even decision making.

Aid with goal setting techniques, problem solving, and decision making by motivating the members to collect handouts and quality recipes (L1-L6). Also, encourage members to utilize what they discovered and participate in the discussion pertaining to their goals and decision (L1-L6).

Behavioral Capability

Prisoners need the data and skill to control their food after they are release, so they need assistance and education on how to get ready healthy foods with additionally cheap healthy food choices options.

Provide information and demo on how to shop and plan healthy dishes and treats in way that is straightforward to check out (L1, L2, L4-L6).


While many feminine inmates may know that fruits, vegetables, wholegrains are healthy for the coffee lover, they may well not assume that is impossible for them to buy healthy items with low quality.

Introduce new ways to buy healthy food choices options and encourage members to try new recipes. Handouts and menu bed linens will be provided additional information and ideas to try after the lessons (L1-L6).


The target population may well not live at the region where they are often access to grocery store, therefore, they may well not try before a few of the foods.

Promote and inspire the individuals in seeking new foods and make some changes with their diets. Handouts and formula provided with additional menu of attempting other food options. (L1-L6)

Observational Learning

Inmates are being limited with other prisoner in the skin cells so they often talked and learned from each other.

Lessons are educated through observational learning that engaged group problem-solving talk, listening, seeing, reading and even asking can engage in and to promote understanding to members (L1-L6)


The target populations might not exactly put into practice on healthy meals option because once they are released the chances of them getting used are low (5) therefore lack of money which lead to limited usage of healthy food choices.

Having low-income which eligible these to take part in food assistance programs. Inform the individuals about food assistance programs can help them to access and choose foods with higher healthy quality (L3).

  1. Curriculum

The Healthy Cents program in an extension of Food Supplement Nutrition Education (FSNE) by School of Maryland. It really is published in the year 2015 and it is funded by United States Department of Agriculture's SNAP-Ed. This curriculum is designed for adults, parents/fathers/moms with low-income individuals and people who've limited food resources, limited budget to acquire and prepare healthy food choices at home. This program combines nutrition education and food resource management principles to encourage limited source of information family members to make healthy food choices including making healthy selections on a budget, reducing food expenses, creating a food budget, planning for a meal, and food shopping on a budget (6). The curriculum links tools and methods for improved food tool management with USDA nourishment messages to stretch out food dollars and encourage healthy food alternatives using MyPlate (6). These lessons were developed using the Social-Cognitive Theory. This program was made to keep going for 60 minutes per lessons and with the total of 12 lessons. The lesson will be began with the whole group then will be divided into smaller band of 4 individuals each for conversation and activities.

Educators able to easily follow along with the lesson plans because it is well-organized format. Within the curriculum, there are handouts for the educators about materials that they need and things that are require for every lesson. There is a free downloadable record called Healthy Cents from the USDA website with all the current complete information needed to assist in the lessons. The lessons will inform about who, why, lesson length, where, and what about each matter, materials and products that are necessary for the class, things to say and side records for the teachers, dialogue questions for the individuals, activities that will be doing for each lesson, new menu to try, as well as handouts for the learners.

After going for a sample handout from the collect tips, the handout was found to be always a 4. 3 Flesch-Kincaid Grade Level on Microsoft Word. However, not all handout contains the same literacy level. One of the handout has a level level of 8. 9. Some of the handouts work yet some is not appropriate for the target population, because with the limited education and low literacy levels (5) and about 68% did not receive high school diploma (7), it will be hard to allow them to comprehend the harder and higher literacy information independently.

It is important to point out that Healthy Cents contain total of 12 lessons in the curriculum. Within this assignment, it will be shorten to 6 lessons that are relevance to this target populations' needs. Many people are given a duplicate of handout about the lessons and formula to bring home with them.

Lesson 1: Making Healthy Alternatives on a Budget. The first lessons stresses the value in what is healthy food choices using MyPlate poster and exactly how to afford and shop smartly for fresh produces. The major goal is to able to choose healthier alternatives to familiar foods and able to identify various ways to buy fresh produce using coupons and with limited budget.

Lesson 2: Lessening Food Bills. The objective of this lessons is to help individual or family members to buy healthy snacks that are affordable. Members will compare the expense of buying individually packaged appetizers to bulk program, make their own appetizers and understand that goodies can be affordable to made at home and healthy. they'll also practice to learn nutrition facts product labels to identify well balanced meals.

Lesson 3: Developing a Food Budget. This lesson is intended to teach the participants to select from food needs and food would like also creating a anticipate estimation food expenditures. The individuals will learn the 5 food communities that made up of a healthy plate and learn to plan for every month food budget. They will play a game that related to the lesson and try some new food that they can lead to themselves.

Lesson 4: Community Food Assistance Programs. Individuals will possess the opportunity to get resources and study the meals assistance programs that exist in the community. Practice saving cash using coupons to purchase better items.

Lesson 5: Planning for a Meal to Make Life Simpler. This lesson allows the participants to know the advantages of meal planning and acquire skills necessary for developing a every week meal plan. The learners will flavor a healthy recipe that is simple to get ready.

Lesson 6: Food Shopping on a Budget. Individuals will find out about shopping strategies Practice using product price compare to prices at the grocery store. Explore the design of a grocery store and where to find lower cost items by looking at the merchandise on racks below eyesight level. Ask the participants to choose one new technique to try for saving money at the supermarket.

This curriculum is quite complete, however there is a gap in this program. The participation of other people who have long-term disease in the program will face problems. As we realize, from the nutrition assessment that there are quite many of inmates have chronic disease because of the foods being dished up in the prison and insufficient activities, therefore some might face the challenge of health-related nutrition concerns. They do not have the knowledge on the type of food and nourishment that meet the needs of these body. Perhaps modifying the intervention to involve lesson on fatness, malnutrition, diabetes, and other serious diseases that require certain kind of foods and offer substitute food options to help lower health threats that would make it more complete.

  1. Other Program Components

As the mark population targets female inmates, it is important to look at a wider a long time. This intervention educates on budgeting and how to shop with limited resources. It educates and incorporation of knowledge for healthy food choices options. It shows about meals planning and budgeting shopping, however it did not teach about food portion sizes. American food culture established fact for big part; they might have determined and plan their food but without the proper portion sizes may cause them to over eat that will lead to heavy and obese. Apart from part size, providing hands-on strategy and educating about how to prepare foods will have beneficial to the target population.

In addition, studies have confirmed that woman inmates must get over their unique social, mental, mental, and physical obstacles that prevent their capacity to blend smoothly back to the culture (8). Therefore, focus on discussing healthy lifestyle selections and practices for specific or families to make an environment that allows for positive habit change (8) is really important to this population.


  1. Decker, Jennifer and Dharod, Jigna. Diet Education Needs of Women RELEASED from Prison. Maine Nutrition Network, USM. USDA, Food Stamp Diet Education, 2006. Website. Available at https://snaped. fns. usda. gov/snap/resourcefinder/WomenReleasedFromPrison. pdf. Reached March 1, 2017.
  2. Boyle Marie A. Community Nourishment doing his thing: An Entrepreneurial Methodology 7th ed. Boston, MA; pp 87. Textbook. Published 2016. Accessed March 25, 2017.
  1. United States Office of Agriculture. Healthy Cents. 2015. Website. Available on https://snaped. fns. usda. gov/materials/healthy-cents. Accessed on March 26, 2017.
  2. Astray-Caneda, Vivian, Busbee, Malika and Fanning, Markell. Social Learning Theory and Prison Work Release Programs. Florida International University or college, USA. 2013. Website. Offered by http://digitalcommons. fiu. edu/cgi/viewcontent. cgi?article=1165&context=sferc. Seen March 26, 2017
  3. Learning to Shop Wisely for Nutritious Foods Makes Healthy Cents. Food Dietary supplement Nutrition Program. College or university of Maryland Expansion. 2017. Website. Offered by http://extension. umd. edu/fsne/fsne-adult-programs/learning-shop-wisely-nutritious-foods-makes-healthy-cents. Accessed March 26, 2017.
  4. Harlow, Caroline Wolf. Ph. D. BJS Statistician. Education and Correctional Populations. Bureau of Justice Information. Modified January 2003. Website. Offered by https://www. bjs. gov/content/pub/pdf/ecp. pdf. Accessed March 27, 2017.
  5. Reentry Programs for ladies Inmates. Washington, DC: U. S. Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice. Journal Issue No. 252. June 2003. Website. Available at https://nij. gov/publications/252/Pages/reentry. aspx. Accessed March 26, 2017.
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