Stages of a building construction

Building a project involves various periods including initial preparation of the client's quick, scheduling and research, requirements and structure development. Plans, designs and changes occur throughout a project, inevitably, therefore there has to be a unified desire to have communication, understanding and arrangement.


In order for a project to develop into an eventual success communication, understanding and contract are essential. In depth consultations concerning wants in terms of design, constructability and practicality are imperative. An insight into the client's personal requirements and objectives will also show fundamental to preserve success. However clients aren't always exact about all the characteristics with their requirements; professional teams therefore become advisors. As opinions change plans should be altered consequently to accommodate the new needs (Ashworth 2005).

Sufficient planning and developing must be performed before any kind of building commences on any development. Planning consists of the first congregation of information and ideas before an in depth design and development process is exemplified. During this period parties involved in the development should identify any particular requirements, discuss important issues, handle any disparities if any and assign duties amongst other demands. Before advanced making and development will start, planning regulators must consent to the suggested project after thorough assessment. In some cases warrants must be awarded for building work to start on a site, most companies require this to demolish or build on a niche site (Civitelo 2007).

As the size and/or scale of any project enhances costs will in the end also rise (Ashworth 2005), which means planning team will have to combine the design of the task with cost conserving solutions. This may signify making sacrifices in terms of some materials used in the task; this will for example keep your charges down and allow the money to be used in building a task of greater magnitude as costs rise. For this reason the planning stage is really important as conclusions should be drawn concerning how much space is actually required for the development, too little and the task could be considered a disaster, too much and it could establish wasteful.

There a wide range of specifications and legislation in the construction industry; they are set up for the advantage of the client making use of the development. Other legislation on the other hand is aimed at protecting the surroundings and wildlife. The purpose of legislation is to provide a regulatory body to ensure the productive build of safe places for work and handling. A forthright view held by many is the fact legislation and specifications add to costs and aren't munch benefit whatsoever however these statements have to be carefully dissected. Legislative requirements are targeted at increasing safety and are approved by a specialist body having conducted exams and examination.

Projects, however small, are affected by an immense set legislation; generally because effective development is profoundly reliant on safe workplaces and the safe handling of engineering material and plants. Because of this projects will always consist of a sizable team including clients, designers, architects, contractors, administration and regulating body and labourers (Ashworth 2005). An addition to the team is solicitors. When plans are drawn up for a project the parties involved must agree to contracts comprising clauses with regards the development involved. Content of the agreement may include articles with contemplation to budget, time and materials among other clauses. These need to be carefully reviewed as they can prove to become the reason for the downfall of the failed project.

During the look process organizers and designers must outline the function and suitability of materials whilst taking into consideration economical and ecological outcomes (Hinze 2010). Architects for example would be most mixed up in design considerations of the task, however as some elements of a plan cannot be considered without first learning about planning consent, due to this an acceptable amount of significant decisions can't be considered.

When building a project programs submitted must consider expenditures as prices are relentlessly increasing. Today, most jobs involve an organization which is able to financially forecast costs of not only main costs but also costs of control services. The establishment also find the most economical ways of making certain a development will not stepped on budget. Before programs are placed forward an assessment must be taken on designs to ensure that the ideas can be carried out in conditions of both construction techniques and materials. The purpose of these reviews called 'Constructability Reviews' is to reduce the amount of changes at a later level, reduce delays and increasing costs (Palmer 2002).


Once construction is preparing to begin, initial work needs to commence to allow preliminary works to be completed, included in these are the clearing of the work site, a surface study to asses the bottom conditions, establishing of sanitary facilities, normal water/power supplies and office buildings and storage space areas. Sufficient welfare amenities will need to be established on the building site for use by workers throughout a development, this should be assemble by the job manager beforehand.

Provisions will include slumber rooms, toilets, storage rooms, changing rooms and washrooms as well. (Hinze 2010) These facilities will be needed for the length of an task to evade disruption to a task. In a few circumstances however, the job manager might not require some facilities and will instead be able to make use of permanent services available on site. For instance, your client may allow the construction team to use toilets already installed on site. This will likely therefore keep your charges down which might have been incurred if the welfare facilities were required. When welfare amenities are essential the project director should try to locate these in a variety of locations rather than an individual area, this reason for this is the fact having them in a single area may prove to be an inconvenience. For example if the site is large, then the task manager may find that time is wasted going to and from the welfare facilities alternatively than using enough time constructively.

When the primary works have been completed demolition on the site can begin, since the site is located on the 10 ha site of old forest 5 miles out of the town centre; ideal access and vehicles will need to be assemble for vegetable/machinery. The demolition level will lead to the recycling of materials, the forest trees and shrubs for example can be recycled for timber use during the structure process; this escalates the developments sustainable concerns.

After the website has been fully cleared, excavation will be completed to create the required ground conditions, whether it be flat or, based on the design specifications. Oftentimes the land in which a project is developed can offer difficulties in terms of workability. Loose dirt, often at a shallow depth, is an inevitable problem that can be solved using deep foundations; in cases like this however, shallow foundations will be utilized as defined in the quick (Palmer 2002). The excavation stage will also make the site for eventual service set up and the structure of the substructure. Excavation will be completed using various machines, vegetable is required during the construction process to be able to increase creation, minimize labour requirements, carry out high expectations of constructions and also possibly reduce overall costs (Cooke 1997). During the planning process decisions must be made with regards the supply and use of plant life.

The substructure will consist of reinforced concrete foundations to permit sufficient support of the properties by transporting the load to the bottom, this will be especially vital for the city hall that may consist of a steel frame and metallic cladding roof top. Service works will also need to be completed through the substructure stage to permit for pipes/cable connection routes to be looked at also, drainage and refuse systems should be permitted to go through and leave the various sites, whether it be below ground or through wall space. Services however must not move below foundations (Hinze 2010).

The superstructure on the other side will require extensive work, relating to the floors, surfaces and roofs; these will all be subject to the design features. Scaffolding will be needed when focusing on raised programs i. e. first floor levels, roofs etc, these will contain material or aluminium alloy pipes. As the development will consist of a 200 home cover property, the homes will be of identical structure and size, because of this pre-fabricated timber roof trusses will be supplied and hoisted into position before being located on the promoting walls. The surfaces and ceilings in the homes will be timber created where as the city centre will contain a concrete floor and metallic cladding roof top. The walls in the homes will be brick and block masonry fully insulated cavity walls, these will be plastered inside.

Completion of the substructures and superstructures will then allow the services to be unveiled to the complexes; included in these are drainage, pluming, gas and sanitary works. Some services will require installation below earth, specifically in trenches. Service works generally cause common disruption to the public, especially to traffic through road works; there must be a significantly lower impact however, because the housing project is being developed on a vintage forest site. Local expert agreement must be granted before work commences, this will involve in the inspection of works carried out already and final tests being conducted. The domestic plumbing works, that are installed above ground, will benefit from construction after the basic structural works have been completed.

The finishes associated with the build require intensive organisation to ensure they are completed appropriately as certain functions cannot begin until others have been completed. For this reason, a larger number of workers should be employed to carry out the finishing works simultaneously when possible, to ensure timely completion. The landscaping design with relation this project should not be too costly as the positioning chosen for the job is an old forest, compared to some builds which are built in an area which requires more greenery and trees and shrubs to be planted. Ways of blood flow and travel should be proven however including roads and footpaths. With respect the community centre security should be resolved as a priority as it'll be serving the neighborhood community, including children for example.

The project will not be completed before site has been totally cleared and inspected. All surplus materials and debris won't to be transported and removed consequently or recycled when possible. Plants, offices and huts should be dismantled and cleared as well. The site must be kept in a very good condition to permit inspection by various clubs and bodies to ensure the development is both up to standard, matches the design specs and it is also safe for occupation (Cooke 1997).

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