Posted at 10.14.2018
The three literary works: Fatality of the Salesman by Arthur Miller; Do Not Go Gentle Into That Good Evening by Dylan Thomas; and After Apple Picking by Robert Frost; all package with the theme presence of fatality and disclose different perspectives loss of life by different kinds of people. In these three works, the protagonists or simply the personas in the work reveal their point of view on the inevitability of fatality as well as the sources of fatality. All three works have the normal theme, loss of life and old age, and show how different life-style lead to different behaviour to eternal rest. Additionally, in both poems, the design of writing reveals the author's viewpoints and causes of certain deaths. Furthermore, Marxist criticism is examined in Death of any Salesman to disclose the effect of school and modern culture on a person's demise.
According to Dylan Thomas, there are four different types of men who are worthy of the acknowledgement: smart men; good men; untamed men; and grave men. Thomas had written "Do Not Go Gentle Into That Good Night" for his dying dad, describing different perspectives of four types of men who've lived life in their own ways. These four men all have their own viewpoint of death according with their own nature and lifestyle. Also, as well as the thoughts of the four types of men, the poem uncovers the speaker's opinion on death and exactly how it should be dealt with.
Wise men, the first of the four types of men detailed in "USUALLY DO NOT Go Gentle Into That Good Night time, " know and admit the inevitability of fatality. "Though wise men at their end know deep is right" (Abcarian, Klotz, and Cohen 1217). These wise men are most likely scholars or philosophers with knowledge, which is why they accept loss of life. This line points out that even though smart men know fatality is expected, they fight death because they may have much more to provide to the world. By using the word 'though, ' the speaker "indicates that their knowledge has not prepared them to simply accept the truth of death" (Napierkowski 52), even though intellectually, they know the unavoidability of fatality. Also, because their words got no influence on the foolish, the sensible fight against death to the end, so they know they did everything they could to help make the world a better place.
Good men, people which have lived life with good morals and ethics, at their fatality, observe that their good deeds didn't change anything. "Good men, the previous wave by, crying how glowing" (Abcarian, Klotz, and Cohen 1217). On this line, the last wave reveals a double so this means: the men themselves being the previous influx, being the last to near loss of life; and the men waving good bye to the methods they are leaving behind. Additionally, 'crying' has a two times so this means as well; it can be interpreted as speaking out or as weeping and mourning (Napierkowski 52). These men fight against death because they want their good deeds to own change in the earth and glow brightly like "rays of natural light reflected by countless nipples on the inexperienced bay" (Harrison 1).
Wild men, who live life to the fullest, do not realize that they will die 1 day. The speaker claims that wild men enjoy life however, when death strategies, they realize too late that their lives have been filled with sorrow and grief. "Wild men, who captured and sang the sun in flight" (Abcarian, Klotz, and Cohen 1217). This image of catching sunlight in air travel shows the viewers that outrageous men are careless and shows the image of exciting men who make an effort to accomplish impossible feats. As a result, because they are outrageous and careless, they may be irresponsible and don't take account of their days (Harrison 2).
Grave men are serious and understanding men that close fatality with physical blindness. Ironically, although they are blind, they see with remarkable understanding and intuition; they emotionally have a much better vision on death than people that have sight. "Taken literally, these are men of the grave, which is precisely what all of these men are about to become" (Harrison 2) These men know that loss of life is the ultimate step alive and before this final step they have to do everything in their power to take benefit of the time life has given them. Furthermore, even though these men are actually blind, they may have energy and vigor to them, as opposed to those who are young but have no life to them. Because these men are serious, they are simply cautious with every step they ingest their lives and try to live safe lives until death arrives.
From the speaker's description of these four men and the poem as a whole, the speaker's perspective of the inevitability of death is revealed. Because the poem was written for Thomas' dying father, the viewpoint of the loudspeaker can be observed as the point of view of the poet. Atlanta divorce attorneys stanza of the poem, the presenter states that you need to fight against and resist death. Although the speaker is well aware of the unavoidability of fatality, he also means that one should not be so wanting to accept death, because death is the finish; this is shown through the four types of men and their reactions to death according from what they have achieved and done in life. Also, in Thomas' case, since it was extremely problematic for him to view his once strong dad so weakened and meek, he wanted to see his father work with vigor for the last time, whether it was to curse or even to bless him.
In "After Apple Picking" by Robert Frost, the speaker, who's overtired from harvesting apples, seems to have an accepting take on death. There are various interpretations of the poem, yet almost all of these interpretations lead to the theme death. First of all, the apples can be seen as things, experiences, or successes the speaker found during his lifetime. Consequently, the unfiled barrels resemble dreams the speaker cannot achieve. This act of reminiscing on his life achievements tips that the presenter is old and ready to go into eternal rest. Additionally, it is clear that the loudspeaker is receiving of death because he says he's drowsing off, which discloses a feeling of fading into fatality and on the point of expire.
Furthermore, another interpretation of the poem is loss of life through exhaustion. Unlike the previous interpretation, this one requires the poem virtually, seeing the speaker as a man who is exhausted after his harvest.
Regardless of the numerous interpretations that can be put on "After Apple Picking, " the speaker's fatigue and exhaustion saturate the poem. The ladder and the barrel are still left by the tree, a few apples stick to the branch, however the speaker decisively declares that he's finished picking apples. He then says that the hint of winter's rest is coning on. (Constantakis 5)
The man dreams of an impossible harvest of "ten thousand thousand berry" (Abcarian, Klotz, and Cohen 1194) and after picking all the apples his durability allowed him to, he became overtired and overworked to the point where it could get rid of him. Although there tend to be apples to be selected, the speaker chooses not to opt for anymore apples, whether or not the fantastic harvest that he desired was achieved or not. Following the tiring harvest, the thing the speaker wants is rest, whether it be an endless rest or a normal human sleeping.
Similarly, another interpretation deals with sleep and its metaphor of loss of life. Almost through the whole poem, the loudspeaker talks about sleeping, thinking, or drowsing off. In virtually any literary work, sleep is a strong metaphor for death and the loudspeaker purposely mentions the woodchuck and hibernation to leave the viewers with ambiguity on whether he will live or perish. "This sleep of mine, whatever rest it is. Were he not removed, The woodchuck could say be it like his Long sleep, as I summarize its approaching on, Or just some human rest" (Abcarian, Klotz, and Cohen 1194). In these previous five lines of the poem, rest is talked about four times and the speaker is wondering whether the form of sleeping that he'll take will be like the sleep of your woodchuck, meaning hibernation, or just a normal human sleeping. If he were to truly have a regular human sleeping, he'd wake the next day and live a later date of harvesting; however, if he were to hibernate, which holds strong connotations of death, he would never wake again. The presenter leaves the readers wondering to highlight the theme of loss of life he is attempting to convey through rest.
In the play, Death of any Salesman, the protagonist, Willy Loman, battles with thoughts of suicide anticipated to different issues with his life. One of the causes for his fatality is Willy's failing as a father figure of family members. Willy always sought his sons to look up to him and admire him, which made him establish unrealistic goals for his sales, just like how the loudspeaker in "After Apple Picking" set an unrealistic goal for his harvest. However, he is unable to meet these goals because his means of generating sales are outdated and eventually ends up laying to his family about his sales to keep his dignity. Towards the end of the play, Willy feels the only way for him to provide for his sons is to commit suicide and get the life insurance check so his sons could take up a business.
Additionally, another cause for Willy's demise is his failure to tell apart between what's real and what he wants were real. Throughout the play, it is clear that Willy has a delicate grip on actuality; he has flashbacks of days gone by, and has interactions with his deceased sibling, Ben. "Willy's brain is filled with delusions about his own abilities and achievements and the skills and accomplishments of his sons" (Galens and Spampinato 67). Willy is convinced his skills are suffice for him to achieve the sales business, however he does not recognize that businesses now look for men with training and knowledge on the merchandise they are simply promoting, rather than skills of talking. Willy also will try to embellish Happy's earlier job of the shipping clerk by showing himself that Happy was a salesman. This reveals that Willy cannot package with certainty, which brings about his ultimate semester, letting him get away from from the reality.
Moreover, Willy's tiredness leads to his death, like the tiredness of the loudspeaker of "After Apple Picking. " At an old age group of sixty-three, Willy is worn out from all his years of being a journeying salesman and would like to get a job where he can be stationed in a single place. His exhaustion is noticeable through the way Willy drives and through his old age. "No, I've powered with him. He sees fine. He just doesn't keep his mind onto it. I drove into the location with him last week. He prevents at a inexperienced light and then it becomes red and he runs" (Abcarian, Klotz, and Cohen 1239). Willy's tiredness has afflicted his ability to focus on the street, which tips at Willy's demise because careless traveling may take a man's life instantly. Due to his fatigue, Willy makes a decision to finally proceed through with his suicide for eternal break.
Although Willy is an old man, he seems to fit none of them of the explanations of the types of men described in "USUALLY DO NOT Go Gentle Into That Good Nighttime. " As discussed earlier, since the four men were the types of men the loudspeaker believed deserved the acknowledgement, Willy is not worthy of sense sympathy for. Also, although he commits suicide for what he is convinced will be the right reasons, the work of suicide itself is morally wrong, and completely contradicts the views of the speaker from the poem. The presenter reasons that one should fight fatality, however Willy distinctively searches for various ways to commit suicide. These two contrasting perspectives on life and death show that different lifestyles lead to various ways of thinking; you can lead to struggling with against loss of life and you can lead to committing suicide.
As well as this content, the proper execution and design of writing expose the theme loss of life in both poems previously reviewed. In "Do Not Go Gentle Into That Good Nighttime, " the speaker intentionally repeats the lines "Rage, rage against the dying of the light" and "Do not go soft into that good nights" (Abcarian, Klotz, and Cohen 1217) to emphasize his view on death; through this repetition, the poem becomes better in its so this means and delivery. Also, by by using a rhyme plan that involves only two different may seem, the speaker efficiently stresses the rhyme words, such as light, shiny, sight, and evening, which all direct to the theme of death.
Also in "After Apple Picking, " the speaker's exhaustion is revealed through the rhyme and rhythm. The poem is written in iambic pentameter, however, not absolutely all the lines are in iambic pentameter. Some of the lines are take off and "by splitting up this tempo, the poem becomes relatively more informal and conversational" (Constantakis 6). The rhyme and tempo "deteriorates progressively more as the poem reaches its summary" (Constantakis 9). This deterioration and period of time resemble the audio system weakening throughout the poem, and the style of writing itself discloses the speaker's tiredness. Also, this decline hints at the proper execution of sleep the speaker will take, possibly a deathly sleep.
Finally, it is obvious that Death of the Salesman handles a Marxist interpretation; this is shown through both Willy's failing as a salesman and Charlie's success as a entrepreneur. Marxist criticism of the play shows that one of Willy's reasons for suicide is his financial standings. Willy firmly feels in the North american Dream, but when the play occurs, it is almost twenty years following the whole trend of Henry Ford and the set up lines. Willy is destined to fail because the idea of the American Goal is outdated and mythical. Also, Charlie, who's the precise antithesis of Willy, achieving success made Willy realize that his ways were wrong; this sense of beat and failure gave Willy thoughts of suicide. As stated before, Willy's failing to support his family financially resulted in his last demise; he made a decision to commit suicide for money, to get the life insurance payment.
In summary, the theme of loss of life is clear in various literary works, such as Robert Frost's "After Apple Picking, " Dylan Thomas' "USUALLY DO NOT Go Gentle Into That Good Evening, " and Arthur Miller's Loss of life of a Salesman. These three works show how different life-style would lead to different types of death, whether it is a death by choice or an popularity of fatality. Thomas shows the various behaviour of the four old men, the sensible, the nice, the outdoors, and the grave, to show how their individual lives have ready them for fatality. Also, Frost uses different interpretations showing how death can be there in several ways. Last but not least, through the protagonist, Miller conveys the several explanations why a person would choose fatality as a final resort and shows although suicide is morally incorrect, it may be the best choice that can behoove the family members of that specific.