Roger And Me Critique Background Essay

"Roger and Me" by Michael Moore was his first documentary and the beginning of his infamous biased and controversial craze. He spends the whole film being truly a nuisance and tries to portray Standard Motors and Roger Smith as the antagonists. This documentary revolves around the change of Flint, Michigan's productive economy to the current poverty stricken express because of the relocation of 11 GM factories. Michael Moore explains to the storyplot from an extreme socialist point of view as if it was an unethical, inhumane, against the law take action that GM performed by relocating plants to stay competitive in their industry. It could have never been the smartest business decision, but for a short-term plan, it made sense. Michael Moore tried to do anything to truly have a meeting with GM's CEO, Roger Smith, and was shocked when Roger Smith wouldn't. Is it really that surprising that an gigantic company doesn't want their CEO speaking with a hometown hero filmmaker in case things are manipulated (which Michael Moore always will)? The situation that left Flint poverty stricken was that they entirely relied on Basic Motors for monetary health and the economical regimes and cultural systems set up only made things worse.

Economic Regimes

General Motors sealed 11 plant life in Flint, Michigan and transferred those to Mexico to remain more competitive. Mexican workers cost less than American personnel, land is cheaper in Mexico, and staff payment in Mexico is cheaper, therefore making less expenditures for GM by moving their factories. The condition in Flint was that everyone proved helpful at a GM seed. It was the only real lifestyle besides being a political body or government worker. According to Marxist theory General Motors is the bourgeoisie. That they had the power to decide if Flint remains productive, or vanishes in poverty. Standard Motors in Flint was more important than the government because Standard Motors essentially was Flint's market. There was little or nothing to fall back again on, as seen through "Roger and Me", Flint became a ghost town. If GM was the bourgeoisie, that made all the manufacturer employees the proletariat. By classification a proletariat (or working course) was the low class that didn't own their own means of creation and relied on selling their labour power. The only path residents of Flint could make a full time income was by giving their labour, that was too expensive for GM. Because the United States has a capitalistic modern culture, GM possessed no responsibility to provide the jobs to North american staff. They could use whoever they thought fit, and what made this easier was the North American Free Trade Contract. NAFTA allowed GM to obtain factories producing autos in Mexico, and dispatch them back to AMERICA for little to no tariffs or taxes, which again saved GM money. During the documentary (1989) Basic Motors was the leader in the motor vehicle industry which elevated questions to why eliminate American jobs to save money if indeed they were already a head? At first, chopping costs on careers made sense for GM and it was the perfect capitalist move to make, spend less, and save it quickly. These were the industry innovator and would gain themselves even more if indeed they could spend less on expenditures. In theory they would do be doing financially better. What GM didn't consider was Joseph Schumpeter's theory of creative damage. By creating a fresh economic framework and advancing, the old systems and buildings are destroyed. Standard Motors created a large number of jobs in Mexico which preserved them money and helped Mexico's current economic climate, but at the same time eliminated 30, 000 careers in Flint. The center consumers of Standard Motors were lower to middle class Americans. This was the same sociable class that Standard Motors experienced just destroyed by 'conserving money'. In the long run they slowly killed their target market, and still left their market unforgiving. Regarding to Marxist theory the working category will carry out a revolution up against the bourgeoisie when it's became aware the bourgeoisie have complete control. That is exactly what occurred; the macro-economy of The United States changed. People in the usa (whom are known to be very patriotic) refused to support a firm that contributed to the devastation of what was previously an enormous blue collared town. This contributes to what has already been briefly discussed, the necessity for globalization and how it wiped out Flint.

Globalization wiped out Flint, Michigan. If Basic Motors experienced only moved a limited variety of factories to Mexico or not need relocated any, Flint would be economically reasonable today. As stated before, Flint's issue was that it relied only on Basic Motors and with globalization an option for GM, it crippled Flint. GM did not have to invest all the money to employee Mexican employees, provide health benefits, getaway pay or pensions, that was a primary factor to outsource the factories to Mexico. Also with NAFTA carrying the autos from Mexican factories to North american dealers was made much affordable with no taxes or tariffs in place. The same thing would eventually any 'electric motor city' if their main industrialist decided to globalize. It is marginally being seen today in South-western Ontario, with Oshawa and Windsor. GM and Chrysler experienced major layoffs before couple of years and it is severely hurting both of the cities' economies. If GM or Chrysler made a decision to close the Canadian factories and move these to Mexico, like that which was done in Flint, then both Oshawa's and Windsor's economies would be damaged due to globalization. Michael Moore stressed how could an organization that founded itself in a city, just pick up and leave, and although this is a good point, there have been a few contradictions in his documentary.


Michael Moore is a renowned exaggerator and it started from "Roger and Me personally". The documentary feels like it visits home because it is being told by a Flint native, anyone who has lived through the pain of Flint's misery. Michael Moore has said to be a Flint Native, but he was only born in Flint. That's where his regards to Flint ends, as he grew up in Davison, Michigan. The city that he was raised in was not as run down as Flint and wasn't influenced as badly by the globalization of GM's factories. As observed in the film, Flint was packed with poverty, but Davison only has only 6. 7% of the society under the poverty series. Michael Moore isn't the words of Flint if he isn't from Flint. Another contradiction to his arguments in "Roger and Me" is that voicing Flint's problems to the public wasn't his only agenda. It had been his first documentary and also to make it successful it needed a whole lot of exposure. "Roger and Me" didn't just get visibility; it became one of the very most fiscally successful documentaries ever made. 5 This made Michael Moore very rich, and even though he still mentions Flint in his documentaries and functions as the tone of voice of Flint, he discontinued Flint and now lives in NY. It seems as he doesn't honestly care for Flint and only uses them to make himself money, much like what GM did. Basic Motors used Flint and when they were done with them, left behind them. How will you make a documentary attacking GM if you do the same thing but to a smaller degree?

General Motors Today vs. 1980's

General Motors today is a mess only much like a toddler's tantrum after acquiring food they hated. Fiscal earning reviews at the end of 2008 concluded that GM was making a profit of around negative $30 billion. Standard Motors was at so much debt that they needed to be bailed out by the United States' government. It's a complete nightmare and it's accompanied by layoffs after layoffs merely to stay afloat. That appears to be what GM will best, layoffs. They does back 1989 plus they still are today, however now they have a large number of pensions that they have to pay for. Using the government's bail out GM was able to reconstruct themselves and their future line up of cars may save the company. The thing is they are simply in much debt that it will take some time to seek out of it. If GM did not revive the Chevrolet Camaro, then Oshawa, Ontario would become another Flint. The primary reason the crops in Oshawa remain open is basically because they build the Camaro and there is an extreme popular for it. Before season GM has shut or halted many factories with the closure of Pontiac, Hummer, Saturn and deal of Saab which have added to even more layoffs. Although not as bad as today, things weren't great for GM back in the 80's either. In the late 1980's Basic Motors lost market show each year slipping from 50% to 35%. 8 Another problem was GM's labour costs were greater than their competition. How does a firm fix that problem? Outsource to where it's cheaper. Background says us that Standard Motors will never change. When they are in economical trouble, they will cut massive levels of careers and outsource to lower expenses.

General Motors in a Capitalist Society

Does Standard Motors contain the right to make a profit at all necessary? That will depend on in the interpersonal system that they are present in. General Motors can be an American company, and america has a capitalist population. General Motors has no obligation to provide work for Americans or even to not globalize their factories. Despite the fact that they completely devastated Flint, it wasn't illegitimate. One could observe how it could be morally wrong to achieve that to the location where GM was founded but in my thoughts and opinions if it isn't illegal, then there isn't anything wrong with it. There was nothing personal about concluding factories in Flint, it was just business. The automotive industry might have been the only industry Flint acquired known, but that was their own problem for relying so seriously on Basic Motors. If the United States had a demand run monetary system then there would never be a issue of globalization or layoffs, and when a company do move a large number of jobs off their 'mother' country to another for the intended purpose of cutting expenditures, then yes it might be outlawed, therefore GM would not have the to make a profit by any means necessary. Since Standard Motors works in a capitalist contemporary society this is irrelevant. Inside a capitalist society, if a company was required to place off 70% of its workers just to stay static in business, it might be accepted. In the event the workers were unionized then there will be a huge uproar, but the company still gets the to keep their business alive or make earnings by downsizing. Some of Basic Motors' business decisions seem unethical for some, but legally they are really allowed in our capitalist modern culture (ruining a whole American city, chopping pensions in two etc). Of these 'unethical' business decisions, some afflicted Canada.

General Motors In Canada

With the launch of NAFTA, not only did Standard Motors globalize to Mexico, but Canada too. Because the tariffs and fees were no longer existent this managed to get much cheaper to produce autos in Canada and send them between North America. This created thousands of jobs as assemblage plants, manufacturing vegetation, and automotive related plant life such as framework frame crops. The globalization of GM plant life created an enormous overall economy in Oshawa, Ontario. Just lately there have been thousands of cutbacks in South-western Ontario by most major motor vehicle companies including GM. Majority of newscasts during 2008 included articles about layoffs from GM and cutbacks to benefits creating a poor image in Canada. This helped donate to a recession in Canada and kept many jobless. It was nowhere near to the magnitude of Flint's disaster, and since the layoffs GM has been reconstructing their company. Basic Motors has specified new specific autos to Canadian plant life to keep careers in Canada. As mentioned before, the Oshawa herb manufactures the Chevrolet Camaro, which really is a adding factor to why the place didn't have problems with additional layoffs or possible closure (the Chevrolet Camaro is a high demand car requiring more employees to meet the mass amounts of orders). It really is almost impossible to buy a new Camaro now, when you are put onto an enormous holding out list. Other noteworthy successful GM automobiles built in Canada will be the Chevrolet Impala built in Ingersoll (which are being used by most law enforcement officials pushes in Canada), the Chevrolet Equinox (which includes very competitive sales information), and the GMC Terrain. You can find extreme demand for these cars this means more shifts are needed at the Oshawa and Ingersoll vegetation to meet up with the demands. Canadian made GM's likewise have a reputation for being top quality build than their counterparts, in order long as there is a demand for Canadian autos from the consumer, Canadian GM jobs will stay relatively secure. Initially General Motors' decisions benefited Canada, and even though they have just lately had massive levels of layoffs, the future of GM Canada appears stable.

General Motors in Twenty Years

In the past year Standard Motors was in huge trouble. They needed a bail away from both the American and Canadian governments or else they would have to lay claim personal bankruptcy. The Canadian authorities provided $10. 5 billion to bailout GM as the American government spent an impressive $49. 4 billion. With these bailouts, the government authorities own the majority of GM and are along the way of doing extensive restructuring. Although General Motors (now commonly joked around as Federal Motors) is greatly in debt (the amount of money lent to them by the government needs to be converted into collateral, plus GM is averaging negative $30 billion in revenue annually) their reconstructed line-up of vehicles and enhancing technology is their saviour. GM dumped the Hummer line, which solved a few of GM's negative image. Most of GM's current and future line-up consists of class leading autos in fuel market, essential to get the gigantic gas utilization savvy market. GM is no more 'that company which makes 5mpg vehicles', they are really trying to appeal to today's eco friendly market. The Chevrolet Volt is in the works for a close release night out, and also provides a better gasoline consumption than the current market innovator, Toyota Prius. The Prius gets roughly 55mpg while the Volt is projected to get as high as 230mpg and as low as 50mpg (when pushed really hard). If GM is able to overtake Toyota in alternate fuelled vehicles, then they will become a huge automotive player within the next 20 years. Adding to this, Toyota has had tremendous recalls for faulty acceleration pedals, of course, if GM market segments itself properly they can overtake a Japanese car inspired American market and generate profit, a first for GM in a long time.

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