Posted at 03.10.2018
The story is an excellent creation of art. Researchers interpreted it diversely. A few of them want to characterized the great design as self-employed of reality, while some want to comprehend how in the illusion of the fairy tales the partnership of countrywide storytellers is shattered to the encompassing actuality. The famous Slavic folklorist E. V. Pomerantsev gives the following explanation of the fairy stories: ". . . folk tale is an epic dental artwork, usually with a mysterious, adventurous or residential character. The end leads us to a thought. This distinguishes it from other styles of the dental prose - narrative, story, fiction. Probably the most popular & most cherished folktale is sensational. Its origins are occur the distant history. All fairy tales have something common. Firstly, they are built in a similar way. The simple design of a fairy tale contains a few things: 1. Starting place - something forbidden; 2. Violation of the ban, 3. Outcomes of infringement associated with the nature of mythology; 4. Practicing of some type of magic; 5. Positive final result and the safely go back of the type. Each fairy tale follows that composition. Do not require goes by without some sort of a miracle, in the life course an bad or a good supernatural power intervenes. Because the very beginning of the tale "The Frog - Princess" holds the reader into a strange world, unlike one which surrounds him. A dad forces his sons to have a bow and capture an arrow in different directions: and where in fact the arrow falls from there to get his bride-to-be. To the modern reader this seems like a strange quirk, however in course of the distant history, people attached great importance to the type of predictions and firmly believed in fate, as they presumed in themselves. It really is this trust, that was conserved in the traditional motif that is shown in the storyline. The arrow of the eldest kid dropped in the boyars backyard; the middle son - in the courtyard of the merchant, and the main one of the youngest dropped into a frogs swamp. The aged brothers were happy and cheerful, however the youngest cried: "How will I live with a frog?. The brothers married: the oldest to a noble lady, the middle someone to the daughter of a vendor and the youngest to a frog. The youngest brother did not get any gift ideas for his wife: the frog resided in a swamp, but the older brothers relationships were successful. The early motif for disinheritance received a new interpretation in this history. From the ancient tradition only the storage to the fact that the youngest sibling had easy and simple life remained. The poetic creativeness has created a picture full of vivid and ironic sense - during the wedding the frog was laying on the vessel - how else was Ivan (the most common name of the youngest kid) in a position to keep at it and keep its hands. Sad thoughts of the hero about his destiny, selected his partner to be an unappealing green and frosty frog, are transmitted with naive straightforwardness and psychological quality - "How to live? Life is not a field to go away it or a river to swim across it. " The storyline aims to show the character's state of mind, his experiences. Linked to the powerful forces, characteristics makes the hero of the story strong. He is a man who remains faithful to the honest specifications - not looking for wealth, married to the swamp frog, because this is his fate. For the frog, it is another character, widely represented in misconceptions and legends of many peoples. In the various mythological - poetic systems it occurs with both a positive (associated with fertility, beneficial causes, the revival) and negative (fatality, disease, pestilence) functions, defined mainly by its reference to water. In some instances, the frog just like the fish, the turtle or any other aquatic pets holds the earth on his back again, in others it unveils important cosmological elements. In Altay the frog resources the forest with birch and stones from which they extracted the first flames. Sometimes the frog is associated with aquatic elements of the chaos from which the earth has took place. In Burma and Indochina the image of the frog is often symbolized as a nature that swallows the moon (so the frog is known as a reason for eclipse). In China, the frogs are also from the moon, they call them " heaven chickens and there's a notion that they fall with the dew from the sky. The motive for the heavenly origins of frogs allows them to be seen as reborn children or wife of the thunderer as an exiles of the land in water or in the low world. The close interconnection of the frog with God in Heaven is indirectly shown in the Aesop fable about the frogs questioning the thunderer for themselves. The motif that the frogs are altered humans established fact in Australian mythology. In comparison, in Philippine mythology the frog turns into a man who fell into the drinking water, and was moved from his partner across a river. In German folklore, there is the image of 'Frog Prince'; in Russian - the image of the princess - frog.
In our report, after Ivan violates the prohibition and tosses in the oven frog skin area he gets a abuse - parting from his wife. Then he fulfilled several characters, pretty typical of fairy tales - various animals. The childish, naive attitude towards living aspect is based on the way people start to see the world: the lifetime of an acceptable beast who speaks. The stories of animals who have adopted the proper execution and interpretation from the idea and ideas of primitive people, attributing to pets the capability to speak, think and respond sensibly. These ideas, attributing human being thoughts and deeds to animals are experienced in the essential struggle for control of the causes of characteristics. The first dog he found was the keep. In every mans head the carry is a beast, the most severe forest dog. This position of the carry in the animal hierarchy is explained in connection with the traditional pre-mythological fairy stories where it occupied a prominent place as a host of the forest. Eventually people saw the carry as god, the father, ruler of the region. In fairy stories its constantly stresses the enormous electricity the carry has. It kills everything that shows up before its sight. The bear has always been considered as a particularly important pet, one which it ought to be careful about. The pagans thought that the keep was so strong that in ancient Russia in one of canonical questions asked is: "Can you make coat of the bear? The answer was: "Yes, I could. There is merely such question about the keep, perhaps because it is actually considered inviolable. It is very likely that the Slavs have had a cult of the carry. Its linked with the principles of protector, similar to a totem. It really is a proven fact that in the Slavs existed mythical notion of pets endowed with reason. This is a world that they feared and whit that they did not want to argue. Therefore, man discovered various rituals and sensational rites. This also pertains to the other pets experienced by the protagonist. The duck, the rabbit and the pike that Ivan spares later provide him faithfully. In fairy stories it is common purpose for the thankful animal to become a dedicated friends and helpers of the person. Beasts take the side of man, when he proved generosity and doesnt cause them injury. The explanation is easy - the beast comes back the positive with positive. Another justification comes from the historical times. In almost all countries it was a custom to eliminate a parrot or an pet animal as a sacrifice. Perhaps chat of grateful animals reflected the meaning of these early traditions. The emergence of tales of pets preceded stories related to beliefs about pets or animals. These stories have never yet possessed a parabolic effect. The animal image had to do with animals and nothing else. Totems concepts exist and ideas were transmitted to the pet top features of mythical creatures, the animals were revered. These stories reflected the ritually - mythical and mysterious concepts and ideas. It still is not exactly art work. Reviews with mythical figure are informed with a moral and didactic goal and show people how to deal with beasts. By virtue of certain rules, folks have endeavored to make the animal world under its affect. This was the initial stage into the inception of your fantastical intent. Down the road it were based on animal stories. Towards the images of early life arose the images of women assistants, wizards and witches. Fairy stories rarely pass with out a tale about the hag. She lives in the woods in an old house and fits with the traditional hero spells. V. Prop in his analysis writes experiences that the hag is not the image of a living person. Regarding to him, the smell of living is so in contrast and bad to the deceased as that of the dead is to the living. Baba Yaga is deceased. She is situated and leads her immortal life in its small and slim house exactly like in a tomb. Baba Yaga is blind and ugly, she perceives not the hero, but seems his smell. In her personality people see the ancestor female lines inhabiting the boundary separating the living from the inactive. The cult of the ancestors in the feminine line is associated with the cult and the totemism towards character. This points out the special power the old female has above the living nature. In some stories Baba Yaga is replaced by a goat or carry. Baba Yaga herself has the capacity to transform into wild birds or beasts. Her proximity to the mythical image of the ruler of dynamics clarifies the special dynamics of her crooked legs. Baba Yaga tells Ivan that his partner is at the house of the immortal Koshtey and says him how to approach him. Together with the image of Koshtey it is expressed the world of assault. Certainly Koshtey is representative of the social push that breached the old habits of general equality and has claimed the woman's earlier communal role. In fairy stories Koshtey is definitely provided as a kidnapper of women who became slaves. He's also owner of vast riches. In fairy tales Koshtey is indicated as high, elderly man with getting rid of eyes. Greater than a hundred years, he has been getting rid of people but he himself is immortal - his death is concealed in the egg, the egg in the nest, the nest of oak, oak - on the island and the island - in the countless sea. The start of the life is materialized through the egg and by shattering it there can be an end. The story does not settle with the injustice and eliminates Koshtey immortal. Resorting to imaginary means of vengeance, his life was terminated by the naive but intelligent way - the embryo breaks. On this episode, the audience meets partial powerful, characteristic for fairy tales. For Koshteys fatality in tales is advised: ". . . by the end of the needle and the needle is in the egg, the egg inside the duck, the duck in the rabbit, the rabbit is inside a stone container and the pack is on top of tall oak which oak that Immortal Koshtey maintains like his sight. . . ". The hero overcomes all obstructions, calls for the needle at hand, breaks the thread ". . . no subject how much Koshtey fought, how much he was flicking backwards and forwards, he passed away. . . ". So he's finally doomed to pass away because good always must conquer the bad as a secret individual desire.
This completes the Slavic folk tale "The Frog - princess, which is fairy tale - a best example of the Russian nationwide art. Fairy stories find their root base deep in the psyche, in the understanding, in the culture, language and myths of all nations.
Vardaliev, Yaneva, Gegova 1